Buenos Aires - beautiful capital of the vast and beautiful Argentina, and it takes an area of about four thousand square kilometers. This is one of the major political, economic and cultural centers of the country. The population of Buenos Aires is more than eleven million people.
The climate is under the direct influence of the Atlantic Ocean, so it is characterized by very hot summers and mild winters. In warmer months, the whole of Buenos Aires is filled with sunshine, the city reigns humidity, so some even compared the Argentine climate with Sochi. If you decide to visit Buenos Aires from December to February, then keep in mind that winter here is not like Russia: instead of snow you expect frequent rains and frost - a rarity. The climate is characterized by constant winds and thick fog.
Overall, the capital of Argentina for visiting all year round. However, if you do not tolerate heat, you better not plan a vacation in Buenos Aires on the winter holidays, as it is this time of the year characterized by high humidity and thermometer often rises above 35 degrees. The ideal months to travel to Buenos Aires considered in October, April, November and March, when there is a comfortable and not too hot weather. As you can see, the local climate is rather peculiar, but that does not stop the crowds of tourists every year to stay in the unforgettable beauty of Buenos Aires to see its attractions, tango and enjoy the beautiful scenery.
The story of the city
Buenos Aires - a city that is unlike others. If you look at the map, you will see that it is in the east-central part of Argentina, on the west bank of the Rio de la Plata, and is the largest in size.
Capital - autonomous city, as Argentina itself is divided into 24 provinces. Buenos Aires, in turn, presented fifteen communes and 48 districts. It was founded by Pedro de Mendoza - Spanish conquistador - back in 1536, but soon the territory captured Indians, who burned all the sights, the house and fired people. The town was restored only 44 years Juan de Garay. Therefore, the entire Argentina considers that Buenos Aires was born twice.
The capital has a beautiful and unusual name - Port of Good Winds, it is translated from the Spanish phrase "Buenos Aires". This is the name he was given the Spanish conquistadors who named the town in honor of the patron saint of sailors. Initially, Argentina is a huge part of the Spanish empire, so Buenos Aires was part of Peru, but in 1776 became the capital of the newly created at that time vice-kingdom under the name of Rio de la Plata. After 30 years of Buenos Aires occupied by British troops, capturing the city and the authority over him for several months. But in 1810, Argentina has risen: there was the May Revolution, the world famous, due to which deposed the Spanish viceroy and thus established the first Junta, which has become a national government.
In 1880, Buenos Aires declared the capital, and from that moment began its rapid flowering that occurred in the wake of the so-called "boom of meat." There were beautiful area, unusual monuments, fountains and original buildings that were built, inheriting the "Parisian" style. Brochures expanded and the streets vegetated. Thus, the city acquired the status of Argentine mini-Paris.
At the beginning of the XX century Buenos Aires underwent mass emigration that swept the whole of Europe, and subsequently played a major role in the formation of the ethnic population. The mixing of different cultures and nationalities have turned this city into a European Babylon colorful with a touch of Latin American roots.
To date, the capital inhabited by people of different nationalities, there is the largest port in the region. Initially, Argentina was considered the richest nation in South America, mainly due to the exports of meat, wool and grain, so it is here in search of a better life and rushed thousands of immigrants from Europe. Modern Buenos Aires is a mixture of mestizos, Jews, Arabs, Armenians, English, Spanish, Chinese, Italians and other nationalities. These people, who gathered in Buenos Aires from around the world, created a special gene pool inherent in the Argentine nation. So there was a "white" country with a Catholic Italian-Spanish European mentality and lifestyle, which is called Argentina. Today, its climate, architecture and attractions attract crowds of tourists, as the country's capital is the most popular.
Life in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires - the focus of elegance, fun and culture. This city is famous for his love of the tango: here there are even entire neighborhoods, where there are excellent dancers. Wherever tourists come each one is in Buenos Aires entertainment to your taste: some enjoy the marvelous scenery, others see the sights, and still others are dipped in an incredibly diverse lives, which is proud of the capital.
But we should not idealize this city, because people with other hemisphere he is familiar mainly due to music and literature. Argentina sung by such great writers as Borges and Cortázar, but here, as elsewhere, has its pluses and minuses.
Carnival in Buenos Aires - it is something without which it is impossible to imagine the city. The first procession was held in the main square of the capital in 1600, after the submission began to carry out in the clubs, as well as in private homes. However, 90 years later they are back on the streets, and now thousands of tourists come here to enjoy the bright dance show.
However, if you do not hit on the Argentine carnival, do not despair, because there without him is something to see. Walk the streets, familiar from books to check out the antique shops, sit on benches, drink coffee with medialunami (local variety of croissants), feel the atmosphere of sensual tango that sounds everywhere. In Buenos Aires, there is a huge number of clubs, which are held every evening tango show.
Capital is a scientific and cultural center of Argentina. Here are concentrated the various academies: the natural and physical sciences, literature, geography, medicine, fine arts, law and others. The city is famous for its museums (historical, decorative and contemporary art), theaters and cinemas. Naturally, it is impossible to ignore the architectural landmarks of the city - the magnificent presidential palace, the parliament building and the opera house fascinates with its beauty and originality of the tourists coming to Argentina from around the world. Incidentally, the last of his acoustic data is second only operas in New York and Milan.
This town is like any other port, at one time served as a haven for smugglers, most of whom lived in the neighborhood of La Boca, the birthplace of the tango. In addition, there is a stadium, "La Bombonera", built in 1940 for the famous Argentine soccer club (at the time he was playing for the great Diego Maradona).
Buenos Aires is also famous for its antiques market and crafts. So, on the square Dorrego can buy everything your heart desires: Baubles, incense, calabashes. In addition to the vendors here show his skills street dancers, mimes, actors and musicians, thus not only entertaining tourists and earning money.
Buenos Aires - not only the city of fun, his business life - banks, offices, headquarters of international corporations - are concentrated in areas such as Plaza de Mayo, microcentres and Puerto Madero. One of the most common ways of organizing small shops are the gallery. Often they are not only "look" into the street, climb up or go deeper into the building, and climb into the ground. It sells a variety of products, ranging from antiques and finishing punk clothing.
Buenos Aires originally arose because of an influx of immigrants, welcoming it remains to this day. In this city, home to people from many countries: Ukraine, Germany, Italy, Russia, France, Poland and others.
Attractions Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires is one of the largest cities in the world, as it is considered the most elegant and business in South America. Despite the fact that over time, its architecture is changing in the direction of modernity, there are numerous old charming corners, streets, buildings and places imbued with the spirit of history. The city fascinates with its special atmosphere, a colorful and cordial people. Its attractions are varied and original, so every tourist is able to have fun and relax as he wants.
In the capital, it is the world-famous obelisk height of about 67 meters. It is located in the middle of the wide avenue Julio Avenue in the area of Plaza de la Republica. The monument, which is so proud of Buenos Aires, was designed by the designer by the name of Alberto Prebisch and built in record time - just four weeks. Its grand opening was held in 1936 in honor of the 400th anniversary of the city. The obelisk is a symbol of the nation's special spirit that prevailed in those troubled times.
Buenos Aires boasts historic buildings, cobbled streets, churches and museums, executed in a variety of architectural styles. The historic city center is known as Plaza de May - from here started to be built in Buenos Aires. In 1810 this place was a market and Armory Square, over time, various historical events occurred, of course, me and the purpose of Plaza de May. Today it houses the Ministry of Economy, the central cathedral, as well as government buildings.
Opera lovers should visit Buenos Aires, where the theater Colon, built in 1857 and belongs to the top four operas in the world. In the hall of 4000 seats annually hosts about 65 concerts, 35 ballet performances and about 100 operas. There were such meters as Mikhail Baryshnikov, Luciano Pavarotti and others.
Arriving in Buenos Aires, you can feel the spirit of France. Do not believe? Then take a walk in the Recoleta district, where shops, restaurants and homes are made in the spirit of French architecture. Here is the incredible beauty of the Cathedral Iglesia del Pilar, built in 1706, and the legendary cemetery, decorated in the European style of the XVIII century, where Eva Peron is buried - the first lady of Argentina. If you want to see "culture" of Buenos Aires, visit the ice palace and museums, enjoy Mihanovich tower and magnificent structure Estrugamou.
To soak up the spirit of history and see how the look of Buenos Aires a few decades ago, go to the area called San Telmo. Here you will see small houses, walk along the cobbled streets, will be able to choose a souvenir in one of the antique shops.
Of course, that time does not stand still, Buenos Aires, like other cities, is developing, so Sant Telmo gradually changes its appearance, new modern buildings and superstructures. Tired of walking, tourists have a rest in cozy restaurants and cafes, which are located on almost every corner. At the weekend the Plaza Dorrego is transformed into a bright, loud, fabulous fair attracts not only visitors, but also locals.
Buenos Aires, as already mentioned, is divided into several areas, one of them - La Boca - evidence of boundless imagination and versatile Argentines. Workshops and museums are located here, can tell about the centuries-old cultural life of the capital. It completes the unique landscape of the port area with lots of old ships moored. Over the last decade Buenos Aires began to expand, so if you want to visit his modern part, go to Puerto Madero. There has grown a lot of new buildings, restaurants, luxury hotels and shops, surrounded by picturesque parks and wide boulevards.
Buenos Aires - a unique city, where relics are combined with modern architecture. Would you like to visit the museums, or want to see the show in one of the most famous opera houses in the world, to learn to dance the tango or just relax with a European service - all these features give you the capital of Argentina.