Reproduction of orchids at home


  • The division of adult plants
  • Reproduction apical cuttings
  • Reproduction of lateral shoots
  • Reproduction by layering or pseudobulbs
  • Other methods of breeding

It would seem not so little we know about indoor plants. But there are among them such items as experienced gardeners puzzle. Will appear in the home of some exotic green, and we begin to break the head: and what to do with it, how to care for it? For example, we got overseas beautiful orchid learned obihazhivat this capricious .... But the flower passion drives us to new exploits. Why not do the multiplication of orchids at home? But how to do it correctly? Let's try to understand.

Propagate by cuttings orchids not only, as some people think. This beauty can be grown, and by dividing the bush, and using side shoots and pseudobulbs. Moreover, also multiply orchid seeds. And so, dear women, to get used to the role of diligent students and learning methods breeding orchids.

The division of adult plants

This is the simplest and most appropriate method of reproduction most indoor orchids. The most appropriate time for such manipulations - the beginning of spring, when the flowers come out of hibernation and give the first new shoots. The most appropriate for dividing instance - adult flower, which has at least four false bulbs. Because every new delenki must consist of at least three lukovok. The old bulb without leaves can also be separated and put into a new pot.

How to do it? Carefully take out the plant from the pot, taking care not to damage the roots. For this ground in a pot need good moisten pot "obstuchal" and, tilting it gently shake the tubers with a clod of earth. Then, the rhizome should be cleaned from the ground and cut it between bulbs.

To carry out this "surgical" operation should only be disinfected and sharp knife. Not forgetting that every new piece must have at least three bulbs. Places slices necessarily need to sprinkle the charcoal and all new delenki settle in clean pots with a special Soil mixtures. This mixture you can easily find in virtually every specialty store.

 orchid breeding

Reproduction apical cuttings

Orchid, which the multiplication by cuttings, must relate to monopodially form (for example, Wanda, epidendrum, dendrobium). These plants shoots units have clear distance on the stem. For these types of typical way of growth of the apical point, without forming pseudobulbs.

Propagation by cuttings begins with cutting the top flight. Cut it should be too sharp and decontaminated (peroxide, potassium permanganate, alcohol) knife. The sections on the mother's flower and the handle necessarily sprinkled with powdered charcoal, and already treated stalks planted in a pot (cut into the ground). For the planted cuttings looked after as well as for adults flower.

Apical propagation method is certainly simpler. However, it is desirable to use only for indoor growing species of orchids. The rest will require too much time (several years) for the development of cutting into a flowering plant.

Reproduction of lateral shoots

So multiply the famous Phalaenopsis. Flower over time gives the side shoots (kids) who are between the spike. Separate them from the mother plant, can grow new copies of the flower. However, the image of "marginalia" only on the plants contained in the exceptionally favorable conditions. However, it is possible and stimulate active growth of side shoots frequent spraying, fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers and an increase in air temperature in the room.

Separated from the mother-orchid can be only those children, who managed to acquire their own air roots. These side shoots in fact have little independent colors, which only need to transplant into a separate pot, separated and treated. Young shoots may even cover their own peduncles. In this case, you must wait until the buds ottsvetut, and only then to separate and transplant processes.

Reproduction by layering or pseudobulbs

Not to be confused with the lateral side shoots layering. The shoots grow on their own, we cuttings grow. Reproduction of orchids used for layering sympodial orchids. Their pseudobulbs are dormant buds at the nodes of the main stem. To speed up the "maturing" Babes, leafless stalk carefully tip to the ground and lay on planted under it expanded clay and sphagnum moss.

Arrange over weighed down to the ground part of the stem a little teplichku from inverted plastic container with a side slit (stalk). Moisturize moss and wait patiently for awakening dormant buds. Once the kidney will grow new flowers are small, separate them, treat and deposited into small pots.

An important condition for the revival of the kidneys pseudobulbs - constant humidity in teplichke. It should ensure that the pseudobulbs do not contact with water when watering. Another condition - good lighting. If the light in the room is not enough, you need to provide artificial illumination, or kidney awakening you will wait a very long time, or do not hold your breath. In favorable conditions, dormant buds begin to sprout already in three weeks.

 orchid breeding

Other methods of breeding

All the methods discussed in previous lessons - vegetative. But besides them there are generative (sexual) growing and cloning (meristem reproduction). However, in the home it is quite difficult to carry out reproduction.

Replacement breeding orchids - a rather laborious process. Too small seeds have no nutritional tissue. Under natural conditions the flowers sprout from the root using a sponge (gribokornya mycorrhiza). This sponge and provides power to the seed. In vitro (for breeding) seeds were placed in a special medium. However, germination is possible only in laboratory conditions, but sometimes it takes up to nine months. But after that pass another two or three years until the germ is transformed into a full plant. And the first plant peduncles covered not earlier than in 3-4 years.

When cloning (which is also impossible in the home) is removed from the parent plant cells capable of dividing. Placed in the culture medium, these cells continue to divide, forming clots. Clots were separated and transferred to a different environment, where there are already plants. In this way, in the laboratory have great number of clones - genetically identical plants.

It is clear that if the seeds propagated orchid home is still possible (but unlikely), then the cloning is still beyond the capabilities of indoor flower. Therefore, leave the laboratory methods for professional breeders. Better to perfection possess the techniques of micropropagation and successfully multiply their home collection of orchids.

 Lessons Floriculture: the multiplication of orchids at home

We recommend that read: Violet: how to plant, propagate, take care

 pests in the soil of houseplants

Even in ancient times people decorated their houses with flowers and clothes, use a variety of plants as gifts. History of indoor plants takes us far into the past, as evidenced by archaeological excavations are dated three thousand years BC. And in the modern "concrete jungle" people are lacking in wildlife. Therefore, many are creating their green corners on the window sills. But the real lovers of houseplants, day after day trying to learn something new about their green pets, exploring new kinds of plants are selected for each of them special care.

The most dangerous for the home colors were and are the pests of indoor plants in the soil. There are not many, but they are able to damage the roots of plants, and hence to a flower in general. After all, if the root is sick, then the part that is above the ground, eventually die. And in order to avoid this problem, you need to carefully monitor the quality of the land in which you place the plant in time to repot it and noticed that the flower feels bad, the first thing to check is the soil.

Almost every potting flower has its own land, which contains all the necessary precisely for this type of component. And if you want your flowers please you long green leaves and buds, soil for planting is best to buy in the shops. So you will minimize the problem of root diseases. But, as the saying goes, "forewarned is forearmed", so let's consider the types of pests houseplants and look at how to protect them from their pets. And also learn methods of pest control.


This species of insects, though there is a relative of shrimps and lobsters, but it prefers to live in the land. More specifically, in the wet soil. They are not the most dangerous pests of indoor plants, which can be got in the soil, but knowing about them is still necessary.

Woodlice prefer damp places and hidden in pallets of pots. This type of pest is gray and flat body with a plurality of legs. Prefer night. Can harm plants by eating the roots. However, much damage to your plants, they do not cause as woodlice easy to detect and destroy manually.

If your house has a plant-loving frequent watering regularly inspect pallets of pots, wash them, do not let them accumulate in the damp earth. So you will not allow wood lice proliferate and harm your colors.


This type of pests houseplants that live in the soil, is very diverse. They form a zoological class, which includes a variety of insects. They are united by one thing - eating plant roots, centipedes do not let it develop. Millipedes have a serpentine structure: its body is made of rings and numerous leg is very difficult to see before they are tiny.

Contaminate soil centipedes two ways. Either you bought low-quality land (this also happens), or used for planting ordinary soil from the garden. To detect these insects only during the transplant. If you notice them in the ground, be sure to change the substrate completely, even the roots should be cleaned from the old land, as it can stay eggs pests that may eventually harm the fresh soil.


Another name of the insect jumping, similar to fleas - sublevels. This kind of pests houseplants, too, inhabits the earth. Springtails multiply very quickly, especially in the wet substrate. They feed on decaying plant remains, why gnaw small holes in the stems, which are close to the ground, at least - on the roots. The biggest harm to bring springtails during wet season - autumn when plant growth is stopped, and it is not able to fight for life.

If you have time to notice the infection, get rid of pests easy. It is necessary to fill the surface of the soil with ash, sand, or dried. Very effective are the so-called potato trap: raw potato cut in half placed on the ground cut down, and then collect the insects pick up there. If the infection is strong, you must use special solutions for irrigation. Here you need to consult with a specialist at the store. And best of all, wash pot and sweep up the ground completely.


These little worms damage the root system, thereby causing negative changes in the aerial part of the plant. Leaves flower wither and dry up, and on the roots appear swelling. These pests bring houseplants heavy damage, treat the infected flower is almost impossible. Particularly susceptible to infection by rubber plants, cactus, cyclamen.

The good news is that at home nematodes are rare, they can be brought only with the earth from the garden. However, if you are going to professionally grow plants in greenhouses for sale, then you should look out for them.

Spider mite

Pests houseplants and struggle against them is as diverse as the flowers themselves. Insects can cause damage not only the roots of the plants. Some of the hazards for the above-ground parts of the flower. One such pest is spider mite. It is dangerous for virtually all types of houseplants, especially if you are in the warmer months, brings them to a balcony or courtyard.

The presence of the tick can be seen on the web stretched between the leaves. These pests eat the leaves from the inside, so that the leaves lose color and curl inward. Flower buds are damaged by mites may dry out and fall in, and do not dissolve.

Spider mite mass attacks in the hot season, the best prevention of it - is the maintenance of moisture, so often spray the plant. For pest control needs acaricidal solution, which can be purchased in a specialty store. After treatment plant polyethylene wrap. So you protect others from infection with flowers and create a lot of moisture, which will accelerate the death of mites.

 pests houseplants


A very common pest, but also find it quite easy. Aphids dangerous for all types of indoor plants, especially in the summer. Some species of these insects have wings. Vagrants in the open windows, aphids occupy flower, sucking the leaves and stalks of juice. Thus, the plant is reduced and ceases to evolve.

If you just found out pests to deal with them is not difficult, just wash the plant with soapy water and then clean. If aphids have thoroughly settled on a flower, it is treated with special solutions, such as "Inta-sup," "Karate" or "face". You can also apply poisons of plant origin: the infusion of wormwood or tobacco. Regular treatment will help you to avoid the attack of these insects.


This type of pest is very similar to the winged aphids. Whiteflies are very small, about three millimeters. They attack the inside of the leaves and drink the juice from them. If time does not take action, the leaves wilt, turn yellow and fall off. Since whitefly comes from the tropical countries, their habitat - it is very warm and humid. The most likely victims of these insects are plants with thin leaves and flowering plants such as azalea, primrose, hibiscus.

Good prevention of whiteflies is airing the room, as well as lowering the temperature. You can handle the plant insecticide solution: this should be done once a month. It is desirable to prevent infection of the flower, as to fight with the pest is difficult.

Weevils and caterpillars

These insects have a length of about one and a half centimeters and rigid wings. They are especially dangerous for begonias and azaleas. Combine edges of the leaves, weevils cause irreparable harm to plants, and their larvae feed on the roots. These pests attacking flower on both sides, so the plant stops in development, quickly weakens, and eventually dies.

Fight weevils must be in the same insecticide. If the infection was strong, the procedure must be repeated again in about a week.

About these pests know everything. Track - a butterfly larvae, which feed on the foliage of trees and plants. In the garden, on the veranda or on the balcony of your flowers at risk of becoming food for them. If time does not notice the pests, the plants can remain without leaves. Fight treads lightly, they just need to remove and destroy arms. However, prevention of insecticide will be just as effective.

Scale insects and Quadraspidiotus perniciosus

It's really a disaster for all houseplants. With them it is quite difficult to deal with because they multiply rapidly, replacing several generations per year. Insects are protected by armor, like a mussel shell. Forming on the leaves and stems of fixed columns, scale insects suck sap from the plant.

This category includes pests and Australian mealybugs (false ladybugs). They differ from scale insects just that sometimes move through the plant. At home, mealybugs perfectly acclimatized, since their development is optimal room temperature.

Root scale insects, mealy relatives, a little smaller. They live and reproduce in the roots. Particular danger of these pests pose to plants with thick leaves, highlighting the dew, which forms burns. Due to the fact that the scale insects and mealybugs spread rapidly, they can bring irreparable damage to the plant. On stems cracks appear, the leaves turn yellow and then die off branches and flower dies.

To deal with these insects in several ways. First we need to clean the damaged areas with a solution of alcohol and wait twenty minutes and remove the pests from plants moist cotton swab. Next, you need to spray insecticide flower. Fighting the root scale insects require replanting in a new land. The roots before transplanting should be thoroughly rinsed with running water. And within three months watering plant half with dilute insecticide.

Miners and TRIPS

Miners - a kind of flies. They lay on the leaves and stems of the eggs and larvae burrow long tunnels there. If larvae little - it just spoils the look of the plant, and when the infection is strong, the flower ceases to grow and develop. As miners rare guests in houses and apartments, process plant poison is not necessary, simply remove the damaged sheet as soon as you notice the traces left minelayers.

Thrips - very small insects no larger than a millimeter. Attack can be confused with thrips attack spider mites, but this pest does not leave the plant web. Very good breed in warm rooms. Despite the fact that thrips are a pair of tiny wings, they are inactive. The damage is applied not only adults, but also insect larvae. Drink the liquid from the leaves of the plant than provoke a stop of the leaves wither, because they do not have enough moisture and air. Buds, corrupted data pest subjected to deformation, they formed white spots, and the flower dies, and not having to be dismissed.

Thrips do not like the smell of mothballs, so some of his balls around do not prevent the most vulnerable plants such as cyclamen and begonia near. If the infection is still there, it is necessary to process a flower remedy for aphids, repeat this procedure five or six days. You can also spray the plant extract of garlic or onion (1 teaspoon to 1 cup water). Flowers that can not be sprayed, are treated as follows: finely chopped garlic placed around the plants and cover the flower with the "medicine" polyethylene two-three hours.

And finally ...

Conclude from this article can be only one - the pests of indoor plants are quite a few, and their appearance is a real nightmare for the avid grower. However, this is not as scary as you may be submitted, because all they have developed effective methods of struggle. And if the time realized it, the plant is fully restored, and will long to please you.

Growing indoor plants - a very exciting hobby. But to achieve some success in this lesson will help only knowledge, and, of course, patience. The most important thing is to remember Florist - prevention never hurts. Regularly inspect their pets, check every leaf, every twig. The sooner you find traces of pests, the easier and faster to combat them.

Development and flowering potted plants depends on their master. Treat your colors, as best friends, understand them, and sometimes even talk. Believe me it is better than to pour fertilizer plants, because they will not help unless there is proper care, concern and love!

 Pests houseplants - the types and methods of struggle

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