early signs of breast cancer


  • If any symptoms should immediately raise the alarm?
  • What to do if you suspect breast cancer?

In recent years, the rapidly growing number of women who are diagnosed with breast cancer. This disease is very important to identify as early as possible, so every woman should know how to look like the first signs of breast cancer.

The earlier the disease is detected, the more successful the treatment will take place.

 breast self-examination
Back to contents

If any symptoms should immediately raise the alarm?

  1. The emergence of discharge from the nipple. If the nipples are periodically released from the liquid (it can be any color from clear to bloody or purulent green) should immediately consult a specialist and undergo an examination. A characteristic feature of these selections is that their appearance does not depend on the phase of the menstrual cycle of women.
  2. The appearance on the skin of the breast and nipple small wounds. With further during the course of these diseases will move into the wound ulcers, skin lesions and can be quite extensive, so in any case can not let this process take its course.
  3. The increase in the size of lymph nodes. One of the first signs of cancer is swelling of the lymph nodes in the armpit, which may be accompanied by painful sensations.
  4. Availability seals in the mammary gland. It should immediately be said that the presence of seals in the chest is not a reason for panic. Most of them end up being benign disease and in such a case can be treated successfully. Such seals can be found on their own, so every woman, regardless of age, should regularly conduct a manual breast exam, which can be easily held in the home and without assistance. At the first visit of mammalogy need to ask him to demonstrate how to examine breasts.
  5. Changing the color and appearance of the breast skin. In oncology color on the location of the tumor can be pink or purple. It may be observed peeling or swelling of the skin. If a show of hands above his head on the skin of the breast becomes a depression or a so-called "orange peel", as well as the original lines and wrinkles, you need to seek immediate medical attention.
  6. changing shape of the breast or nipple. If it affects the body's breast cancer can change the shape of the breast: it becomes flattened, or, conversely, elongated. Also alarming is the fact that her nipples become sunken. The stronger the running condition, the greater will be drawn into the nipples.
  7. The emergence of pain in the chest. They do not occur in all women who have subsequently discovered cancer, but the probability of their occurrence is still quite large. We should not confuse them with the usual soreness and swelling of the breasts during certain phases of the menstrual cycle.
  8. Irritation or a sharp increase in nipple sensation, pain or swelling. In addition, the nipples may appear small abrasions or wounds.

 signs of breast cancer

Back to contents

What to do if you suspect breast cancer?

In the presence of at least one symptom of the above as soon as possible to see a doctor. No need to panic because of the fear of an unfavorable diagnosis of hearing put off a visit to the mammologu. There are many different means of diagnosis of cancer at an early stage. All of them are absolutely painless and available to every woman. Official statistics indicate that at least 70% of women who have found each year breast cancer is the first step are treated and completely get rid of the dangerous disease. The main thing - time to discover and recognize the disease.

It is therefore necessary to regularly self-breast examination for the presence of seals and the changes in the mammary gland, and certainly one annual visit of mammalogy and 1 time in six months - a gynecologist. In addition, for every woman no harm will be 1 time in 3 years, and examined by an endocrinologist. You should never self-medicate. Only the timely examination and care of your health can help prevent breast cancer.

 Symptoms of early stage breast cancer

 causes cervical erosion


  • What distinguishes regular cervical erosion of innate?
  • Erosion: we treat?
  • Therapies

Cervical erosion - a fairly common disease, which is associated with the violation of the mucous membrane - ie epithelium of the cervix. This pathology is found in 15% of women under the age of 45 years. As a rule, reveal erosion during normal gynecological examination. The doctor is easily distinguished from the altered portion of the surrounding healthy tissue at a pink-red color and the characteristic grain.
Back to contents

What distinguishes regular cervical erosion of innate?

Congenital cervical erosion is considered to be a natural process occurring in the body of a young woman or girl. Uterus - the main organ of the female reproductive system consists of 3 main parts: the cervix, isthmus and uterus. The cervix looks like a cylinder with a channel inside which connects it to the uterine cavity. Channel cervix (ie cervical canal) from the inside is lined with a thin layer coating the unique fabric called columnar epithelium. This protects the fabric against bacteria, physical and chemical damage. The epithelium is 2 types: cylindrical - inside neck and flat - out.

Initially, a newborn girl cylindrical epithelium is located outside. However, with age, he gradually moved into in the normal physiological development. There are cases when this process is slowed down, due to which a woman has cervical condition is maintained as in girls. To this effect a few reasons: age, heredity, hormones. Upon detection of this pathology doctor makes a diagnosis - congenital erosion.

 methods of treatment of cervical erosion
Back to contents

Erosion: we treat?

Most congenital cervical erosion treated is not required, as it passes on their own after hormonal shake.

This usually happens during pregnancy, puberty in girls, or after birth. In the body, the natural processes occur which lead cervix in normal state.

So do not be surprised if the doctor will claim that erosion better not to touch before delivery. It is not at risk to the fetus during pregnancy and often resolves.

Among the methods of treatment of congenital erosion is considered to be the most rude moxibustion. Before delivery is the treatment used is highly undesirable, as it may adversely affect the elasticity of the cervix and the process of disclosure. As a result, these natural moxibustion points are violated.

When such a phenomenon in women is not accompanied by inflammation or other infections or illnesses occur annually rather a gynecologist. If you notice inflammation or infection doctor will do the necessary examination, and then prescribe appropriate treatment.

In addition to the examination and consulting a doctor, you should regularly take a smear on sowing and infections (chlamydia, ureaplasma, HPV, myco-plasma, etc.) And vaginal flora. But today the main procedure that allows an accurate diagnosis - examination of the cervix under a microscope, that is colposcopy. It allows you to see the exact clinical picture.

Be especially careful to pregnant women who have HPV detected because of erosion can occur degeneration. In this case, treatment of erosion lay before birth, her conduct surveillance and provide the safest way to treat infections. The fact that the infection can bring both mother and child are much more harmful than the elimination of prenatal congenital cervical erosion.

 laser therapy
Back to contents


Today, many doctors offer treatments for diseases of the cervix, including:

  • Medications. The use of antibacterial drugs (tetracycline ointment sintamitsinovaya emulsion and so forth.), As well as means to promote more rapid healing (rosehip oil, sea buckthorn oil, etc.), Now considered obsolete and ineffective treatment.
  • Chemical removal of erosion. It is used when there are warts or struck only superficial tissues. When pathological processes affect the deeper layers, a chemical partially affects the diseased tissue, resulting in erosion remains in the same place or progressing.
  • Diathermocoagulation (electrocautery). The method is used only for the treatment of erosion in parous women, it promotes scarring that narrows the cervical canal, which at birth can cause rupture or serious damage to the cervix.
  • The use of liquid nitrogen - Cryotherapy. It's pretty gentle and painless method that is not conducive to the formation of scars. The depth of penetration of the substance is sufficient to treat a slight superficial lesions of the cervix and genital warts removal. The procedure is not carried out in the presence of deep or serious injury. The effectiveness of the method is 54, 96%. Appointed by nulliparous women.
  • Laser therapy. This is an effective modern method of treatment. During the procedure, while the affected tissue is removed, the bleeding stops. The method is painless and safe, it is possible its use in nulliparous women because it allows you to remove accurately the existing damage.
  • Radionozh - radiowave surgery. The procedure for using the radio is the most effective and sparing surgical technique. Based on the mechanism of action radionozha energy radio waves. The main advantage - cuts (do not burn!) Damaged area, after which it can be sent for histological examination and accurate diagnosis. This technique is a safe method, since the device is not only removes tissue but also stops began as a result of surgery bleeding. The method is suitable to different women, including those who are planning to conceive in the future.
  • Excision of the cervix. When the results of the biopsy showed malignancy, treatment should continue at the oncologist. Treatment is successful in most cases, especially if the problem is discovered at an early stage of development. The operation can take place using radionozha.

Sometimes erosion does not resolve either during puberty or during pregnancy and childbirth, developing into a more serious disease. In this case, it is impossible to delay treatment, otherwise the consequences can be very sad.

 How to cure congenital cervical erosion?