causes of hemorrhoids


  • The causes of hemorrhoids and symptoms
  • Pain during bowel movements
  • Diagnosis and treatment of hemorrhoids
  • What drugs are used to treat more?
  • Other treatments for hemorrhoids
  • Recommendations for the treatment of hemorrhoids at home
  • Disease prevention

The medicine is meant for hemorrhoids varicose veins (hemorrhoidal veins) of the rectum.

The expansion of these veins formed the so-called hemorrhoids (nodes). They can be both internal and external. Very often, the presence of these components leads to bleeding during a bowel movement. External hemorrhoids are some education around the anus. Their size can be a pea, and can reach values ​​of walnut.

In our time, the hemorrhoid is considered a very common disease. It can occur for various reasons. Hemorrhoids are ill both young and elderly people. One reason may be sedentary and inactive lifestyle. Most hemorrhoids occurs as a result of cold anus.

Hemorrhoids in women may be a consequence of childbirth. Modern medicine allows you to get rid of hemorrhoids, remove it. Nevertheless, there are cases when the disease returns. What are the causes of this disease? What are the main symptoms of hemorrhoids are there? And how to treat hemorrhoids at home?

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The causes of hemorrhoids and symptoms

The main cause of the disease is straining during bowel. Frequent constipation can be a cause for the occurrence of hemorrhoids, because very often have to strain to make a bowel movement.

Excessive fullness, pregnancy and childbirth may themselves significantly increase the risk of disease. Sedentary work, or vice versa standing can trigger hemorrhoids. The cause of the disease may be a loss of muscle tone. This usually occurs in the elderly. The cause of the disease may be different operations carried out on the rectum.

Symptoms are usually approximately equal. The most common symptom is the appearance of blood in stool.

One of the first signs of the disease should be regarded as an unpleasant sensation in the anus. There may be a foreign body sensation, as if something interferes. During walking gravity can be observed in the stomach (preferably at the bottom). Functional bowel disorders that are accompanied by constipation and diarrhea, poor diet - all this only increases the discomfort. As developing hemorrhoids, there are even greater discomfort, itching and bleeding.

Thus, the bleeding - this is perhaps the most important sign of hemorrhoids. Perhaps bleeding during defecation, as well as afterwards. Due to the stagnation of blood in the hemorrhoidal cones there is a lack of oxygen. As a result, the venous wall weakening, exhausted and stretched. Now they are very easy to rupture and erosion, for this reason, and there is bleeding. This can be a slight discharge of blood, and possibly intensity, a blood streams. Blood cover feces from above without mixing with them.

It is said that the bleeding from the anus can be a symptom of other diseases, for example, it may be a symptom of malignancy inside the rectum. When this symptom immediately contact your doctor who will help deal with the exact cause of the bleeding.

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Pain during bowel movements

As already stated, the pain may occur during and after the process of defecation, while walking, while sitting. Pain can not be considered characteristic symptom of hemorrhoids. Having said pain is usually available on the associated diseases including inflammation can be pinching hemorrhoids and thrombosis. And the pain may indicate the beginning of an attack of acute hemorrhoids. Pain may also occur in the case of the formation on the walls of the anus fissures. Pain may be so severe that the patient will not be able to move around and sit. And any physical activity (even a cough) can only increase the feeling of pain.

Hemorrhoids may be accompanied by itching in the anal canal. This itching is a result of irritation of the skin around the anus during a mucous discharge from the rectum. Erosion walls hemorrhoidal cones (nodes) can also cause itching sensations. Such skin irritation can trigger the development of eczema.

Hemorrhoid symptoms is the release of mucus from the anus. Well, the most important symptom, confirming the presence of the disease, should be considered as loss of hemorrhoidal cones. Loss of cones from the rectum is the result of a gradual shift towards the anus. Attempts during a bowel movement or a long stay in the closet only contribute to this process.

There are several stages of the disease. So, at the first stage of hemorrhoids fall out only during defecation, and after its completion independently reduce a.

The second stage of the disease is characterized by loss of hemorrhoids, not only during a bowel movement, but also in various physical activities. At this stage, the nodes will not reduce a self, and requires reduction (mechanical action).

For the third stage is characteristic loss of hemorrhoids, even at the slightest physical exertion, and they alone will not reduce a.

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Diagnosis and treatment of hemorrhoids

Diagnosis of the disease includes the examination of the rectum and the anus of the patient. As a result of this examination the doctor can detect and internal hemorrhoids. Sometimes, diagnosis requires X-rays.

Hemorrhoid treatment was practiced in ancient times. Nowadays medicine has gone far ahead. Modern methods of treatment of hemorrhoids are divided into operational and conservative.

Most often practiced conservative method of treating a disease. If conservative treatment has not given his results and hemorrhoids developed to the third stage, already requires surgery.

The disease can be cured at any stage. But it is necessary to understand that the treatment takes too much time. It must necessarily be complex. The sooner you address the problem to the doctor, the easier it is to cure the disease.

Conservative treatment is also divided into general and local.

General treatment involves the use of special equipment that can improve the tone of veins (phlebotropic drugs) and to stimulate blood circulation.

Local treatment is aimed more at the prevention of inflammation of hemorrhoidal cones, thrombosis, to reduce the pain and to stop the bleeding. Topical treatments have analgesic action, healing, able to relieve itching, inflammation. Typically, these formulations are presented as trays, ointments, suppositories and micro-enemas. The most effective combination therapy should be considered, which will combine as a means of local and general preparations for the treatment.

To relieve pain in the anus often used local anesthetics (combined), which are presented in the form of ointments, suppositories and gels. Sometimes used and non-narcotic analgesics, which are able to eliminate the sensation of pain.

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What drugs are used to treat more?

To eliminate the pain caused by formed anus fissures spazmoanalgetiki using various anesthetics sprays, drugs, which include those available nitroglycerin, special adhesives.

To eliminate bleeding drugs used in the form of suppositories containing epinephrine. Collagen hemostatic sponge is used as a topical treatment. If bleeding is very strong, there may be special intravenous hemostatic drugs.

With existing inflammatory processes recommended enema containing special substances that can reduce the irritation of the mucous tissue of the rectum.

General treatment involves the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers and applying phlebotropic drugs.

Sometimes it is considered appropriate to the use of anticoagulants. As a rule, they are administered in the case of thrombosis of hemorrhoids. Cases when thrombosis is accompanied by inflammation that goes on subcutaneous tissue. For this reason, the treatment should be general and local. In such circumstances, most often prescribe a combination of drugs, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and thrombolytic effect. In parallel, it is recommended to use the ointment, and has anti-inflammatory effect.

To normalize the blood flow in disorders mikrotsirkulyatrnogo nature and prescribed acetylsalicylic acid, along with low molecular weight dextrans.

Increasingly, treatment of hemorrhoids includes data and special herbal baths, herbal compresses on the anus. These trays can be easily done at home.

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Other treatments for hemorrhoids

Modern medicine has welcomed malotravmiruyuschie treatment of this disease. Such methods include the monopolar coagulation, cryotherapy, infrared coagulation, biopolyarnuyu coagulation, sclerotherapy, doping latex rings, laser coagulation.

These treatments are contraindicated only in cases when there is thrombosis hemorrhoid lumps (nodes), chronic and acute abscess or other inflammatory processes and diseases of the perineum and anus.

Infrared coagulation is appropriate at the first or second stage of the disease. CQI implies thermal effect on hemorrhoids, resulting in their death and they painlessly removed. After this procedure the pain disappear and the patient feels fine.

The essence consists in the use of cryotherapy special cryoprobes are cooled with liquid nitrogen. As a result, the procedure hemorrhoids are frozen and die. The downside of this procedure is the inability to control the depth of the impact and obrazovavshieya on frostbitten places wounds can damage the rectum.

Biopolyarnaya coagulation involves the impact on the current hemorrhoids. All of these procedures are performed by specialists.

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Recommendations for the treatment of hemorrhoids at home

To prevent hemorrhoids, it is recommended after each bowel movement carefully and gently wash the anus. Water should be warm, and wipe the anus with a soft cloth, gently applying it.

Home treatment of hemorrhoids implies regular intake of warm baths. They are able to relieve pain and itching.

The use of anesthetic ointments can help ease the pain and remove the tumor. Among these ointments Hydrocortisone.

The walls of the house can be carried out and sclerotherapy. It involves the use of special solutions that promote tissue scarring.

In the most serious cases of possible surgical removal of hemorrhoids formed.

Treatment of the disease at home may also include a special recreational gymnastics. But before proceeding to the gym, you should consult with your doctor. Did you have any contraindications. Fitness training can be different. It includes exercises to help strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor and anus. It may be crossing the legs, all kinds of flexion and extension, walking with high lifting hips and many other exercises.

During treatment to eliminate the use of alcohol, spicy and salty foods. You must eat foods that contain fiber.

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Disease prevention

Hemorrhoid treatment at home includes a set of different procedures, local treatment with various drugs. But it is possible to avoid the disease.

Proper nutrition will prevent this disease. In the daily diet must include fresh fruits and vegetables, containing in its composition coarse fiber cereals and whole grain breads. Drinking more liquids (at least 2 liters per day). During a bowel movement should not be much strain.

When even the slightest symptoms of the disease as soon as possible to seek help from a doctor. And then, you may be able to avoid unpleasant consequences. If you remain undiagnosed, it is not necessary to self-medicate, it can only worsen the situation. We wish you good health.

 The treatment of hemorrhoids at home