- Gardenia as a species
- Care gardenia
- Grafting, pruning and propagation
Not so long ago we had a fashion gift potted flowering plants. What? Excellent alternative to a bouquet of cut flowers! And that's why many are not experienced in floriculture people become owners of unusual, rare and sometimes exotic houseplants. And among them Gardenia jasminoides. It was nice to receive a gift of a bush covered with flowers.
But often lives donated gardenia is not very long. At first it pleases us with a gorgeous view and flavor, and then the flowers fall, the leaves turn yellow first, then turn black, and the flowering bush gradually dies. And how to keep it? Is it difficult to take care of at home in such a beautiful but capricious instance? Can it propagate? Should I repot it? Anyway, what is this plant? Let's face it.
Gardenia as a species
Gardenia, which has spread as room culture, belongs to numerous family Rubiaceae. At home, as a rule, they grow zhasminovidnuyu gardenia, while the family of plants includes about three hundred species. In the wild gardenia grow in subtropical forests of Japan and China, and they got their name after the British physician and botanist of the eighteenth century Alexander Garden.
Gardenia bushes are grown in gardens where they grow to five-foot height. And here at home zhasmnovidnaya gardenia, also known as Augustus and Gardenia Cape Jasmine does not exceed a height of fifty centimeters. In this room decorative gardenia retain even without flowers, but with proper care can bloom all year round. And the flowers that cover the bush, just marvelous - kipelno white or yellowish color, fairly large, and exuding a delicious aroma! Usually bush covered with numerous single flowers, but sometimes they are collected in the lush blossoms.
Bush himself, even without flowers retains decorative. He shoots smooth and strong, and glossy dark green leaves with stipules arranged oppositely. Kron gardenia can be formed independently, periodically cutting off the plant and giving it the shape of a lush bush or small tree.
The home horticulture distributed several varieties of Gardenia jasminoides, which differ in size and the bush, and the shape of flowers and flowering time.
- Veitchii Gardenia has double double flowers in white. Particularly appreciated for flowering in winter.
- Gardenia Makino or Radicans also has double fragrant flowers.
- Gardenia Kleim's Hardy valued for miniature sizes and colors with a waxy coating.
- Gardenia Variegata different double flowers and yellowish spots on the leaves.
- Gardenia Fortuniana (Fortuna) has a sufficiently large flowers like camellias.
- Gardenia First Love blooms from early spring to late summer. It has a very large creamy-white flowers with a strong flavor and can bloom again.
- Gardenia Flore Pleno also has large double flowers.
Gardenia jasminoides is a rather whimsical house plants that require special conditions and for flowering and attentive care. Nevertheless, care for gardenias are not very difficult if you know the requirements for their cultivation and maintenance.
The first prerequisite for a comfortable existence gardenia at home - lighting. These flowers need a bright light throughout the year. Therefore, it is best to have pots of flowers on the eastern and western windows, and in winter gardenia provide additional illumination. They are illuminated with fluorescent lamps, which have about fifty centimeters above the bushes. Additional lighting need and the gardenia, which are located on the northern windows.
Despite the love of bright light Gardenia jasminoides can not tolerate direct sun, so it should be pritenyat, protecting from sunlight. It is important to adjust the lighting during flowering and budding gardenias. If at this time the plant be moved from place to place, or even turn the bush by different parties to the light source, the reset gardenia buds. Fall buds and flowers and with a lack of light.
Proper care and gardenias require a certain temperature. During warmer months, the temperature in the room with gardenias should not be below 22 degrees. In autumn the temperature should be lowered to 18 degrees, and keep it all cold season. It is also important that in the winter night temperatures did not fall below 16 degrees. Such temperature control is needed to lay the flower buds. If Gardenia will spend the winter in a warm room (with a temperature above 21 degrees), then with the onset of spring, it may not bloom. And a necessary condition for flowering gardenias - the same temperature of the soil and air. When the temperature difference from the plants often bloom occurs.
On flowering gardenias affects not only the lighting and the temperature, but also the mode of irrigation. That regime, as proper care involves a more or less abundant watering during the growing season and the rest. In autumn and winter gardenia poured more than moderately. In autumn it is necessary to wait for the complete drying of the topsoil in the pot and only two days after this plant watered, and in the winter periods between watering increase.
Around the second half of March or later becomes abundant watering, but still moderate and cautious. This mode is maintained until the end of spring, then begin watering the gardenia profusely and often as soon as the dry topsoil. Watered gardenia supernatant slightly acidic water, the temperature of which should be a little above room temperature. When foodstuff dries out too soil and lack of moisture at the shallow gardenia and yellow leaves
Care gardenia during budding and flowering includes maintaining high humidity. Spray the plants can be just prior to the opening buds. If spray flowering bush, then the petals appear dirty-brown spots. And to increase the humidity, can put a flower pot in a pan filled with moist peat or expanded clay.
Gardenias need and periodic feeding. For example, the young bushes, fertilize every two weeks, alternating between organic and mineral fertilizing. Care for adults includes weekly gardenias fertilizing fertilizers that do not contain calcium. However, you need only fertilize gardenias in the vegetation period, as at other times with an excess of minerals in the soil at the gardenia leaves wither and fall off.
Grafting, pruning and propagation
Indoor gardenias need pruning. This is necessary to maintain and ornamental shrubs, and for good growth of gardenias. Pruning is carried out immediately after flowering, shortening the weak shoots and thickening half. If during the growing season pinch shoots, it will stimulate the growth of lateral branches and flower buds tab. By the way, left after pruning cuttings can be used to reproduce gardenias.
It propagation by cuttings (in contrast to the growing new plants from seeds) are especially popular in indoor horticulture. Gardenias are also convenient to propagate it from cuttings. For this purpose, left after pruning cuttings semilignified length of about ten centimeters. It can be specially cut cuttings for propagation. Only it should be done in spring or autumn. Planting cuttings in pochvosmes of sand and peat and container harbor transparent dome. Impromptu teplichku occasionally ventilate and spray cuttings. About a month later, when there are roots, cuttings sit in pots filled with a mixture of coniferous earth, peat and sand.
It is theoretically possible and gardenia propagation from seed. The fact that after flowering bushes appear inedible fruit. If you wait for the full ripening of fruits, collect seeds and sow them, then it is possible to get new seedlings. However, this method of reproduction of gardenias in the home does not make sense, because the only relevant when breeding.
Frequent transplant gardenia is not needed. Transplant only need to mature plants, which becomes a small flower pot. This is done, as a rule, every two or three years. But the young plants are transplanted annually recommend. It is also advisable to replant and newly acquired gardenia. However, it should be done only after flowering. When transplanting from gardenias undercut the roots and completely replace the substrate. Within a month after the transplant gardenia watered with lemon juice (a few drops per liter).
In short, if you take care of the beautiful Garden correctly and create favorable conditions for it, it will always delight you with lush flowering. And how do you know now. Good luck!
Not so long ago we had a fashion gift potted flowering plants. What? Excellent alternative to a bouquet of cut flowers! And that's why many are not experienced in floriculture people become owners of unusual, rare and sometimes exotic houseplants. And among them Gardenia jasminoides. It was nice to receive a gift of a bush covered with flowers. But often lives donated gardenia is not very long. At first it pleases us with a gorgeous view and flavor, and then the flowers fall, the leaves turn yellow first, then turn black, and the flowering bush gradually dies. And how to keep it? Is it difficult to take care of at home in such a beautiful but capricious instance? Can it propagate? Should I repot it? Anyway, what is this plant? Let's face it.