exacerbation of chronic gastritis


  • What is gastritis and what are its symptoms?
  • Causes of exacerbation of chronic gastritis
  • Treatment of chronic gastritis
  • Diet during exacerbation of gastritis with low acidity
  • Diet for gastritis with high acidity

Chronic gastritis - a problem familiar to many people. A worsening of chronic gastritis gives a person a lot of unpleasant minutes. Yes, and the general condition of the body gastritis affects not the best way. It is therefore very important to take preventive measures to prevent aggravation of the disease. Well, in that case, if you avoid the aggravation of gastritis did not succeed, you need to know what should be treated.

What is gastritis and what are its symptoms?

First, let's try to understand what chronic gastritis and how it manifests itself. Doctors call chronic gastritis sluggish inflammatory process that affects the mucous membrane lining the cavity of the stomach. Due to the presence of chronic inflammation, degeneration of the mucous membrane - it begins to atrophy, there is connective tissue, glands cease to function fully. And hence the secretion of gastric juice and motor function largely deteriorated.

Of course, this phenomenon can not go unnoticed. There are a number of symptoms, significantly indicating an exacerbation of gastritis. So:

  • Pain

In chronic gastritis sick person periodically feels dull pain in the stomach. And during the exacerbation of the disease the pain is very intense - people are often forced to resort to the help of pain medication. Most often the pain appear at certain times - usually after a meal.

  • Discomfort

In addition to the pain in the stomach with chronic gastritis may be other discomfort - for example, too rapidly emerging feeling of fullness. But after eating there is a strong feeling of fullness and pressure in the epigastric region. And in the event that a patient with chronic gastritis person experiences hunger sensations in the stomach area is also quite unpleasant.

  • Nausea, vomiting

The feeling of nausea becomes a constant companion not only for pregnant women, but also for people suffering from chronic gastritis. And as an exacerbation of disease nausea amplified many times - sometimes even can appear vomiting. This occurs most often after a meal.

  • Heartburn and unpleasant taste in the mouth

In the event that takes place against the backdrop of worsening gastritis elevated levels of gastric acidity, it hurts a person may suffer from bouts of heartburn. In addition, in the morning a typical appearance of a very bad taste in your mouth.

Usually, these symptoms in varying degrees are present outside the period of exacerbation. But during the exacerbation of the disease they are expressed much more brightly. Nor should we forget that the above are just a basic typical signs of exacerbation of chronic gastritis. In practice, the picture may be a little different - it all depends on the individual characteristics of each individual. One may have all the symptoms of gastritis, and another - only one or two. Therefore, to clarify the diagnosis still is to consult a doctor-gastroenterologist. And treatment should also choose exactly it.

 exacerbation of chronic gastritis treatment

Causes of exacerbation of chronic gastritis

To exacerbated chronic gastritis should be good reasons. As a rule, they are the same as the reasons initially entailed the development of chronic gastritis. Let's try to understand this delicate matter.

And the first thing worth mentioning - it is about the phenomenon of Helicobacter infection. To date, scientists have been able to establish with certainty that the development of gastritis is often caused by penetration of the body helicobacter. These microorganisms are easily penetrate into the cells of the gastric mucosa. There they begin to actively breeding. As a consequence, a damage of the gastric mucosa and the development of chronic gastritis. If the reproduction of bacteria do not take control, will be a regular exacerbation of the disease.

In addition to the infection trigger the development of acute gastritis can be both external and internal factors. The external factors include:

  • Diet

Probably not a single person who does not know about the important role played by the body for proper nutrition. But, unfortunately, we constantly forget about it - the menu of modern man is very difficult to call right. If you prefer spicy, acidic foods, too cold or too hot, gastritis, sooner or later will have an effect. And if the person already has a presence in chronic gastritis, the slightest error in the diet can lead to an exacerbation of the disease.

  • Problems with chewing apparatus

Often exacerbation of gastritis occurs during any dental problems. For example, tooth decay - the pain can lead to poor chewing. And as a result, pieces of food hurt the stomach lining, leading to an aggravation of gastritis. Therefore, in any case, do not ignore the need to visit a dentist.

  • Bad habits

Often exacerbation of gastritis is caused by addictions such as alcohol and smoking. Alcohol greatly irritate the stomach lining and stimulates excessive secretion of gastric juices, increases its acidity. A part of the tobacco smoke include many toxic components, which are also on the gastric mucosa affected negatively. That is why drinking and smoking with high probability can provoke an aggravation of gastritis.

  • Certain drugs

Often, to the aggravation of chronic gastritis leading reception of certain drugs that have a strong irritant effect on the gastric mucosa. These medications include nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs - such as phenylbutazone, indomethacin, acetylsalicylic acid, medicines used for the treatment of lung disease - in particular TB.

  • Adverse working conditions

Unfortunately, sometimes people have to work hard not-so-favorable conditions. And sometimes and frankly dangerous - a room with polluted air: particles of metal, dust or other substances. In such cases, aggressive substances into the mucosa of the oral cavity during inhalation of air, after which the ingestion of food deposited on the walls of the gastric mucosa, thus provoking the development of chronic gastritis.

So, we understand external factors. But we must not lose sight of the interior:

Chronic inflammatory processes in the body.
Periodic exacerbations of chronic gastritis likely in the event that the human body has some chronic infection sources. For example, periodontitis, caries, sinusitis, tonsillitis. In addition, exacerbation of gastritis often causes chronic bronchitis.

  • Problems with the endocrine system

The presence of human diabetes or adrenal disease virtually guarantees an exacerbation of gastritis. Moreover, usually aggravates these diseases simultaneously. Therefore, the sick person has to be very difficult - it is necessary to carry out a double treatment.

  • Kidney disease, renal failure

In the event that a person has chronic renal failure, exacerbation of chronic gastritis are inevitable. This occurs due to the fact that in an organism accumulates large amounts of nitrogen compounds, which poison the body.

  • Chronic diseases of other organs of the digestive system

Chronic gastritis regularly escalates in cases when a person is suffering from such diseases of the gastrointestinal tract as hepatitis, colitis, enteritis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis and other. All these diseases lead inevitably to that interferes with the normal function of the stomach. Therefore, treatment of opportunistic diseases should begin promptly.

Treatment of chronic gastritis

As mentioned above, an exacerbation of chronic gastritis well-being is suffering greatly. And to delay the start of treatment in any case can not be - otherwise there is a risk of complications. In order to find the right treatment, you should seek help from a doctor-gastroenterologist. We will tell you about treatment only general information, so you have an idea, what you will encounter.

During exacerbation of chronic gastritis sick person must comply with bed rest and a strict diet. Strictly speaking, this dietary food underlies the treatment of chronic gastritis because it has a direct impact on the secretory function of the stomach. About what diet should be followed during the exacerbation of chronic gastritis, we'll tell you below.

Drug treatment is aimed at blocking excessive production of gastric juice, normalizing physical activity. All medicines should be selected exclusively by your doctor. After all, in the choice of drugs accounted for a lot of the individual and the disease. In each case, a different medication. Improperly selected drugs can worsen the disease.

 chronic gastritis

Diet during exacerbation of gastritis with low acidity

If exacerbation of gastritis occurred against the background of low levels of gastric acidity, therapeutic diet should intensify the work of glands that produce digestive juices. However, it is very important not to damage the very gastric mucosa. Permitted products include:

  • Lean meats, poultry and fish

All these products can be boiled, steamed or baked in the oven. Of course, without using any fats or breadcrumbs.

  • Various soups

The sick person can prepare vegetables, meat and fish soups. But the mushroom should be strictly excluded - they exert pressure on the gastric mucosa.

  • Dairy products, eggs

In whole milk as a drink during exacerbation of gastritis in any case it is impossible, as well as eggs. But all kinds of milk products and the omelet is not only allowed, but even shown during the observance of medical diet.

  • Crackers and dry non-fat cookies
  • Unsweetened drinks

To quench the thirst of the sick person to drink tea with lemon, natural juices, broth hips, jelly and stewed fruit.

As you can see, the diet is not so scarce - the menu is quite varied. Yes, and delicious dishes you can treat yourself well. But do not forget about the list of banned products. Their use will trigger the development of more severe inflammation of the gastric mucosa. And you will need much more serious treatment. These products include:

  • Fresh bread or any bakery.
  • Ice cream, any cold drinks.
  • Alcohol, nicotine.
  • Any fried, fatty food.
  • Sharp, salted and smoked products.

During exacerbation of chronic gastritis with low acidity it is recommended to take the following herbal. To make it, you will need half a teaspoon of inflorescences pharmacy chamomile, peppermint, Motherwort and Helichrysum flowers. Place the herbs in a thermos, pour one cup of boiling water and leave to infuse for three hours. Then strain the infusion using a gauze cloth. The resulting infusion of a sick person should drink small sips throughout the day. Treatment should continue for 5 days.

Diet for gastritis with high acidity

In the same case, if the acidity of gastric juice enhanced diet in any case should not provoke increased gastric acid secretion, or treatment will be meaningless. And, of course, irritate the mucous membrane is not necessary in any case. To do this, the diet should include the following products:

  • Whole milk

Milk is very effective in reducing gastric secretion. A contained in its amino acid composition of a fully meet the needs of the body of an adult. However, in some cases, milk is poorly tolerated by an adult - in this case it is necessary to dissolve half a glass of milk with warm water. And you need to drink it after a meal - no adverse reaction of the body will follow, and the treatment will be much more effective.

  • Dairy cream, low fat cottage cheese
  • All kinds of vegetables, processed thermally - baked, steamed or boiled
  • Pears, bananas, apples
  • Lean meats and fish

The list of prohibited products in this case is the same as in the case when gastritis diet with low acidity. Treatment without complying with this diet is simply impossible.

 Exacerbation of chronic gastritis

We recommend to check out: the treatment of gastritis with high acidity