ovarian dysfunction

Our bodies can get tired, to fail and feel bad. A woman's body is so complex in its balance sheet, that any, even the most minor infraction can lead to tragic consequences. Dangerous condition of female reproductive system - ovarian dysfunction often accompanies all our females.

Under this concept means any disruption in normal operation of the ovaries. The imbalance of the hormone system can cause various disorders and problems in the normal functioning of the body, as well as give impetus to the emergence of ovarian dysfunction. It is not considered a disease, yet it is only malfunction and border state, which may be preceded by various dangerous diseases.

Symptoms of ovarian dysfunction

  • Violation of the ovaries. This, above all, the change of the menstrual cycle. Increasing the range of the usual time (over 35 days), or a decrease in gross and frequent irregular menstruation (cycle less than 20 days). Whereas the normal menstrual cycle lasts from 20 to 35 days with bleeding from 3 to 7 days. Any deviation from the norm - a sign of ovarian dysfunction.
  • The appearance of uterine bleeding. Suspected uterine bleeding is possible, if heavy menstruation are more than a week. Normally, blood loss during this period should be 100-150 ml.
  • Amenorrhea (missed period longer than six months). The reason for such a prolonged absence of menstruation - a clear ovarian dysfunction.
  • Miscarriage or infertility installed. The body is not able to allow the egg to mature ovarian dysfunction.
  • The presence of pain syndromes. Cramping or dull pain in the lumbar region or in the lower abdomen. When there is dysfunction of the ovaries, pain symptoms are sometimes so strong and sharp that capture the entire area of ​​the abdomen.
  • Total depressed state of the body before the onset of menstruation. The appearance before unusual reactions: crying, irritability, or vice versa, lethargy and apathy.
  • Permanent weakness, dizziness, anemia (low hemoglobin in the blood), decreased appetite - with ovarian dysfunction symptoms is also not uncommon.

Nature has put strict rules of the menstrual cycle, and any deviation from the average - a clear reason for an immediate visit to the doctor. Ovarian dysfunction - is a serious problem with far-reaching consequences.

What does it lead to?

  1. Ovarian dysfunction may cause the emergence and development of malignant tumors of the reproductive system and breast cancers (cancers).
  2. An ectopic pregnancy, infertility, miscarriage.
  3. Uterine fibroids, breast disease, endometriosis - is also running the consequences of ovarian dysfunction.
  4. Severe endocrine disorders

Causes of the ovaries

All causes of ovarian dysfunction - a variety of factors that lead to abnormal hormone of the reproductive system and the gross violation of the menstrual cycle.

  • Various inflammatory processes in themselves the ovaries (oophoritis), in the uterus (endometritis, cervicitis) and appendages (adnexitis, salpingo) can cause dysfunction of the ovaries. These diseases are the result of poor hygiene of genitals, hypothermia or cold.
  • The presence of diabetes, problems with the adrenal glands and the thyroid gland. Ovarian dysfunction may follow as a result of already disturbed hormonal balance of the body.
  • Prolonged stress, burnout and overload.
  • Multiple miscarriages and abortions are the cause of ovarian dysfunction. Especially dangerous abortion during the first pregnancy. There is a sharp and rough truncation functions of the body, which is adjusted to the pregnancy. As a rule - first abortion leads to ovarian dysfunction and often infertility.
  • Improper positioning of the coil in the uterus. Installing intrauterine requires careful examination before and after routine inspections. Otherwise it is a direct way to ovarian dysfunction.
  • Abrupt climate change at the general weakening of the body, radiation injuries.
  • Taking certain drugs such as side effects, may cause disturbances in the hormonal system.
  • Ovarian dysfunction may be the consequence of some inflammatory processes in the fallopian tubes or the surrounding organs.
  • Congenital malformations of the ovary.

 symptoms of ovarian dysfunction

Screening and Diagnosis

Diagnosis and treatment of ovarian dysfunction has been a gynecologist-endocrinologist. When suspicions on this process, you will be assigned adrenal ultrasound, pelvic organs and the thyroid gland.

For the diagnosis of ovarian dysfunction you take a smear on the flora and the possible presence of genital infections. Also, you pass blood and urine for hormones. Conduct radiography and computed tomography of the skull (the pituitary gland will be examined for the presence of his eventual defeat). Ovarian dysfunction diagnosed by electroencephalography (brain research to identify possible pathological changes), and hysteroscopy (research pieces of the endometrium).

We gave an overview and a possible scheme of examination. Diagnosis and examination of women for the presence of ovarian dysfunction is determined individually and may vary depending on the specific case.

Treatment of ovarian hormonal disorders

Treatment of this condition can be passed as an outpatient (in mild cases), and stationary. Complex measures for the treatment of ovarian dysfunction focused on the following objectives:

  1. Stop the bleeding.
  2. Hormone therapy.
  3. If such treatment of ovarian dysfunction does not work, make scraping the endometrium for a more thorough histological analysis.
  4. Treatment of infections (if present).
  5. Restoring and strengthening immunity.
  6. Physical therapy procedures for the treatment of ovarian dysfunction: acupuncture and correction of personality with the help of a psychologist.
  7. Further prevention and treatment of ovarian dysfunction passes using progesterone (the course is assigned to the 16 to 26 day cycle of menstruation).
  8. Appointed by the combined hormonal contraceptive preparations for the normalization of the menstrual cycle. (Never install an intrauterine device in the ovarian dysfunction).

Many women are concerned about whether it is possible to have children after treatment. Of course, possible and necessary. After a course of treatment and recovery of the menstrual cycle your body is ready to conceive. Ovarian dysfunction can be successfully treated. On average, the body is ready for pregnancy for six months after the full restoration of regular menstrual cycle and ovulation.

 Ovarian dysfunction - give the body back to normal

We recommend that read: delay monthly for 2 months

 pain in the abdomen during early pregnancy


  • Physiological causes of pain
  • Threatens to cause
  • The reasons are not related to pregnancy
  • When should you see a doctor?

Waiting for the baby - a period of very exciting and responsible and that, fortunately, understand almost all future moms. And that is why during pregnancy a woman listening to the slightest changes in their body, and from the moment they learned of their interesting position.

And rightly so, by the way - that's the first three months are the most critical. Firstly, at this time there is a radical change in the hormonal future women. Secondly, in the first 12 weeks, there is a bookmark all the vital organs and systems of the future baby. So most of the problems with normal pregnancy declare themselves in this time period.

If a woman see a doctor at the first sign of malaise, the chances of a pregnancy to save a very, very high. A main feature of this is, of course, pain in the abdomen. But as soon as I would like to notice that the abdominal pain in early pregnancy is not always say that the mother or the baby is in danger. But let us all and in order.

Physiological causes of pain

The vast majority of women in early pregnancy note abdominal pain. But, fortunately, in most cases, the pregnancy is normal and the light appears a wonderful baby safely. There is quite a logical question - why, then, at the bottom of the stomach hurt? In fact, these pains are easy to explain:

  • The restructuring of the body

If pain Moderate have drawing character localized in the abdomen and / or lumbar, most likely you are faced with a natural process. The uterus begins to grow in size, the ligaments that support the uterus body, are beginning to stretch - and discomfort are just a consequence of all these changes in the expectant mom.

By the way, long-term observations allow gynecologists to make a very interesting conclusion: as a rule, the pain of this nature in the early stages of pregnancy are most common for those women who have always been painful menstruation. Although, of course, and this rule there are exceptions.

  • Bowel problems

In the early stages of pregnancy bowel problems - a phenomenon quite common: bloating faced with two out of three moms. And flatulence, of course, inevitably entails the appearance of pain.

There bloating because of the sharp hormonal changes a pregnant woman. Over time, all necessary normal, as long as it has not happened - carefully watch your diet. From the menu, you must strictly exclude products that increase flatulence - beans, soy flour, sweets, sodas.

 abdominal pain in early pregnancy

Threatens to cause

Unfortunately, not always abdominal pain in early are much harmless - in some cases they signal serious health problems, and sometimes the threat of termination of pregnancy. The most common reasons for these lower abdominal pain:

  • Inflammatory processes

It is not clear why, but the fact is - a very widespread opinion that during pregnancy a woman no gynecological diseases do not threaten. In reality this is not so. From that moment the egg is fertilized, the woman's immune system begins to weaken - it is a prerequisite to childbearing.

As a consequence - a woman's body becomes very vulnerable. And the disease does not miss an opportunity to express themselves - for example, inflammation of the female reproductive system. Therefore, abdominal pain in early pregnancy is first necessary to exclude gynecological problems.

  • Threat of abortion

Sometimes the pain in the abdomen can be a sign of danger, and to testify about the threat of termination of pregnancy. But do not waste time on a panic - remember that this is only a threat. And in most cases, the timely treatment of the future mother to the doctor can correct the situation. Medicine today is capable of much, and 90% of these pregnancies Now doctors can save. So do not despair ahead of time - just listen carefully to his condition, and at the first sign of trouble immediately consult a gynecologist.

  • Ectopic pregnancy

The most dangerous situation - it is an ectopic pregnancy, which also declares itself the strongest pains in the abdomen. Ectopic pregnancy - this is a pregnancy in which the fertilized egg begins to develop not in the uterus, and ovary, abdomen, or - what is the most common - in the fallopian tube.

This pregnancy, unfortunately, doomed - to save a child today, doctors are not able to. By outward appearances, such a pregnancy is similar to normal - Women have all the symptoms, pregnancy test is positive. The fetus develops as long as it does not become too large - then there is a rupture of the fallopian tube. After that at stake is the life of the pregnant woman.

Therefore, the sooner will be revealed ectopic pregnancy, the more favorable prognosis. To diagnose the pathology is quite simple - most importantly, promptly see a doctor, and not silently endure the pain at home. The doctor will send a woman to the ultrasound, to understand exactly where the fruit was fixed. If the fears were not confirmed and the pregnancy will be normal, your doctor will seek the causes of abdominal pain. Well, if you still have the ectopic pregnancy, a woman will need surgery Surgeons.

The reasons are not related to pregnancy

It is not always a pain in the abdomen expectant mothers is connected directly to the pregnancy - the expectant mother is exposed to all of the same diseases as everyone else. Unfortunately, most of them remember the last, which is why the treatment is started with a huge delay.

  • Appendicitis

Surgeons can not help wondering how often appendicitis stalking the future mothers, and in most cases in the early stages of pregnancy. Not long ago, such a diagnosis during pregnancy means a serious threat to the mother and baby. Today, however, did not worry about anything - the surgeons quickly remove the appendix without causing any harm to the crumbs.

More often than not guess that it is the cause of the pain of appendicitis, for the doctor is easy. After all the pain in this case is accompanied by satellites such as fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting. The analysis of blood clearly indicates the presence of inflammation in the body. Although in some cases the picture may be blurred - in any case, the correct diagnosis can put a doctor.

  • Food poisoning

All because of a weakened immune system as a pregnant woman has a very high chance encounter with food poisoning. Of course, the pain in the abdomen in this case - is not the only symptom of illness. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, excessive gas, malaise - there is hardly a man who never in his life did not face poisoning.

Women during pregnancy should be remembered that its digestive system is extremely vulnerable and diet should be closely monitored, especially in the summer. Discard the cafes and restaurants, excluding any fast food, and even the use of semi-finished products. By the way, these restrictions are in any event will benefit the expectant mother. You do not want to in the body of your baby's fall is not very useful substances? And for once gain weight your doctor on the head you do not pat.

  • Cystitis

The real scourge for pregnant women getting such diseases as cystitis, for whom this period the mass of favorable factors. Changes in hormonal levels, a weakened immune system, anatomical metamorphosis in the body of the future mother - all this gives an inflammation of the bladder, "the green light". In addition to abdominal pain in this case, women complain of sharp pain when urinating, frequent visits to the toilet. Treatment should be carried out exclusively under the supervision of a doctor!

 abdominal pain in early pregnancy

When should you see a doctor?

Of course, any abdominal pain during pregnancy should be the occasion to appeal to a gynecologist. But how do you know whether you can wait until the morning and go to a clinic, or else to call all the bells and immediately call an ambulance? Let's deal together.

It is unlikely that your baby and you are threatened in the event that you are faced with the following phenomena:

  • Moderate pain, does not cause much discomfort.
  • You do not have temperature and general weakness.
  • Nausea and vomiting - it's not about you. Of course, if you do not suffer from toxicity!
  • Pain is not accompanied by bleeding.

If the pain is severe and especially cramping, or you have at least one of the symptoms described above - do not hesitate. And to go to the hospital alone is not worth it - better to call the brigade "first aid". So you'll be sure that the road to the hospital, if necessary, you will be provided with medical assistance.

And most importantly, what to do, he felt pain in the abdomen - to calm down. Excess stress completely useless - most likely no cause for concern. But even if you are faced with the threat of miscarriage, the panic will not help and will only exacerbate the situation. Think about the good and you certainly will succeed!

 Pain in the lower abdomen during early pregnancy