Such a thing as hyperactivity is known to all parents who have small children are growing. In recent years, we found a greater and greater number of children who have diagnosed the violation of the central nervous system. Statistics doctors - pediatricians and teachers - psychologists suggest that hyperactivity occurs in about 39% of all children under school age, and about 57% of all school-age children.
Hyperactivity disorder has a fairly large number of manifestations. So, a hyperactive child - symptoms:
A child with hyperactivity syndrome, can not for a long time to focus on what - or a class, whether it be drawing, playing or even watching television. It is because of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder syndrome kids often have difficulties with learning.
- Excessive impulsivity child.
Of course, almost all kids - and quiet and not very - at times allow themselves to violent manifestations of emotion. However, children with hyperactivity syndrome most often lose control of their emotions, often frightening, even their impulsive accustomed to all parents.
- Increased physical activity of the child.
Children with hyperactivity syndrome any specialist easily detect even in a huge crowd of kids. These kids are not just mobile, they are simply beyond active. Toddler almost impossible to see in a quiet state - it is constantly in motion. Either he is running or jumping, or was dancing on the spot if it is his, and forced to sit. All this gives the child the most hyperactivity - are constantly in motion hands, shifty eyes, facial expression, facial expressions.
Time of onset of the child hyperactivity
There is a misconception that the first manifestation of signs of hyperactivity in a child can not be detected earlier than the baby is two years old. However, doctors, and parents of children suffering from hyperactivity syndrome, in one voice say otherwise.
The first signs of hyperactivity can be detected first days after the appearance of the crumbs into the light. These crumbs newborns very little sleep, and their sleep surface and restless, they are very much and cry hard enough, but when awake they are very mobile and resemble a such beads of mercury.
As the baby resembles his parents disaster - they literally "jump out" of the strollers, cribs, playpens trying to get out. An overturned cup, broken dishes, from the broken twigs bokovinok bed overturned flower pots and torn curtains - troubles piled on this little one, as if from a cornucopia of fabulous.
Already grown up crumb, as mentioned earlier, a minute can not sit in one place, to listen to the end of a story or give my mother mow nails. Moves only child running, what makes my mom a lot to run him. Some parents believe that this activity the child is only a consequence of the high energy storage in the body of the baby. Is it really? And if you really hyperactive children how to deal with this?
Norm or Pathology?
The doctors - neurologists and child psychologists believe that the hyperactivity is sufficiently serious pathology. If you have a hyperactive child, treatment should begin as soon as possible. Increased energetic child with the syndrome of hyperactivity testifies to infringement of normal functioning of the central nervous system. If parents notice any deviations, they need to attend to the problem: "A hyperactive child: what to do? "Otherwise, if the parents did not attach due importance to this feature of the development of their child and do not return in time for advice and medical care, and limited themselves to the punishment of the child with a view to rein him as the child grows the problem will only get worse.
The child has serious problems, first in kindergarten, and after school. Specificity of training anyway requires perseverance and attention. A child with a hyperactivity syndrome not only can he perceive and remember information, but also will continue to spin and spin, thereby diverting all the other children. Because of this, these children are often observed systematic conflicts with the teachers, and parents often listen to a lot of unflattering reviews about the behavior of their child. This is not surprising, because the sessions with hyperactive children require certain skills that ordinary schools have not all teachers.
Also, the school child with hyperactivity significantly complicates the lives of excessive impulsivity characteristic of the disease. Child unnecessarily harsh in deeds, judgments, express their thoughts, he first succumbed to the first impulse, something says or does, but only then thinks. And because of this characteristic of his temperament hyperactive child at school is facing a lot of problems - relationships with classmates are hopelessly corrupt, the diary is replete with comments of teachers, like a Christmas tree with garlands, while the parents go to school with no less frequently than at work.
Causes of hyperactivity
Of course, hyperactivity, as well as any other disease, does not occur without cause, from scratch. Aggravating factors may include:
- Complications of pregnancy.
In that case, if the expectant mother suffered from severe toxicosis, both the first and second half of pregnancy, the propensity to high blood pressure, if your child has been diagnosed with intrauterine asphyxia, in the future the risk of hyperactivity increased at least threefold.
- Lifestyle pregnant woman.
In the normal development of the central nervous system is very adversely affected by such toxic substances such as drugs, alcohol, nicotine, paint substances, heavy metals, and others.
Expectant mother must give up all bad habits, and if her work is directly related to exposure to toxic substances, she should write an application for translating it into an easy job. This possibility is guaranteed by a pregnant woman Labour Code of the Russian Federation.
- Morbidity generic process.
Long-term, prolonged labor, or on the contrary, the rapid use of such funds maternity like tongs, also increases the chances of developing the child's hyperactivity.
The basis of such a disorder of the nervous system, as hyperactivity is minimal brain dysfunction, which, in fact, is the reason for the difficulties with learning in these children. We will not bother our readers complex and obscure medical terms, which is characterized by minimal brain dysfunction. We offer parents who do not have a corresponding medical education, just take for granted the following facts:
- Minimal brain dysfunction destabilize the normal functioning of the central nervous system.
- Disturbances caused by minimal brain dysfunction, require medical treatment - they alone will not disappear.
Unfortunately, very often the parents do not want to waste time on treatment in the mistaken belief that with age, the problem of hyperactivity disappears as they mature. However, only the appearance of a violation, which will take place in adolescence, this increased physical activity. Instead, impulsivity and attention deficit, by contrast, largely and quickly progress, making the learning process extremely difficult. And the child is experiencing the greatest difficulty with writing and speech. Classes with hyperactive children should be conducted on an individual basis.
Features of communication with hyperactive children
Despite his love for the child, the parents of hyperactive children are often in contact with them are losing patience and the last break. Some moms and dads simply - simply waving their child's hand, with a heavy sigh, noting that their sense has still not come. Others have parents, on the other hand, are trying to discipline the child's most stringent methods rather strictly suppressing the slightest attempt at rebellion.
It is impossible to say for sure what tactics behavior of parents is more correct - it all depends on the individual case and each specific child. For some, the "rod of iron" - the only way to keep the child within, and for someone every rude word is a real trauma. Carefully watch your child's reaction to the comments - and you quickly realize that you need for the crumbs.
If you, despite all your efforts, and could not find the key to your baby, seek professional help from a child psychologist. Many parents hesitate to visit the appropriate specialist, confusing it with a psychiatrist. However, this is a completely different direction, and a visit to a psychologist is not an indication that your child has what - or mental disorders. By the way, hyperactive children in kindergarten often automatically fall under the supervision of a psychologist.
By the way, if you have a hyperactive child, how to treat it should be decided only by a doctor. Many parents acquire the pharmacy sedating anti-anxiety medication and begin to give their child. Remember that properly selected pharmacological agents can greatly aggravate the disease.
But the most important thing that parents need to realize hyperactive children is the fact that the child is such a violent and active in any case, not because he wanted to annoy them. His antics are the result of the work of his peculiarities of the nervous system, they are often beyond the control of the kid himself. But emotional outbursts parents whose nerves are on edge, any positive result will not bring, but can significantly aggravate the situation.
Despite the fact that every child suffering from hyperactivity syndrome, needs an individual approach, particularly their psychology allow us to give some general recommendations for all children to facilitate the education of a hyperactive child:
- Formulation of the problem.
Features of development of children with hyperactivity syndrome such that the logical and abstract thinking they have developed a lot worse. That is why such a child must be put only a clearly defined task. The proposals should be as concise as possible, not carrying any excessive semantic load. Try to avoid long sentences.
- The sequence of instructions.
It is not recommended to give the child with the syndrome of hyperactivity several tasks, such as "collect toys, wash your hands and go to dinner." Absorb all the information once the baby will be difficult and, most likely, it does not comply with any order, distracted by that - something else. It is much wiser to give these instructions crumbs in a logical sequence.
Such children have a very vague idea of the sense of time, so do watch out for the time allotted for the implementation of each of your orders. By the way, if you want to take the kid from the street, feed, put to bed - always warned him about five minutes before your action. And this applies not only to children with a syndrome of increased hyperactivity, but also all the others.
In fact, just the word "no" and you can not use. Barring anything baby, build their proposals so that it does not present a denial. For example, if you want your child to not run on the grass, do not talk to him, "Do not run on the grass! ". A much greater effect take on a momentum following phrase: "Go to track". And, of course, in all, even conflict, situations, parents should remain calm.
- How to calm the hyperactive child
If your baby is too perevozbudilsya, try to change the situation in a more relaxed, such as away; the child in another room, offer him some water, calmly talk to him on any abstract subject.
Concluding the conversation about children's hyperactivity, I would like to remind parents that they are not alone - there are close to you, and qualified doctors - neurologists, who know exactly how to treat hyperactivity in children. The correct integrated course of therapy can greatly improve the condition of the child. In addition to the neurologist, you can seek help from a child psychologist, who will tell you how to bring a hyperactive child. And remember - your child is not worse than the other kids, he just special. Good luck and patience!