Patchwork without needle


  • Kinusayga as art
  • Patchwork without needle
  • Materials and tools
  • Technique

And you know what origami Kusudama and tsumami kanzashi - not all kinds of crafts, presented to us by the Japanese masters? They have, for example, quite extraordinary art of creating paintings of silk patches. A sort of patchwork without a needle! It is called a spectacular view of needlework "kinusayga." And how we have managed to interpret a Japanese handicrafts European masters - just amazed! But first things first…

Kinusayga as art

As English Patchwork, kinusayga - is the result of the ability to save, is the art of the category of "necessity is the mother of invention." And if the European patchwork appeared due to the high cost of Indian cotton goods, the emergence kinusayga contributed to the high cost of silk kimono. Inherited kimono never discarded and ripped and made of fabric other smaller product called Caumont. The remaining patches were also in the case - including "wrote" paintings on wood.

First makes a sketch on paper and then drawing translated into a wooden board, canvas. On the contour of the figure were cut recess and then silk patches as paints drew pictures. That is, the patches were applied to the elements of the picture, tucking the edges of the fabric to cut grooves. Through rigorous selection of colors and shades of silk, and the bulk receive images, pictures out stunningly beautiful, like a painting, batik and photography at the same time. This is such a wonderful art!

 Patchwork without needle

Patchwork without needle

In the European version of art kinusayga is more applied nature. We call it "patchwork without a needle," because not only used for the "scenic" colorful paintings and murals, but also for decorating various household items, as well as souvenir handicrafts. This technique is still quite young, but already has its adherents, and even managed to get a professional name "method of inlaying in quilting."

The technology is based on application. Here, as in kinusayga, superimposed pieces of cloth on a flat surface or bulk, their edges are filled in the pre-made slit groove, and the result is a pattern. In order to work in the decorating technique of "patchwork needle-less" decorated with braid, cords and ribbons.

What is the use of patchwork without a needle? First of all, the various panels and pictures that adorn the interior. This applique decorate boxes, boxes, album covers, notebooks and books. Very widespread this technique in the field of manufacturing of souvenir Easter eggs, Christmas decorations, Valentine. And Patchwork without needle is used to decorate lampshades, and even furniture. How did it do it?

Materials and tools

To use this technique, you will need primarily foam preform. Flat sheets can be cut out of the package and the volume (with a smooth surface) purchased at specialty stores for needlework. Actually foam and serves as a basis for work in this technique. It is provided with an image, it made contour cuts, and it imposed colored rags.

Naturally, for you will need a variety of tissues. In the course can go anything. Suitable silk, velvet, cotton, velvet, satin, wool (and so on). The size and color patches can also be what you want - it all depends on your ideas and by drawing. In addition, you will need tissue tapes and tapes of any width, texture and color, as well as cables and possibly beads, buttons or rhinestones. Some masters of bulk products for decoration using pins with heads in the form of pearls and beads.

Tools needed to work in this technique:

  • scissors for cutting fabric,
  • PVA glue, which will adhere to the fabric surface foam
  • pencil of drawing,
  • Stationery knife to cut out the contours of the figure,
  • stack (or any similar tool) to the edges of the fabric is tucked into the slots.

 proper patchwork without a needle


Prepare materials and tools, you can proceed directly to the manufacturing process. What is the product you intended, it does not matter. The technique of flat and three-dimensional pictures of the same souvenirs. For example, you are going to make souvenir Easter egg. To do this, you draw a sketch, defining the pattern and coloring. However, the paint is not necessary, it is possible to experiment directly in the course of work.

So, take the foam blank in the form of eggs and put on her pencil drawing borders: it is best to divide the egg on the sector lines, meridians radiating from the center of the sharp end of an egg in the center and connecting the blunt end. Then cut from the fabric (preferably take shiny silk or satin) flaps in the form of sectors, but slightly larger. By the way, can be used for this purpose wide satin ribbons that are just cut into pieces of desired length.

Then applied to the workpiece first flap, securing it at the top end of the egg with a pin. And then gently refuel the edge of the flap into the slots on the foam, gently pulling and straightening fabric - one sector "painted over." Similarly, close all the other parts. Covering the entire form flaps, slots dekoriruete beautiful braid, landing it on the glue and decorate the egg with beads and sequins. That's all!

By the way, the technique of decorating three-dimensional forms can be slightly different. You do not need to make cuts in the workpiece, and apply patches on her lap, tucking the edges of the fabric and securing it with pins. As for the paintings and murals, they performed using the first method, that is, cutting the outline of the picture. But for such products it requires more and frame.

Producing a rectangular frame, cut a large piece of cloth, whose dimensions are on each side for about five centimeters more than the picture itself. The tissue is then placed on the table face down and placed her picture. On the edge of a picture frame border make slits and, turning to the free edge of the fabric pattern, season them in the slot. For the durability of images, you can "put" patches glue or adhesive fluff only slots. And for the relief pattern can be put under the flaps of fabric padding polyester, which also must be pre-mounted on foam with adhesive.

Here's a surprisingly simple technique and original way of making souvenirs. Patchwork without needle will fully satisfy your needs in the works even if you do not know and do not like to sew, but a patchwork fan. Create, build, and to enjoy the process and of the outcome!

 Kinusayga - patchwork without a needle

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 patchwork for beginners


  • Getting Started
  • The choice of pattern
  • Working with iron
  • Terms cutting
  • Secrets of neat sewing

Every beginning is difficult. And any needlework first need to learn. It is only then, when you become an experienced skilled worker, needlework work begins to give pleasure. And again ... And it turns out not all at once, and his hands have not yet listened to, and brings good eye. But you never know what difficulties may encounter aspiring needlewoman! But, fortunately, to help beginners always have the experience of their predecessors. And mastering, such as patchwork, be sure to take this experience into service. We offer you a small selection of tips and tricks from the category of "patchwork for beginners."

Getting Started

The key to success in quilting - precision and accuracy. Therefore it is necessary to do the pattern as closely as possible the details and these details very carefully sew. For all tissues require pretreatment called dekatirovkoy. The tissue was first soaked or washed and then dried and properly otutyuzhivayut. After the fabric sorted by color and start manufacturing templates.

Patterns are cut out the shape of the future, taking into account the details of seam allowance. They are made of cardboard or heavy paper. In order to meet the exact dimensions on a cardboard tag on graph paper and then cut out the desired shape from a desired size. For curved patterns on the external contour longitudinal incision-notch, which is more convenient to schedule joints when connecting parts.


The choice of pattern

Of course, the greatest satisfaction deliver quilt made of complex patterns. To take such masterpieces colorful fabric material or contrasting colors. However, it is best to start with the most simple drawings, choosing tried and tested schemes. How to choose a pattern?

There are three main types of products made in the technique of patchwork.

  • Cloth, collected directly from the flaps. In this case, the small pieces of fabric are joined together in a seam weld. Patches can be any regular geometric shape (traditional patchwork) or arbitrary (Crazy-quilt).
  • Quilted products (quilting), sewn from a single piece of fabric. In this case, the pattern is created by stitching.
  • Application. In this technique is applied to the base fabric pieces other tissue or sewn stitching them.

The pattern can be made of a repeating parts (the figure). For this traditionally cut the paper pattern for each part, and then tack cloth to the paper. Then the seam allowance is wrapped over the edge of the template and then tack by hand. This old English method, which is considered one of the earliest techniques of patchwork.

But there is a less complicated, more modern and popular (especially in America) technology. This technique works with blocks. The blocks are sewn triangular or rectangular (often square) pieces of cloth, folding in geometric pattern. The simplest blocks are made up of a small number of large parts. Such flaps easier to sew, and their production takes less time. Names of units depends on the number of parts from which they are stitched:

  • devyatichastny unit going out of nine squares,
  • five-part unit is composed of twenty-five squares,
  • A four unit comprises from four to sixteen parts.

In addition, the technique is quite common patchwork of stripes. It is similar to the technique of sewing the blocks, only patches are going first to the band width in one piece, and then the strips are sewn into the fabric. Both of these techniques (blocks and strips) are more convenient as patches immediately sostrachivayutsya on the sewing machine.

The Crazy patchwork rags-unite on the basis of applications, where individual small pieces of tissue of any form imposed on the whole fabric and sewn to it. The product in this case, a double layer. However, the more experienced masters and Crazy patchwork-technique used a single-layer fabric.

Working with iron

Iron in quilting - one of the necessary tools. In the process, be sure to smooth out the seams, and the preparation of the tissues to their work must also be otutyuzhivat. Finished quilt ironed on the front side and in the same direction.

Seams and iron in one direction, with the result that they become stronger, and the edges have not showered. Seam just stroking from the inside to the front of the product does not remain smoothed traces. When working with complex blocks having multidirectional seams allowances first row stroking in one direction, and the allowances of the next - in the opposite direction. On the front side otutyuzhivayut web at the points of intersection of the seams.

Long strips of the flaps on the ironing board is placed not horizontally but vertically (perpendicular to the board). In this manner the strip does not shrink or stretch. Particularly dense tissue before otglazhivaniya moisturize or use of the steam iron. To iron the fabric must be shared by the threads in the temperature range corresponding to the type of fabric.

 patchwork for beginners

Terms cutting

Cutting more convenient to use patterns in the shape of the frame. The inner side of the frame corresponds to the size of the items in the finished product, and the outside is identical to the size of the parts SEAM. Strictly speaking, the width of the frame - this is the value of the allowances. By making pattern, encircle the frame on both sides and cut out part of the outer contour. The line represents the inner contour of the seam line.

Apply the pattern on the fabric only pencil (chalk, soap) as well as traces of a ballpoint or gel pens can appear on the front side. Tailor fabric solely on equity yarn to the finished product in the patches stitched not warped or stretched.

To cut a piece of cloth, you can use ordinary scissors or a special roller blade (cutter). Cutter much rebukes work process allows to cut long strips at once, which can then be cut into individual elements: diamonds, squares, triangles. Especially convenient roller blade when working with curved lines cutting.

Secrets of neat sewing

Sostrochennye messy details, uneven stitching and even millimeter size differences of identical elements can nullify all previous efforts. Therefore vkroeny patches must be as accurate as possible, and stitched perfectly. Beginners craftswomen framework recommends the use patterns, made with the help of graph paper, and be sure to put on the seam pattern.

Before you start stitching fabric is better to make "roll test". That is, make a block pattern. This will verify the accuracy of cutting flaps and adjust the settings of the sewing machine. All errors will be immediately visible on the sample, and you can save time and effort by correcting errors only after the trial sewing, but not in the middle of the process (when most of the paintings have already collected).

Generally Quilt to be approached thoughtfully. Wrong color combinations of fabrics and the more sloppy work can spoil any product ever discourage deal with a patchwork sewing. A needlework is interesting, fun and fashionable. So do not be afraid to start, only to observe the patchwork and do not neglect the already accumulated experience. And all you get!

 Quilting for Beginners: Tips and Secrets

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