causes of cervical erosion


  • What is cervical erosion?
  • What causes cervical erosion
  • What should a woman in the diagnosis of cervical erosion
  • Special Features
  • Treatment of erosion of the uterus
  • Modern methods of treatment of uterine erosion
  • Symptoms of post-treatment of uterine erosion

Many women, regardless of age, are concerned this question: how dangerous for the health of cervical erosion? This disease can hear a variety of rumors and speculation. Some believe the erosion almost cancer, others - a natural disease. Therefore, this issue should be a good deal.
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What is cervical erosion?

The disease is one of the most common among women. In this case, between the vagina and the uterine body is the channel - the cervix, which connects the two bodies. Inside the cervix is ​​lined by columnar epithelium - specific tissue cells, which fit snugly together. The outer part of the neck that extends into the vagina consists of multilayered epithelium or mucous layers.

Cervical erosion - is a direct defect mucosa. Doctors diagnosed the true erosion is not very often. This erosion of the cervix has a distinct bright red to pale pink mucous. Sometimes this blood vessels can be damaged, so intercourse can be accompanied by spotting. The gynecologist, examining the patient using special mirrors, watch certain redness on the outer surface of the cervix, mainly in the region of the external os of the cervical canal.

FIELD redness often looks small, sometimes it takes up the entire surface area of ​​the cervix, it can be formed on the side of or around the external os of the cervical canal. Modern medicine known for more than 20 types of diseases that looks similar to the erosion of the uterus. They may look like a red patch on the mucosa of the cervix, just so inexperienced doctor can take this fact for the disease.

 examination by a gynecologist
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What causes cervical erosion

  1. Mucosal injury that occurs due to the use of chemicals, such as medicines or soap containing inappropriate components, called true erosion matki.A here also include the application of lung injury using tampons, diaphragms and intrauterine devices. However, it often goes away on its own without any treatment.
  2. Often the occurrence of cervical erosion is caused by sexually transmitted diseases, vaginal dysbiosis and various gynecological diseases of inflammatory nature. For example, various microorganisms, such as Chlamydia and mikoureaplazmy constantly terrorize cervical mucosa, whereupon it reacts appearance erosion uterus.
  3. In the female genital organs mucosa usually matures to 20-23 years. But the beginning of early sexual activity can serve as the appearance of a variety of infections, and hence erosion of the uterus of a young woman could not be avoided.
  4. Injuries neck that may occur during childbirth or abortion are among the most common in medical practice factors supporting the emergence and development of the erosion of the uterus.
  5. Menstrual irregularities and failures of hormonal activity is another reason, which resulted in women appears cervical erosion.
  6. The early development of the disease and can serve as a low immunity.

In itself, such a disease, such as cervical erosion does not lead to the development of cancer, but the background of the woman there is a great risk to the occurrence of cancer and predisposition to cancer. Therefore, every woman should know that cervical erosion - is a benign process that can be cured.

Many doctors mistakenly referred to a whole group of diseases, such as chronic and acute cervicitis, ektropin and other benign diseases, it is erosion. This is a gross medical error. Therefore, when a specialist diagnoses "cervical erosion", the patient is recommended not to panic, and to ask the gynecologist to clarify what he meant by that.

Doctors may be a combination of: the erosion of the cervix and pregnancy, which occurs quite normal. But directly during childbirth such bad neck stretches and breaks very easily. During pregnancy, it is not recommended to cauterize erosion, but rather to try to cure the doctor proposed methods, both traditional and folk.

 treatment of cervical erosion
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What should a woman in the diagnosis of cervical erosion

In this case, treatment is not necessary to rush, but rather once again undergo a thorough examination. Such a survey should consist of studies of cells taken from the damaged areas of the cervix, and inspection under a special microscope.

There is an important point: if a woman at this time there is an inflammatory process, it must first be cured. After that already allowed to take the necessary material for analysis. It is important that the doctor warned the patient that after a biopsy is strictly prohibited sexual intercourse within the next 10 days. This is done so as not to infect and not further injure the mucous of land, which was carried out with the fence fabric.

What held the upper tissue cytology and cervical colposcopy?

To identify, in what condition is cervical erosion, and if there is a premalignant location, the time to find it. After all, even the most advanced disease may be subject to rapid cure, and at the same time a healthy cervix may have a predisposition to cancer.

The result is that at the slightest suspicion, even with mild erosion, doctors recommend a woman every 6 months observation with repeated cytology. And at the slightest changes or deterioration of health should immediately seek help from a specialist.

If you notice any changes when the main culprit is the injury of cervical mucous may further develop dysplasia. Such consequences can be when: a large number of births, long-term use of hormonal contraceptives, vitamin deficiency, genetic and individual predispositions. This includes the constant change of sexual partners, HPV infection, AIDS and certain other cases.
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Special Features

  • If explicit changes in a woman's cervical mucous on the possible replacement of the normal squamous epithelium columnar epithelium of the cervical canal.
  • Focal lesion has clear boundaries.
  • There may be inflammatory changes of varying severity.
  • The appearance of the changes characterized by the absence or presence of signs of atypia. This feature is most important.

Cervical erosion is:

  1. Congenital at which characteristic shifting boundaries of columnar epithelium beyond the external os of the cervix. Have erosion asymptomatic or with mild discharge. Most often found as a teenager during preventive examinations.
  2. Acquired at which the characteristic stratified squamous epithelium of the overlap cylinder. This type may occur after the onset of sexual activity, difficult childbirth and abortion.

What if confirmed cervical erosion?

  • First of all, we should eliminate fungal, viral, bacterial and parasitic infections. In this case the most common diseases include genital herpes, candidiasis and trichomoniasis.
  • It is important to study Pap smear. If the analysis does not confirm the stroke predisposition to cancer, then, depending on the size of the lesion, colposcopy can be carried out.
  • Now it is important that the analysis of cytology and colposcopy match, otherwise you have to reassess after 3 months.

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Treatment of erosion of the uterus

If you find a woman of the disease treatment should be mandatory to prevent any complications and tumors of different degrees. Treatment of uterine erosion conducted comprehensively, identifying and taking into account the causes. When treating a woman should comply with all recommendations of the physician and the time they spend.

Recommended tests for the treatment of erosion of the uterus:

  1. Smear on the flora;
  2. bacterial inoculation for dysbacteriosis microflora of the vagina;
  3. biopsy;
  4. cytology;
  5. DNA tests for Trichomonas, chlamydia, herpes, HPV, mycoplasma and ureaplasma;
  6. a blood test for syphilis, hepatitis B and C and HIV infection.

If cervical erosion found in young girls and uncomplicated, it is possible to dispense with cauterization. In this case, the doctor prescribes baths with herbs, antibiotics and homeopathic remedies. Then all the areas exposed to the pathological changes in the cervix, are removed. Such treatment, though long, but it gives positive results.
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Modern methods of treatment of uterine erosion

  1. Chemical coagulation - are held in treatment of cervical preparations, ruining the wrong columnar epithelium. Then squamous epithelium remains intact, and the textile sector, where there was a hotbed of erosion, closes quickly. It is the most gentle method of treatment for women. Its disadvantages include the fact that the treatment affected the healthy tissue on the cervix.
  2. Radiowave treatment erosion uterus - is the most modern method of treatment in which abnormal cells are not cauterized, not excised, and evaporate. At the end of such treatment a woman is not plagued by pain, profuse discharge and odor.
  3. Cryosurgery erosion uterus - in this method, erosion portion directly frozen in liquid nitrogen. During the procedure, healthy tissue almost does not hurt.
  4. Lazerokoagulyatsii - in this case, a certain area of ​​tissue is exposed to a laser beam of low intensity.
  5. Diathermocoagulation erosion uterus - is under the influence of an electric current to burn tissue damage occurs. This method of treatment is obsolete and it is recommended to be avoided, because the tissue of the cervix deeply affected, and their deformation occurs. In the future, it can create some problems during pregnancy. The advantage of this method of treatment are simple and cheap.
  6. Diatermokonizatsiya erosion uterus - in this method is also used an electric current. But not limited to a single treatment of burns, are removed during the treatment altered tissue. In this way, cervical erosion is well treated with extensive lesions and complications for some background.

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Symptoms of post-treatment of uterine erosion

  • After the first few days of treatment can be a nagging pain in the abdomen.
  • Within 2-4 weeks, are possible with the smell of vaginal discharge or without.

To eliminate the pain you can take painkillers. Also, after the treatment of uterine erosion prohibited for 4 weeks to lift weights, do hard physical work, douche and use tampons. During this period, it is not recommended sexual intimacy. Failure to follow this rule entails trauma with bleeding and infection of the cervix.

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