the concept of asthma


  • The concept of asthma
  • Types of Asthma

There is nothing better breathing deeply, enjoying every breath. After all, our whole life consists of these simple steps - breaths. But there are those who are deprived of the joy of free breathing, every breath for their weight in gold. These are the people who suffer from asthma.
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The concept of asthma

Asthma - chronic allergic diseases repeating type which consists in lesion airways as a result of the restriction by various allergens. Asthma some people expressed in the form of cough, while others - whistles, sometimes, one feels complete lack of air that circulates in the alveoli, is closed in the narrow space. Respiratory motion shorter, frequent, irregular.

The concept is not new, but until now scientists can not come together in a consensus on its classification. The most common classification of severity: intermittent (mild course) and persistent asthma (chronic).

 Diagnosis of the disease
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Types of Asthma

Intermittent. This type is caused by episodic symptoms were not more than 1 time per week, for a total of no more than 3 days. At night it is also possible asthma attacks, but no more than twice a month. Respiratory function decline between 20% and easily restored at remission.

Persistent. This species is divided into mild, moderate and severe. Light can manifest as once a week or once a day. Seizures can also occur at night that disturb sleep and makes people passive during the day.

At moderate persistent asthma attacks happen daily, often at night. Human activity almost fizzles.

Constant suffocation, including night, characteristic of severe persistent asthma as a result of which all the actions and movements of the person becomes difficult.

Statistics show that the development of this disease mostly occurs at an early age. However, despite this, the number of cases worldwide is increasing.

The reason for this becomes a bad environment, abuse of drugs, alcohol and smoking, stressful situations.

Thus, man himself becomes guilty of the disease, which is subsequently cured completely impossible. The only solution - a comprehensive prevention of disease or advance the care of their health.

 Definition and classification of asthma

 causes of human papillomavirus


  • Mechanical treatment
  • Medication

Today there is no specific treatment regimen of HPV (human papilloma virus). Selection of a particular method of treatment depends on the type of disease, stage of development and other factors. In almost all cases, the current treatment is aimed at eliminating only manifestations of this infection, but not to eliminate from the body.

Treatment of genital warts is best carried out only when they are rapidly increasing in size, located in a prominent place and become painful. Treatment of the disease is carried out such basic procedures as cryotherapy (using liquid nitrogen), electrocoagulation (via an electrical current) and other methods.

Human papilloma virus can be in a woman's body for many years without showing themselves at all, but his "mistress" is constantly under threat of disease cancerous and precancerous diseases.

 mechanical treatment
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Mechanical treatment

The main treatment of papilloma virus - a mechanical removal. You can get rid of it by the following methods:

  • Cryosurgery. It involves the use of liquid nitrogen;
  • Laser therapy. Human papilloma virus as a wart is removed by laser;
  • Radio wave coagulation. This cure using radiofrequency knife.
  • Electrocoagulation. Such a method involves the use of electric current.

The surgical method is almost never used today because there is a risk of bleeding in the postoperative period.

It is also not recommended for treatment chemicals, because it does not always bring a positive effect.

To cure this disease can not completely even after the treatment, it remains in the body that can lead to relapse. Against the risk of relapse using a set of anti-viral and other treatments.

 drug treatment
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Not yet developed a special antiviral treatment, so people can get rid of this disease with drugs that stimulate the body fight with him. Curing can be drugs such as:

  • rectal suppositories, creams and ointments;
  • injections and pills.

To cure the disease may be necessary medication following:

  • izoprinozin - a drug that blocks the replication of the virus and boosts the activity of immune cells to fight with him;
  • interferons - are tablets, which have antiviral, immunostimulant and anti-tumor effects;
  • Tablets, promotes the development of its own interferon - also have anti-inflammatory, immune-stimulating and anti-tumor effects;
  • creams and solutions that suppress cell division affected by the human papilloma virus.

The above drugs and pills on different people may have different effects. Treat these ways human papillomavirus - that does not mean 100% results guarantee recovery. Users may use different types of therapy.

Most often this disease affects women than men. To be treated with medication, as a rule, it is recommended for women. Manual therapy is offered only to men in the presence of genital warts.

 Types of treatment of human papillomavirus

 inhalers for asthma


  • The types of inhalers
  • Types of drugs for the treatment of bronchial asthma

Asthma is a serious chronic disease of the airways that is characterized by inflammation and hypersensitivity of the bronchi.

A person suffering from this disease, asthma attacks occur frequently, which can be triggered by allergens, cold air, strong emotional stress and other factors.

In order to cope with a bout of asthma, doctors recommend the use of inhalers. These devices are able to quickly deliver the drugs to the desired organ. Intravenous and intramuscular solutions, tablets is better to use as drugs for treatment of bronchial asthma. A seizure is important during fast driving speed of the drug, in this case inhalers indispensable.

 types of inhalers
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The types of inhalers

The first inhaler was invented in 1874. Since these funds are used for inhalation in asthma, have changed dramatically. There are several types of inhalers.

  • The powder dose inhaler is a device that delivers the airways dose dry powder. The downside can be a high price.
  • Liquid dose inhalers are available in the form of aerosols. They are easy to use and affordable. To substance has got into the airways by injecting an aerosol, it is necessary to breathe in at the same time.
  • Spacers - a plastic or metallic flaps which must be mounted on the inhaler. This camera produces the drug only during inspiration. These special features make it easy to process, and inhalation can be used for children. Among the shortcomings can be identified large size of the spacer.
  • Nebulizers - are devices that spray the drug into small fractions. What enables you to deliver it in the most remote areas of the respiratory tract. By the principle of operation of these devices are divided into ultrasonic and compressor. The size of the nebulizer is much larger than a pocket inhaler, so most of them are at home.

 the use of inhalers

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Types of drugs for the treatment of bronchial asthma

In pharmacies you can find various commercial names inhalers. When choosing them, pay attention to the active substance that affects the bronchi.

In general, bronchial asthma drugs are divided into two types: bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory drugs. Bronchodilators have the following subtypes:

  • Sympathomimetics stimulate the receptors of the bronchi, expanding their gaps. For example, pirburetol, salbutamol, levalbuterol, terbutaline and others.
  • M-cholinergic receptor blockers relax the bronchial tubes. The active ingredient is often a Atrovent.
  • Methylxanthines relaxes bronchial smooth muscle by blocking certain enzymes in the body. Include here drugs such as aminophylline and theophylline.

Anti-inflammatory drugs are based on glucocorticoids. These hormonal agents enhance the effect of the hormone adrenaline and relieve edema from the mucosa of the respiratory tract. For example, fliksotid, bekotid, benacort, ingakort. Patients with severe asthma prescribed glucocorticoid hormone pills, in other cases, patients use a pocket inhaler. When asthma is accompanied by other bacterial infection, antibiotics are prescribed to treat them.

 How to choose an inhaler in asthma?