transplanting houseplants

Plants in nature develop freely and take up the space that they need. Potted flowers is limited by the size of the pot. In the process of their growth over time, the roots of the whole earth braided com. Because of this, the flower becomes a "close" in the pot. He lacks not only the space, but also nutrients. Transplanting indoor plants helps to get rid of all these problems.

When to repot houseplants?

The intervals at which you want to transplant the plants depend on the rate of their growth. It can be very different for different house colors. For example, kalanchoe, myrtle or small-leaved rubber plants, grow slowly. Therefore, they need to be repotted every two to three years. Chlorophytum, philodendron, sparmanii different normal rate of growth, and they should be transplanted every year.

Fans of ambient flora suggested to have a special notebook in which you need to enter the date of transplant each plant. These records can be very helpful to you in the future. Normally, transplant the plants is made in the spring. This is done just before the intensification of growth, ie, in March and April. But strictly adhere to such a recommendation is not necessary, since the rapidly growing indoor plants root system develops too quickly. In this case there is no need to wait for the spring. Create a comfortable indoor plants and transplant them when they need be.

Often has appearance houseplant, you will be able to establish that he needs a transplant. The first signs of this - the lack of new growth and flowering, bulging out of the pot earthen clod, yellowing leaves. Even if you do not see outward signs in their colors, you still want to make sure if they do not need a transplant in the spring. To do this, remove the flower with the earth from the pot and examine it. If the earthen room heavily enmeshed roots, it means that your plant is already "close" in the old flowerpot.

Transplanting plants of different species has its own peculiarities. Bulbous houseplants need to be transplanted after the yellowing of leaves and flowering - after the flowering period. Young grass and decorative-deciduous plants should be transplanted every year, while large adults kadochnye "alarming" because often there is no need. Camellias, laurel, rather replant trees every four to five years, since frequent changes of pots is not very good effect on their growth.

 transplanting houseplants Lunar

Terms transplant

The size of the pot in which you will be transplanted flower should be more than two to four centimeters in diameter than the previous one. For plants with decaying or underdeveloped root system take the dishes former size. And if you had to cut off the roots of the patients, it is necessary to take the pot even smaller. New dishes before landing in the water, leave for 10-12 hours, and thoroughly wash the old from dirt and mold obezzarazte. This allows you to get rid of the salt deposit, as well as the pathogens and spores of various fungi.

Transplanting plants requires compliance with certain rules. To remove the flower from the pot, pour it in advance, and then gently remove it from the pot, along with a clod of earth. If it is bad comes out of a clay pot, break the pot, so as not to damage the roots. Plastic pot in this case, you can just cut. Then earthen room should be cleaned of fibrillose fine roots. To this end, a network of small shears, cut the roots and the resulting cuts sprinkle coal powder. Thick basic roots, do not touch. They cut off only if the decay. Then carefully remove the top layer of the earth, and with the help of a peg, remove the sides of the earth coma. Completely get rid of all the old land should not be: it could damage the roots.

New pot for transplanting plants need to first prepare. On the drainage holes, place a piece of crock convex side up. Then pour the drainage layer, for which you can use coarse sand, small pieces of foam, expanded clay, charcoal or just pebbles. Keep in mind that plants good drainage is a must. Its height for small utensils should be one centimeter and three to five - for large pots.

As a soil mixture used in the transplant, which is necessary for cultivation of a particular plant. Prepared soil sprinkle mound on drainage, and then put the plant in a pot. Mound of earth need to do so that the root collar was lower by 2-3 cm than the edge of the pot. Then, holding the plant, backfill on each side of the earth in a pot and seal it. From the density of the soil depends the further growth of the plant and its flowering.

Heavy soil promotes flowering, and looser - better growth. When transplanting plants should be tightly compacted soil. Then sprinkle flower, carefully pour it and put in a shady place. About a quarter of an hour, drain the water from the pan. It should be added that water intended for irrigation should be warm to room temperature by 1-2 ° C.

After the transplant, never place the plant in the sun. Fertilize it at this point, too, is impossible. Transplanting flower, even if you make a simple handling, root hairs are always damaged. And on their recovery plant needs about two weeks. The old main roots serve only to transport nutrients and water to the stems and leaves, but do not take their procuring any engagement.

Water and nutrients are absorbed fragile and delicate root hairs. If they are damaged during transplantation, flower for a while lose the ability to properly absorb essential trace elements. Therefore fertilizer that you make in this period, it may grow back burn the root hairs. This is a very bad impact on the plants, and it begins to "hurt."

Fresh ground also contains the necessary nutrients. When fertilization occurs in this period of excess that can ruin the soil and damage the roots. So after replanting them does not fertilize for two months. "Relocated" to your green pets is best in the early evening sun does not burn its rays, but not yet the village. The most unfavorable time - noon.

 transplanting plants

Handling houseplants

Transplanting indoor plants can be accomplished by handling. During her only change the pot and the earthen room do not touch. It is necessary to increase the volume of soil. Most beautiful flowering plants require multiple transshipments. For example, gloxinia and cyclamen rolled over twice from sowing to the beginning of flowering, but cineraria hybrid - three times.

Handling is good because its process is not suspended growth of flowers. This makes it possible to obtain well-developed, strong specimens. If you see that the roots of much intertwined and formed a tight ball, then you need to do along the side of an earthen clod cuts. This procedure contributes to a better formation of lateral roots. If you do not, the root tangle may cease to evolve, and even rot. No matter how scary this procedure at first glance, to overgrown root system it is absolutely necessary.

Transplanting plants and lunar calendar

The growth of plants, their energy, resistance to adverse factors and fruiting vary depending on the phases of the night satellite, which is compiled based on the lunar calendar. New Moon is the wrong time to carry out any work related to the plants, except for spraying and watering. It is believed that indoor plants in this period lose the forces necessary for their development. Between the first and second phases of the moon energy is directed at the development of flowers and intense growth. At this time it is not recommended to trim the plants because it can delay the process of "healing the wounds." Many florists-lovers know that the transplant houseplants Lunar promotes their active growth.

In this room the flowers should not be transplanted at a time when the moon passes the constellation Virgo. A transplanted at the full moon and the moon young plants well get accustomed. Just do not do it when the moon is "away" from the Aquarius. Transplanting plants are not favorable and the waning moon. No doubt the lunar calendar to help you achieve a good result when transplanting potted plants with minimum effort and expense.

 Caring for the green pets: transplanting houseplants

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 vines perennial garden

Remember the cartoon about Mowgli and Tarzan? What there was the jungle, flexible braided vines, climbing the trunks of trees and a snake on the ground? This is the same properties - scrambling braid, climb up and crawl to the side - and have vines perennial garden. A sort of kind greetings from the jungle. Of course, ennobled and cultivated vines in our gardens is not much resemble the wild inhabitants of the rainforest, but still.

Still, they are similar in that they also need something to lean on something and build something to cling to. And it is this indispensable property of vines in the landscape design. With their help it is possible to make the garden is especially beautiful, decorating unpresentable walls and fences, as well as any vertical, overhead and near-Earth space. What then are the vines for the garden, and what to choose for your paradise? Let's face it.

Botanical especially vines

Liana - it's plants that have whip-like trunks and branches. They can not grow up on their own and need support (that's a "parasitic" way of existence!). Supports for vines are other plants (trees and shrubs), cliffs and rocks, the walls of houses, fences. A garden design for climbers use special miniature bearings: trellis, pergolas, arches.

In order to keep a support lianas use different (sometimes very tricky) devices. Some of them, especially not philosophising, simply wrap around support, others lay down on her long flexible branches. There are those who, such as wisteria, entwine support just the tip. Other vines cling to something special shoots, tendrils (grapes), others are used for these purposes, the roots-sucker (Campsis, ivy).

But regardless of the "method of attachment" all perennial vines can be divided into two main botanical species: woody and herbaceous. First grow like trees, each season renewing and keeping up growth has regrown stems and branches. Herbaceous vines for the winter retain only the root, and their aerial part dies every autumn. In the spring, these vines (as many flowers, perennials) produce new shoots from the root with decorative leaves and beautiful flowers. Incidentally, depending on what it is (flowers or leaves) the attractive or other plant vines can be divided further into two large groups.

 vines for the garden

Dekorativnolistvennye vines

Of course, almost all (or almost all) of the plants are blooming! Only some flowers large, bright, bright, and others - are small and inconspicuous. But the "other" as a rule, have a gorgeous foliage, and for which valued in garden design. Notable dekorativnolistvennye vines stands out parthenocissus.

Many gardeners do not particularly read this unpretentious vine, but in vain. First, the plant is extremely frost resistance. Second, the growing parthenocissus very, very quickly. Thirdly, it is absolutely painless transfers pruning, making it easy to monitor its growth and progress in the art of topiary. In addition, parthenocissus - densely leafy vine and allows you to create practically "impenetrable" wall of green and well protected from the sun. In the fall, this vine is so ornate and colorful, which successfully replace any fall color.

Ivy growing "slowly but surely". His curly greens is an excellent cover for the shady corners of the garden. It can be used to decorate the tree trunks, compress on the Alpine hills and in the rose garden. In addition, the Ivy is perfect for vertical landscaping walls, given that it preserves the green color in winter. And in addition, this does not destroy or brick or concrete, or wood

Conditionally dekorativnolistvennye vines (after all, they bloom!) Include hops, Actinidia, Chinese magnolia, honeysuckle-Perfoliate. Honeysuckle flowers short-lived, but it has unusual shaped leaves and bright (but inedible) fruit. Lemongrass and actinides, in contrast, is often grown as a horticultural crops. But hop, of course, beautiful and pyshen. But once set him in his garden, get rid of it you can hardly. Creeping hop roots entangle the entire area, releasing more and more new shoots in all corners of the garden.

So be careful when choosing such plants. They can be very aggressive, and like weeds, will bring you a lot of hassle or even intractable problems. Be sure to check for any surprises or "dirty tricks" are capable of vines that you are going to decorate your garden, using them as green walls or roofs.

 vines in the garden

Liana with beautiful flowers

Flowering vines in the garden - it's just a godsend for any landscape designer. They can be completely transform any garden, turning it into a work of art. Covered with flowers arches and pergolas and become so-called "twist" or perfectly complement the already established architecture of the garden. They can be used as a groundcover, and for decorating buildings, and make certain elements of the bright terrain.

"The most-most" of them - is climbing roses and clematis. They rightly top the list of flowering vines for the garden. No other plant (from a number of these) are not able to compete with them on the beauty and splendor of flowers bloom. Therefore, it is for them - a little bit more.

Climbing roses. Most types of blooms only once a season, usually at the end of May and June. But they bloom! The plant is just full of flowers - is umopomrachayusche beautiful! And flowers on pletistyh roses can be white, and red, and yellow, and all shades of pink. Let the short term, but your garden (or part thereof) is shrouded in a chic pink foam. The effect is simply stunning! No one can pass by without stopping and admire your climbing rose.

But if such short-term and abundant flowering you feel inadequate, select the type of climbing rose that can bloom all summer. Yes, there are. For example, Rose New Dawn. This vigorous (up to three meters in height) plant with pale pink, almost white colors, which emit a pleasant aroma with hints of apple. The foliage in her dark green, thick and fine, with a glossy sheen. It blooms continuously, and live long. The British parks have roses in this class, which is already more than a hundred years!

Clematis - another prince of your garden. It is believed that the plant is a capricious and whimsical. This is partly true, but, tell me, who is not capricious aristocrats? Given the extraordinary beauty of clematis, some of his whim quite forgivable. The varieties of vines a great multitude, and they are divided into groups: Zhakmana, Lanuginoza Florida Vititsella. On each of these groups, you can talk a lot and forever. Therefore we note only that this classification allows grouping clematis color and shape, and flowers, as well as farming.

Other Flowering perennial vines yield and roses and clematis, but they are no less decorative, and therefore no less popular with gardeners. Campsis - woody vine with openwork foliage and red or orange-gramophones. Wisteria blooms chic pink or lilac brush, but is only suitable for the southern regions. Hydrangea winding will give you blooms in July and August. Its inflorescence in the form of umbrellas reach twenty centimeters in diameter.

In earlier periods (June, July) blooms kalistegiya - herbaceous climber up to four meters in height. It blooms profusely in small (but very attractive) terry white and pink flowers. Azarina - not very high vine, blooming in the second half of the summer until the first frost. Many species of Passiflora (room creeper known) well live in the open ground and are suitable for the garden. The flowers in her large and fragrant, like the representatives of alien flora.

Describe the diversity of perennial vines simply unrealistic. Among them are unpretentious specimens, there are those that will have to tinker. But you should be able to choose what is right for you, and it will be a real decoration of your garden. Because the vines in the garden - it's not only beautiful, but often also useful! So be sure to settle on his site a sort of "greetings from the jungle", and you will certainly be happy with the result.

 Liana perennial garden. Greetings from the jungle!

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