the causes of asthma in cats


  • Causes
  • Symptoms and first aid
  • Treatment of asthma
  • Helpful hints owners

It is believed that cats suffer a little. And if you get sick, then cure them quite easily. This is partly true: the cat is actually able to heal itself. However, there are diseases that can not be cured by yourself. For example, a cat or a cat with asthma can not be cured completely, but alleviate the condition of the animal can and should be.

Therefore, treatment of the disease requires not only the intervention of a veterinarian, but competent care for the animals.
Back to contents


Unfortunately, the causes of such diseases as asthma in cats remain outstanding until the end. However, we can say for sure that the disease is allergic, but the decisive factor - a genetic predisposition. Therefore, most cats suffering from bronchial asthma, found among the Siamese and Himalayans. But the age of the animal or the floor no role here is not played. Nevertheless, as with any allergic diseases, asthma has at its "Provokers".

Among the causes that provoke attacks and acute illness include:

  • acute respiratory infections,
  • dust
  • contaminated air,
  • tobacco smoke,
  • emotional stress,
  • pollen,
  • chemical fumes.

However, any upper respiratory tract infection and any air pollution can be a predisposing factor. And it is very important to recognize the symptoms of asthma is to appeal to the vet and help the animal.

 treatment of asthma in cats
Back to contents

Symptoms and first aid

For asthma attacks are characterized by bronchial spasms and dyspnea expiratory. The reason for this becomes pathology mucosal appearance thereon ulcers and erosions, an excess of viscous mucus, edema and inflammation, as well as bronchial smooth muscle hypertrophy. Cats, like humans, this results in shortness of breath, wheezing, and accompanied by wheezing. You may see coughing, it seems that the animal got something in my throat. This cat sits, cranes, opens mouth and starts making rapid intermittent breaths.

So look directly attack the symptoms of asthma in cats. But you should pay attention to other symptoms that should alert you:

  • rapid fatigue after exercise;
  • whistling sounds when breathing;
  • shallow and rapid breathing;
  • hunched back and neck extended in a sitting position.

However, the shortness of breath appears not only in asthma. Therefore, a diagnosis solely on the basis of these symptoms can not be. However, when the first similar symptoms should immediately contact a veterinarian. If this happens during the holidays or in the evening, you should call the emergency veterinary care. In any case, you can not all ride - the attack did not take place, the animal should be assisted.

But also do not need to panic. An asthma attack often looks eerily, and the animal is frightened of this state - a feeling of inability to breathe. Therefore, there is fear of a cat, the animal may start to rush, or vice versa fall into a state of torpor. Your task - to calm the animal. In no case do not try to catch the cat and push it to carry. Remember that at this time your pet is not feeling the best, he is weakened, and the careless handling and excessive agitation will only worsen his condition.

 asthma treatment with antibiotics
Back to contents

Treatment of asthma

Once in the veterinary clinic will be diagnosed with asthma at your cat, the doctor will prescribe medication. Remember that you can not completely cure asthma. Therefore, the whole purpose of treatment is to reduce the frequency and duration of attacks until they complete relief.

Usually asthma in cats are treated the same way as in humans - corticosteroids to reduce inflammation of the bronchi and beta2-agonists for relief of attacks. Of course, the doctor will determine the severity of the disease and, depending on this, prescribe appropriate treatment. But you can not hurt to know that there are several treatment options.

  1. Injection. Pros - easy use of drugs. Cons - the systematic and long-term treatment in this way may develop kidney failure or diabetes.
  2. The drug in pill form. Pros - continuity of care due to a constant concentration of drug in the body. Cons - inconvenience and side effects, as well as intramuscular injection.
  3. Inhalation. The most common variant of asthma in cats. Pros - the impact of the drug directly to the bronchi, the lack of systemic effects on the body. Cons - the need to purchase a special device for inhalation.

Generally, treatment by inhalation may be combined with a dose. The point is that inhaled drug takes effect after about 2-4 weeks after starting treatment. Therefore, at the initial stage of treatment is ensured by means of tablets, and in severe cases - injection.

In addition to the medical treatment of a cat with asthma shows a relaxed lifestyle, lack of stress.   Remember that the most innocuous at first glance, change habitual emotional background cat can trigger her asthma: change of residence, the guests, the appearance in the house of small children or other animals. To calm agitated animal veterinarians are advised to use a special flower essence. It can be soothing to drip into the mouth of the cat or put a few drops on the inside of the ear, and then grind them. Such drugs can be used every 15 minutes to complete sedation of the animal.
Back to contents

Helpful hints owners

Treat the animal, of course, necessary. But do not neglect the elementary rules of hygiene - this will help cope with the disease of your favorite cat or at least reduce the frequency and duration of attacks. So do the house systematic wet cleaning. In the heating season, try to use a humidifier and use a vacuum cleaner with water filter. Ventilate the apartment, do not smoke in the room, refuse houseplants that can trigger an allergic reaction. As the cat litter, use clumping agent. In no case do not pour into the tray fillers based on chalk or clay, or even better - turn your cat into the tray with the grid.

And most importantly - take care of your pet, be with him affectionate and patient. Remember that we are responsible for those who tamed.

 How to treat asthma in cats?

 how many times a day to feed a kitten


  • Feeding newborn kitten
  • Feeding after the first month of life
  • Useful tips

If you are interested in, what and how to feed the kitten, then appeared in your house is squeaky miracle Yudo on thin legs and a quivering tail, which promises to grow into a brutal handsome and imposing cat or turn into a self-sufficient and self-satisfied cat. But it will be then. And now your house is announced heartbreaking cries, stop that is only capable of another portion of food, intended for issuing these sounds puny calf. And stop the cries for long.

A few hours later you will run back to the kitchen in order to cook food for your pet loudly. And once again become a wonder, how often and how much your eating is not yet grown up pet. And this can go on indefinitely. To know more, how many times to feed the cat, until she came out of such a tender age! Do not despair - we'll help you: Tell us about how many times, as well as exactly what you need to feed a small kitten. We write everything in weeks and months of his first year of life and introduce you to the rules of feeding. And if you're ready for this educational program, then let's get started.

Feeding newborn kitten

Unfortunately, sometimes the newborn kittens left without a mother, and sometimes a cat for any reason, can not nurse. That is when a person has to serve as a nurse and nurse the helpless kids. Of course, completely replace the mother cat person is not able to, but to help it survive the kitten is quite capable.

Immediately reservation that feeding of a kitten - work very, very troublesome and least responsible. Without food the baby will die, and it will have to feed you very often. In addition to the feeding regime you should be familiar with the technique of feeding a newborn baby. Weight gain - the main indicator by which to judge the development of the baby. Therefore, the first two weeks of his life you have to weigh the kittens every day. And from the third week, the baby weighed every three days. Note that from this point the weight of a small cat will grow faster than the weight of the cat.

Slow weight gain indicates the wrong mode of feeding or insufficient food. Newborn kitten weighs eighty to one hundred and thirty grams - it all depends on the breed of the baby. Within a week of its weight should be doubled, and then every week to increase by about one hundred grams. Kittens eight weeks of age weighing approximately one kilogram.

The first thing you need to do - to buy at the pet store cat milk replacer, or learn how to cook the mixture for feeding. Cows are usually (and even goat!) Milk is not suitable for growing kittens as protein content therein ten lower than in milk cat. For the preparation of an infant formula to be mixed four parts cow (boiled) milk and one part of raw egg white. All that is necessary to whip until homogenous and heated to the desired temperature. You can also use baby food for infants. Here are just feeding the little cat to breed this mixture should be twice thinner than for the child.

Feeding schedule is built directly dependent on the dynamics of weight gain kitten. Every day, his weight should increase by approximately twenty grams and grams per dialed added four to five grams of infant formula. But how many times a day to feed a kitten, it can be seen from the graph drawn up.

  • First week

The first two days the baby is fed every two hours, day and night. The third, fourth and fifth day - every two hours during the day and night, every three hours. On the fifth to seventh day the baby is fed every four hours. In the first week the temperature of the mixture should be 38-39 degrees, and its volume - 30 milliliters per hundred grams of weight kitten in the first four days and 38 milliliters per hundred grams in the remaining days of the week.

  • The second week

Toddler continue to feed every four hours, day and night. The volume of food remains at 38 milliliters per hundred grams of weight kitten. But the temperature of the mixture for feeding lowered to 30-32 degrees.

  • The third week

The amount of food was increased to 46 milliliters per hundred grams of weight kitten. The temperature of the mixture was lowered milk to 28-30 degrees and continue to feed the kitten every four hours during the day. Babies who are breast-feeding to begin to lure the fifteenth day of their lives. But bottle-bait is put only on the fourth week of life.

  • The fourth week

You can start to give kids other products: scraping or twisted in a meat grinder lean beef, lean cottage cheese, egg yolk. But it is worth to continue to feed them formula. The temperature of the cooking from now brought to room temperature, and its volume remains the same - 46 milliliters per hundred grams of weight kitten.

The first ten days of newborn kittens fed only formula. On the eleventh day it is necessary to gradually accustom babies to solid food. The easiest way - alternate the milk mixture and very liquid porridge. Only sugar in any case can not be added to any mixture of any semolina gruel.

The first four weeks kitten should be fed only by pipetting very small nipple or the syringe without a needle. In the fifth week of life should begin to teach a cat to a small bowl. This usually occurs quite easily. Tiny mouth smeared porridge or milk mixture and fed to a small bowl - hungry kitten begins to lap alone.

 how many times a day to feed the cat

Feeding after the first month of life

From the second month of the infant formula ceases to be the main food kitty. With this age the baby needs to be fed other foods, but up to three months, the mixture should be given in the form of bait. After the first month of life in the menu for kittens include almost all the products that feed and an adult cat. By the way, high-quality ready-made food with premium may also be included in the diet of kittens. It is important that such a diet has been designed specifically for kids. But up to six months it is better to feed the kittens natural food. So, turn to the diet of your pet following products.

  • Raw or boiled beef or chicken. It is important that the meat was lean and well-milled. Boiled meat is desirable to breed milk or broth to the state of slurry.
  • Boiled fish - only boneless and only sea! The fish also need to grind into mush, and to give no more than once a week.
  • Kashi milk and meat (lean!) Broth of boiled semolina, buckwheat, rice, oatmeal and yachki. Kashi must first be liquid, viscous and then to the kid could lap them.
  • Hard-boiled eggs - also crushed and mixed with milk or broth.
  • Low-fat cottage cheese and yogurt, and other dairy drinks without sugar and flavorings.
  • Vegetables and fruits, chopped on a fine grater. They can also be, and must be given in the form of raw or cooked, adding oatmeal or ground beef.

It is necessary to include in the diet of baby vitamin and mineral supplements, especially necessary growing organism. They can be purchased at pet stores and veterinary pharmacies. Only now rely dosage and frequency of administration should be strictly in accordance with the instructions, and even better - after consultation with a veterinarian. Allowed to feed the kittens and baby food, but this food is not must be the mainstay of the diet of kittens.

The question of how many times you need to feed a growing cat remains valid for at least the first six months of her life. Before the age of three kittens are fed four times a day. In the fourth month of life, feeding frequency gradually adjusted to three times a day, and so continue to feed the growing cat or kitten to about eight or nine months. With this age the animal is transferred to two meals a day.

In one feeding the baby can be given to only one kind of food. Admittedly this does not mean that the food can not be combined. It is permissible to cook porridge with milk or meat broth, and add them to the vegetables or fruits. It is advisable to alternate different types of protein in one feeding to give, for example, ground beef, and the next time the curd or egg yolk, mashed in milk.

Most importantly - do not overfeed the baby and keep him hungry. And another important point. It was formed at a young age preferences of pet food. If you teach him from childhood to fruits and vegetables, that have matured cat they will not cause hostility. But these products - the best source of vitamins! But if regale the little kitten ready to feed, that then you are unlikely to feed the adult animal other food.

Generally, in relation to the finished feed owners should be very careful. The fact is that such foods contain various additives addictive thereto animal. Translate accustomed to the dry or wet food cat on natural food is often virtually impossible. So be careful!

 how many times a day to feed the cat

Useful tips

When feeding of kittens in addition to compliance with the diet is necessary to monitor the hygiene of children:

  • Infant formula feeding should be fresh. Store can be no longer than a day.
  • All bottles, nipples, pipettes and syringes after each feeding should be sure to wash. And at least once a day they should be boiled.
  • In the first month of life it is very important to give kids eat only the recommended temperature. The mixtures must be heated, but do not overheat. If the food cools quickly, it is possible to maintain the temperature using a water bath, or simply omit the bottle with the mixture into the hot water.
  • If a child is deprived of maternal care, it is necessary to follow its hygiene: clean the eyes, ears and nose. We need to help your child go to the bathroom after every meal. Mother licks her cubs. And you need a soft, slightly damp marlechkoy massaging baby's tummy and hips, so he relieved himself. A light and smooth massage by the tail quite make it easier.

In short, attention and care never to anyone not there redundant. And when it comes to life and health of pets, then the person has to be a caring owner. And how could it be otherwise? After all, we are responsible for those who tamed.

 What and how many times a day to feed a kitten?