Over the past century, the process of making pizza has not changed much, unless of course a blind eye to the fact that modern furnaces have replaced the age-old center. Everything else, including the traditional manual preparation of dough and filling, remained unchanged. Classic Italian pizza is done "in haste" and does not like fuss, the whole process should be deliberate and measured.
Before you cook pizza at home, try to create in the kitchen that unique atmosphere that hovers in the kitchens of Italy. Or, at least, inspired with the appropriate mood. Ways pizza at home a lot, but every woman to decide how to cook a pizza, and what kind of recipe will be its trump card. Because a lot depends on the availability of free time, from the taste preferences and moods.
Nuances homemade pizza
At home, preparing the pizza is quite simple, and it can bake any hostess - even with outstanding culinary talents. On the home kitchen pizza can be baked in the oven or fry in a frying pan, cook in the microwave or steamed - here no one will decree, and you are free to act in its own way, choosing a recipe and a way of preparation.
If you started to bake a pizza in the oven, it is necessary to make a yeast dough. Bake pizza in the oven can be two ways - directly on a baking sheet or in a round baking tin. However, slim shape for baking will not work: its thickness shall not be less than three millimeters. If you bake the pizzas on a baking sheet, then it needs to be lubricated (preferably vegetable). However, in the preparation of sweet pizza, cooking oils can be used, but be sure to sprinkle baking flour, pizza is not to overheat.
Whatever dough recipe you choose, cake pizza never rolled. The dough is spread on a baking sheet or pan and evenly stretched across the surface of your hands. Before you send a pizza in the oven, it is necessary to stand for 5-7 minutes. Sometimes the pizza is not put in the oven immediately and bake until half first dough without the filling (to form a crisp). And only then to get it out of the oven, spread the filling layers and sent to the oven until cooked.
As a rule, the pizza should be no more than half the time, but every pizza special, which is why a pizza recipe is different, even the cooking time. For example, pizza dough can be either thin or thick. The thin dough is baked through in twenty minutes, and the thicker need to bake the cake almost an hour, but it is necessary to diminish the fire.
Yeast dough for pizza
The classic recipe for pizza - a pizza dough. However, the pizza dough is made under the simplified scheme, and the recipe is very different from the recipe pastry for Russian pies. Therefore homemade pizza can be an excellent alternative to baking yeast dough.
Flour - 1 cup;
Salt - a quarter of a teaspoon;
Dry yeast - 1 tsp;
Water (warm) - third cup;
Milk - a quarter cup;
Olive oil - 1 tbsp.
Milk boil, cool to room temperature and pour it into a large bowl, diluted with water. Then you need to add the yeast and salt, add the sifted flour and mix well. After that, add the olive oil, knead the dough and put it in the proofing for half an hour. Next ripened the dough to put on the board, floured and once again knead it thoroughly. Baking time depends on the filling. If it's a layer thin enough, the pizza is cooked quickly, more dense or very volumetric filling will require more cooking time.
Fillings for homemade pizza
Toppings for pizza can be divided into liquid (with sauce) and thick (dry). Liquid or sweet fillings require preparatory evaporation (about ten minutes), and hence, increase the baking time. In this case, the temperature in the oven for a few drops to the dough is not burnt. Dry stuffing is prepared as a conventional filling for flans.
Necessarily it is necessary to monitor the density of the liquid filling: it should not spread. For example, juice or syrup from the berries and fruits quickly absorb into the dough, which will seem damp. And if the filling liquid seep through the cake, the pizza will burn. The best option of filling when the lower layer make it denser meat or fish, and on top of a soft or juicy products (mushrooms, vegetables). Then they its juice permeate lower layers of filling, but it does not fall on the bottom of the mold.
If you use a recipe pizza with toppings of crude products (ground beef, fresh mushrooms) and those that are almost ready (sausage, canned fish), the stuffing should be moist to put the last (top) layer. It should sprinkle it with cheese to keep it remained open, and languished as if under the hood.
If the cake dough is thin, it is better to make a small layer of filling. This can be a ready-made meat, ham, fish or dried fruits. A thick cake is perfect for lush, multi-layered or uncooked toppings. On a thick cake can be spread stuffing, vegetables and raw meat.
And, of course, none of this pizza recipe is complete without cheese. Cheese pizza is necessary to take a firm and bold, and it is desirable to stack several layers. You can, for example, the first layer of cheese to pour directly on the cake, or put it between layers of different products. A top layer of pizza - it is always and necessarily grated cheese, which should melt and turn the flan is in pizza.
Toppings for making sweet pizza - it is usually fresh fruit, thick jam or marmalade, which do not require a long baking. The dough for pizza can be sweet curd or puff, is a benchmark is a more tasty and better baked through. However, the sweet pizza can already claim to be familiar to us fruit cake.
Homemade pizza in a pan and a couple
At home, a frying pan and an open fire is sometimes preferable to the contrary. The dough from the pan easily removed, almost never undercooked and therefore, on the stove, you can bake different kinds of pizza and put them in any toppings. Before you start cooking the pan is heated to the desired temperature, brush a small amount of vegetable oil is heated.
The dough is rolled out thinly spread on a hot frying pan, and only after that it is placed on the filling. Then cover the pan with a lid and Bates fire that heats the dough evenly. It is best to use pans with glass lids, they are most suitable for baking pizza. In a pan pizza reaches ready much faster than in the oven - just fifteen minutes. Ready Pizza checked using a match or a toothpick, pierce the cake is at its thickest point. If the match is dry, so your pizza is ready.
In a frying pan is very convenient to bake sweet pizza: it does not leak, and it is not necessary to spend a lot of time. Bake pizza in a pan, it is not necessary to grease the top layer of mayonnaise or something similar.
For many reasons, for example because of health problems, some people can not afford baked pizza, and in fact at times the desire to try a yummy very large. In this case one can make a pizza on a steam bath or in a double boiler. Pizza recipe, use a couple of easy unleavened dough. It is mixed only in eggs and milk, very few maintained, expanded sufficiently thick layer on the surface of the grating. Then the cake is spread filling, pizza and steamed for forty minutes.
As you can see, in the home, you can cook a pizza in the traditional way, to make a quick pizza pan or pizza diet for a couple. Start with what you feel lighter and more simple, and only then try other pizza recipes. You will definitely be able to make this pizza at home, especially if you cook with pleasure.
We recommend that read: puff pastry at home
Ruddy Pies - decoration for each table. Russian cuisine knows dozens and even hundreds of variations of pies as sweet and rich, such as lemon pie filling and savory, stuffed with meat, mushrooms, fish and vegetables. Pies with fillings were obligatory dish at any meal.
For the dough:
3 cups flour (about 500 g)
1 cup milk
0, 5 cup vegetable oil or
100 g butter or margarine
1 tbsp sugar
1 tsp salt
Fresh yeast - 20 g
Rice boiled until half - 1 cup
Fish boiled - 300-400 g
Boiled egg -2-3 pieces.
Onions - 1 pc.
Products for filling boil advance. Eggs finely chopped. Fish disassembled, carefully remove all bones. Boil the rice until half. Onions cut and fry in vegetable oil until golden brown. The second option - finely chopped, scalded with boiling water and marinate for 5-10 minutes in vinegar or lemon juice.
Knead the dough. To do this, the milk is heated to 35-40S. The yeast mash with a spoon, add the sugar, pour the milk and stir. Give them a few minutes to activate. During this time, sift the flour into a deep bowl, and if you use margarine or butter - to melt it and cool. Active Yeast pour in the flour and start kneading the dough. Add oil. The dough should get out fairly dense, but flexible. If necessary, add a little flour. Kneading process should take at least 15 minutes. It is through this initially sticky dough is smooth, elastic, slightly moist. The finished dough is put into heat for 30-40 minutes. When it will grow in volume by half, obmyat and again to come.
Coming up the dough into two unequal parts. Piece more roll out into a rectangle and place in baking tin with borders. In the dough to put the stuffing: rice first, then fish, onions and eggs. The second part of the roll out dough and cover the cake top.
Heat oven to 180 ° C. Bake cake until tender, about 40 minutes. For browning can grease the top of the cake with milk or beaten egg yolk (before sending it into the oven).
Cake stuffed with meat
Pies at a time, you can cook a little - as the basis to take a universal dough and toppings to cook different.
Minced meat (preferably a mixture of pork + beef) - 300 g
Onions - 1 pc.
Mushrooms mushrooms - 200 g
Breadcrumbs - 5 tbsp
Milk or yogurt - 2 tbsp
Yeast dough - 700 g
Knead the dough according to the recipe above.
Prepare the filling. Onions chop finely and fry in butter, add minced onion and stir it thoroughly, to avoid lumps. Simmer until cooked. Mushrooms washed and cut into slices. Sauté a few minutes in a separate bowl.
Dough roll out oblong cake 2 cm thick. Sprinkle with breadcrumbs. Put in the middle of the finished beef, pre-mixed with yogurt (it will help to keep the meat juice), spread almost the entire length of the cake. Put a layer of stuffing on mushrooms. Sprinkle with breadcrumbs. Raise the long edge of the cake and connect top pinch. Lift and pinch both ends of the resulting stick to completely hide the stuffing. Ready cake cover with a towel and leave for proofing about 20 minutes. Preheat oven to 180C. Bake pie about 35-40 minutes, until golden brown.
300 g wheat flour
2 tbsp sugar
100 g butter
A pinch of salt
4-5 large sour-sweet apples or apple jam (jam)
2-3 tablespoons sugar
1 tsp cinnamon
0, 5 tsp ground cardamom
Prepare the shortbread dough. Cold oil grind with sugar, salt and flour to the state of fine crumbs. Hammer egg, mix well. If the dough is left too cool, add a few tablespoons of cold water. Roll out dough into a ball and place it in the fridge for half an hour.
During this time, prepare the filling. Apples are washed, cut in half and remove the core. Cut into thin slices. Sprinkle with lemon juice to avoid darkening. Sugar mixed with cinnamon and cardamom.
A diameter of 22-23 cm brush with oil, sprinkle with flour, semolina or breadcrumbs, put it ¾ of the test. Smooth, shape bumpers. Put the dough on slices of apples evenly. Sprinkle the sugar mixture. The rest of the test grate on top of the filling. Rub directly on the need to form a cake.
Preheat oven to 180C. Bake the cake for about 30 minutes until ready filling and golden brown top layer. Serve with hot tea on a cloudy night. Have a nice evening!
With the same dough can be prepared and lemon pie. Lemon filling - sounds a bit too sudden, right? However, this is a very successful combination: sweet pastry and sweet-sour spicy stuffing.
How to cook lemon stuffing
200 g of sugar
Lemons washed in hot water. Cut into slices (you can peel) and remove the stones. Stir in the sugar. Next lemons to grind (or blender through a meat grinder). Ready to pour the filling on the dough, distributed on a greased form with borders. Bake in a hot oven until done.
Baking cakes with a filling - is a vast field for experimentation. Do not limit your imagination: berries, fruit, cheese, cottage cheese, mushrooms ... All that is in the refrigerator, you can, on reflection, to use as a filling. Even yesterday buckwheat, if you add to it boiled egg. What is important is to choose the right dough. Successful experiments!