I can not believe, but until the early 20th century, all without exception was natural perfumes. Cleopatra, the greatest beauty of the women, has also become famous and that artfully created spirits with his hands, exotic refined aromas which became part of the witch queen charm.
But rather the development of chemical science and industry has brought about changes in the perfume industry - synthetic products appeared. The synthesized flavors, of course, as soon as possible to reduce the cost of goods, although this has been lost exclusivity perfume. The fact that the perfume that was prepared from the same color, but collected at different times, will naturally have a different flavor, and synthetic perfume a certain mark always will smell the same.
However, everything is back to normal. The increasing popularity of aromatherapy, a fairly wide range of essential oils and absolutes again aroused interest in the almost forgotten art of natural perfumery: spirits, made their own hands. Perfume Oil, perfume solids, alcohol and without alcohol, deodorants, eau de toilette, perfume and perfume cream pencil - all this can be done by hand at home. The main advantage of natural compositions is a unique opportunity to invent your own, not like the other flavors playing various combinations of essential oils. It should be noted, and the therapeutic effect of such spirits as well-chosen aromatic oils equilibrated general condition of the whole organism, as well as struggling with stress.
To master the craft of perfumery is not difficult: first the availability of enough creative imagination and a good knowledge of the theoretical basis. Over time, it acquired the experience and skills honed inveterate perfumer. In the end, create a perfume with his own hands - an exciting experience!
Types of handcrafted spirits
So, to create natural perfumes, essential oils need and the foundation or supporting substance: base oil or alcohol. The same aromatic oil in alcohol and oil will smell completely different.
Perfume oil (wax based) are generally more durable, but they are restrained fragrance; alcohol - more saturated and intense, but quickly run out of steam. The spirits of the oil does not require prolonged exposure, they can already enjoy a day of preparation, whereas alcoholic spirits differ long period left standing: from 2 weeks to 3 months. In addition, the alcohol mixture can be applied to hair and clothing of sbryzgivat.
As the basic components of a natural perfume used such oils: jojoba, cocoa butter, wheat germ oil, grape seed, olive, almond. Almond oil is an excellent solvent esters and their fixative smell. Moreover, it effectively cleans and moisturizes the skin. Spirits with their hands on this basis you will get in just a few minutes, just pouring two or three drops of a mixture of selected oils in a container with one teaspoon of almond. A jojoba oil is extremely stable to oxidation and good mixed with any flavors.
When you first decided to mix the flavors to your taste, you start with a small number of different essential oils. All essential oils can be purchased at specialty stores, special cosmetic departments of supermarkets and online stores.
The structure of the handmade perfume
Getting manufacturing handwritten spirits Master the basics to start structuring fragrance. Know that all the classic perfume compositions comprise the principle of a combination of three basic notes, each of which represents a specific flavor or a mixture of smells of varying intensity. And together they are a three-phase odor:
heart of the perfume,
foundation or base spirits.
The first phase (or head of spirits), as a rule, consists of perfume materials that evaporate quickly: nutmeg, basil, thyme, lavender, rosemary, bergamot, lemon, orange oil, and so on. This top note in the composition is of great importance, because it creates the very first impression of the perfume and the like prepares us for the main flavor.
The second phase (heart perfume) is the primary aroma of perfume. It connects the head and the base, and is usually made from materials already slower evaporation, which can be combined in a composition, shading and complement each other: sage, palmarosa, juniper, ylang-ylang, wild lily, jasmine and rose.
The third phase (foundation base) perfume consists of substances with the lowest threshold of evaporation, which keep the skin longer than any scents. This vanilla, tuberose, cassia, patchouli, cedar and sandalwood. They also added the smells of fruit, musk, oriental spices, moss and so on. Some essential oils often pass from one group to another. The only necessary condition - that it does not violate the integrity of the compositions.
These phases appear only in a specific sequence. For 5-30 minutes, the smell changes, and already after a few hours on your skin will only "heart note". And after 12-24 hours you will feel the smell of a base note, which is and will remain until the flavor will disappear. That is why the choice of the smell reminds us a little planning for the future: what will first be that further, and that in the end.
How to spirits with their own hands?
To start, three would be sufficient for each of the oil phase (music) fragrance. But, for example, flower oils of jasmine and rose significantly expensive. Therefore, until you decide what direction you like flavor, it is best to use these available oils like myrrh, geranium and ylang-ylang. In addition to the essential oils you need the base or base (support). For this purpose, as already mentioned, it is suitable alcohol or one of these oils.
Also, you'll need small vessels to dispense and mix essential oils. Vessels can be anything - a bottle, bottles, flasks capacity from ten to one hundred milliliters. Keep in mind that they should be quite bulky, so that it may be convenient to mix the oil. At the same time, the vessel should not be too large, because less air enters the container, the better.
In general, anyone who begins to engage in perfume and thoroughly examine the recommendations of how to make the spirits with his own hands must get all the appropriate accessories:
smelling paper strips of 10 cm for the combination of essential oils;
convenient mixing container;
pipettes for measuring the amount of material required;
nice bottles, which will be bottled spirits.
In order to determine the flavor you will need smelling paper strips. That is, good absorbent strips of paper, by means of which typically tested flavor. They really needed - if you "taste" the flavor straight from the vial, then you do not get to experience all of its nuances.
One way to mix different oils is different wetting these papers smelling essential oils. Then determine the suitability of fragrances to each other, evaluating the various combinations thereof. That's taste the flavors of professional perfumers. While you still can not understand what would be the final character of the fragrance created. Firstly, the fragrant substance in the final form, diluted to a concentration of 4% to 25%, which, naturally, considerably changes their "sound". Secondly, any perfume must ripen 2-3 weeks to form his final scent.
Please take note of the base (phase) that you like the most. For example, oil of patchouli. Patchouli is very powerful and versatile flavor. That is why it is best combined with any note mild base, such as an oil or vanilla, tonka bean. The next stage of one drop of patchouli applied to the paper smelling strip and one drop of vanilla oil to another. Trays them cross over, but without adding to each other, to the nose. You assess whether you like a mix of odors. If you like it, then you add both of oil into the prepared container.
Try gradually to document each step, you have to record the exact amount of each oil used for fragrance. You should also record and a company from which you bought a particular oil. Such documentation, of course, is not mandatory, but it will then recreate a favorite flavor.
Thus, if the base note like, it is possible to add a note to the heart. By patchouli suitable rose or geranium. And patchouli perfectly combined with oil of ylang-ylang. And as the head notes of patchouli and pink in a mixture it is possible to add red orange, patchouli and bergamot-ilangovuyu mixture.
Once you have mixed all the ingredients of perfume, can be secured by a food flavor vanilla, vanilla and benzoin. In the 19th century it was used for musk and amber, but they are very expensive, and in many countries even banned for sale.
Then a bottle of perfume must be placed in some dark place for 2-3 weeks for ripening. It should be noted that the flavor of alcoholic spirits will subtly change every day, and even after this period. For this reason, many perfumers recommend the composition to stand for 2-3 months, and sometimes up to six months.
Only when the spirits are ripe, they have a flavor that has to remain with them forever. Some perfume ingredients are merged with each other in such a surprising manner, that is sometimes difficult to distinguish between what is included in the present composition. In any case, the smell of perfume will change and become complete. During ripening flavor you can add to his composition the components of which, do you think that is not enough, or when one of them, on the contrary, proves too dominant.
Driving recipes and handcrafted spirits
So, we offer a basic diagram of the preparation of spirits with his own hands: the recipes presented below are based on essential oils with the substance of alcohol or other oils. To get a 25% concentration of fragrant substances, this substance is necessary to add a fifth of the essential oils. If alcohol is used, it is added at the end of a further 2% of purified water. If alcohol premixed with glycerin, it will soften it a rather sharp smell, and perfume is more durable.
These recipes are calculated on the amount of perfume carrier substance that is 25 ml. If you need just 50 mL, then double the specified number of used oils.
Spicy, but light scent with oriental motifs.
two drops - carnation flower
two drops - Flower of cinnamon
two drops - Honey
two drops - Rose
two drops - Vanilla
One drop - Musk
One drop - Tonka
One drop - Coriander
One drop - Basil
eight drops - Bergamot
seven drops - Cedar tree
five drops - Geranium
Five droplet Lemon
five drops - Orange
Four drops - Clary sage
four drops - Lavender
Spirits "Delightful Eve"
Very feminine fragrance with a delicate combination of floral and citrus notes.
Fifteen drops - Ylang-Ylang
eight drops - Rosewood
five drops - Jasmine
five drops - Palmarosa
five drops - Bergamot
five drops - Mandarin
five drops - Sandalwood
Four drops - Vanilla
two drops - Musk
Spirits "Magic Flowers"
This floral bouquet with a barely-perceptible note of fresh herbs.
twenty drops - Ylang-Ylang
ten drops - Petitgrain
ten drops - Bergamot
six drops - Rosewood
Four drops - Vetiver
two drops - Jasmine
two drops - Tuberose
two drops - Rose
One drop - Musk
One drop - Tonka
One drop - Moss
Solid perfume handmade
If alcohol-based perfumes should brew for 3-4 weeks or longer in a dark place, the solid perfume made with your own hands, you can start using immediately. It is a perfume based on wax and oil.
For their preparation is necessary to take oil odorless. Perfect for those purposes fractionated coconut, almond, jojoba, vitamin E.
Take the oil and wax in a ratio of about 1 part of wax to 2-2, 5 pieces of butter 2 tablespoons oil and 1 tablespoon of wax.
Heated wax in a water bath, bring it to a liquid state and heating oil. Oil mixed with wax and add the composition of the essential oils. Selected essential oils mix in advance and add directly to the foundation.
All the stir stick thin and quickly pour into prepared pan. Thereafter, the mixture was quickly solidifies.
So make a solid perfume with her hands. In their manufacture must also take into account that the wax has its own smell. Alternatively, you can certainly use a purified wax. Or choose essential oils, which are very well go to the wax (citrus, ylang-ylang). Besides beautiful wax retainer, long retaining odors.
Knowing how to make perfume your hands, do not worry that someone will repeat the same prescription. Because every time it will be slightly, but other spirits, because exactly "to the molecule" not possible to measure all the ingredients. And as a reward for your work, your skilled hands and a rich imagination you get exclusive fragrances that will help you create the perfect mood and even restore internal harmony.