How to properly care for a hamster breeding period?
There is no child who has ever uttered the phrase: "I want a hamster! "In fact, observe these small animals is a pleasure: small fluffy lumps with a button-eyed, that funny little face wash tiny paws. In addition, hamsters care is not difficult: they completely unpretentious. However, buying the little animals, do not forget that it is a living being that needs attention and love. In this article we will talk about how to care for hamsters and how to create the optimal conditions for a stay.
To begin with I would like to remind you that there are several varieties of these animals. Most often in our apartments you can find the Siberian hamsters Dzhungarikov, Campbell or Roborovski hamsters. Hamsters - solitary animals, they thrive without relatives. And if you do not plan to get soon a bunch of small rodents, then buy the pair is not necessary.
So, you came home a little pussy. Naturally, the question arose - how to properly care for a hamster? Let's try to understand all the intricacies of the contents of this cute rodent.
How to choose a cage for a hamster?
First of all it is necessary to equip the animal house. Unfortunately, many people associate it with a three-liter jar or glass aquarium. However, in such circumstances, the pet will be quite comfortable. It's best to buy a specially equipped cell. Its dimensions should not be less than 50x30 centimeters, and the bars are arranged horizontally. Make sure that the gap between the bars was not too large, otherwise the animal can easily get through between them.
To the appearance of the family pet was not accompanied by obnoxious odor, you need to choose the right filler for cells. Newsprint and wool immediately move to the side, because your pet deserves the best litter, is not it? He was exactly like granulated or extruded filler, which perfectly absorbs all odors. You can sprinkle sawdust on the floor cells - hamsters love to dig into a pile of to sleep.
Be sure to take care of the drinking and feeding bowls. The latter must necessarily be two: dry and fresh food. Rodent teeth regularly wears away, so get into the cell space for the mineral stone. Toilet animal define himself, you have to be just in time to change the litter. Remember that hamsters are very active. If possible, equip the running wheel in the cage. Exactly like your pet! Just make sure that it has a solid surface, otherwise the animal can seriously injure the foot.
It is desirable site for a new member of the family to choose once and will not swap cell from place to place, hamsters do not differ love to frequent change. Of course, a cell with a rodent should be out of reach of small children, as well as possible from drafts.
Sooner or later the necessary capital cage cleaning. In this case, the guest should be transplanted to another location (here may be useful notorious three-liter jar). Litter is completely discarded, and the cells can be washed with soda or a special detergent. This procedure is usually carried out once every two weeks, and the feeding, watering and toilet seat wash when dirty.
What to feed a hamster at home?
Watch as the hamster eating - a pleasure! And increasingly, caring hosts, trying not to deprive favorite, pulled him through the bars of the cage is sweet sticks, the bread, the pieces of sausage or fried potatoes. The animal is pleased to be offering, and after all this is very bad for him. If you care about your pet and you want it to be healthy, I do not give him anything from the table! Otherwise, the animal may be seriously ill.
Feed the hamster in the home should be twice a day, morning and evening. And the evening portion of the day should be more, because the hamster - a nocturnal animal. The main part of the diet are cereal mixture. Now any pet store offers a wide range of food for rodents, so you can easily pick up the right. The amount of feed is about two tablespoons Tolowa Language. It all depends on the size of the animal. Observe how much grain eats your pet, and try to fill in such a way that was a little bit of grain in reserve.
Fresh food, which can rapidly deteriorate, it is better to give the hamster in the morning. It can be various vegetables, fruits or herbs. The only exceptions are exotic fruits and citrus. In general, if the owner adheres to the principle - "not sure - do not feed", the hamster will please him with his presence for a long time.
How to properly care for a hamster breeding period?
If you live in the house a couple of cute rodents, additions to the family pet will not take long. To offspring did not bring too much trouble, you need to know how to care for a hamster, just be born. Below we talk about it.
The first thing that needs to be done - urgently otsadit future mummy to another cell. The new house should be based on fresh litter - from her mom to build a nest for babies. Vata for these purposes can not be used as foot kids easy to get lost in the fibers. This can lead to serious injury or even death to the animal.
Often people try to make a nest as gently as possible - instead of using straw fabric, but it's not the best option. Fabric promotes the growth of bacteria, so the newborn hamsters can easily pick up an infection. Once you have noticed that the baby was fur, and they have their own travel to a cell, you can give them fresh herbs. At home, hamsters grow quickly - after 1.5-2 months can be deposited into a separate cell.
Here we have reviewed the main points of care for small rodents in the home. As you have noticed, there is nothing particularly complicated about them. The main thing is to love your pet and create all the conditions for normal life. Every pet needs attention and care - remember this and to accustom themselves to that of their children. And if you are not willing to devote enough time to your pet, it is better to hold off on buying it, otherwise no joy it will bring you.
We strongly recommend to read: How to care for aquarium and fish
What turtles can live at home
Equips turtle house
Lighting an aquarium for aquatic turtles
What's eating reptiles
By accessing the pet store, you can not help stop near the counter, where a small swimming tank funny little water bug, and are increasingly looking to purchase this cute reptile? So, it's time to bring our plans to life! However, before you dare to take such a step, remember - turtles grow quickly. Buy "desyatikopeechnuyu coin", and in a year you live in the apartment reptile that grew up to ten centimeters. And this is not the limit. Will you be ready to continue to place at the adult? If the answer is yes, let's talk about what should be the care of the turtle, to make her feel at home in an aquarium.
What turtles can live in our house?
First, let's understand what the turtle can live next to us. In total, there are three main types of reptiles:
Residents of central Russia. They can get into the house directly from their places of habitat. Characterized by a dark color of the shell (the color can range from dark olive to nearly black) and predatory temperament.
The Central Asian turtle
Large land tortoises can reach dvuhkilogrammovy weight. In nature, these reptiles live in burrows and are not very active. To keep it at home need a very spacious terrarium. Caring for these turtles is regular swimming and shell lubrication oil. As they feed suitable coarse vegetable food: cabbage, carrots, beets and tough grass.
Krasnouhov aquatic turtle
The most common type, which is most often found in the home. That's about it, we'll talk further.
Equips turtle house
For a small turtle (shell with dimensions of about eight centimeters) requires a standard 55 liter aquarium. But do not forget - turtles grow quite rapidly, so the future can be immediately reserved a larger aquarium. The smaller the space where the turtle lives, the more likely there will have to change the water. Cover for the aquarium is not essential, but desirable.
In order to understand how much water should be in the tank, just look at the tortoise - depth should equal the length of the shell (can be a little more). In order not to change the water too often, can be equipped with an aquarium filter submersible. Only it is important not to forget to change the filter material every month. You can put on the bottom of the aquarium layer of coarse gravel or a place where a few large rocks or snags - it will create in the turtle cottage sections with different depth.
Live plants in the aquarium with turtles do not use, but if you want additional decor - set some artificial twigs. Turtles can use them as an additional shelter. Just make sure that these ornaments had no sharp angles.
You must also create the aquarium small plot of land where the turtle can bask. It's enough to put on the bottom of a wooden snag inclined to some part of it extends above the water. If you have small pieces of ceramic tile, they can be glued together with silicone sealant and do for your pet whole island.
Caring for a turtle and is a mandatory cleaning akvariuma.Uchityvaya that turtles live and defecate in the water, its full replacement should be carried out every three to four weeks (it depends on the size of the tank). At the same time you need to add water regularly. The frequency depends on the amount of sauce in the same aquarium reptiles, and the availability of a filter for water purification. The main polluting factor - falling into the water leftover food. To avoid decomposition of food in the water, experts advise to feed the turtles quickly perishable food outside the aquarium.
Lighting an aquarium for aquatic turtles
It's hard to care for aquatic turtle without a properly sized lighting. These reptiles need two types of lamps:
UV fluorescent lamp
UV lamps it is necessary, or without UV portion of the turtle does not absorb calcium and die. So young turtles often perish individuals with "soft-shell". This occurs when the blood calcium level decreases reptiles. It is important that the lamp power was 5% (possible). This lamp must be placed at a height of 30 centimeters over the place warm. Over time, the amount of ultraviolet radiation generated by the lamp is reduced, so you should promptly carry out their replacement (about every five or seven months).
For him, use standard incandescent or if you want you can buy a special reflector lamps in a pet shop. The power of such tubes depend on how high can fix them, and the mean temperature in the room.
What's eating reptiles?
Proper care of a turtle - is primarily properly selected diet. Some pet owners are fed a pelleted feed, but it is wrong! Let's look at what must be present in the menu of your bug. Small carnivorous different individuals, although they can eat a lot of plant and animal feed. In order to meet all their needs in food of animal origin, it is possible to offer them small crickets, earthworms, frozen krill or fry guppies.
A daily diet of aquatic turtles should be: the leaves of cabbage, lettuce, turnip greens, dandelion, all water plants. Sometimes a pet can offer grated carrots or sweet potatoes. Taking into account the taste preferences of the young turtles, do not expect that they are happy to pounce on any proposed plant food - most likely they will ignore it. But that does not relieve you of the obligation to regularly provide their pets green. Then you can be sure, if you want green turtle - it is her will.
Often the owners of reptiles forget the correct vitamin supplements, but it is quite wrong. The easiest way to give the turtle a mineral food - roll it earthworm. To mineral mixture is not washed away, it is better not to put food and stretch out on the tweezers. Should be used to feed any mineral admixture with vitamin D3 and calcium.
If bugs are very small, they can give up to eight pellets of dry food a day, dividing it into two. Or replace 'suhpaek "on the big green leaf lettuce, pre-shredded. Aquatic turtles ingest food, while under water, so they do not need to leave food on the beach, you can just throw it in the water. And not eaten the remains clean after a while.
Little bug first time can be very picky eating habits and give up the pellets. But they just will never be against the live food: moth or Tubifex. So please be patient, as they grow older discerning pet will have a big appetite.
Care bug should bring you joy, but in this case, both will be satisfied: both you and the pet. If you are too busy, and the circumstances do not allow animals must pay attention better to wait with the purchase. Otherwise, the content of the turtle will turn to you in an annoying obligation, which can cause illness and even death pet.