causes inflammation of the appendages


  • Appendagitis
  • The concept and the main causes inflammation of the appendages
  • Symptoms of inflammation of the uterus
  • Treatment of inflammation
  • Treating inflammation with antibiotics
  • Types of inflammation of the appendages (adnexitis)
  • Diet for inflammation of the appendages and disease prevention
  • What conclusions should be made

Since childhood, our grandmothers and mothers forced us to dress warmly, so as not to get sick and do not chill feet. It is not in vain. If the legs are constantly exposed to cold temperatures, you can develop a variety of gynecological diseases, including adnexitis (inflammation of the uterus differently). We can not say that zastuzhennye legs are the biggest cause of possible diseases, rather, it is a factor for the start of many inflammatory processes.
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Female body is very vulnerable and susceptible to external factors. Stress at work, frequent travel, poor diet - all this and more weakens the immune system of our body and makes it vulnerable to any disease, including to inflammatory processes. How to avoid them or what to do when the disease has already occurred?

Inflammation of the uterus is considered a very serious gynecological diseases. The danger of this disease is that it can take place discreetly and without symptoms.

And if a particular threat to the life of girls and women, it does not carry, yet it can lead to very dire consequences - affect the ability to bear children. This inflammatory disease in one of the five cases leads to infertility.

 Diagnosis of the disease
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The concept and the main causes inflammation of the appendages

So, you first need to understand the very concept of appendages. By appendages are all adjacent to the uterus the internal organs of the reproductive system of women, namely the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and ligaments. In normal adnexal sterile and contain no microorganisms. As is well known, of the uterus are located deep inside. The main ways of inflammation may be the following:

  1. Ascending path. It is characterized by the penetration of microorganisms through the cervical itself in the uterus, and then into the fallopian tubes (in severe cases - on). This path of infection include infection of the vagina, as well as the penetration of microorganisms of the urinary tract, rectum, etc.
  2. The downward path (secondary). Inflammation of the appendages in this way is considered to be quite rare. Inflammation occurs in the appendages if the abdominal cavity has been inflammatory process (e.g., appendix), which eventually spread to the healthy tissue and the uterine appendages caused thereby there inflammation.
  3. Hematogenic way. This way inflammation is considered to be very rare and exceptional. Everyone knows that blood is a completely sterile environment. If the bacteria can easily move through the blood and infect its way on the whole body (in a particular case, appendages), it can mean that the infection of the blood or have already occurred or is about to occur.

As has become clear, the most important cause of inflammation of the uterus are microorganisms penetrate into the uterine cavity in one of three ways.

Inflammation of the uterus in medicine is called adnexitis. Currently, the term is used less and less, came into use the name "salpingitis" meaning "inflammation of the pipe" or "oophoritis", which means "inflammation of the tissues of the ovary." The most common name that is used in medicine to reflect the disease is considered 'salpingo ".
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Symptoms of inflammation of the uterus

Symptoms and signs of the disease can be very different. Their expression depends on several factors. For example, they may depend on the course of the disease. It can be acute stress: in this case, the symptoms will be pronounced. The chronic symptoms are barely noticeable.

The manifestation of symptoms depends on the pathogen that has entered into the uterus, and its type.

A significant role is played by the ability of the female body to resist and fight the microorganisms arising from inflammation. Here it all depends on how the human immune system is strengthened.

One of the most common symptom, occurring during inflammation is pain in the lower abdomen, which may be completely different in their strength and nature (acute and obtuse possible pain). Often there is an increase in body temperature, sometimes even up to 40 degrees, chills. Perhaps indigestion, manifested as diarrhea, nausea sometimes even vomiting, but usually more than once, it will not be repeated.

It reacts to inflammation not only the gastrointestinal system and urinary. A woman experiencing pain during urination, which is becoming smaller and smaller.

Discharge from the genital tract is considered to be another symptom of inflammation. Selections are completely different, it all depends on the nature and strength of penetrating microorganisms. Sometimes, that are in the nature of purulent discharge, and even bleeding, but it is in the most severe cases.

 Treatment appendages
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Treatment of inflammation

If you treat inflammation of the right method, the results will be visible after a few days. However, this does not mean that we should stop treatment and forget about the problem.

Initially, it is necessary to determine the exact cause of the disease which has arisen. After the treatment is prescribed, including an antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and regenerative therapy. It is said that the healing process is fairly lengthy, requires bringing to the end.

Thus, the treatment of inflammation includes the following items:

  1. Girl or woman is recommended during treatment to completely eliminate sex normalize their food, to create a full psychological and physical rest.
  2. For the treatment of pain and swelling, doctors usually prescribe nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Such drugs include intometatsin, ibuprofen and others.
  3. Always during treatment should pay attention to their immunity and take its rise. To do this, assign a complex of vitamins B, vitamins C and E.
  4. In the case of allergic action of microbes on the female body prescribe antihistamines. It can be suprastin, citrine, and others.
  5. Treatment includes some physiotherapy. Among them, UV blood (activation of the immune system, detoxification and blood bactericidal effect), ultrahigh-frequency therapy (UHF) to the uterus, and then elektrofarez.

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Treating inflammation with antibiotics

Very often in the treatment of inflammation have a place to be antibiotics. A more effective therapy is considered to be a multi-component, which aims to impact on different groups of organisms caught.

Multiple therapy includes the following antibiotics: third-generation cephalosporins (ceftriaxone), ingibitorzaschischennye penicillins (such antibiotics as amoksiklav), erythromycin (a macrolide), and other drugs that affect the flora living in an oxygen environment.

In order to eliminate the so-called anaerobic flora which is able to live in an anoxic environment designate nitroimidazole derivatives (metronidazole and others).

Treatment includes antifungal medications. These may include nystatin, diflucan and others.

The first few days, all these drugs are administered by injection (to improve the condition of the patient). Then, it is already possible to move the drug in tablet form, and reduce the dose.

These antibiotics must help the first day after their application. If no improvement is observed, one should resort to surgery.

 Antibiotic treatment of appendages
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Types of inflammation of the appendages (adnexitis)

As with any disease, inflammation of the appendages (adnexitis) is an acute and chronic forms. Symptoms of acute and chronic adnexitis differ. For example, during an acute adnexitis there are sharp pains in the lower abdomen, extending to the anus. The pains are intense. For acute form is characterized by fever, chills, fatigue, bloating and other symptoms. If you leave an acute form of inflammation unattended in a week, it can develop into a chronic form, which is characterized by blunt abdominal pain, menstrual disorders, pain during intercourse, decreased libido, diseases of the genitourinary system (cystitis, pyelonephritis). A woman having a chronic adnexitis, often observed nervousness, decreased disability.

Acute adnexitis includes two phases. Phase with predominance of aerobic flora is known as toxic, because there are symptoms of intoxication. There is also a septic phase. Here it joins the anaerobic flora adneksita heavier symptoms and complications develop. It was during this phase is the formation of so-called suppurative tubo-ovarian education, there is a risk of perforation.

Chronic inflammation also occurs in two ways. The first method - an infectious-toxic. There is increasing pathological secretion, there is a change in the formula of blood, begin exudative processes in the epididymis, which resulted in their pain increases.

The second way flow of chronic inflammation - the neuro-vegetative. There is a deterioration of health, the mood becomes unstable, reduced capacity for work, there are endocrine and cardiovascular disorders.

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Diet for inflammation of the appendages and disease prevention

During any disease plays a vital role is how the human immune system is strengthened. If during inflammation of the uterus to observe the correct diet can strengthen the body's resistance to infection agents and along with it to improve the metabolic processes in the focus of inflammation. Diet during the acute and chronic forms adneksita to be hypoallergenic. Such a diet completely eliminates egg whites, chocolate, mushrooms, sweets and other foods. In addition, it limits the amount of salt and carbohydrates. While inflammation is recommended to expose the food to heat treatment: boil or simmer it. The daily diet should include 2300 Kcal, among which 100 g protein, 300 g carbohydrates and 70 g fat.

Even if there is no acute adnexitis, it is still recommended to eat a balanced diet containing a sufficient amount of beneficial vitamins and protein.

Prevention of acute inflammation of the women suffering from sexually transmitted diseases, for those who use intrauterine devices (spiral) for women who had undergone surgery on the genitals, as well as abortion.

As has become clear, the consequences can be very adneksita terrible, so prevention is very necessary. Firstly, it is necessary to exclude the factors that may contribute to the acute form of the disease. Among these factors, hypothermia, various stresses, genital infections, excessive spicy food, alcohol, and many others.

Secondly, it is recommended to use a rational contraception, thus can avoid abortion. If you need to use medical abortion.

Thirdly, it is important to spend time to complete the treatment of various inflammatory diseases in the pelvic area.

Fourth, the rule is necessary to take a visit to the gynecologist every six months - a year.

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What conclusions should be made

Inflammation of the uterus - is a disease that in its advanced form can deny women the opportunity to become a mother. Treatment of inflammation of the appendages is possible, but the disease can lead to tragic consequences. It is better to prevent the problem than to solve it. Watch out for your health, visit your gynecologist regularly, excludes any possibility of the appearance of the disease. Your health is only in your hands. Strengthening immunity, nutrition, heat - all of which help you reduce the risk of this disease.

 Inflammation of the uterus: how to treat