causes of cervical erosion


  • Erosion: What is this disease
  • Erosion: causes
  • Cervical erosion: Symptoms
  • Erosion: to treat or not
  • Diathermocoagulation: the nature and consequences of the method
  • Consequences diathermocoagulation
  • After the procedure

Women who are diagnosed with cervical erosion, not in a hurry to cure the disease, or worse, self-medicate. Both options are quite dangerous for the health of women and sometimes for her life. It is worth noting that the oldest and most reliable method of treatment is diathermocoagulation erosion of the cervix.
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Erosion: What is this disease

Statistics show that every second woman at least once in your life diagnosed with "erosion" and her cervix and uterus are suffering from this. The medical dictionary, the term means a defect of the mucous of the cervix. Everything seems very simple. But, unfortunately, it only seems so. This defect spoils nerves many ladies and requires careful treatment.

If you have been diagnosed with congenital erosion (which is rare), you're in luck. In this case, the vulnerable and delicate tissues of the vagina due to hormonal disturbances "started to deteriorate" in the cervix. This disease takes itself after the birth or any other hormonal surges. But even despite this, congenital erosion monitoring requires specialist.

There is still a true erosion (in the epithelium appears the wound), which is also uncommon. This wound is healing normally, without interference, for 2-3 weeks.

But the most common is the false or pseudo-erosion. It appears exactly the same as congenital, but it did not heal on their own. Mild vaginal tissue, which is not endowed by nature protective functions, lends itself to the bad influence of aggressive environment and infections. All this could end very badly. In this case, of course, requires treatment of the cervix.

 on examination, the gynecologist
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Erosion: causes

According to research, one can not determine exactly what caused the defect of cervical tissue, there is only an approximate list of its causes.

Firstly, erosion may provoke hormonal disorders. This is exactly what happens to girls of 13 years. Age-related changes, hormonal formation can cause erosion.

The second reason is the early onset of sexual relations female. For the immature cervical mucus of infection, even the most harmless, can be very destructive and almost 100% of cases leads to erosion. Infections are aggravated in particular against the background of a weak immune system, so you have to deal with a chain of diseases.

The third reason is the inflammation of the female genitalia. It is therefore usually treated erosion start with inflammation treatment available.

The fourth reason - mechanical damage. It is due to abortion, childbirth, and sometimes injuries during sex. As a result there will be cracks or lacerations of the cervix and there is erosion.
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Cervical erosion: Symptoms

Quite a lot of the existing disease manifested by pain. For many, the pain and have thereby trigger that causes a person to go to the doctors. Erosion is usually painless. Its diagnosis is quite difficult for any symptoms, since they may accompany many other diseases. Erosion can be diagnosed only when viewed from a gynecologist. Still, there are symptoms that sometimes accompany the disease.

Thus, any separation with blood, especially those that appear after sexual intercourse - is the surest sign of erosion. Such separation can also be signs of a precancerous condition of (sexual) or failure of early pregnancy, so when such manifestations need to rush to the doctor. Most often, women who have found erosion feel completely healthy, but they still appear periodically pulling pain in the abdomen, pain during intercourse, copious. The symptoms can be attributed, and even failure of the menstrual cycle.

Once again, you need to focus on the need to visit a gynecologist in the case of showing any symptoms. And do not be afraid: everything that was diagnosed at an early stage - is treated!

 Diagnosis of the disease
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Erosion: to treat or not

Sometimes you can hear after a diagnosis of "erosion", without any treatment at the next inspection is not found signs of it. In this case, we can talk about it congenital erosion. So do not let it go, and wait for a miracle.

In addition, incorrect treatment, self-medication, or lack of treatment can result in failure - erosion can develop into a malignant tumor, or other unpleasant diseases.

The only case that could affect the disappearance of erosion without treatment - childbirth (if the erosion of congenital). After delivery, the cervix and the tissues of the uterus is completely updated. But there is no 100% guarantee of a cure. For nulliparous women are not recommended to be treated surgically. For a given birth, there are many surgical methods of treatment of erosion. Each of them has its drawbacks and its advantages, so choose, of course, you and your doctor. The most common method for the treatment of erosion is diathermocoagulation.
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Diathermocoagulation: the nature and consequences of the method

This intervention is the oldest and most reliable method of treatment of cervical erosion. It is based on the use of high-frequency electric current which is formed between the two electrodes. The first electrode has the shape of a ball, and it is inserted into the vagina. The other electrode is placed under the lower back. After switching electrodes are formed of heat, which leads to a gradual melting of affected areas of the mucosa. This procedure is performed for half an hour, after which an electric current is supplied many times a few seconds. Efficiency diathermocoagulation more than 75%. Full recovery occurs in 2-3 months.
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Consequences diathermocoagulation

Diathermocoagulation can cause quite a lot of complications. For example, after exposure to the current to tissue injury scars remain, these scars do uterine channel narrower. This may be the cause of his rupture during childbirth. That is why diathermocoagulation used only for the treatment of women giving birth. Also, this procedure can lead to infertility, as there is a risk of infection.

If too extensive wound surface damage occurs huge number of vessels, which would cause bleeding. Another consequence of this operation is endometriosis. Endometriosis - a pathological process during which the outside of the uterus grows tissue, such endometrium (endometrium - the cell layer that lines the uterus).

 gynecological surgery
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After the procedure

Due to the presence of complications and adverse effects after diathermocoagulation woman for some time must be observed at the gynecologist. For example, in the first month after the procedure, the doctor should attend 2 times a week. Subsequent visits should occur every two months for one year. It is also recommended to wait with weight lifting and sexual relations.

Usually appointed by the local treatment of wounds with antibacterial ointments that help their rapid healing and maintains their sterility. The woman within a month can go clear or bloody discharge. There may be a general body weakness and pain.

Diathermocoagulation has the following contraindications:

  • births in recent times;
  • pregnancy;
  • the presence of malignant tumors in the uterus;
  • inflammation of the vagina and cervix.

Women who have experienced what diathermocoagulation erosion, note that this method of getting rid of the disease is very painful. Many people compare the pain with contractions and note that in the place where the electrode touches, it feels hot.

 Symptoms and treatment of cervical erosion

 causes of cervical erosion


  • The formation of erosion
  • Diagnosis of erosion
  • Choose how to treat erosion

Diagnosed cervical erosion is almost every woman. This disease requires special attention. Untreated erosion can have a negative impact on health. It may eventually be transformed into oncology.

Remember, erosion of the cervix in nulliparous meets as often as in women giving birth.

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The formation of erosion

This disease is associated with defects in the uterine cervix. The shell of the cervix is ​​covered on the outside with several layers of epithelium (three). The third layer performs a protective function. Defects in the form of wounds, ulcers, fissures in the mucosa leads to the formation of cervical erosion. Initially, the process of healing. Consequently, the cells of the third protective layer is not reversed, and replaced by cells that line the inside of the cervix. As a result, the wound heals completely different tissue, which does not carry out a protective function. These cells start to grow, due to the fact that they are not in the microflora and subjected to intense acidic medium. In result of cervical erosion increased in size.

Symptoms of the disease does not allow a person to diagnose him. This is due to the fact that the disease occurs in many cases without obvious symptoms. That is no pain, the temperature does not rise, being a woman is at the same level. In rare cases, it may appear spotting and abdominal pain after coitus. The disease occurs is the same as that of giving birth, and nulliparous women.

What affects the formation of cervical erosion:

  • Infections (trichomoniasis, papilloma, chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, genital herpes and type 2 diabetes, gonorrhea). Transmitted by sexual contact without proper protection.
  • Inflammation of the genitals. This thrush and bacterial vaginosis.
  • Damage to the cervix, mechanical. It appears after the abortion, rough sex and childbirth.
  • Early sexual activity.
  • Multiple sexual partners.
  • Reduced immunity.
  • Crashes menstrual cycle and hormonal disorder character.

 diagnosis of cervical erosion

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Diagnosis of erosion

To detect cervical erosion can be a gynecologist. Through inspection, it can further use the method of colposcopy. It is the use of equipment which is able to enlarge the image. After graduating from the inspection procedure, the doctor will send for tests to know the reason why there was erosion:

  1. Analysis of smears taken from the cervix and vagina with the shell. This study allows to know the number of harmful bacteria and good bacteria that are on the cervix. So determined by the purity of the vagina. It has a 4 degree. The last two degrees (3, 4) indicate that the inflammatory process occurs.
  2. Assays that detect diseases that occur after intercourse (unprotected) under the influence of infections.
  3. The study of microflora in culture. In this study, seeding occurs scrapings taken from the surface of the vagina. He was placed in a special environment. So it is possible to determine how quickly grow bacteria colonies.

Once the diagnosis is confirmed, it is desirable to carry out a number of additional analyzes. They will help you understand what character from tumors (benign or malignant). To do this, carry out research cytology (cells reveals poor quality), and a biopsy (cut off a small piece of the cervix for examination under a microscope). This information will help the doctor to choose the direction in which the treatment will be eroded.

 treatment of cervical erosion by laser
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Choose how to treat erosion

In the treatment of erosion are different techniques. The most common technique diathermocoagulation. It is based on a cauterization electrocution portion of the cervix. As a result, the scars remain. Therefore, it is unacceptable in the treatment of cervical erosion in nulliparous and for those who want to become a mother soon.

An alternative to the previous method is burning the erosion of nitrogen. The affected area is frozen. The cellular structure is destroyed erosion. The result of this procedure is the absence of scar. After treatment is best seen by a doctor, as there may be complications.

Treatment erosion nulliparous should be done in ways that are not able to leave behind traces (scars). These include:

  • Coagulation chemicals - non-surgical interventions used in the formation of the erosion of a benign nature. Held by treating cervical drugs that can eat away at the wrong cells. This method does not leave scars. The disadvantage is the possibility of relapse. The healing process takes from 1-2 months.
  • Removal by laser. Treatment of cervical erosion this method most effectively. A laser makes a cut with a high accuracy. What saves healthy tissue. Later, the wound heals without scarring. Complete healing occurs in about 1 month.
  • Treatment erosion using radio waves. In this method, the radio waves act on the cells of the tissue so that they begin to generate heat. With this fabric is not cut and melted. At this point, the sealing of the receptacles. This in turn provides a reduction in blood loss and reduced risk of infection. Subsequently, there are no scars. Healing occurs within one month.

Such measures are useful in the treatment of cervical erosion. In choosing an appropriate method of treatment will help the doctor. He will weigh all the "pros" and "cons", and select the best option for you.

With a responsible attitude towards their health. Regular visits to the doctor to prevent negative consequences in case of formation of erosion. The important point is that this entity at any time can turn into oncology. So be careful not only to others but to ourselves.

 Causes of erosion and methods of treatment