Painting on silk - this ancient and beautiful art exciting. Huge selection of different paints, pigments and contours help to create magnificent works in a variety of styles. Softness flowing fabric, amazing play of colors - this kind of handiwork can not capture. It allows you to create unique with their own hands and unique fabrics. They can be used not only for decorative purposes but also for authoring product. It can be an elegant card, artistic panels and even a delightful exclusive scarf. All of these things bring joy and to their creator and the person for whom they were intended.
This technique, as a kind of applied art, a textile style. It is an excellent example of a traditional Azerbaijan scarf handmade, which is manufactured according to old technologies. Products, mainly created by applying the reserve line on the fabric that are limiters for dyes. Painting on silk fabrics - batik, it is the direction that allows you to create wide patterned line, leaving part of the fabric is not dyed.
For modern and traditional techniques of silk painting characterized by a combination of color spots, lines, ornaments and decorative painting. The most common textile planar graph has character, and it lacks both the front and the back. In general, there are a number of decorative techniques of painting on silk, each of which has its own traditions.
Equipment and materials
Usually, seeing the magnificent works of the masters, many light up the desire to try his hand in this matter and to do painting on silk. Such enthusiasts are interested in what you need for painting on silk. For this technique, there are many devices, but it is possible to begin to engage in, even with only the most necessary equipment.
Easy pongee - excellent material for emerging artists. This fabric is suitable for training exercises and probes, as well as for making holiday cards, scarves and paintings. In operation, as you gain experience, you can try to work with other types of silk fabrics.
- Dyes and paints for silk
- Outlined mixture and gutta
Drawing lines servants painting on silk barrier by spreading paint on fabric, is an indispensable element of this technology. Barrier line applied with Gutta contour and other compositions.
There are special metal packings which can be attached to the spout applicator thickness control circuit. Issued nozzle diameter 0, 3-1, 0 mm.
To change the method of spreading the paint to dye for silk add special thickeners.
He applied to the fabric in order to change the ability to absorb dye silk.
They are used for producing showy patterns based on the change of texture pattern.
For convenience, silk painting pull on the frame, which contributes to the correct and uniform distribution of the dye. More effective are special slide frames of different designs.
These include cat and hooks for tension silk on the frame, forms for callers, flat and round brushes of different sizes, the tube for drawing reserve and others.
The basic techniques of painting
Almost all kinds of silk painting executed on fabric stretched over a frame. The first and one of the key steps is to create a contour line. She applied reserving composition that creates a barrier and prevents the paint spread. For accurate contour line requires a certain skill that comes with experience. Figure can be applied using a template or directly by hand. It is certainly more difficult, but it gives you a certain freedom of imagination, because you will be able in this way to express their individuality.
To create a very interesting paintings can be phased application circuit colorless reserve. To do this, use the line reserve, which is needed to control the distribution of dyes and delineate the outline drawing. When working in this way lines less visible, resulting in a less generic and softer images.
When phased application outlines the role of decorative line is minimized. But you can create unique patterns using an invisible line reserve. With Hutten, a water-soluble wax or reserve, you can apply the desired pattern, and then, after staining, remove completely with the contours of the finished product. For precise geometric patterns or borders should learn to apply the straight lines. They are after a bit of practice you can draw by hand. To begin the exercise, you can, putting a long line of two cubes.
Using thickeners for paints, image on a fabric can be applied by stamps and seals. Novice master these aids can be purchased at a special store, where there is a fairly wide range of finished products with a variety of impressions. Skilled craftsmen create unique patterns, make your own stamps, or to order.
- The painting "wet on wet" to create a watercolor effect
When using this technique takes the free flow of color. At a time when spreading paint on fabric stops the decorative layer is formed, which is called "streaks". If you place the water streaks in certain places, they can be made part of the picture. Especially beautiful it looks in the landscapes where portrayed trees, mountains. The plant motifs with decorative streaks can create outlines of flower petals and leaves streaks. This is a fairly difficult technique, because it is necessary to be able to control the movement of dye.
- Work with effektarnyh salts
Dry salt has the ability to absorb a liquid paint or dye, allowing you to create amazing "frosty" patterns. Size patterned color spots can be adjusted using the salt crystals and granules of different size. With the help of table salt can be made quite small points, and the use of economic and special batik effektarnoy salt helps to get a bigger picture.
Sol when using this technique on silk crumbles while the paint is still wet. Salt can not absorb the dye and form a pattern, if the fabric has dried up. In this case, instead of spectacular flowing pattern of divorces turn out smaller stars. Unusual image is formed when around each crystal salt is its coverage.
- Using primer compositions
Zagustitelnye compounds alter the ability of the dye to flow freely on the fabric. But you can change and absorbency of the tissue. After processing, silk special compound that prevents the absorption of liquid paint is easily applied to the material, even without the use of reserves.
Priming compositions are transparent or white. They are applied on the entire fabric as a whole, and at any particular site. When the primer dries, silk behaves like a dense, dry paper, hold dyes in places where they are applied. At work, you can stick to the contours under the padded fabric sample or effectively create, following their own imagination. The application of primer mixes silk gives a certain stiffness, so these products are used where softness and drpiruemost not very important, for example, panels, postcards, covers for pillows.
- Creating patterns of water divorces
To create the most impressive streaks using a consistent application of the dry areas of painting layers parozakreplyaemyh dyes, alcohol, water or solvents. Each subsequent application of dye or other fluid pushes the previous layers of paint, creating a so-called "wrinkled edge." If the subsequent coat is applied, when the fabric is still wet, the effect produced by streaks, softens. In this case, the pattern of the fabric appears lighter lines or elegant ring.
Here, briefly listed the basic techniques of painting on silk, with which you can create gorgeous highly artistic products for interior decoration of his house, and exclusive fashion accessories for your own wardrobe. If you decide to seriously engage in this fascinating business, you will learn additional techniques and others where you can not only work with a smooth silk and velvet with silk. In the meantime, you should learn the basics of skill. And believe me, painting on silk bring you real creative pleasure!