Recently, in the office of gynecologists are increasingly starting to sound such a diagnosis as polyp uterus. And more often than anything with this pathology are found not only women who have reached 50 years, but also very young girls. What is this disease, how to treat it and what are the consequences for women's health?
On these and other questions you can find the answer in this article. And we start with, find out what is a uterine polyp. Doctors this definition characterize the pathological changes and the proliferation of endometrial tissue, mostly ferruginous. Also, polyps often choose their place of endocervical localization - the inner lining of the uterus. In all the cases, the growth of polyps against the background of existing female chronic inflammatory processes occurring in the reproductive system of women.
As mentioned above, recently, doctors believed that the growth of polyps is due to the deferred delivery or heavily flowing menopause. This misconception is related to the fact that the earlier the disease is diagnosed only parous women, or those who have come or just beginning menopause. However, in recent years, this view is contradicted by the gynecologists, and multiple observations.
At present, more and more polyps in the uterus are found not only in young women, but also women who are in their teens, and not even then did not give birth, and do not even sexually active. Or the latter-day polyps in the uterus can be found out at the elderly woman, who is in menopause have a very long time.
According to the observations of doctors - gynecologists and the results of numerous studies the most common causes of polyps in the uterus are:
- Hormonal disorders caused by disruption of the normal functioning of the endocrine system.
- Chronic erosion of the cervix, particularly true erosion.
- Inflammation of female genitals, especially chronic.
Typically, polyps often localized either in the cervix or in its cavity, usually in the upper and middle parts. Much less, but still sometimes polyps are located at the bottom of the uterus.
Symptoms of polyps in the uterus
Of course, the disease, as well as others, has certain symptoms. The most important feature on the basis of which the doctor may suspect the presence of polyps in the uterus of a woman - a profuse uterine bleeding, usually appear a few days after menstruation.
In addition, if the polyps are localized on the cervix, women often during intercourse is experiencing quite severe discomfort and even pain. And after sexual intercourse in such cases very often a woman can observe spotting.
But, nevertheless, navigate and make the diagnosis only on the basis of these symptoms can not be. Before the diagnosis, the doctor will conduct the most thorough examination of the woman. Usually, the diagnosis of uterine polyps is not for the doctor - a gynecologist no difficulty. For the diagnosis of cervical polyps quite ordinary gynecological examination with special mirrors. Polyps look like pinkish formations that hang from the cervix as a bunch of grapes from the vine.
For the same, to diagnose polyps found in the uterus, it is enough to hold an ordinary ultrasound. By the way, and on the cervix polyps using ultrasound to detect as possible.
If the doctor is something confused, he may appoint a woman more research, for example, such as colposcopy, hysteroscopy, or uterography. When the doctor performs a colposcopy with a special light device a complete inspection of the vagina. If you made a thorough inspection of the uterine cavity, the procedure is called hysteroscopy. And in that case, if the X-ray examination is made of the uterine cavity, it is called uterography.
For further diagnosis of the disease can be produced diagnostic curettage. The contents of the uterus doctor will refer to the laboratory for histological examination, by means of which the doctor - laboratory determines whether the tumor is not cancerous.
Treatment of uterine polyps
As glandular and glandular-cystic polyps uterine body and cervix are only benign tumors, so the immediate danger to the health of the woman they are not. However, remember that constant bleeding with a very high probability lead to the development of iron deficiency anemia, persistent discomfort.
In addition, whatever it was, to doctors regard as a precancerous polyps of the uterus uterine disease. Therefore, the disease is in any case not allowed to leave without treatment. Polyps must be removed without fail. However, many women are afraid of panic operation.
And the most frequently asked question concerns the possibility of doctors woman suffering from polyps in the uterus, to conceive, carry and give birth to a healthy baby. One of the women says that pregnant and give birth must be prior to the surgery to remove polyps in the uterus, and who - it believes that this can be done only if the polyps have been eliminated. Who is right?
The doctors on the subject say the following. Given that one of the main reasons for the development of polyps in the uterus is a violation of a woman's body in the normal hormonal levels. Accordingly, the polyps can serve as a signal that conceiving a child and his subsequent child-bearing can be problematic. You understand that it is much more reasonable to get rid of the polyp, tested for the presence of hormonal disorders. If such violations are found, the woman will be required to undergo appropriate treatment. And only after this plan is having a baby.
But if a pregnancy, even if unintended, but nevertheless occurred, panic and despair still not worth it - even the largest polyp is no danger for the child is not. In such cases, the treatment of polyps is not performed as long as the baby is not born.
Although sometimes there are certain exceptions to this rule. In that case, if the doctor deems it necessary, he can make the removal of polyps from the cervix in women in the early stages of pregnancy. Those women who have previously had polyps in any case should not forget about this disease, since it tends to repeat itself. Regularly checkups at the gynecologist, especially the first few years after birth as pregnancy and childbirth are often the catalyst for relapse.
Generally, for the treatment of cervical polyps and uterus, physicians use surgery and following drug treatment. Especially large polyps, diameter greater than two centimeters, was removed as follows - the polyp itself is twisted, and his foot at the base of an electric current to cauterize. In that case, if a polyp is removed in the uterus, after removing purge entire uterus necessary to exclude the possibility that remain small polyps.
A few days after the removal of polyps necessary to conduct re-examination of the uterus. In case polyps appear again, they will again be removed. And, besides, the woman will be appointed special treatment gormonosoderzhaschimi drugs.