nasal congestion

Runny nose. To him all used to it and do not consider what a special, worthy of attention. Of course, nasal congestion ill person brings a lot of inconvenience: red nose, headache, handkerchiefs and sidelong glances of people who believe you walking a hotbed of infection.

The causes of the common cold

However, nasal congestion is not always caused by the common cold. Where does a runny nose? What is popularly called is not quite euphonious word "snot" in medicine is called rhinitis. Rhinitis - is an inflammatory process that involves the nasal mucosa. Of course, to this inflammatory process has evolved, it needs an excuse. In most cases, this becomes a cause penetration into the human body different viruses.

However, in addition to the virus there are many variety of reasons that can cause nasal congestion. These reasons include:

  • Cold ambient air or sudden changes in temperature.
  • Eating spicy foods or hot spices.
  • Enlarged adenoids, most often in children.
  • Exposure to various environmental stimuli.
  • The impact on the nasal mucosa tobacco smoke, especially in passive smoking.
  • The presence of the nose foreign bodies.
  • The presence of different structural defects, such as deviation of the nasal septum.
  • Various allergic reactions.
  • The presence of polyps in the nasal cavity.
  • Various tumors of the nasal passages.

In order to reliably determine exactly what the cause of runny nose caused in each case, a sick person should seek medical help from a doctor.


Doctors distinguish between two kinds of forms of rhinitis: chronic and acute course. Acute rhinitis is often a symptom of acute respiratory diseases, such as SARS or influenza. The share of these colds account for approximately 70% of all ailments, most frequently they occur in children and adolescents.

Acute rhinitis occurs in classical type, in three stages:

  • Reflex Stage

Nasal congestion starts from the first reflex, stage. It proceeds as follows. The body of the sick person is supercooled, immunity decreases, and the vessels of the nasal mucosa dramatically expanded. As a result, first appears bright - expressed dry mucous membranes, and then edema, which causes a runny nose.

  • Catarrhal stage

In the second, the catarrhal stage of development of rhinitis, the mucous membrane of activated virus. Due to the swelling of the mucous thereto surging increased amount of blood, which leads to revitalization of the glands that produce mucus. Sick man says quite abundant nasal discharge, having a liquid consistency. Significantly reduced ability to perceive odors.

Around this same time, a sick person begin to show damage other bodies related to the nasal cavity - there is increased lacrimation, voice change, there is a stuffy ear canal.

On the third stage of the disease is greatly reduced swelling of the mucous membrane, restores the ability to smell and normal breathing. Sami nasal discharge are much more dense. And if they change to a dark color - yellow or yellow - green color, the physician may suspect attaching secondary, usually bacterial infections.

Chronic Rhinitis

The second form of current rhinitis - chronic. The chronic form of the disease most often occurs as a result of improper treatment of acute forms of rhinitis. Furthermore, chronic rhinitis can be caused by factors such as allergic diseases, professional unfavorable factors, the disruption of the blood circulation of the mucous membranes of the nasal cavity. There are several types of chronic rhinitis.

  • Chronic hypertrophic rhinitis

In that case, if the patient experiencing this form of chronic rhinitis, physician notes growth and a significant increase in the mucous membranes, and in particularly severe cases and bone tissue. The most common pathologies lead to such systemic acute rhinitis. And in addition to such changes with a very high probability of resulting in the uncontrolled use of vasoconstrictor drops.

The patient in this case complains of systematic nasal discharge, difficulty in nasal breathing and headaches. The largely disturbed sense of smell and taste, voice changes. Due to the fact that the sick person is forced to breathe through the mouth, mucous membrane of the mouth is constantly dry. This leads to a constant feeling of thirst.

  • Chronic atrophic rhinitis

In that case, if the person suffers from rhinitis this form, it is a significant thinning of the nasal mucosa. As a result of a sick man complains of dryness and foreign body in the nasal cavity. Nasal discharge not abundant, but they are extremely thick and podsyhaya create crust. These crusts may hide under a bacterial infection. Most often, such nasal congestion occurs as a result of adverse occupational factors. The forecast is not enough in such cases is favorable.

  • Nasal allergy

Runny nose, cause allergic reactions, as is almost always chronic. Depending on the frequency of attacks of chronic rhinitis distinguish two forms - permanent and seasonal.

In humans, prone to allergic reactions, as soon as he is in contact with the allergen, there is a bad cold, profuse discharge, sneezing. However, nasal congestion and runny nose without a place to be. In the same case, if there is no contact with the allergen, the person remains practically healthy.

  • Chronic vasomotor rhinitis

Such rhinitis appears in the case where there is a pathological change vessels of the nasal mucosa, due to changes in the organism. Examples of these changes include any differences in hormonal levels. Incidentally, this is why so many pregnant women often complain of strange rhinitis often occur.

 stuffy nose without a cold

Treatment of the common cold

Runny nose itself is not for the human body is no danger. However, if treatment of the common cold is wrong or stuffy nose does not treated, the infection can spread far beyond the nasal cavity. And then it is almost inevitable complications: etmoidit, sinusitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis and acute otitis media.

That is why it is so important to treat a cold. Many believe that to treat a runny nose does not make sense, since it goes away fast enough. However, this approach is fundamentally wrong. It is useless to strike out from their lives, and to take risks and to find out whether complications are not worth it.

Starting treatment of rhinitis is necessary as soon as possible. First, a human patient is assigned a strict home regimen. First, a person gets a chance to rest, and secondly, thus eliminating the risk of contracting ARI people around them.

Immediately nemedekamentoznuyu should begin therapy. The most effective heat treatments: the sick person should be as soon as possible hover legs, drinking hot tea, making inhalation. By the way. If a sick person is no tendency to allergic reactions, will be very effective inhalation with oils of eucalyptus, peppermint and tea tree. They can be carried out even when there is no inhaler. Enough to drip a few drops of oil per liter of hot water and breathe the fumes, after having covered his head with a towel.

You should also pay special attention to this question, as the hygiene of the nasal cavity in the period of the disease. For successful treatment is necessary to properly clean the nasal passages of mucus.

In no case should not be immediately vysmarkivat both nostrils. It should do so by turns, and note that the mouth should be slightly open. Such a measure would avoid excessive negative pressure and, as a result of injury to the vessels. And, of course, preferable to use disposable handkerchiefs to avoid repeated self-infection.

Drug treatment the doctor chooses depends on why there was nasal congestion, as well as exactly what stage the disease. For example, vasoconstrictor drugs should be used only in the initial stage of the disease. Moreover, their use should be brief - no more than five days. Otherwise there is a risk of pathological vascular changes.

In the second stage of the disease when the organism itself tries to get rid of bacteria and there is an ample cold, you can help him. Irrigate the nose it is advisable to salt solutions or decoction of chamomile and calendula.

In the same case, if the runny nose caused by allergic reactions of the body, you must take the following steps. Firstly, the maximum limit contact with the sick person allergens. And secondly, the sick person should as soon as possible to start taking antihistamines. By the way, these drugs should be prescribed only by a doctor.

In any case, if you nasal treatment is necessary. Do not underestimate the potential danger of the common cold. Any pathological changes in the human body must be eliminated as quickly as possible.

 Nasal congestion. Reasons treatment

 ingrown nail

Our modern women, especially lovers of the narrow model of shoes, may be faced with such unpleasant disease as ingrown nails. Yes, it is a disease of the nail, and quite painful. Mainly affected toes.

This nail plate grows in the edge of the big toe. It becomes inflamed big toe, and he ingrowing nail thickens and is bent downward. Perhaps the appearance of the background of this infection with inflammation.

We find out the cause

Ingrown nail - a frequent and common. And the reasons for the emergence of such an unpleasant and painful problem quite a lot:

  1. Improper nail clippers
  2. The presence of fungal diseases
  3. Constant wearing narrow shoes with high heels
  4. Heredity
  5. Congenital or acquired deformation of the toes (flat feet, clubfoot, etc.)
  6. The presence of disturbances in the blood circulation of the legs (venous disease)
  7. Strong finger injury
  8. Inflammatory diseases

How does it manifest itself?

If you have an ingrown nail finger red and swells, going to become more and more difficult because of continued pain. Perhaps the appearance of pus and bleeding. Sometimes, people try to solve the problem and cut the ingrown nail. It can not be done!

You can pay an additional infection. This state is very dangerous, especially in people with diabetes, atherosclerosis, and problems with the veins in the legs. Untreated ingrown toenails can lead to gangrene and the appearance of the toe.

The finger nail is damaged after a while becomes a blue-red hue, festers even more because of the swelling can be increased in size by half. Soreness of the ingrown nail is now pursuing you, not only walking, but also at rest.

Prevention nail at home

Our self-confident women sometimes think that this problem can be solved at home. We ensure that home and folk remedies such disease can not be cured. At home, you can reduce some pain.

At the beginning of the disease can take some preventive measures to improve the general condition of the ingrown nail. First of all, replace the shoes more spacious and comfortable. House is better to walk barefoot or in slippers with open fingers.

Do not forget that the ingrown nail - a zone of pathological changes in tissue growth. And work properly on the affected part of the foot you yourself can not. Set aside everything and make a visit to the traumatologist. The sooner you find yourself at the doctor, the faster will be able to wear your favorite shoes.

Ingrown nail on the leg home treatment can relieve pain and reduce inflammation of the little, everyday do warm baths with salt water. Add to a solution of potassium permanganate or furatsilina. Then a small wad of cotton sheet under the damaged nail to lift it a little bit.

We go to the doctor

In medical practice, there are several ways to remove ingrown nails:

  • Surgical removal

In mild cases, surgically removed part of the change of the roller finger or fingernail. As a result, significantly reduces inflammation, and a few months after the removal of ingrown nail, there is a complete recovery of the nail plate.

In the case of a running form or the presence of purulent discharge, ingrown nail removed entirely. Unfortunately, the nail grows in the future may have an irregular shape, since the operation of the sprout damaged area.

Surgical removal has many disadvantages:

  1. Long term postoperative recovery
  2. Painful post-surgery
  3. Deformed future nail growth
  4. Does not guarantee the full disposal of the ingrown nail (the situation could happen again)
  • Removal of the nail by laser

In modern medicine, in the case are increasingly using laser correction is the most gentle method of treatment. Deleted not all ingrown nail, and evaporate under the influence of laser only damaged part and neutralized the inflammatory foci.

After removal of the nail, ingrown nail to re-appear very rarely. The use of the laser in the presence of a fungal disease occurs simultaneously cleaning the nail area from the presence of fungal spores.

Laser correction also has its disadvantages:

  1. There is a side effect of burn surrounding tissue
  2. As a result, slow healing of wounds
  3. Long recovery period
  • Radiowave treatment

Ingrown nail removed most gentle way. This procedure takes only 5 minutes in any form and complexity. Probability repeat ingrowth eliminated completely. Complete healing occurs within a week.

This method draws absence different postoperative complications (edema, inflammation, pain). Radio wave electrode which is used in the operation of ingrown nail, has sterilizing and antiseptic properties.

Our beautiful woman. No matter how busy you are jobs, careers, home and shops - your health, and even more so, foot health should be in the first place! Ingrown nail treatment at home - do not risk! Doctor visits in this case strictly necessary.

And pedicure you will bring more fun if you do it with the help of a professional master. Engage closely own health, because the ingrown nail indicates the weakening of immunity. Pick comfortable shoes that not only look chic, but elegant feel.

 Ingrown nail - get rid of the trouble

We strongly recommend to read: Why break nails