antipyretics for children

Antipyretics for children - this is the group of pharmacological agents that are in the greatest demand in the pharmacy. This is no accident - he saw on the thermometer fever, most parents are frightened, and strives by all means to reduce it. And they are right - if the child's body temperature rises, it is a clear indication that the body takes any inflammatory process. Either it settled a viral infection.

In 80% of cases, fever is a result of acute respiratory disease, or SARS. And in other cases - symptoms of more serious diseases. And in this situation fever it is nothing but a defensive reaction of the organism to pathological processes.

By raising the temperature stops propagation of pathogenic microorganisms, and when the temperature rises above 38 degrees, most of the germs are killed and completely. Simply put, in the event that the disease occurs in a child with fever, his immune system is functioning quite well.

And what are we doing, disturbing the parents? That's right - no time mercury pass for a mark of 37 degrees, they cling to antipyretic drugs. Doctors also recommend not to bring down the temperature as long as it is below 38 and 5 degrees. Until then, you can only monitor the status of the baby.

First, make sure that your child is getting enough fluids. Drinking should be warm and not acidic. Be sure to check the temperature in the room - air must be tempered by the cool and in any case not dry. Baby clothing also should pay particular attention to - not worth it perekutyvat. A baby's skin should be dry and cool slightly. If crumb starts to sweat, wipe it with a towel soaked in cold water - this will speed up the process of heat transfer.

However, all these measures are relevant only if the temperature is below 39 degrees. After that you need to take action to reduce body temperature. However, there are cases where temperature must be used to knock down - with a figure of 38 degrees:

  • Severe diseases of the cardiovascular system
  • Nervous System Disorders
  • In that case, if the child has previously been low-grade seizures
  • Age of child younger than 3 months
  • A significant deterioration of health of the child

However, doctors strongly advise not to shoot down the temperature of their own, and immediately call a doctor to the house. Normally all antipyretic therapy should be performed only by a physician, a pediatrician and under its strict control. After all, even the most innocuous antipyretic drugs can cause very serious complications. For example, numerous studies have shown that children who regularly took aspirin before the age of 3 years, is much more likely to develop asthma by the age of 6.

That is why a careful approach to the issue of the choice of antipyretics and do not use them unnecessarily. And we will help you cope with this challenge. Although, of course, would be much better to see a doctor - a pediatrician.

 effective antipyretic for children

Choosing medicine

Unfortunately, there is no pharmacological antipyretic drug, which would be completely harmless to children's health. All of them represent a potential threat to the health of the child, as they can lead to various complications. However, different antipyretic drugs have varying levels of risk.

To date, the most harmless to the health of the child antipyretics include paracetamol in its composition. A single dose of this drug may reduce the temperature of the baby for a few hours. However, at high temperature figures, unfortunately, drug action is of short duration.

Paracetamol is available in various forms - effervescent powders, tablets, rectal suppositories and syrups. Our pharmacies are the most popular such antipyretics for children, as "kalpol" "Panadol", "efferalgan." If you choose should focus on the release form of the drug.

Next in popularity and security antipyretic drugs - is Ibuprofen. It is sold under the names "ibufen" and "Nurofen." This drug lowers the temperature more efficiently and quickly than paracetamol. Unfortunately, ibuprofen has a lot more side effects than paracetamol. Please note - this drug is not recommended doctors for children under 12 months.

Once again we would like to advise to pay special attention to the form of the drug issue - kids easier to give liquid medicine in syrup form, and it is absorbed in this form is much more effective. And for very young children is better to give preference to rectal suppositories - they are much more convenient.

How to bring down the temperature?

It is time to talk about how to apply those or other antipyretic drugs. As mentioned above, all the drugs may lead to the development of certain side effects. Therefore, always follow a few simple safety rules:

  • Instructions for use

Always read the instructions for use of pharmacological agents. And to do so even if the drug you give your child is not the first time. And be sure to save instruktsiyu- may need it at any time.

  • Proper use

Remember that you can only use paracetamol as an antipyretic agent. Despite the fact that paracetamol is widely marketed as a pain medicine physicians is not recommended to use it for anything other than reduce the temperature. And that - only if the child's body temperature exceeds 39 degrees.

  • Age of child

Remember that it is unacceptable to give paracetamol for children under three months of age, without prior consultation with the doctor - a pediatrician.

  • The dosage of the drug

Obey age dosage. In no case do not exceed it and do not give your child the next dose, just for prevention. Systematic receiving antipyretic drugs at times increases the risk of complications.

  • Compatible drugs

Do not forget that you can not give your child any antipyretics in the event that it receives antibiotics. This is possible only by prescription and under his strict control.

Once you have given the child antipyretic carefully observe his condition the next hour. If you notice that the child's cheeks reddened sharply, and hands and feet were cold, immediately call the brigade "first aid". Prior to their arrival carefully rub the baby skin of hands and feet, drink warm tea.

And pay attention to another very important point - never let the child antipyretics, if he has a stomach ache. In this case it is possible to miss the beginning of such a serious disease such as appendicitis. It is much wiser as quickly as possible to show the child's doctor.

 harmless to the health of the child antipyretics

What can not give antipyretic drugs?

In principle, the answer to this question follows from all the above information. All those antipyretic drugs that contain ibuprofen and paracetamol, are not suitable for reducing the temperature of a child. Remember the following drugs and never give them to your child:

  • Amidopyrine
  • Acetylsalicylic acid
  • Fenatsetrin
  • Antipyrine
  • Analgene

All of these drugs can lead to complications such as the development of ulcerative lesions of gastric mucosa, gastric and intestinal bleeding, acute renal failure. For example, the use of acetylsalicylic acid in children can trigger the development of Reye's syndrome - strong renal failure in which there is lethal in 50% of all cases.

Analgin is very often causes serious disruption of the blood-forming system. Furthermore, it is very likely drop in body temperature is below 35 degrees. And this condition is also very dangerous for the health of the child, and for his life. So do not risk the health of their child. It is much safer to call a doctor, who will select effective antipyretic for children, not harmful crumbs.

 Harmless antipyretics for children

 intestinal colic symptoms

Scarce was born recently, and according to all canons must spend most of their time in a sweet dream. However pipsqueak reason, contrary to the expectations of parents, occasionally bitter and inconsolable crying, Sucitu legs and groaning, and his face expressed a universal grief. Parents struggling to rectify the situation as soon as possible to calm the hot favorite crumbs. And for a moment it may seem that this is possible - the child calms down. But after a few minutes, and once again dealt a desperate cry. No pacifier or my mother's breasts do not help. And when parents are already on the verge of despair, the child suddenly falls asleep. A similar pattern is familiar to a huge number of parents whose kids have grown. But "half-baked" Mom and Dad are very scared.

But it is nothing like intestinal colic, symptoms of which are very specific. Unfortunately, in the first few months of life, even in perfectly healthy children intestinal colic is not an uncommon phenomenon. Intestinal colic at this age are a consequence of the functional digestive disorders. It is - absolutely normal phenomenon which occurs because of yet still insufficient number of digestive enzymes. Maturation of the digestive system is at the end of 3 - 4 months of age. And that's why being felt and other violations - bloating, constipation, diarrhea, vomiting.

At its core, intestinal colic babies - a spasmodic contraction of intestinal loops, which are triggered by excessive flatulence and difficult expectoration. There are several additional factors that may cause the occurrence of intestinal colic in infants:

  • Lactose (milk sugar)

Children's bodies are often unable to fully digest and absorb lactose, which is found in breast milk and in breast milk substitutes. This phenomenon is observed in more than half of all babies.

  • The introduction of artificial milk formulas

Unfortunately, not always possible to keep mothers breastfeeding, and not always for reasons beyond their control. And the introduction of artificial milk formulas often provokes intestinal colic. So if you really had to introduce a mixture of pre-consult with your doctor about the brand power.

  • General physiological immaturity of the child's body

Difficulty carminative, and their excessive formation, very often due to physiological immaturity. As a rule, it is typical for the crumbs that are too rushed to be born. Either when the baby is born with too little weight.

  • Overeating

No matter how trivial it may seem, but in about half of all cases the cause of frequent intestinal colic baby is banal overeating. This is not surprising - because every mother wants crumb eat well and gain weight. And so sometimes we overdo it. It is important to closely monitor the size of portions crumbs. But note - this applies only to those children who receive an artificial mixture.

  • Violation diet feeding woman

In no case can not be overlooked such an important moment as diet nursing mothers. If a woman is to eat forbidden foods, the probability of a child colic is increasing rapidly. Examples of these products include: coffee, cocoa, chocolate, cabbage, legumes, roasted, smoked and spicy dishes. For more information, please contact your pediatrician.

  • Diseases of internal organs

In some cases - fairly rare - occurrence of intestinal colic indicates the presence of any disease of internal organs, or on hormonal disorders. That is why doctors insist on a mandatory inspection of such crumbs. The doctor will examine crumb, give the necessary advice, and if necessary send crumbs to specialists for further treatment.

 intestinal colic in infants

Mom, it hurts !!!

Let us tell you more about the symptoms that would suggest the presence of a child is an intestinal colic. Although confused intestinal colic with something quite difficult to re-examine the symptoms will not be superfluous:

  • Strong child crying

The kid starts suddenly and scream as the pain from a strong attack. Weeping is very specific - from the usual vagaries of discontent or baby's parents will distinguish it without any difficulty. Even if they do not have any experience behind him. Typically, crying lasts a sufficiently long time - up to 3-4 hours.

In between intestinal colic baby is sleeping peacefully. But during an attack of weeping, as mentioned above, it is practically impossible to calm the child. It is very typical for crying when intestinal colic and time - usually the baby starts crying in the evening or night. But, of course, and day attacks can also happen.

  • The position of the baby

During a colic baby is a typical position of the body - is short leg to his stomach, periodically actively moves them, and then pressing.

  • The expression kid little face

During an attack of colic the baby face is very tense, strongly reddens and his eyes screwed up. And similar expressions little face is maintained until the end of the attack.

  • Abdominal distention

Due to the fact that in the stomach of the child accumulates a large amount of gas, it feels solid and tight. Some parents jokingly compared it with a balloon.

IMPORTANT! Remember that any vomiting or diarrhea, much higher temperatures are not the symptoms of intestinal colic. And if your crumbs appeared at least one of the above symptoms, as soon as possible, show the child's doctor. If it happens in the evening or at night, do not wait until the morning - call the brigade "first aid" immediately.

That tummy does not hurt!

Of course, parents are very scared, watching episodes of the baby. This is not surprising - it is very hard to look at how your baby is crying. However, doctors say that if intestinal colic in infants are a reaction to food or a particular feature of the body of the child, they do not carry any serious threat to children's health.

But, of course, in any case, one can not ignore the crying child. And it is unlikely someone will, is not it? So let's try to understand what it can help reduce the risk of colic.

  • Correctly select the teats and bottles

In case your kid gets an artificial mixture, pay special attention to the nipples and bottles. There is a special type of "protivokolikovyh 'teats and bottles. They can properly regulate the flow of the mixture flowing out, depending on the rate of suckling baby. This prevents a situation in which a child is choking and swallowing air. But this factor greatly increases the risk of colic.

  • Terms feeding

It is very important as it passes feeding. Feeding should take place in the most relaxed environment, the child is not distracted.

  • Position the baby after feeding

A good preventive measure is a specific body position after feeding. Doctors recommend that immediately after feeding about 10 minutes to keep the child in an upright position. And to do it is even if the child is asleep. It is unlikely that you will wake him up.

 intestinal colic in infants

To tummies were not ill

But if you avoid the attack did not succeed, you can try several ways to alleviate the condition of the baby. All of these methods are completely safe for the baby, so you can use them without fear. But only if it is known that a child is suffering from an intestinal colic:

  • Wear your baby in your arms

During an attack, if the temperature in the room allows, strip crumbs, take it on the handle and push the belly to your skin. Doctors say that the crumbs tactile contact with their parents at times facilitate his condition. Gases depart much faster, and less crying pipsqueak.

  • Massage tummy exercises

Another way to alleviate the condition of the child during an attack of colic is tummies massage and gymnastic exercises. Place the crumbs on the back, lubricate the thumbs baby oil and with slight pressure, start to massage it in a circle in a clockwise direction. After 2-3 minutes, press firmly to the legs of the baby stomach, bent at the knees. Such approaches should be at least 5. When all the manipulation, remember to be careful.

  • Placing the baby on her stomach

In addition to massage and gymnastics for the prevention of intestinal colic, doctors recommend regular child lay on his stomach. However, in no case do not lay the baby on his stomach in the first half hour after feeding - otherwise possible regurgitation strong, and at times vomiting. And this is - obviously not our goal.

  • A warm bath

Very often parents experienced during attacks of intestinal colic in crumbs resort to a warm bath. Put the baby in warm water, at the same time stroking the crumbs on the tummy clockwise. However, too much abuse the water treatments are not worth it - a maximum of 20 minutes. Otherwise, a very high probability of nervous excitement remains.

  • Warm diaper

There is one secret, proven for decades. Take flannel diaper, iron the iron and attach it to the tummy crumbs for a few minutes. Always be sure the diaper is not that was too hot. Very often, this maneuver helps to completely remove the attack. But once again draw your attention - this can be done only if the child is intestinal colic. In all other cases, the heat when abdominal pain is strictly contraindicated, and very dangerous.

  • A decoction of dill

It is very useful in this situation, a decoction of dill. Preparing it is very simple - put it in a thermos 5 grams of fennel seeds, fill it with 100 grams of boiling water. Infuse need at least three hours, after which by means of a gauze filter cloth. On the day of the crumb should drink about 100 grams of this infusion, pre-diluted children's drinking water. You can also use the children's teas with dill or fennel factory production.

  • Venting tube

Even our parents appreciate the charm of this invention of mankind, as the vapor tube. Tragically, in recent years to find them in the pharmacy heavier and heavier. But if you can not find ready-made tube, you can do it yourself. To do this, purchase a baby enema (№1) and cut her vault. Be sure to boil it before use. Lubricate the tip of petroleum jelly or sunflower oil boiled and carefully enter into the anus of about three centimeters.

During the procedure, it is desirable to press the baby's legs to his belly. The child must remain in that position for about 15 minutes. Very often, this procedure is carried out at the beginning of the attack, helping to stop it. Both parents and pipsqueak can sleep well all night.

  • Pharmacological agents

There is a fairly large number of different drugs. However, do not repeat the mistakes of so many parents and buy at the drugstore first available medicine just because it helped the child knew, or was advertised. All medicines should choose the doctor, taking into account the individual characteristics of each individual child. That medicine that will help one child, would be ineffective for another.

With the birth of your baby, your new life in the role of parents is just beginning. And this life - very interesting, full of unexpected discoveries and positive feelings. But worries there will not be enough. And intestinal colic in infants - a drop in the sea. But if you have the necessary information, these difficulties do not scare you. You can easily help your crumbs. And after a little time you will remember to smile about these fears and anxieties of the first!

 Intestinal colic in infants

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