causes of mycoplasma


  • Causes of mycoplasma in women
  • Symptoms and diagnosis of mycoplasma in women
  • Treatment of the disease
  • Prevention of mycoplasma

Under mycoplasmosis understood disease of the genitourinary system, as the causative agent of which are the mycoplasmas. This micro-organisms that occupy an intermediate between unicellular and multicellular (viruses and bacteria) organisms.

Depending on conditions, it can be treated as a pathogen, and to opportunistic pathogens.

Mycoplasmosis women can have serious consequences, so if necessary, it is important to go through the appropriate course of treatment. In order to identify the infection as early as possible, you need to know what mycoplasmosis has symptoms and signs.
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Causes of mycoplasma in women

Mycoplasmas are considered opportunistic pathogens. This means that they can exist in healthy humans, without causing infectious diseases due to lack of pathogenic properties.

However, mycoplasma is not always harmless. According to some scholars, this against the background of the presence of infection in the body of other disease-causing bacteria may lead to the development of the disease. Transmission can take place through unprotected sex, as well as during birth from mother to child.

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Symptoms and diagnosis of mycoplasma in women

In most cases, mycoplasmosis proceeds with hidden features. However, the first symptoms in women can manifest itself in the form of lean, almost transparent selections. Subsequently, there may be pain when urinating. With the further spread of infection to these symptoms mycoplasma joins inflammation of the uterus and its appendages, can be observed emerging from time to time not intensive drawing pains, worse before the critical days.

With long-term inflammation of the ovaries weaken local immunity and, consequently, in the pelvic organs begin to develop different pathological processes (salpingitis, abscesses, adnexitis, endometritis, etc.). Strengthening mycoplasma symptoms may occur when hormonal crash.

For detection of the disease is most commonly used DNA diagnostics. Its validity is approaching 95%. However, this method is not informative in the presence of purulent secretions. In these cases, a sowing procedure or ELISA.

The advantage of the ELISA is the speed of its implementation, as well as the results (several hours). However, the validity of this study only 70%. Carrying sowing takes longer - about a week. But its validity up to 100%.

 diagnosis of disease
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Treatment of the disease

Treatment of mycoplasma in women should be mandatory, even if the disease is not worried. Infection during pregnancy is extremely dangerous, as can occur in utero fetal loss, which may cause its pathological development, miscarriage, stillbirth, premature delivery.

Treatment of the disease should be complex. And should be treated not only infected woman and her sexual partner. This may prescribe drugs for local and general action, immunomodulators.

The main group for the treatment of mycoplasma are antibiotics. First of all - a drug tetracycline, fluoroquinolones and macrolides. Selection of a particular medicament performed by a doctor based on analysis results. Take antibiotics should be exclusively assigned to the scheme. The course of treatment may last 7-10 days.

Local can be used candles containing metronidazole and preparations intended for irrigation. For the prevention of fungal infections in patients receiving antibiotics is appropriate receiving antifungal medications.

To prevent the development of intestinal dysbiosis, again at reception antibiotkov can be assigned eubiotics. These are preparations, which contain lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. Reducing local event after antibiotic treatment is necessary and in the vagina. For this purpose appointed candles with lactic acid bacteria.

When mycoplasmosis usually reduced immunity. It is therefore necessary to strengthen it. For this purpose, patients are assigned multivitamin complexes and natural immunomodulators.

During the treatment should refrain from sexual intercourse, or used with the barrier methods of contraception. When receiving antibacterial drugs is strictly forbidden to drink alcoholic beverages.

Upon completion of the course of treatment must be examined to assess the effectiveness of the therapy. Not earlier than 10 days after receiving the medication, should be returned to the gynecologist smear on the study. This procedure must be repeated 3 times in the middle of each subsequent critical days. About healing would indicate a negative result of bacteriological research in each stroke.
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Prevention of mycoplasma

In order to prevent contamination of mycoplasmosis, to avoid casual sex. The sexual life is recommended to live with a sexual partner. If unsure it should use barrier contraception. Every six months should go to the gynecologist with the purpose of baseline medical examination. If you find any infections they must be treated immediately.

In order for the organism was able to fight the negative factors, it is important to maintain a high level of immunity. When planning a pregnancy should be screened for sexually transmitted infections.

 Mycoplasmosis: features of the disease in women

 manifestation of thrush


  • Where does the candida?
  • Symptoms of the disease
  • Disease prevention
  • Treatment of the disease

Somehow, it is believed that yeast - a purely female disease. Toxic life and soiling underwear selection like syrkovoy mass constant itching - a rare woman does not come across with candidiasis and does not know how it manifests itself.

Yeast infections in women occur more frequently than men, but men suffer from this disease.

Since the disease caused by the yeast - Candida, facing all segments of the population, irrespective of age, sex and social status.

I do not think that if the thrush happens at all, it's not terrible, and treatment is not necessary. Candidiasis significantly impairs quality of life and during pregnancy is able to inhibit the development of the fetus and even lead to its loss.

 causes of Candida
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Where does the candida?

To say that the disease infected, it would be wrong. Fungi of this culture are constantly present in the human body: intestines, genitals, mucous membranes throat and on the skin surface. Once a disease-favorable conditions - fungi begin to multiply and start to see signs of thrush.

In most cases, more precisely 95%, a disease caused by fungi of genus Candida albikans. According to the results of analyzes, swabs and smears, the remaining patients identified other types of yeast.

Yeast infections in women is usually diagnosed by gynecologists. It turns out that the disease is spread through sexual contact?

This way of infection is possible, but most of the yeast can be shown:

  • during the seasonal decrease immunity;
  • have diabetes;
  • due to systemic infectious diseases and, because of the effect of certain antibiotics and other drugs;
  • by direct contact with a carrier of the disease.

And few know that in some cases the disease is transmitted by airborne droplets.

So the approach to the treatment of candidiasis is necessary seriously. By removing the external manifestations of the disease do not get rid of.

 treatment of the disease
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Symptoms of the disease

Wherever there was a thrush, it can be determined by the following symptoms:

  • itching;
  • burning;
  • swelling of the affected area;
  • occurrence of erosion.

Depending on the localization of the disease, diagnosis is different.

  1. Yeast glossit - so called thrush, which "started up" in the mouth and "occupied" language.
  2. Onychomycosis - Candida struck nails and nail ridges.
  3. Stomatitis - the disease develops in the mouth; this form of the disease is most common in young children.
  4. Cutaneous candidiasis.
  5. Vulvovaginal candidiasis - the so-called common form of the disease - thrush in women.

Unpleasant sensations typical of this disease - itching and discharge - are aggravated by the evening. Candida can also occur if the diet to introduce excessive amounts of yeast products, spicy food, carbonated drinks and sweets.

Fungus loves moisture and heat. Sweating - a paradise for this organism.

During pregnancy, yeast infection in women is very common. The hormonal balance is disturbed, the rate of metabolic changes, which leads to the activity of candida.

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Disease prevention

As with any disease, thrush is easier to prevent than to treat. It is not so difficult, if:

  • use only your personal items: toothbrush, towels, utensils;
  • do not get involved in detergents with fragrances and additional antimicrobial protection;
  • often change daily linings;
  • do not wash excessive desire for clean healthy flora of the vagina;
  • maintain the proper level of immunity;
  • not abuse wearing synthetic underwear;
  • time to treat urinary infections and avoid unprotected sex.

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Treatment of the disease

Definitely a cure for yeast infection can not be assigned. General algorithm to combat candidiasis medicine has not worked. Adequate treatment depends on the extent of tissue damage and the place of activation of the fungus.

Children often treat thrush soda solution by making it: half a teaspoon of baking soda to half a glass of warm water. Drum bintik to handle teaspoon or fix his medical forceps soaked in the preparation of solutions, and carefully treated with mucosal lesions.

If a strong inflammation using cream or candida nystatin ointment.

In men, inflammation of foreskin are handled the same ointment nystatin or clotrimazole.

In order to cure yeast infection in women who developed many products.

As external agents used candles with nystatin or drugs on the basis of clotrimazole and pimafutsin. Pimafutsin currently considered one of the safest drugs. Its use as an oral agent is more effective than treatment with nystatin.

At constant recurrence of the disease for women in most cases appointed by fluconazole. In its favor is the fact that it applies to all types of Candida. Fluconazole pills cleans fungus not only the genital tract, but also all the tissues of the body. The drug is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream. A side effect of it in most cases - a single bowel disorder. But pregnancy is not the active substance is administered.

By means of local action include:

  • Epigenes gel-sex;
  • lavarol candles;
  • Ginezol candles.

Treatment of onychomycosis is on the same algorithm as the fight against other forms of candidiasis. The only difference is: in medicaments for onychomycosis active substance ahead means used to eliminate the fungus from the mucous membranes.

From folk remedies most effective treatment of thrush using soda solution (how to cook, has already been described), buttermilk and whey.

Kefir or serum-soaked swab, and at night it is inserted into the vagina.

Women treat candidiasis warm bath and douching solution with infusions of herbs, sea salt or baking soda.

Detrimental effect on pathogens thrush tea tree oil - 2 drops to a glass of water for irrigation is sufficient.

Among the recipes of traditional medicine can be found a lot of money to get rid of unpleasant disease.

This decoction for irrigation is made up of the same number of oak bark, chamomile and pharmacy, to which is added nettle and knotweed. The last ingredient is taken twice. The mixture of herbs boiled in three cups of water for about five minutes and filtered. It is possible to daisy and oak crust add rosemary and yarrow.

These herbal "teas" not only douche or rinse your mouth with stomatitis caused by Candida. They are still impregnated swabs.

It is believed that herbal great help to get rid of yeast infection. However, many doctors believe that herbs only relieve the discomfort and the disease itself is just muted.

If a woman is expecting a baby, the treatment of thrush should deal only with the gynecologist . This is especially a warning for those who prefer traditional medicine. Some herbs that are used to kill Candida, such as knotweed, absolutely contraindicated in pregnant women.

 Manifestation of yeast and how to treat it