prenatal vitamins


  • Why do we need vitamins?
  • What vitamins are needed for pregnant women?
  • Do not forget to eat right
  • Vitamin complexes - similarities and differences

Pregnancy and breast-feeding - a difficult time for the woman's body, which is required to take care of the safe condition of the mother. Stocks of many vital minerals and vitamins are consumed rapidly in the growing fetus and lactation and exhausted. Provide a full range of components that are so necessary to preserve the mother's health and good development of the baby, with a single power supply is not always possible. After taking any products of one group always takes the advantage to the side of some substances, or vitamins.

Why do we need vitamins?

Lack of nutrients in the body can cause a variety of diseases, like the woman and the child. To eliminate this risk, a healthy diet of pregnant women should be accompanied by provision of extra vitamins, and it is better to do it comprehensively. Many women believe that taking prenatal vitamins should be only in the second and third trimesters. However, this is the wrong judgment. The development of a baby begins very early, and the body at this time is not prepared - because pregnancy is often a pleasant surprise, so drink some vitamins should be immediately after the determination of the future of motherhood.

Women feel constant fatigue, it lacks certain elements that adversely affects the fetus. Starting to drink vitamins you need immediately after registration at antenatal clinics and should never neglect the advice of your doctor. However, only a specialist can advise a complex of vitamins you take, based on the survey results.

 prenatal vitamins any better

What vitamins are needed for pregnant women?

Filievaya acid - for the proper development of the fetus in the first trimester

First of all, this vitamin B9 or folic acid - it start drinking before pregnancy. It promotes the growth rate of the baby, especially necessary in the early stages of pregnancy. Deficiency of vitamin B9 may lead to the development of a child's hydrocephalus, malnutrition, neural tube defects and other malformations. To avoid this risk, these vitamins to a pregnant woman should begin to drink before conception, and afterwards take a minimum of 0, 8 milligrams of folic acid a day.

It is advisable to start taking vitamin B9 in the three months before pregnancy. It is needed and reduce sensitivity to pain in childbirth and breast-feeding, since it helps increase milk production, but there have to be careful - drink vitamin B9 during lactation is possible only on a doctor's recommendation. But even if the pregnancy was a surprise, then start taking the vitamin immediately after a visit to the doctor - no harm, and good will is not enough.

Vitamin E - to the health of mothers

Vitamins pregnant woman brings quite good, especially in the early stages. For example, vitamin E, which is a good effect on the body for future moms. It helps to normalize the level of female hormones. In general, vitamins for pregnant women during the first trimester is extremely necessary. On the eleventh week of pregnancy, the baby's bone structure begins to form more rapidly and requires a significant amount of magnesium - in this period, to drink vitamin E would be very appropriate and useful. In the early stages of pregnancy magnesium needs and future mother - it strengthens the muscles of the uterus, which is necessary for full-fledged carrying a child.

B vitamins

Get rid of the painful toxemia help the B vitamins, especially vitamin B6. It not only reduces nausea, but also promotes a good development of the central nervous system of the child. This vitamin is found in all citrus - drink juice and eat lemons, oranges, tangerines will be very helpful. You just need to choose a favorite fruit and, in the absence of allergies, eat it as much as possible. But too not get carried away, if you often drink the juice of citrus fruits, you can get this allergy.

Vitamin A

With vitamin A during pregnancy should be treated carefully - its overdose can negatively affect the health of women and the unborn child. If a woman before pregnancy was treated with drugs such as "Aevitum", the conception is desirable to plan no earlier than six months after taking the drug. Better Pick a diet that will include the necessary products - carrots, blueberries, walnuts.

Vitamin D - for strong bones

By the second trimester of pregnancy the baby is almost formed. Since that time he especially needs vitamin D, which strengthens bones and prevents the occurrence of rickets.

Do not forget to eat right

For the further successful development of children need calcium and iron. Of course, vitamins pregnant woman can take the best and even better. But on products containing the items you want, it is not necessary to forget, too. Such as apples, liver, eggs, cottage cheese and sour cream, you need to include regularly in their menus. Take vitamins that are essential for the health of mom and baby, it is better under the supervision of a gynecologist. Only a specialist can help choose the suitable individual vitamins - here it is important not to improvise.

 What better prenatal vitamins

Vitamin complexes - similarities and differences

All vitamins are now represented in complex formulations that can be purchased at the pharmacy. This prenatal vitamins "Eleven," "Vitrum", "Materna" and other complexes. What are they similar and how different?

"Eleven" - a multivitamin, including a large amount of magnesium and sufficient for a normal pregnancy, the amount of vitamin B9. However, they do not contain iodine, so such a multivitamin is necessary to add iodine. Any expert will tell you that drinking is the drug will still be reasonable in a complex with iodine-containing complexes. Taking these vitamins uncontrollably - it means to harm not only themselves, but also your baby.

"Vitrum" - multivitamin with a large amount of iron and a sufficient amount of folic acid. They should be taken only in combination with drugs containing iodine - the lack of "Vitrum" - also a lack of iodine. But here you can cheat a little - for example, selected as iodine supplements walnuts and pineapple guava.

"Materna" - a multivitamin with a sufficient amount of iodine and vitamin B9. The disadvantages of this vitamin complex is the fact that it contains large amounts of vitamin A and B vitamins, which can cause allergic reactions. You should not take allergy medications alone - immediately consult a doctor.

Vitamins pregnant women need to choose their need to be carefully and take the funds should be conducted correctly, in any case not uncontrollably. In this case, better to choose a doctor's advice than to suffer with allergies and hypervitaminosis. The specialist will tell you how to drink vitamins which systems will be useful.

If the pregnancy is planned, then prepare the body for such a difficult task, as the bear and give birth a baby, it is better in advance. It is not necessary to drink fresh juices dal, taking handfuls of vitamins in tablet form and thoroughly learn what foods to eat. Go to a family planning center, go through all the necessary inspections and examinations, and only the doctor will determine how to prepare the body for conception, pregnancy and childbirth.

 Vitamins for pregnant women. How to choose the optimal mix?

We recommend that read: magnesium B6 during pregnancy

 a lack of vitamin B12


  • Magic molecule
  • What causes vitamin deficiency (beriberi)
  • Lack of vitamin C
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Other vitamins: deficiency symptoms and ways to eliminate it
  • How to compensate for errors in feeding
  • An overdose of vitamins and possible consequences

You are suffering from muscle cramps? You have bad breath? The constant feeling of fatigue? All these troubles can cause a lack of vitamins in the body. Each of us from time to time begins to experience certain albeit slight, but rather unpleasant and annoying symptoms of malaise. At best, we just do not pay much attention to it, at worst - will begin to panic, considering the signs of these symptoms of a serious disease, and not realizing that the malaise caused by lack of vitamins only; wrong will do both. Worst of all, if we do not pay attention to the signs of beriberi, because the lack of some vitamins can actually cause serious illness.

Magic molecule

Vitamins are organic compounds, which in small quantities are needed to sustain life. This is a small molecule (vitamin B12 is the largest, with a molecular weight of 1355), which play a huge role in maintaining our health. Vitamins are involved in the regulation of metabolic processes, but do not provide energy and serve as building blocks.

Most vitamins are not produced by our body, and the person gets their food. Unbalanced diet craze diets and leads to a lack of vitamins. In general, a person needs the following vitamins (we are talking about the major ones):

  • Vitamin A (Retinol, a fat-soluble). The body comes in the form of beta-carotene, which we get from plant foods, the enzymes in the stomach and make it a proper vitamin A.
  • B vitamins (soluble in water) - basic:
  1. Vitamin B1 - thiamine;
  2. Vitamin B2 - riboflavin;
  3. Vitamin B3 - niacin;
  4. Vitamin B6 - pyridoxine;
  5. Vitamin B9 - folic acid;
  6. Vitamin B12 - Cyanocobalamin
  • Vitamin C (ascorbic acid. The water-soluble)
  • Vitamin D (calciferol, fat-soluble)
  • Vitamin E (tocopherol liposoluble)
  • Vitamin K (fat soluble)
  • Vitamin H (Biotin, a water-soluble)

What causes vitamin deficiency (beriberi)

Did you know that the mysterious death of Mozart is possibly a lack of vitamin D in the body of the great musician? It is this assumption appeared on the pages of "Discovery News". Just imagine - if only Mozart often divorced from the musical instrument and go out, we could get a chance to enjoy a much larger musical heritage of this genius!

Like it or not, now nobody knows; but in most cases, insufficient intake of vitamins really can cause serious illness. For example, the consequences of a lack of essential vitamins:

  • Lack of vitamin A "night blindness", dry skin, degeneration of the mucous membranes;
  • Lack of vitamin B1: nerve damage, heart failure, muscle pain, swelling in children - growth retardation;
  • Lack of vitamin B3: pellagra, rash, photodermatitis, diarrhea:
  • Lack of vitamin B6: diarrhea, anemia, irritability and depression, dermatitis;
  • Lack of vitamin C: scurvy, anemia, heart failure, a long time does not heal wounds:
  • Lack of Vitamin D: Rickets;
  • Lack of vitamin E: fat malabsorption, anemia, muscle atrophy;
  • Lack of vitamin K: poor blood clotting (which can lead to internal bleeding).

It has been proven that the lack of nutritional vitamins and minerals can increase the risk of cancer. And even just a failure of any one vitamin can cause big trouble. We will give only a few examples of this.

 a lack of vitamin B12 symptoms

Lack of vitamin C

Insufficient intake of vitamin C can cause various diseases, but one of the most terrible diseases has been and remains scurvy. Once the disease has been one of the limiting factors for the development of maritime areas, too often killing large numbers of passengers and crew members during long flights. Then, because there was no opportunity to bring perishable fruits and vegetables, with the help of which it would be possible to replenish stores of vitamin in the body. We are suffering from scurvy and travelers, and soldiers, who have long lived on dry rations. It has become a serious problem since the beginning of the Age of Discovery in the fifteenth century and has continued to play a significant role before the first world war in the twentieth century.

What other diseases can cause vitamin C deficiency? It can cause anemia, capillary fragility, delayed wound healing, the appearance of subcutaneous hematoma. The disadvantage of this vitamin can also reduce resistance to all infections caused by malfunction of the thyroid gland and cause premature aging. And if the body lacks vitamin C, if necessary, take drugs increases the possibility of a toxic effect of the drug.

Cancers significantly increase the body's need for vitamin C. Cancer patients, especially children, sick with leukemia, show signs of bleeding gums, bruising and bruising, bleeding, characteristic deficiency of this vitamin. Increased intake of vitamin C is to prevent the growth of cancer cells, and in some cases even leading to its regression.

Lack of vitamin C can cause brittleness of the blood vessels, which may lead to the fact that even when a strong light comes trauma bleeding. Even under slight deficiency of vitamin C in patients who have undergone a variety of renal disease, blood appears in the urine. For a person suffering from nephritis, daily use of high doses of vitamin C can sometimes quickly to stop the emergence of a "bloody" urine.

The best sources of vitamin C: citrus fruits, kiwi, tomatoes, potatoes, cauliflower, green leafy vegetables, sweet pepper.

Lack of Vitamin D: Symptoms and Possible Consequences

Of all the vitamins required by the body, vitamin D is one of the most important. Just below we present the symptoms, which can determine that the body needs supplementation of this vitamin. These symptoms are well known all over the world, and if left untreated, vitamin D deficiency at an early stage, it can be very harmful to your body and cause serious illness.

On the "sunshine vitamin"

Vitamin D is widely known as the "sunshine vitamin." The reason is that this vitamin is produced in the body as a result of direct exposure to sunlight. The main function of vitamin D is the regulation of the assimilation of calcium and phosphorus content in their blood, and the delivery of these elements in teeth and bone tissue. Vitamin A deficiency can cause dysplasia cells of various organs, leading to softening of bone tissue and skeletal deformations and causes rickets in children. Modern scholars have suggested that chronic vitamin D deficiency can cause cancer.

Common symptoms of lack of Vitamin D:

There are a number of signs, which you should pay attention. If you notice any of these symptoms, you should consult your doctor immediately:

  • The pigmentation of the skin: if the skin constantly appear pigmented spots, then it is most likely caused by an acute lack of vitamin D;
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases;
  • Obesity;
  • Weak bones, susceptibility to injury: the main sign of a deficiency of vitamin D;
  • Other symptoms include a low level of calcium in the blood, high blood pressure, depression, chronic fatigue, constant pain in the bones, muscles or joints.

What other diseases can cause a deficiency of vitamin D? This higher level of risk of cardiovascular disease (or risk of heart attack), breathing problem (e.g., asthma), particularly in children, increased risk of cancer (particularly breast cancer, ovarian and colon cancer), multiple sclerosis and psoriasis. Since a lack of "sunshine vitamin," also affects the immune system, there is also a risk of suffering from illnesses such as colds or flu.

What causes a lack of vitamin D?

There are many reasons that can cause a lack of this vitamin. Here are just some of the reasons:

  • Minimum stay in the sun;
  • Using too much of a sunscreen;
  • Congenital dark skin tone;
  • Insufficient vitamin D in foods;
  • Failure of the gastrointestinal tract to absorb vitamin D;
  • Failure to convert the kidney of vitamin D to its active form;
  • Age and genetic susceptibility to vitamin deficiency.

It is very important time to see a doctor to determine the reasons for a lack of vitamin D in the body and eliminate its deficit as soon as possible.

Sources of vitamin D: sunlight (exposure to sunlight on the skin leads to the fact that our own body produces vitamin D), milk and dairy products, sardines, salmon, herring, tuna, cod liver oil.

Other vitamins: deficiency symptoms and ways to eliminate it

  • Vitamin A

Signs of deficiency: loss of vision in the dark.

Sources of vitamin: liver, cod liver oil, egg yolks, green leafy vegetables, dairy products, fruits, yellow and orange.

  • Vitamin B1

Signs of deficiency: tingling in the toes and hands, difficulty in maintaining balance, confusion, exhaustion, loss of appetite, impaired ability to concentrate, nervous system diseases.

Sources of Vitamin: yeast, liver, egg yolk, cereals, meat, nuts, sprouted wheat.

  • Riboflavin

Signs of deficiency include itching and irritation of the eyes, inflammation of the mucous membranes (throat, mouth or nose), cracked corners of lips.

Sources of vitamin milk, liver, yeast, cheese, fish, green leafy vegetables.

  • Vitamin B6

Deficiency symptoms: inflammatory skin disease.

Sources of vitamin: fish, bananas, chicken, pork, whole grains, legumes.

  • Cyanocobalamin

Signs of deficiency: fatigue, tingling and numbness of extremities, anemia, memory problems.

Source of vitamin eggs, seafood (seaweed, squid, shrimp, etc.), poultry, liver, milk, cheese, soy, baker's yeast, spinach.

  • Vitamin E

Signs of deficiency: muscle weakness and problems with fertility.

The source of vitamin: vegetable oil, nuts, soy beans, broccoli, spinach, Brussels sprouts, eggs and products from wheat flour.

  • Folic acid

Signs of deficiency: fatigue, depression, fatigue, irritability, forgetfulness, inflammatory diseases of the gums.

Sources of vitamin carrots, eggs, baker's yeast, liver, cantaloupe, apricots, beans, pumpkin, avocado, corn, green leafy vegetables.

  How to compensate for errors in feeding

Of course, each person has their own eating habits. It may happen that you do not like any useful products or, on the contrary, is not entirely fond of wholesome food. How, then, do so as not to harm your health?

  • If you do not like fish, you often eat egg yolk, mushrooms, drink milk and consume iodized salt, that there was a lack of vitamin B and iodine.
  • If you regularly drink alcoholic beverages, then eat more carrots, products of wholemeal and dairy products, liver, fish, poultry, broccoli and mushrooms to get enough vitamins A, B6, biotin, niacin, folic acid, pantothenic acid and magnesium.
  • And if every day drinking lemonade and cola? Bread made from wheat flour, pork and dairy products, in this case will make sure that you get enough vitamins A, C, E, B2 and B6 Bp.
  • If you smoke, eat regular carrots, fish, citrus fruits, turkey, bananas and drink vegetable oil, that there was no shortage of vitamins A, C, E, B ,, B and B6.
  • Permanently lose weight and eat a little? In order to have originated not a lack of B vitamins and iron, you must daily use products from wheat flour and dairy products and, in addition, fish, poultry, liver, purslane.
  • If you are taking birth control pills, then the lack of vitamins B2, B6, E and folic acid can make up chicken, salmon and products from wheat flour.

  An overdose of vitamins and possible consequences

In healthy people, the excess vitamins taken in the form of supplements, usually excreted from the body. But sometimes taking too many vitamins can actually be harmful to health. For example, an overabundance of vitamin A can cause liver disease, bone damage, hair loss, double vision. An overdose of vitamin B6 can cause problems with the nervous system, and too large doses of vitamin C can cause nausea and diarrhea. Some scholars argue that the dose of vitamin C. 1000-5000 mg per day can lead to DNA damage.

That is why you should not self-prescribe vitamin supplements themselves; This should be done only by the doctor. A balanced and varied diet will provide all the necessary materials and no additives. Just do not forget that for the normal functioning of the human body requires a balanced intake of all the vitamins (and minerals) on a regular basis. A balanced and healthy diet will ensure your full and long life.

 Lack of vitamins in the body: how to avoid unpleasant consequences

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