Ultrasound in early pregnancy


  • What is ultrasound
  • Why do pregnant women need to do ultrasound
  • Decrypts the tests correctly

We all dream fully carry and give birth to a healthy baby. But, unfortunately, unhealthy lifestyle, poor diet, heredity, awful environment and many other factors can affect fetal development. And as a result, are born babies, who often do not live up to one year. Ectopic, false pregnancy, tumors (malignant and benign) - all this is a danger to the life of the girl.

To avoid such risks, the doctor may prescribe a pregnant the ladies set of tests, including an ultrasound. Sometimes women are afraid to take such studies because they believe that this could harm the unborn baby. In fact, nothing wrong with that. The main thing - do not be afraid.

What is ultrasound

Ultrasonography (ultrasound or echographic research) are often appointed by the fair sex in early pregnancy (in this case we are talking about it on the first trimester). It is necessary to identify some hidden pathologies and abnormalities that represent a threat to the mother's life or affect the normal development of the fetus.

The most preferred time for ultrasound at this stage is the period from the 7th to the 14th week. Previously, it makes no sense to do so, as the unit may simply not see the child. By the way, overseas doctors did not keep records of women whose gestational age is less than a month, since up to this time the girl can occur miscarriage.

 Uzi at early pregnancy

Why do pregnant women need to do ultrasound

Many of the ladies are interested in that can show the device in the first trimester, when the embryo is just beginning to develop. But not for nothing that the doctors sent for examination expectant mothers. So, let's see with what problems are solved ultrasound early in pregnancy, as well as why you should not delay the visit to the doctor. Sonographic study helps:

  • identify the pregnancy (the fetus entrenched in the uterus);
  • confirm that it is developing;
  • identify an ectopic pregnancy;
  • assess whether the size of the gestational sac deadline alleged pregnancy (gestational age is generally calculated from the first day of the last month);
  • define multiple pregnancy, if this is the place to be;
  • determine what, on any wall of the uterus was attached chorion (later the placenta is formed from it);
  • study the structure of the fetus (measured kopchikotemennoy size, nuchal translucency to exclude gross fetal malformation, etc.);
  • identify signs of a wrong development or the presence of complications during pregnancy (a local increase in the tone of the uterus, the presence of hematoma, etc.);
  • study of the corpus luteum, which plays an important role to maintain pregnancy;
  • assess the state of the appendages to identify bicornuate, saddle uterine fibroids and other pathological conditions, if a woman had not made ultrasound.

Holding ultrasound in early pregnancy can be performed transabdominal (through the abdomen the fetus can be seen from the filling of the bladder) and transvaginal (through the vagina) sensor. In the latter case, the accuracy of the study. Besides, transabdominal ultrasound is contraindicated incontinence, diseases of the genitourinary system (cystitis, urethritis, pyelonephritis in the acute stage). Plus, it helps to throw the microorganisms in overlying departments.

If the ultrasound beam is dosed accurately (taking into account the gestational age), this kind of study does not represent any particular risk to the mother or fetus. So do not be afraid of ultrasound follow prejudices, postponing the visit until later. By the way, for this procedure you will have to resort to two more times - in the second and third trimesters.

 correct ultrasound in early pregnancy

Decrypts the tests correctly

Determine whether there is an embryo (the so-called baby up to 8 weeks of development) in the uterus, a good ultrasound machine may have a 5-6 weeks. In parallel, the doctor assesses its cardiac activity. For this purpose it makes registration of heart rate. Normally they range from 110 to 130 beats / min.

If strikes occur much less frequently, then there are less than 100 beats per minute, an urgent need to address to the gynecologist. As this may indicate a possible abortion. Also, adverse symptom is finding a gestational sac in the lower part of the uterus. This suggests that at any moment can occur miscarriage. Requires urgent treatment if fetal heart still beating - then the child can be saved. If there is no rattle, then it suggests developing pregnancy, which is not stored. There is only one solution - induced abortion.

In order to detect the early stages in the development of defects incompatible with life, you must carefully examine the anatomy of the fetus. Up to 11 weeks can be maintained so-called physiological hernia of the anterior abdominal wall, in which the intestine is outside. Up to 11 weeks, this is normal and is regarded as a normal stage of development of organs and systems of the fetus. Therefore, in this case it is not necessary to panic. However, if this anomaly persists after this time limit, it requires dynamic monitoring.

From 11 th to the 13th week, it is important to assess the magnitude of neck area. If it is more than 3 mm, you will need to conduct some research in the second trimester to rule out fetal malformations. These symptoms are characteristic, such as Down's syndrome and disease. In the second trimester ultrasound is performed and prenatal screening of, for who takes blood from a vein and study certain indicators.

It is very important in the process of ultrasound early in pregnancy to evaluate the yolk sac, as it ensures the normal development of the baby. The yolk sac is a thin-walled formation of a rounded shape, which is inside the 6 th to the 12 th week. Poor if, after the 8th week its size less than 2 mm or more than 5, 5 mm, and when it disappears before 12 weeks or later stored. In this case, such an anomaly is regarded as an unfavorable sign. Rather, it points to the developing pregnancy and requires prompt treatment.

Raising the tone of the uterus and the presence of a hematoma (accumulation of blood between the placenta and the uterine wall) - all this is regarded as a sign of threatened miscarriage. In this case, need urgent medical care. If the time does not go to the hospital, the mother and the child may die.

Thus, ultrasound early in pregnancy provides very important information that allows you to quickly identify possible complications and to prevent their development. That, in turn, will provide in the future birth of a healthy baby and give you the happiness of motherhood.

Please note: our days on the echographic study directed all pregnant women of the fair sex. So do not worry and panic before receiving assays. Indeed, in this period it is very important to maintain mental and physical balance. And then in your life will be all right.

 Ultrasound in early pregnancy: why it is needed

 vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy


  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • The threat of miscarriage
  • The reasons not directly related to pregnancy
  • Causes of bleeding
  • What to do When you select?

For pain in the abdomen during pregnancy should be taken very carefully. Even in early pregnancy such pain can talk about serious complications. There is a complication or not, and the pain is just a consequence of intestinal colic, can tell a doctor.

Ectopic pregnancy

Pain in the lower abdomen on one side could be a sign of ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy - the development of the embryo in the fallopian tube, ovary or in the abdomen instead of his natural development in the uterus.

In the first weeks of this pregnancy develops as normal, as long as the embryo does not increase so much that burst fallopian tube. There is usually at 1, 5 months after conception. Therefore it is desirable after a woman held a pregnancy test, seem gynecologist to rule out ectopic pregnancy.

Obstetrician-gynecologist can detect a normal pregnancy to increase the uterus, but sometimes to clarify the diagnosis, he sends a woman on the ultrasound that is exactly where it is fixed to the ovum.

Signs of an ectopic pregnancy may be different, but the pain in this case there are always. Sometimes it is very sharp sudden pain, dizziness and loss of consciousness - a sign of a sudden complete rupture of the fallopian tube and massive internal bleeding. In this case, a woman can save only the timely arrival to the hospital and surgery.

Sometimes the pains are severe and are accompanied by mild spotting small - of bleeding is not very abundant. This is a sign that a partial rupture of the fallopian tube. This state also requires immediate hospitalization, as it can be complicated by significant internal bleeding.

If a woman was found ectopic pregnancy until pain and bleeding, it is possible to remove the fetus endoscopically without removing the fallopian tube. This allows the woman to maintain fertility.

If the operation is carried out by emergency indications, that is, against the background of rupture of the fallopian tube, the operation is carried out in the usual way, fallopian tube, or part of it is removed in the future on this side of the ovary can not take part in the process of procreation.

 spotting in early pregnancy

The threat of miscarriage

In some cases, a woman can start a spontaneous miscarriage. Most often this occurs against the background of hormonal deficiency. The main pregnancy hormone is progesterone, which inhibits contraction of muscles of the uterus.

In case of insufficient production of progesterone uterus begins to contract and pushes the fetus out of her cavity. Therefore, many women in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy are appointed by the synthetic analogs of progesterone (utrozhestan).

Some women are prone to recurrent miscarriage. This happens most often when cervical incompetence (CIN). CIN - a condition in which the place of transition of the uterine body in her neck (isthmus) and the cervix itself can not cope with the growing burden on the part of the uterus and begin to prematurely open.

The cause of CIN are most often injured isthmus and cervix during previous births and abortions. Location injury heals connective injury, loses its ability to stretch, which leads to miscarriage.

With the threat of miscarriage in the abdomen appears aching increasing intensity, extending to the lower back and groin, and bleeding from the genital organs, and sometimes complete bleeding. If you suspect that a miscarriage a woman should be hospitalized as soon as possible. With timely helping it, you can save the pregnancy.

The reasons not directly related to pregnancy

Abdominal pain can occur when intestinal colic. Despite the fact that intestinal colic directly not related to pregnancy, they often occur against the background of pregnancy, since hormonal changes are always reduced motor activity of the intestine and women throughout pregnancy concerned constipation and bloating (flatulence).

Both of these factors can cause intestinal colic - pain in the abdomen, which can be localized on one side.

Abdominal pain in pregnant women may not have any relation to the pregnancy. For example, pain arising from appendicitis. This pain may also occur in the sudden right abdomen down and release, into the groin.

Similar pain may also occur in other diseases of the abdominal cavity, requiring emergency surgery. Helping a woman can only timely appeal for medical help, and perhaps - surgery.

  1. Cystitis and other diseases of the female urinary system

    The ureter is located next to the internal reproductive organs, because this pain is often confused with the "gynecological". Usually, the pain occurs suddenly in such cases, has a "piercing" character. To join abdominal pain and frequent painful urination.

    Treats genitourinary system urologist. Run the disease should not be, because it is an infection, unsafe for children. Folk remedies, such as bearberry and help bad, but the doctor can prescribe effective medicines approved for use in pregnant women.

  2. Bowel problems: diarrhea, constipation, bloating

    It should be noted that the last 2 - common in pregnant women. Constipation is caused by a decrease in physical activity, the displacement of internal organs due to the growth of the uterus, poor diet, lack of use of fluids.

Correct diagnosis can put the surgeon. If pain persists for an hour or two, but only increases should not all be blamed on an intestinal disorder and drink products such as "smectic" is very dangerous. At the time not spent surgery can lead to peritonitis.

Unfortunately, there are events that can actually become quite alarming bell, testifies to the fact that pregnancy is not too smooth. For example, doctors often hear complaints about the fact that in early pregnancy women notice brown discharge and feel pain in the abdomen.

Causes of bleeding

Of course, brown spotting and pelvic pain at any pregnancy - alarm, including at early m. But is the appearance of blood indicates trouble? Doctors say that there is.

While this does not mean that it is permissible to leave the phenomenon unattended - if you notice brown spotting, seek immediate medical help! But let's take first things first. For a start, to find out what can cause bleeding in early pregnancy.

  • Implantation of ovum

Sometimes spotting appear at very early stages, when the woman does not even know about her pregnancy - a few days after conception. To be more precise - brown discharge may appear about a week before the expected date of the onset of menstruation.

Selections are dark brown, and they are extremely poor - to mix them with monthly impossible. And the reason for this daub - the introduction of a fertilized egg in the uterine lining. This is a completely normal physiological process and fear in this case, you have nothing.

But only if you do not feel any discomfort - pain in the abdomen and back muscles, general weakness. And only if the sparse brown discharge and do not last for more than a day. If the blood is red, or it just as much as during normal menstruation - hit the alarm!

First of all you need to do a pregnancy test to make sure that this is not just a heavy and painful menstruation. And if the fact of your future is confirmed, immediately consult a doctor - a very high probability that you began the rejection of the ovum.

And if you will not timely provide appropriate assistance, you can lose a child. And for God's sake, do not listen to counselors, who say that such bleeding - simple washing of fruit.

  • Starting miscarriage

You learned about the pregnancy, the future Pope made happy and just got used to the thought that soon will become a happy mother. But after only a few weeks and at one point, is not you notice the laundry brown discharge.

The reason only one - starting miscarriage. Despite the rather unpleasant title, this process is reversible in most cases. But only if the expectant mother will receive the necessary medical care as quickly as possible. Thousands and thousands of just such pregnancies doctors successfully saved.

  • Missed abortion

Sometimes, brown discharge in early pregnancy may be indicative of a much more sad state - of missed abortion.

If you missed abortion for one reason or another, in most cases, have remained a mystery to doctors, the fruit ceases to grow and just naturally die. In the early stages of pregnancy to note this is not so easy and the allocation of brown is one of these signs.

If you missed abortion scant brown discharge, viscous consistency. In addition, a woman may experience a number of other symptoms - painful aching feeling in the lower abdomen and in the lumbar region, abrupt cessation of toxicity, reducing the previously swollen breasts.

Unequivocally confirm or deny the fact of missed abortion can only gynecologist. Yes, and then only after a number of studies - a blood test at the level of hormones, ultrasound of the uterine cavity.

If the diagnosis is confirmed, the woman will need medical care. Unfortunately, it is impossible to save this pregnancy, because it is, in fact, no longer. And the only thing a doctor will do - remove from the uterus lost ovum, using curettage. Do without this unpleasant procedure does not work, because otherwise there can be inflammation of the uterus and sometimes even sepsis.

Surviving missed abortion very difficult, because it is a serious blow to the psyche of women. But do not despair - most of the time a woman becomes pregnant soon enough, and gives birth to a beautiful baby. Cases of recurrence of missed abortion are rare and the probability that it will take you to the process is negligible.

  • Ectopic pregnancy

The most frustrating reason for which may appear brown discharge in early pregnancy - is an ectopic pregnancy. Moreover - if there was bleeding, can not linger for a minute - it shows that the fetus has reached critical dimensions.

So, as soon as the fallopian tubes, in which the developing embryo may burst. Such bleeding is almost always accompanied by a very intense pain, did not notice that it is simply impossible.

And if the woman will not be given immediate assistance, complications can be very serious, even fatal. But in fairness it should be noted that such a cause of bleeding in early pregnancy is extremely rare - of course, if the expectant mother regularly visits the doctor.

The level of modern medicine is so high that allows you to define an ectopic pregnancy in the very first week. That is why doctors strongly recommend that a woman does not wait until the last, and contact your gynecologist immediately, how to find out about her pregnancy.

  • Cervical erosion

If the expectant mother notices the brown discharge after sexual intercourse, or pelvic exam on a chair, most likely no cause for concern. In the early stages of pregnancy, under the influence of certain hormones, the cervix begins to bleed easily, even by the slightest touch.

But such bleeding continues for long - at most a few hours. However, a doctor should still warn - most likely, it will replace the manual ultrasonic inspection.

  • Inflammatory process

Very often, but still there are cases when the brown discharge are the consequence of a strong inflammation of the pelvic organs. However, the shade of brown will be slightly different - closer to dark yellow. And besides, such allocation is almost always accompanied by a very bad smell. In addition, there may be pain in the abdomen, weakness, fever, general malaise.

Somehow it is assumed that during pregnancy all gynecological diseases bypass the mother-side. However, in reality it is not so! It is during pregnancy aggravated all the chronic sores, and even new and strive trailers.

But even a harmless inflammation during pregnancy can negatively affect both the self during pregnancy and the health of your unborn child. Therefore, to ignore the malaise in any case can not be - the sooner treatment is started, the better for mother and baby.

 unpleasant vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy

What to do When you select?

In any case, that would not have caused the bleeding in early pregnancy is very important to follow the correct sequence of actions. Of course, the self itself competent help, you will not. But it depends on you a great deal - if your behavior is true, physicians will be much more likely to save the pregnancy. Well, or at least reduce the damage to your health to a possible minimum.

  • Do not panic

Maybe this advice will seem strange to you, but it is very important - to stop the panic! It is natural that you are scared, worried for her baby. But remember - your panic will not stop bleeding. But to strengthen its very high and can likely do it. Try to relax, breathe deeply - a couple of minutes you will be much easier.

  • Call the "ambulance"

Notice the blood on the underwear? Regardless of its many or just a few drops, immediately lie down, or even sit down, if there is no place to lie down. Do not try to get to the clinic or hospital on their own - either by car or even more by public transport.

Until the doctor is not allowed, you must observe complete rest. Therefore, the most reasonable cause brigade "first aid", which, if necessary, will take the future mother to the hospital, observing all safety precautions.

  • Follow the advice of a doctor

So, the doctor discovered the cause of bleeding, and appointed you to the appropriate treatment. Your main task - to strictly implement all the recommendations. If the doctor is trying to keep the pregnancy, it depends on your behavior much of the success. If you had an accident and lost the baby, treatment is aimed at restoring your health, so after a while you can again become pregnant and have a healthy baby.

Very often women make the same mistake - perhaps feeling better, they stop taking prescribed medications, violate the day and so on. And in the end harm themselves abdominal pain should be expected.

  • Abstain from sex

If pregnancy is able to maintain, it is important to give up sexual relations at least a half or two months, after sexual intercourse sometimes provokes abortion. Besides, careless actions men can injure the cervix is ​​very sensitive, it can also lead to a new bleeding. As a rule, men are sensitive to this - the main thing that you explain what it was.

 Spotting in early pregnancy - see a doctor immediately!