Scarification, or otherwise scarification (from the Latin word «scarification», which means "notching", "scratching"), is considered one of the most extreme forms of body modification. Art scarification is the application of decorative scars and scars on body art in completed form, which represent some figure. It turns out that the body is called scarification peculiar kind of body art.
Such ornaments as decorative scars are so exotic that not everyone can imagine how it is - make a scarification, or simply a pattern of scars. And, nevertheless, some is even called the art. First, as a rule, there is a suspicion that the modifications of the body - is the phenomenon of the same order. But, no - a hundred people with tattoos, you can hardly find one done on his body and scarification - a tattoo is just child's play compared with the idea of cut himself body or person.
Already created a whole science of scarring techniques: for example, the scar is convex if incise the skin at a certain angle, and after the burn scar is formed with a recess. It is also applied to the skin of the body traces of fake bites, it's just a drawing. To include scarification and implantation under the skin of various foreign bodies. They can be and precious metals, and pieces of plastic that will make drawing for a beautiful scarring.
Like a tattoo, an extremely large scope for creative imagination can provide scarification: photos with a variety of designs that can be absolutely any, are proof of that. In these figures, only one visible difference - they make the skin of a complex relief. This, in fact, is the main feature, and you can tell the beauty of scarring. As a rule, do scarification on the back, on the hand, and even on the face.
The most common facial scarification do people with scars naturally occurring after any incident. They have a desire to them in some way artistically disguise to get a beautiful scarification. And it happens that on the contrary, someone special wants Statement scarification as a natural scars, ie that by their shape and form as close to the real thing - for example, from a knife attack. Pro is no longer say, this artistic scarification - pictures of scars can really scare. But as they say, everyone has different tastes.
Like piercings and tattoos, body scarring have a long history, during which the change affects not only the technique of scarring, but also the importance of the application of patterns in the form of scars on his body. So in ancient tribal ritual scarification bodies have character, and, in addition, serve as a mark of distinction. Thus, for example, pointed out that they belong to the soldiers. You can now see the photos and scarring on the body or face, which was circulated among the various tribes now existing, still preserved their ancient culture.
It should be noted that the ritual scarring at one and the same time, was born and then developed in a variety of cultures. While having in each their unique and special significance. The biggest development of scarification has received in Australia and on the African continent. Naturally, the basic prerequisite for this is the fact of the presence of representatives of the overwhelming majority of black population. After dark skin tattoos are hardly distinguishable. It is for this reason that people have been doing to your body is much more prominent scarification.
Just often enough, such as scarification on his hand, had a ritual meaning. The ancient tribe of "crocodiles" to cover their hands incisions that mimic crocodile skin, that is, so they paid tribute to the deity worshiped. A scarification on the wrist practiced in all ages of the slave system. Then each slave branded with a hot iron, indicating that it belongs to his master.
In addition, there are also many traditions that have been associated with scarring on the face. For example, in the nineteenth century in Europe among the clubs fencing scar on his face, which was received in a fight, this was considered a badge of honor. So were those who did it himself to raise the profile.
In different countries, scarification used to identify criminals
. In such cases, we used the technique of marking
. In the most exposed areas of the body put the stamp for later identification of criminals, especially since each crime had its own particular character
. As you can see, quite a long time in history, scarification is used only in certain circles, and all this does not apply to the art of decorating the body skin
. And only with the advent of the present time we have changed the views on a lot of things and phenomena, including the modification or body decoration
. Today, scarification and tattoos are a real separate subculture, which is, as many adherents, and many opponents
. This artistic scarification is becoming increasingly popular, both among women and among men
. Only it turns out that on the one hand, such a modification of the body is a way of expression, gaining inner freedom, and on the other hand, it also can lead to a rather sad consequences scarring
Types of scarring and application methods
- BRANDING (Branding, burning)
Strike Branding - burning of the skin. In another way, branding. Almost always, it is not done with the help of a cautery, and is made up of lines which are applied individually. This method is well suited for scarring on the back.
Cautery branding - scarification, which uses a special form.
Laser branding - a laser branding. Applied by a laser beam which creates the igniting effect.
Cold branding - this is the reverse process of burning out. When the scar is formed due to touch the subject with extremely-low temperature. Most often, this is achieved scarification, processing tool with liquid nitrogen.
- CUTTING (Cosmetic skin excision)
Skin Removal - the removal of a portion of the skin. The most common method to date, since its use makes it possible to obtain more precise contours, cut quite small details very carefully and make lines. All this is done with a scalpel.
Packing - this method is now very popular in the west, although appeared in Africa and had only a ritual. The meaning of this method lies in the rubbing of any foreign matter (ash, for example) into an incision in the skin (on the African continent sometimes even used the ashes of relatives). Further, when the healing process begins, the body tends to push out foreign matter and as a result there is a formation of a keloid. Usually this comes with the scarring on his wrist.
Moreover, sometimes with rubbing on the skin incision tattooing pigment. Thus, under the skin of the person remains pattern. The truth comes out ugly and very vague. This method is called Ink rubbing.
How is scarification?
Get a rough idea of how to make scarification can be in various photos, which gradually fix all the main phases of such a procedure. In order to become a master of scarring such information, of course, will not be enough, but those who are thinking about whether to make the procedure you need to have at least a general idea of how to make the scarification.
It is an important moment in the process of scarring - this anesthesia. Before you make a scarification with painkillers, the master must ensure that no variety of allergic reactions and contraindications on the components that are included in their composition.
To select the sketch, it is recommended to view all photos and pictures scarring, made in different techniques. Of course, personal hobbies and interests when choosing patterns also play a significant role.
Motif is also of great importance. As a rule, scarification is done in such dangerous parts of the body, such as those where there is significant blood vessels, which, moreover, and are too close to the skin surface. This point is another important reason to apply exclusively to professionals and do scarification home, as the human body has many vital arteries and veins, the failure of which would cause even death.
Of course, the cost of scarring from professional artists in the salons may exceed the cost of creating tattoos
. Price varies depending on the size and complexity of the design
. But even if the price is unsuitable said, it does not mean that it is worth doing scarification in the home
. After all, for such a procedure requires knowledge in the field of medicine and surgery, sanitation and, of course, special sterile instruments
. And when the house scarring is almost impossible to achieve the required maximum security conditions and also only nonprofessional master agrees to such, and scarification in the home will not give you any guarantees
. It should be noted that the presence of expensive salons all permits, as well, unfortunately, will not always guarantee high quality made scarring but, nevertheless, the risk of infection in a professional salon, after all, much less
. A photo of scarring, which is made by selecting Wizards can learn about the level of his professionalism and mastery
There are no standard terms of healing scarring, because it depends on many factors. The most important of these are, of course, the surface area of tissue that has been damaged, a method of applying the scar, as well as the individual capabilities of your body to heal wounds.
For the entire period of time be sure to provide the healing of damaged tissue surfaces and adjacent about it, absolutely sterile cleanliness.
The most dangerous consequences is a major hit in wound infection. That is why you need to carefully monitor the cleanliness of the wound. The consequences of scarring in the same way include the possibility of HSP (pain traumatic shock) when the operation is performed without anesthesia, the likelihood of anaphylaxis (anaphylactic shock) during its use, and improper scarring (eg keloid).