How to get rid of scabies at home? This question is relevant to the present day. Scabies is quite a common disease that can catch anyone. Dispatched by the disease in direct physical contact with an infected person or through the use of common items - towels, dishes, linens. And even an ordinary door handle can be a source of infection.
So do not assume that the disease is inherent in a low-income and socially disadvantaged people. To catch them can be absolutely anyone - in the subway, in public transport, in the store.
Often, people are interested in what the incubation period in scabies. The incubation period - is the period of time that passes between the way the tick penetrates into the skin, and that when the first symptoms of the disease. Definitely doctors to answer this question can not be as precise time limits simply do not exist - the duration of the incubation period depends on many subjective factors.
For example, in the case of human infection occurs as a result of penetration of the skin itch mite adult females, the incubation period can be very small - only a few hours. During this time, adult females have time not only to gnaw the skin a large number of moves, and deposit their eggs. And, accordingly, the first symptoms of the disease appear very, very quickly.
In the same case, if a person was infected larvae of scabies mite incubation (latent) period will increase significantly - it will be about fourteen days. About two weeks are necessary in order to itch mite larva has passed all stages of its development and become adult individuals capable of reproduction.
Symptoms of scabies
There are a number of specific symptoms, the appearance of which indicates that the person is infected with scabies. One of these symptoms is a strong itching. The person experiences a strong tearing itchy skin, which during the day is almost gone. But in the evening and night hours the itch comes back with renewed vigor, becoming almost unbearable. This itching can almost completely deprive the rights not only of peace, but even sleep.
However, doctors - dermatologists say that different people manifestation of scabies can vary - depending on the number of scabies mites and the individual characteristics of each individual. There are several factors that affect the intensity of itching. Firstly, itching occurs while itch mite gnaws moves and moves under the skin. Accordingly, the greater the number of ticks, the more moves they make, and the more itching.
In addition, itching can be amplified because of the possibility of allergic reactions in the human body waste products of scabies mites. By the way, many experienced doctors - dermatologists in the treatment of scabies is prescribed to sick people receiving antihistamines, which greatly facilitate the human condition and reduce the intensity of itching.
When viewed from the affected areas of the skin doctor can easily detect visual signs of the disease: the presence of serous scabs, itch moves, papules. There may be a large number, but can - and very small - it all depends on the number of scabies mites. As a rule, the localization of scabies mites scabies is typical - the lesions localized in the knee or elbow joints, hips, abdomen, buttocks, hands and breasts.
As mentioned above, the most important and distinctive symptoms suggestive of the presence of scabies in humans is the presence of the itch moves, who follow in the epidermis of the female scabies mite. To distinguish it is not too difficult - it is a reddish line, straight or curved, rising a few millimeters above the skin.
At one end of this course you can easily see a black dot - in fact, the very female scabies mite. And sometimes itch moves look very - different - kind of a chain of small bubbles, which are located in one line. Moreover, a similar pattern is observed most often in children.
In severe cases, if the disease has lasted for a long time, as a sick man for some - any reason not receive required him specific treatment on the surface of his skin without - or labor to the naked eye can detect stuffy itch moves, which are cracks on keratinized skin cover. Typically, such a clinical picture observed if the disease lasts for more than two months.
But in that case, if the disease lasts no more than two weeks, without the help of a doctor to detect itch moves also virtually impossible. By the way, in case if a person carefully comply with all rules of hygiene, discover itch moves are not so easy, even a doctor. In such cases, doctors - dermatologists say malosimptomno scabies. And it is very important to properly and timely diagnose the disease and prescribe treatment. Otherwise, the disease may take the form of a running flow, and to treat it will need much more time and effort.
However, the presence of burrows is not the only sign of disease. Another feature is the presence of itch in the skin small bubbles bright - pink filled with clear content. In no case is unacceptable to squeeze out the contents of these bubbles - otherwise there is a risk of infection and even sores festering abscesses.
In addition to the bubbles for scabies is very characterized by the presence of the skin, to a large extent combed and crusts. Most symptoms are much data in the field of localization of scabies mites - hands and feet, knee - elbows, stomach area and other places, which have already been mentioned above.
Scabies in children
The disease scabies in infants has a number of specific features. Firstly, damage to the skin in children occurs much faster than an adult human. Secondly, it affected a much larger area of the skin: the face, palms, soles, scalp. Defeat can happen in just a few hours maximum per day. Children, especially under the age of three years, the most severely affected by itching of the hands and face. Also, a child with scabies, very fast significantly modified the nail plate - they are much more loose, thick, may crack.
In children, diagnosis of scabies is sometimes quite difficult. This is due to the fact that the clinical manifestations of scabies in children are often very similar to the clinical picture of weeping eczema. In addition, small children is very often very combed the skin, which is why often joins secondary bacterial infection of the skin. To correct diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe laboratory tests which will reveal the presence or absence of itch mite.
Treatment of scabies
In case you notice yourself or your loved ones any - any of the above symptoms of scabies, you must immediately seek medical help from a doctor - a dermatologist, and in its absence - to the doctor - the therapist.
Very often, people are faced with this disease, try yourself at home to decide how to get rid of scabies, hesitating to go to the doctor. However, this should not do in any case - self-medication can only worsen as the course of the disease and the overall health of the sick person.
The doctor will choose you exactly the treatment that will be most suitable. And it does not entail any negative consequences for the general state of the human body. After the doctor knows exactly how to get rid of scabies. Folk remedies for the treatment of scabies often do not have the desired action, but precious time will be lost, resulting in the disease may take the form of a running flow.
In order for treatment to be effective, you need to follow a few simple, but very, very important rules:
As mentioned above, can be infected with scabies when using shared with the sick person household items. However, in the course of treatment can be repeated infection itself, with poor personal hygiene. That is why in order to get rid of scabies in the treatment process is necessary to produce a daily change of clothes, underwear and bed linen, towels and other household items.
All these things must not only be washed and thoroughly boiled - a simple washing may not always destroy the itch mite adults, let alone the larvae, which are not susceptible to the effects of household chemicals. Doctors recommend disinfection as follows: boil the underwear is necessary for approximately ten minutes after boiling, pour a glass of soda in ten liters of water. After drying the laundry must be carefully ironed iron on both sides.
However, the itch mite may be present not only in underwear and bedding. And far from being any clothing survive boiling, not to mention outerwear, boil that can not be in principle. So what to do? Really throw? Not at all - such extreme measures are completely useless. Just bring clothes into the street. In winter, it is enough to leave in the cold for two - three hours in the summer of the same - a few days.
Also, in any case we must not forget that the itch mites and their eggs can remain on furniture, cookware, door handles and even the floor. And treatment may be unsuccessful because the person will always be infected. Therefore, about their disinfection and in any case not be forgotten. For disinfection, you can use special solutions that are sold in pharmacies. Or you can prepare a disinfectant solution on their own, at home. For this purpose, five liters of water must be thoroughly dissolve two tablespoons of bleach and a glass of soda.
If you follow all the above measures, no problems with how to get rid of scabies, you will not. Better yet, do not ever encounter any of this, with any - any other disease. Be healthy!