neuritis of the facial nerve treatment

Neuritis of the facial nerve, treatment should begin as soon as possible, gives the sick person is very much trouble. Firstly, the feeling during this disease is not the most pleasant. Second - look similar cases of facial nerve are not very aesthetically pleasing - because the face of the sick person is very skewed.

Tragically, neuritis of the facial nerve is often not perceived by people as a - a serious disease, and the doctor, they either do not address at all or treated, but only when the disease progresses and is already in a state of neglect. A stronger running condition of the disease, the less effective the treatment. In very severe cases, completely get rid of the disease will not succeed.

In order to understand what this disease is - neuritis of the facial nerve, you must have an idea of ​​the facial nerve. It begins in the lining of the brain where the temporal bone through the branches - one branch goes to the ear, forming the posterior auricular nerve, the second runs through the parotid gland, and is in front of the external ear openings, in the form of multiple nerve plexus. In fact, the face is also a large number of major branches of the facial nerve, located in the cheeks, cheekbones, jaw and temples.

The facial nerve for the most part consists of motor fibers, but close to the facial nerve adjacent intermediate nerve, which consists of the secretory, taste, motor and sensory fibers. It provides all the facial nerve facial movements - blinking, facial, and other ptarmic.

Types of facial nerve injury

Despite the fact that all kinds of nerve lesions in this group is the same name - neuritis of the facial nerve, doctors have identified two kinds of lesions - primary and secondary.

  1. The primary lesion. As a rule, the primary lesion of the facial nerve is almost always the result of colds - the so-called Bell's disease. In that case, if a person is very supercooled, in facial nerve occur pronounced pathological vascular changes - spasms of blood vessels, tissue swelling. As a result, malnutrition and development of its nerve paralysis.
  2. Secondary infringement. Second is the facial nerve neuritis usually develops as a result of various infectious diseases, intoxication, encephalitis, tumors and inflammatory processes, hypertensive crisis, otitis and mumps.


Of course, like any other disease, neuritis of the facial nerve has its own symptoms. And chief among them - is the asymmetry of the face. It is observed even in the early stages of the disease, when the defeat of the facial nerve is still quite small.

In the same case, if there is a complete loss of the facial nerve paralysis pattern observed in a distinct form: a person becomes maskoobraznym, without any expression, eyes wide open, brows lowered, no frontal or nasolabial folds. A sick person is deprived of the possibility of tightly close your eyes, smile or frown, and sometimes - even to blink.

Particularly unpleasant fact that it is impossible to completely close the eye - the eyeball itself when this attempt is lifted up, the sclera is completely covered. As a result, a person is forced to sleep with half-open eyes, which greatly impairs the quality of sleep. When you try to smile half of the face is completely fixed, and the line of the mouth deviates toward the healthy half.

No less difficulty for a sick person, and eating - it gets stuck between the gums and teeth, and saliva and liquid food is very poorly retained in the mouth. A sick person can not swallow food or saliva to spit - it all flows spontaneously from his mouth. During exacerbation of a person may have his tongue hanging out, broken speech - sometimes very significantly. And yet. Violation of the pronunciation of certain sounds - for example, used. m - take place and slightly lesions of the facial nerve.

In some cases, neuritis of the facial nerve may be preceded by some other symptoms. Most often ill person may experience pain in the ear, not very long and intense, but constant, almost does not stop. And receiving anesthetic drugs in this case is not practically effective. In addition, in this period, the sick person is very sensitive about any sound, even the most ordinary and quietly.

Soon after the onset of pain in the ears of the person may lose the sense of taste or the language on the entire surface or only on one half of it. By the way, it is quite rare, yet sometimes painful sensations in the ears can be very intense, and even accompanied by cold sores - small bubbles merging into one wound.

As the disease progresses the symptoms appear, indicating that there was damage nerve fibers, which provide normal secretory function - stops production of tear fluid - the eyes of a sick person, dry, sweating - the skin is also very dry.

 neuritis of the facial nerve

Diagnosis of the disease

Diagnosis of neuritis of the facial nerve to date there is no difficulty for doctors - neurologists. Typically, the physician sufficient external visual inspection to identify the disease.

Sometimes, however, to clarify the severity of the lesion, your doctor may prescribe a special study, the aim of which is to determine electroexcitability nerve. This is necessary in order to determine - degenerated nerve completely or only partially. From this very much depends on the type of treatment.

And, moreover, in the case of the facial nerve neuritis secondary, may need additional studies will help to define the underlying disease, which led to neuritis. You may have to ask for help to specialists - dental, ENT - doctor.

Treatment of neuritis

As mentioned above, the self-treatment of such diseases as neuritis of the facial nerve, is unacceptable. The only right in this situation - is to consult a doctor neurologist, who will choose a suitable course of treatment for you.

Treatment of neuritis should be strictly complex - medical and physiotherapy. Otherwise achieve improve the ill person is almost impossible - you can only slightly slow the progression of the disease.

During the acute stage of the disease the sick person should receive pharmacological agents that should remove tissue swelling and inflammation. Typically, this is done using non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs and agents that dilate blood vessels. Very rarely, if the swelling must be removed as quickly as possible, the doctor may prescribe hormonal drugs, such as prednisone.

Typically, after about ten days joins drugs as a result of which stimulates the regeneration of the nervous tissue, improve the immune system and functioning of the nervous tissue.

In addition, treatment of neuritis of the facial nerve includes physiotherapy. As a rule, from the first day it is assigned UHF or solux that have vasodilator and anti-inflammatory effect. And about two weeks after the disease is assigned to an ultrasound treatment and electrophoresis. If the doctor deems it necessary, he may appoint a massage.

In that case, if a sick person asks for help in a timely manner, treatment of neuritis will take no more than three - four weeks.

 Treatment of neuritis of the facial nerve

We recommend to check out: the definition of disease in the face

 low blood pressure high pulse

Low pressure, high heart rate, high blood pressure, low bullets - such complaints are often heard doctors and therapists cardiologists. Yes and no - or an emergency and life-threatening situations, the first indicator, which is taken under strict medical supervision and continuous - this is a pulse.

What is the pulse? Physicians characterize this concept follows - cyclic volume changes of the blood vessels resulting from heart contractions.

Doctors have long proved that human health and the duration of his life optimally to metabolism proceeded economically, as in this case, a person's heart does considerably less bumps for life.

So if you care about your health, and you are going to live a long life, be sure to keep your heart rate under control. And the very first thing you need to do - is to learn how to count the pulse. This ability can be useful to a person repeatedly throughout his life - you never know who may need your help?

Features Pulse

At first glance it may seem that in the measurement of the pulse is not absolutely nothing complicated. However, not all as easy as it seems - by measuring the pulse, one can not but take into account some special features:

  • Times of Day

Even a healthy person's heart rate can fluctuate significantly during the day. The lowest heart rate in humans is at night and the morning. But the highest values ​​of the pulse characteristic of the evening time. Fluctuations pulse in one direction or the other can be up to 10 strokes - if the person at the same time no more worries, doctors believe such fluctuations of the natural physiological norm.

  • The position of the human body

No less important is the position of the body in which the pulse is measured. If a person is, the frequency of his heartbeat is much lower than in a sitting position, and even more so in a standing position. So, tracking cardio - vascular system, the heart rate must be measured at the same time is the time, in the same position - only in this case the results of the counting pulse will be objective.

Doctors recommend to measure the pulse as follows: in the morning, immediately after waking up, without getting up from the bed. And very often people feel the pulse of a simplified scheme - count the number of beats in 30 seconds and multiply by two. However, this approach is not entirely correct, because the heart does not always occur with the same frequency. It makes more sense not to save time, and still count the number of heartbeats for a full minute.

Of course, sometimes you have to measure the pulse not only in the morning, but also during the day. And that's why you need to know some features of the Pulse. For example, the pulse can not be measured in the following situations:

  • In the first hour after administration of drugs, alcoholic beverage products.
  • In that case, if the sick person is experiencing an acute sense of hunger or thirst.
  • In the first hour after strenuous exercise - training or work.
  • After the massage, sex or exposure to high temperatures - a sauna or beach.
  • For diagnostic purposes is impractical to measure the pulse during menstruation.

Where is the correct way to measure heart rate? Doctors advise to measure the pulse of the radial artery. In order to find the artery, you must put your thumb slightly below the first fold, located on the wrist. In order to measure heart rate, you must use three fingers: the thumb pad situated on the artery, and middle and index lock the brush in a stationary position.

 high pulse

High heart rate

Most people complain of increased heart rate. Similar violations in the official medicine is called tachycardia. And in this disease high pulse at normal pressure it is not uncommon. However, despite the fact that the pressure is absolutely normal, heart rate may be more than 90 times per minute.

Doctors distinguish between two kinds of phenomena such as tachycardia:

  1. Physiological tachycardia resulting from stress and increased physical activity. It takes its own, a short time later.
  2. Pathologic tachycardia occurs as a result of violations of the functioning of various organs and systems of the human body - both minor and serious.

Of course, no one disease does not occur just like that. This holds true of tachycardia - there are a number of factors that encourage the development of tachycardia:

  • Disorders of the central autonomic nervous system.
  • Intoxication: alcohol, drugs and narcotic drugs.
  • All kinds of pathological changes in the cardio - vascular system and the heart.
  • Different types of anemia - as chronic, acute because its current form.
  • Different types of respiratory failure - acute and chronic, especially in children.

Of course, increased heart rate can not affect the well-being of the sick person. First he develops certain state changes. The person feels a strong and rapid heartbeat, pulsation in major arteries. Very soon after the heart palpitations person begins to feel a very strong weakness, perhaps even vertigo. Often, a person acts a sticky cold sweat, dark eyes and there is ringing in the ears. But poor health is not the worst consequence that could result in tachycardia.

Because of the increased number of heart contractions of the heart muscle becomes less efficient, and therefore also wears out much faster. And do not treat this lightly - even if the person is absolutely healthy heart, frequent bouts of tachycardia, sooner or later provoke the development of acute or chronic heart failure.

Oh and in case if tachycardia occurs in a person who already has those or other heart problems, very high risk of developing life-threatening human conditions such as:

  • Sudden arrhythmic shock.
  • Cardiac asthma, which arose due to acute ventricular failure.
  • Acute disruption of normal circulation of the brain, as a result there is often a sudden loss of consciousness during the attack of tachycardia.

Agree, not the most promising prospects. So do not ignore this state - be sure to see your doctor, who will select the best treatment.

Treatment of tachycardia

The main treatment is to normalize tachycardia way of life of the sick person. Firstly, it is necessary to entirely abandon bad habits such as caffeine, alcohol, smoking. And do not forget about caffeinated products - cola, chocolate and others.

To the extent possible and should protect people from all sorts of stress and excessive mental strain. In addition, attention should be paid and ensure that the rest was in sufficient quantity, and excessive physical activity also should be limited.

Drug treatment is the same man whose rapid pulse, should receive only intended your doctor. Despite the fact that the pharmacy sold a considerable number of different tools designed to stop an attack of tachycardia, they are all, without exception, are a means of emergency aid, but not treatment. And even should appoint their doctor, who knows all the features of the patient man.

Basically for treating tachycardia, and many other diseases of the heart, physicians prefer to use pharmaceutical preparations, which contain a magnesium composition. The doctor will select the appropriate medication and write out your regimen. Typically, treatment occurs outpatient, at home. However, in rare cases, the doctor may insist on hospitalization - if the state of the sick person is critical.

 High pulse - pathology, or the norm?