causes the metabolic syndrome


  • Metabolic syndrome: factors shaping
  • Possible negative effects of MS if untreated
  • The main symptoms of the metabolic syndrome
  • Metabolic syndrome: diagnosis risk
  • Metabolic syndrome: Additional signs
  • Metabolic syndrome: self-medication
  • Drug treatment of metabolic syndrome

The modern pace of life often leaves a person to think about their health: the daily tasks and duties in his eyes go in the first place, and in an effort to solve these problems which seem to him the priority, a person puts ideas about health on the back burner. For example, because of the emergency planning meetings office employee can have a snack hamburger containing daily calories, or even to give up lunch, and a young mother, has no time to cook dinner and take the child from the kindergarten, once again carries a scheduled run in The park, which promises to himself for the past few weeks.
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Metabolic syndrome: factors shaping

Each of us can easily remember many such examples where urgent business forced him to give up action to maintain or improve their health. It is particularly easy when you consider that the rejection of harmful products or exercise will not bring instant benefits as soon as a person for the first time replaced the portion of potato, deep-fried on vegetable salad, and an evening spent in a smoky bar - on access to the gym.

Therefore, most of us think that once the rejection of actions aimed at maintaining a healthy lifestyle, can not be decisive with regard to their health. But in reality, this behavior can cause a number of serious diseases, including metabolic syndrome (MS).

Any expert would agree that measures aimed at maintaining and improving their health, have a pronounced cumulative effect: as a healthy diet and exercise are part of the habit, their impact on the health and appearance of a person becoming more prominent. In addition, we can not lose sight of the fact that in respect of such action has been gradually formed a kind of habit, which eventually causes a person to opt for a healthy lifestyle automatically. Therefore, it is no longer faced with the agonizing choice between daily hamburger and baked chicken breast, and makes this choice without hesitation.

However, the absence of such a habit has a similar effect. As well as actions aimed at improving and maintaining the health and well-being, the habit of poor eating habits and a passive lifestyle has a cumulative effect. In other words, the negative consequences of such a lifestyle accumulate over time have become increasingly prominent. Sooner or later, the effect of their influence becomes evident not only others, but also the man himself, who had been trying to turn a blind eye to some deterioration in his state of health, rapid fatigue after physical exertion, exposure to infectious diseases and other problems.

In such a situation it is essential to notice the negative manifestations, rather than waiting until the moment when their removal will be the extremely difficult. The fact that some of the symptoms are dangerous not so much in itself, as the consequences to which they may cause. However, until these consequences actually happen, it is too late to begin to fight for their health.

 Factors of Metabolic Syndrome
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Possible negative effects of MS if untreated

One example of this situation is the so-called metabolic syndrome, which in recent years has received wide distribution in the world. In particular, the breadth of its distribution is characteristic for developed countries, a way of life which is often characterized by excessive calorie intake and insufficient physical activity. Taken together, these and other negative factors can lead to such diseases as metabolic syndrome.

By itself, the syndrome is not a disease but a complex of disorders of normal functioning of the human body, which together can lead to quite serious problems.

Among the most common adverse effects metabolic syndrome has cardiovascular disease, including some of the most dangerous - myocardial infarction, stroke and progression of diabetes.

In addition, depending on the individual, metabolic syndrome can trigger the occurrence of fatty liver liver, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), malfunctions of urogenital system in men, gout and other dangerous diseases. Thus, the possible negative effects are quite dangerous, but because it will be useful to understand what the metabolic syndrome and how it can be combated.

 symptoms of
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The main symptoms of the metabolic syndrome

As already mentioned, the metabolic syndrome is a combination of several types of disturbances that occur in the operation of systems of the human organism. Experts believe that they are based on a violation of the normal mechanism of glucose uptake, which in the professional literature is called insulin resistance.

In practice, this problem manifests itself in the fact that the amount of insulin in the blood is irrelevant to the amount of glucose which is present in it presently.

As a result, insulin, which is one of the most important human hormones involved in virtually all aspects of the metabolism, breaks the normal order of the assimilation of proteins, fats and other substances that have a significant impact on the functioning of the body.

One of the main consequences of this disruption of metabolism is the occurrence of obesity in humans suffering from insulin resistance. At the same time, however, it is necessary to assess the existence of this problem from an objective point of view. In today's world, this concept has become an interpretation far enough away from the medical interpretation of the term: a girl with a normal height and weight tend to say at obesity and make every attempt to get rid of him. Of course, this situation has nothing to do with the present obesity, which is a consequence of the disruption of the normal mechanism of glucose uptake.

Within the framework of current medical practice, there are quite clear and objective criteria for the identification of obesity, which can be regarded as a component of the metabolic syndrome. In particular, experts have developed a special component, called the body mass index, which is used to determine the boundaries of the rules and excess weight for each person individually, taking into account its growth.

At the same time the specified index in the calculation is quite simple, so everyone can set their own presence at the risk of developing metabolic syndrome.
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Metabolic syndrome: diagnosis risk

Body mass index is defined by the following formula: BMI = weight / height squared. Thus, in order to calculate their own body mass index, it is necessary to know the exact value of its weight and size. For the calculations in the formula should use the weight in kilograms and height - in meters. For example, the calculation of body mass index for women weighing 70 kg, height is 160 centimeters, will be as follows: BMI = 70 / (1, 6 * 1, 6) = 27, 34.

To see whether the result is dangerous from the point of view of the possibility of having the metabolic syndrome, it is necessary to know how to interpret the results of the calculations. Now experts are the following interpretation of the boundaries of body mass index:

  • BMI less than 18, 5 - underweight. From the point of view of the possibility of developing metabolic syndrome, a group of people with a body mass index is characterized by minimal risk, but it should be borne in mind that the lack of BMI can be a factor in the development of other diseases. Therefore, experts recommend to consult a doctor for the possibility of achieving a healthy weight;
  • BMI within the range 18 5 to 24 9 - normal weight. The boundaries of body mass index are optimal in terms of human resistance to various diseases, including metabolic syndrome;
  • BMI ranging from 25 to 29 0, 9 - overweight. In this case, the experts usually ascertain the presence of increased risk for a variety of diseases, which include and metabolic syndrome (MS);
  • BMI ranging from 30 to 34 0, 9 - I degree obesity. Obesity - a serious risk factor for consideration syndrome, which increases as the further growth of body weight;
  • BMI ranging from 35 to 39 0, 9 - obesity II degree, which is a major threat to health in terms of developing MS compared to lower values ​​of BMI;
  • BMI over 40, 0 - obesity III degree, the maximum risk of developing MS.

Thus, the statement of the body mass index greater than 25, 0 is a possible risk factor of metabolic syndrome. Furthermore, it should be borne in mind that even with the same high BMI tendency to rise MS will vary among people suffering from various types of obesity. So, the greatest risk of developing MS is available for those people which are characterized by the so-called abdominal type of obesity when body fat concentrated around the waist.

The views of experts in relation to the absolute values ​​of waist circumference, which represent a danger diverge. However, much of it recommends starting to take action, if the waist exceeds 94 centimeters men, women - 80 centimeters. In turn, the situation in which fat deposits are concentrated in the pelvic region, is less dangerous in terms of the development of MS.

 BMI calculation
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Metabolic syndrome: Additional signs

Furthermore, specialists identify a number of additional symptoms, the presence of which can be used to diagnose the disease. Thus, the presence of several of them can clearly indicate the formation of a metabolic syndrome. In particular, these include:

  • high blood pressure, which in professional language is called hypertension. The threshold values ​​of hazardous experts call the pressure of 135/80 and recommend to pay him more attention in case of exceeding these values;
  • violation of the human characteristics of lipid metabolism. These disorders can have a different expression. Thus, dangerous symptoms include elevated triglycerides to a value above 1, 7 mmol / l, increasing the level of low density lipoprotein to 3, 0 mmol / L or more, lowering of HDL to 1, 0 mmol / L for men and 1 2 mmol / l for women;
  • elevated blood glucose levels. Experts recommend to pay attention to it if the value measured on an empty stomach, is greater than 5, 6 mmol / l;
  • malabsorption of glucose, which is characterized by elevated (7, 8-11, 1 mmol / l), its content in the blood plasma after two hours after taking.

Experts note that the presence of a person at least three of these features, one of which is overweight, can serve as a criterion for the establishment of the metabolic syndrome. However, if the relevant symptoms are identified, should seek medical attention, if needed, prescribe additional tests, and then produce a final diagnosis.
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Metabolic syndrome: self-medication

If the physician still put such a diagnosis, do not despair. First, much of the work on the prevention and elimination of negative consequences of such a diagnosis can be done by yourself. The first treatment of metabolic syndrome involves changing the habitual diet, since he is often the reason for the formation of obesity and other unpleasant symptoms.

In doing so, the recommendation to change the food that give the experts are quite simple, and generally recommended for all who seek to lead a healthy lifestyle. In particular, we are talking about eating plenty of vegetables and fruits, excluding beverages and foods with high sugar content, a significant reduction of fat intake with simultaneous replacement of most of the animal fat for vegetable.

The second area of ​​work to eliminate the consequences of the metabolic syndrome is a change of lifestyle. In particular, we are talking about is to make it possible more active. At the same time this can be achieved not only by incorporating into their daily lives of regular classes in the sports center or swimming pool, but also by increasing their daily activity. For example, experts say that with the help of relatively simple steps, you can easily increase your daily energy consumption of 100-500 calories, which after some time will necessarily lead to weight loss.

For example, it is possible to park your car is not in the vicinity of the office, and a couple of blocks away from him, up to his home on the fifth floor of the elevator, and walk, do not send a courier to carry mail to the nearby business center and do it yourself .

At the same time, trying to treat this complex disorders, it should be borne in mind that if the dietary recommendations can be incorporated into your daily life right from tomorrow, then physical activity should adhere to the principle of gradualism. This applies especially to employment, involving considerable physical stress, such as exercise in the gym, cycling, jumping rope, and similar loads.

However, all these measures are unlikely to produce results immediately: require quite considerable amount of time to make a change in diet and the gradual increase of physical activity resulted in weight loss, improve metabolism, and disappearance of the symptoms of metabolic syndrome. Circumstances may also be developed so that a person needs to achieve a faster and more effective results.

 the correct treatment of the metabolic syndrome
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Drug treatment of metabolic syndrome

If the situation requires a radical and urgent intervention, experts recommend to resort to medical treatment of symptoms of metabolic syndrome. It is imperative in this case to remember that medical treatment should be effected only under the constant supervision of a doctor, as soon as he is able to track the dynamics of the effects of certain drugs and, if necessary, adjust the treatment time.

Otherwise, the results can not only improve, but worsen the situation.

In general, drug treatment in MS is usually aimed at eliminating some of its symptoms: obesity, malabsorption of glucose, lipid disorders, high blood pressure and others. Depending on what kind of symptoms are available for a particular patient, a physician will be able to pick up certain drugs to eliminate its problems.

Further, referring to the doctor, it should be remembered that the efficiency and duration of treatment will be highly dependent on how long the patient is suffering from symptoms of the metabolic syndrome.

So, if they had appeared relatively recently, a specialist will be easier to deal with them by choosing the appropriate medicine.