causes of vaginal dysbiosis


  • Causes of vaginal dysbiosis
  • Signs of vaginal dysbiosis
  • Treatment of vaginal microflora: addressing the causes
  • Restoring vaginal flora
  • Preparations for the recovery of the microflora of the vagina
  • Treatment of vaginal dysbiosis: folk remedies
  • Prevention of violations of the vaginal flora

Almost every girl and woman knows that such a violation of the microflora of the vagina, or vaginal dysbiosis (dysbiosis).

It is a very insidious disease because it is asymptomatic, never makes itself felt, but over time can lead to serious complications. It is therefore important to know what are the causes and symptoms of the disease and how to restore the vaginal flora.
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Causes of vaginal dysbiosis

The reasons that led to the violation of the microflora of the vagina, quite a lot. The most common ones are:

  • hypothermia, which reduces the local and general immunity, which is often reflected in the microflora of the vagina;
  • hormonal disorders, which results in irregular sexual life or failure of the menstrual cycle, as well as puberty, pregnancy, postrodovoy period, abortion, menopause, and so on. etc .;
  • Climate change is often a cause of aggravation of dysbiosis;
  • infections, sexually transmitted infections;
  • pelvic infections that lead to inflammation;
  • antibiotic therapy;
  • lack of personal hygiene;
  • bowel disease, especially dysbacteriosis;
  • violation of rules of use of tampons during menstruation: delayed their replacement creates all conditions for the development of dysbiosis and inflammation of the vagina.

These factors are not always necessarily lead to a violation of the microflora of the vagina. If a woman's immune system in order, in most cases it alone supports healthy microflora, and in the case of small deviations helps her return to the state standards. However, if a woman is constantly faced with any of these factors (eg, continuously supercooled or cure the patient intestines), the probability of violations of the microflora increases.

 signs of vaginal dysbiosis
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Signs of vaginal dysbiosis

As has been said, is usually asymptomatic goiter. From time to time there may be a change in vaginal discharge, but for quite a long time, the woman does not notice any abnormalities. If there are any of the following symptoms, it is an occasion to visit the gynecologist, because they can talk about the issue:

  • increased number of vaginal secretions, particularly white-yellow;
  • allocation have an unpleasant odor;
  • dryness or other discomfort in the vulva (including during sex).

More than any other, the disease itself does not produce symptoms. If you see any of the other symptoms, this suggests that the dysbiosis led to complications - inflammation or infection. The signs of inflammation are:

  • burning sensation, pain, itching of the vulva and vagina;
  • dryness in the vagina during intercourse.

In addition, the vaginal bacteria overgrowth can lead to other, more serious complications:

  • infection of the uterus, which could trigger the development of endometritis;
  • infection appendages, causing adnexitis;
  • the defeat of the urethra and bladder, it can lead to urethritis and cystitis.

Therefore, when the first sign of speaking about a fault, make a visit to the doctor.
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Treatment of vaginal microflora: addressing the causes

Classical medicine offers a program to restore the vaginal flora, consisting of three steps:

  • the elimination of the bacteria that caused the violation of the microflora;
  • immediately restoring the vaginal flora;
  • restoration of immunity of the vaginal wall, to continue to maintain a healthy microflora.

Next, we consider in more detail each step. In order to cure the disease in the first place, it is necessary to eliminate the causes that led to its development. As already explained, the reasons may be different.

To start your doctor will prescribe tests. It is important that tests that are assigned to the gynecologist, passed both partners. This further helps to identify the cause of dysbiosis. Furthermore, if the reason was an infection that is sexually transmitted, it will help prevent re-infection with a partner.

If the reason was really an infection, sexually transmitted diseases, it is necessary to eliminate the pathogen. In this case, can not do without a course of antibiotic therapy, ie antibiotics. Typically prescribed these drugs, "Sumamed", "Trichopolum", "Amoxiclav", "Doxycycline" and others.

If genital infections were not detected, then antibiotics is not necessary. You can not use the antibiotic therapy, or spend a very short course - no more than 5 days.

Next, be sure to carry out local procedures, the effectiveness of which can not be overestimated. To this end, the use of traditional medicinal tampons and baths. These procedures are carried out comprehensively. They suppress pathogens, restores health and shall adjust the local immunity. This used antiseptics. Well antiseptic agent in this case is "Miramistin".

When the cause of a violation of the microflora detected and corrected, it is time to restore the normal microflora.

 Treatment of dysbiosis
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Restoring vaginal flora

This step is always correcting local immunity. Doing this is important for the reason that a violation of the microflora of the vagina is associated with reduced immunity of its wall. Namely vaginal wall, or rather, her immune system, and monitors the status of the vaginal microflora. It is a vicious circle: as long as there is no immunity is a normal wall of the vagina, the microflora and will not be able to bounce back.

If the disease is not running, then appoint local immunomodulators. If the disease is passed to an advanced stage, treatment is more complex and requires a comprehensive approach. Often, the course begins with an immunomodulatory treatment and then connect antibiotic therapy.

Often the cause of thrush is a violation of the microflora. To restore the vaginal flora in this case is quite difficult, because thrush most often occurs as a result of antibiotic treatment. Therefore, treatment consists of treatment with antibiotics and then treating them (the consequences), and only then carried out the recovery rate.

Treatment usually takes 3-4 weeks. After the course, you must pass the visual inspection and do tests to verify the effectiveness of treatment. If the test results are good, then the treatment is stopped. Now the main task - to maintain a healthy microflora and apply preventive measures, the disease has not returned to again.
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Preparations for the recovery of the microflora of the vagina

There are many drugs to solve this problem. But you must remember that they must appoint only doctor. Never self-medicate and do not prescribe drugs, candles and so on. D. Themselves. The fact that with the selection can easily be mistaken because not all drugs for restoring microflora operate equally effectively in different cases.

Very good for restoring special vaginal probiotics containing Lactobacillus. And it is important not to be mistaken with a choice. Any infection destroys the top layer of the epithelium, it is exfoliated. Thus, the useful microorganisms can not be fixed in the vagina and die 5-7 days. If you use conventional probiotics, it does not solve the problem. So you need to use the drug dual action: on the one hand, it will populate the healthy bacteria in the vagina, and on the other, will contribute to the restoration and building of the epithelium. Thus, the microorganisms will be fixed on it - and the microflora to recover.

Such preparations are vaginal tablets "Laktogin" ("Vagilak"), "Gynoflor" "Ekofemin". After the course, you need to wait a week or so. If during this time symptoms of the disease is not detected, the gynecologist can prescribe a course "VaginormS." This is also a vaginal tablet that restore the normal pH balance of the vagina, thereby contributing to the development of a healthy microflora. The course lasts one week.

Furthermore, prescribed and vaginal suppositories for vaginal flora restoration. For example, well-proven candle "Bifidumabakterin." The course of treatment lasts 10 candles these days, you need every morning to put one candle. A similar course is prescribed and candles "Lactobacterin" just need to put them on the night.

Yet another good candle to restore microflora - "Kipferon." Treatment of these candles is 2-3 courses for 10 times with a break for 1 week.

Your doctor may prescribe medication and "Normoflorin" B and A. This drugs for the treatment of dysbiosis, taken orally morning and evening for 1 month.

In addition, we should not neglect the diet: during treatment should be included in the diet of dairy products, which will also contribute to the restoration of flora and enhance the effect of drugs and candles.

Whatever treatment or prescribed by a doctor, it is important to be tested periodically (bacteriological culture) to monitor changes in the microflora.

 treatment of vaginal dysbiosis folk remedies
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Treatment of vaginal dysbiosis: folk remedies

You can try to restore the flora using folk remedies. However, if you decide to try it, you should consult your gynecologist: the doctor needs to know what steps are you taking to ensure that the cure. Only after consent of the doctor can safely start the procedure. What does a women in such cases is traditional medicine?

  1. medical swabs. You can make yourself and swabs of cotton gauze, and can take complete hygiene and drench them in honey and yogurt. Before that, make sure that you are not allergic to honey. It is necessary to alternate tampons 1 time to do with honey, the other - with yogurt and so on. The course of treatment lasts 10 days;
  2. sea ​​buckthorn oil. As in the previous version, take a tampon, soak it in sea buckthorn oil and place on the night and in the morning, remove the. The course of treatment lasts 10 days, too;
  3. chamomile. Prepare infusion: 1 tablespoon. l. chamomile flowers pour 2 tbsp. of boiling water. Strain the infusion and use for irrigation. Carry out the procedure you need warm water every night. The course lasts 10 days.

Courses can be repeated, but in between each of them need to take a break. During menstruation procedure is not carried out.
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Prevention of violations of the vaginal flora

Finally, when the treatment was over, comes the last step - the prevention of the disease. In fact it is quite a difficult phase, as is often the cause of dysbiosis vagina and can not install. In this case, your doctor may give general guidelines:

  • strengthening the immune system. Typically, doctors prescribe "Immunal", "TSikloferon", "polioksidony", etc .;
  • personal hygiene;
  • regular visits to the gynecologist 1 time in 3 months. This will not miss the opportunity to relapse. If within one year after treatment relapse did not happen, then a visit to the gynecologist can do more rare - 1 time in half a year.

In addition, it is important to remember that leads to the disease, and try to avoid those factors do not supercool, lead a healthy lifestyle, personal hygiene (especially during menstruation), time to treat other diseases, eat right, take vitamins to immunity I was high.

 Restoring vaginal flora folk and classical means