causes of bronchitis


  • Acute bronchitis. Symptoms
  • Acute obstructive bronchitis in children. Treatment
  • Other popular ways of getting rid of bronchitis
  • The chronic form. Reasons. Symptoms
  • Treatment of chronic bronchitis
  • Prevention of bronchitis
  • Chronic obstructive bronchitis - a way to emphysema and other complications

Bronchitis - an inflammation of the bronchi, which violates their permeability, and if left untreated can lead to emphysema and death. Obstructive bronchitis, treatment which is time consuming and is not always successful, is easier to prevent.

Obstructive bronchitis affects both adults and children. But if the child is most common acute form of the disease, the disease in adults can become chronic. When the disease is broken airway.

If the disease is not treated, it can not only become chronic, intractable, but also quite able to lead to death.

That's why at the first sign of difficulty breathing should immediately see a doctor, not to be treated yourself. Procrastination is very dangerous.
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Acute bronchitis. Symptoms

Children with weakened immune systems, often ill colds, SARS, or living in unfavorable environmental conditions, may develop an acute form of obstruction. This inflammation can take several forms:

  • acute simple bronchitis;
  • acute obstructive bronchitis;
  • acute bronchiolitis.

Obstructive bronchitis is characterized by the emergence and development of simple obstruction - a spasm of the small or large bronchi. Most often this type of disease affects children 2 to 4 years. It usually develops on the background of another underlying disease. The diagnosis can be identified by the following symptoms:

  • The patient begins fever, there is a noticeable rise in temperature. It can last from 2 to 8 days. The heat is especially dangerous for infants.
  • It appears sharp cough. First, it is dry, rapid, difficult breathing. Later, with the development of the disease cough becomes wet, the patient begins to retreat baby sputum.
  • Develop severe shortness of breath, dry, and later crackles in the chest, which clearly audible to the naked ear.
  • Starts weakness, general fatigue.

 symptoms of bronchitis

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Acute obstructive bronchitis in children. Treatment

The treatment of the acute form can only be complex. Well, if in the care of a sick child's parents will be able to combine medical and traditional methods. Usually sick appoint:

  • Drugs knocks fever. However they recommend them only in those cases when the temperature exceeds 38, 5 °.
  • Antibacterial drugs: vasoconstrictor to normalize breathing nose, with dry antitussives, expectorants when wet cough.
  • Herbal infusions, decoctions, soothing cough, sputum discharge help.

From folk methods can be used to treat oil wrap, but only when the baby is normal or only slightly elevated temperatures. Make it so. The towel is impregnated with boiled water bath unrefined oil, wrap them children. Over wrapped in cellophane, wrapped a blanket. This compresses the oil can be kept for several hours: warming helps expand the bronchi, eliminates cough, liquefies phlegm.
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Other popular ways of getting rid of bronchitis

Important! Any popular treatments should first be agreed with the attending physician.

  • To prepare the composition, consisting of eggs, two tablespoons of brandy, and the same amount of condensed milk. All beat, dilute ¾ cup of boiling water, to drink. After just take a hot bath, go to bed.
  • Daily until complete disappearance of symptoms put compresses of red clay, vodka with water (half).
  • To take an infusion of onion with garlic, boiled in milk with honey, mint juice.
  • Drink freshly squeezed juices of fruits or herbs.

It is believed that in acute obstructive bronchitis is very good composition, the ingredients of which are:

  • 500 g passed through a meat grinder or blender agave (Aloe);
  • The same amount of pork lard peretoplennogo;
  • Pollitrovyh Bank melted a couple or a water bath of honey, better than May;
  • A tablespoon of cocoa powder (to taste).

All components of the mix, give the patient a spoonful of the quarter of an hour before a meal. It is worth remembering that such therapies can cause allergies, so without the advice of a doctor to use them impractical.

In acute obstructive inflammation is not only treatment, but also the behavior of the patient. He is obliged to:

  • Comply with bed rest.
  • Take plenty of warm fluids: it helps to dilute, and then output the phlegm.
  • Observe the milk diet, eat as much fruit and vegetables.

Usually, children for acute obstructive bronchitis such treatment is sufficient. Only in the most severe cases, doctors prescribe antibiotics.

 treatment of bronchitis

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The chronic form. Reasons. Symptoms

The chronic form develops in children is very rare. Adults, on the contrary, are more prone to this variety of the disease. The causes of chronic inflammation are:

  • Hereditary diseases. Obstructive bronchitis are sick people who inherited by the α1-antitrypsin deficiency.
  • Adverse environmental conditions: air pollution, emissions, excessive humidity and so forth.
  • Harmful profession. Obstruction caused cadmium, cement, work in mines, in some chemical industries.
  • Smoking.

The symptoms of chronic bronchitis may not always manifest. Very often periods of remission replaced exacerbations, in which all signs are absent. The doctor makes the diagnosis when the patient is:

  • Cough, often accompanied by crackles or sputum. In the early stages of the cough occurs only in the morning, after waking up.
  • Shortness of breath. Keep in mind that there is shortness of breath for 7-10 years later than a chronic cough. First, it occurs during exercise, and at later stages becomes constant.
  • If chronic obstructive disease is not treated, the breath becomes a hissing, when coughing allocated purulent sputum, shortness of breath turns into a severe respiratory failure.
  • There is a general lack of energy, the patient pursues a constant headache, pain behind the breastbone.
  • If the sputum reaches the stomach, it is attached to the symptoms of nausea, upset stool, pain in the stomach or intestines.

Incorrect treatment or lack thereof leads to the fact that periods of remission sharply reduced. Inflammation can lead to death.
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Treatment of chronic bronchitis

The treatment, which is prescribed by the physician to patients with chronic obstructive bronchitis form, is fundamentally different from the treatment of its acute form. In the acute form of therapy is aimed at getting rid of the main disease, a complication which became acute bronchitis. In the treatment of chronic obstructive doctor operates as follows.

  • First, the patient tries to get rid of the factors that caused the disease. Sometimes it treat the primary disease, the patient sometimes offer to change the climate.
  • Since the main symptom is shortness of breath, bronchodilator drugs are administered to patients (including the patient's age, his condition). It can be an M-anticholinergics (naprmer, Flomax). Bronchodilator effect is as β2-agonists (these include Salbutamol), methylxanthines.
  • To liquefy phlegm prescribe mucolytics. This can be Bromhexine, Bronholitin, herbal.
  • If the expectorated sputum, pus, the doctor prescribes antibiotics.

Important! Himself choose a course of treatment is strictly prohibited! Improperly selected drugs do not make it easy, and can complicate the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

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Prevention of bronchitis

Inflammation occurs as a result of weakened immunity. It may develop against colds, chronic rhinitis, due to exposure to unfavorable conditions in the human body. To prevent development of the disease, you must observe the following rules:

  • Avoid long chronic rhinitis, timely treat SARS, other seasonal diseases;
  • Do not become too cold;
  • Quenched children from an early age. Adults, too, should be tempered, the only way to maintain a strong immune system;
  • Abandon bad habits: smoking, substance abuse, etc .;
  • If possible, go to rest in a warm, dry climate;
  • Take vitamins, especially during the off-season.

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Chronic obstructive bronchitis - a way to emphysema and other complications

At constant inflammation of the airways produces a lot of mucus, some of which are not excreted from the body and clog up (sometimes completely) bronchi. Feeling a lack of air, the person to breathe more often and deeper, but it does not save it from lack of air. Clogged bronchial tubes, cough leads to increased pressure in the pulmonary lobules. They swell, increasing the volume of lung tissue, but also sharply reduced respiratory surface, and some slices dies. The chest becomes inactive, developing emphysema, in which the oxygen deficiency is reinforced.

Sometimes, when the sputum plugs the bronchus, lung cancers are not inflated, and fallen down, because the air is absorbed from it. Thus develops no less dangerous complication called pulmonary atelectasis. Gradually replaced by scar lung tissue, leading to irreversible consequences.

The more there is bronchial inflammation, the more it erodes vessels. There is a new symptom hemoptysis. Department of blood with phlegm can be a sign of lung tumors, or bronchi. All these symptoms increased strain on the heart. Gradually, the patient may develop cardiopulmonary failure.

There are other, less dangerous complication of chronic obstructive bronchitis. To avoid them, it is recommended:

  • Dealing with disease;
  • Follow immunity;
  • Promptly treat any disease caused.
 Obstructive bronchitis. How to treat the disease and how to avoid it?