Laparoscopy ovarian cyst is one of the most common gynecological operations - it accounts for roughly two-thirds of all surgeries in the reproductive system of women. However, despite such widespread, not all women have adequate information both about the disease and its treatment on the way - laparoscopy.
And it was the lack of relevant information and leads to the fact that the woman did not notice the problem in time, and prior to laparoscopy, it is experiencing much greater than that which knows exactly what it will do the doctors during surgery. After all, as a rule, unknown causes much greater fear than the procedure itself.
What is a cyst?
Before we talk about what is laparoscopy, and how it is carried out, it should talk a little bit about what constitutes an ovarian cyst, in fact it is the main indication for operative surgery.
Thus, ovarian cyst - is formed in the body of the ovary cavity inside which there is a certain amount of liquid. And note - this cavity is not like the build-up formed on the body surface of the ovary, and it is growing inside his body. Dimensions, which has an ovarian cyst can be very diverse - from very small to very, very huge. Sometimes oral ovarian cyst is only one, and sometimes - a lot. In the latter case, the disease is known as polycystic ovaries.
As a rule, for the removal of ovarian cysts, doctors are forced to resort to a laparoscopy. However, sometimes a cyst in the ovary is resorbed completely independently, without any - any intervention on the part of the doctors, and as suddenly as it appears. However, if these cysts occur regularly, your doctor may decide to hold a special course of hormone therapy. These cysts are derived from connective tissues of the body of the ovary - and they do not require removal surgically. This kind of cyst is called a functional.
There is another group of cysts, which, unfortunately, can only be removed surgically. If such a cyst is not removed, it will grow rapidly, and as a result will inevitably lead to the rupture of the ovary - a condition which not only threatens the health of women, but also her life. These cysts are called organic. So, a little bit more about them:
The culprits of functional cysts are usually several factors - a weakened immune system, a malfunction of the ovarian hormonal background in the body. This kind of ovarian cysts occur frequently, but fortunately, they are self-absorbed rather quickly - within a maximum of two months, in the beginning of the third menstrual cycle after education.
These functional cysts are diagnosed by means of an ordinary ultrasound. Since they do not require removal, and for the diagnosis of functional cysts laparoscopy doctors use.
In that case, if after two months after the discovery of the cyst observation of doctors show that the cyst had not even begun to disperse, doctors suggest that the cyst is not functional, and therefore the treatment needs much Bole serious.
Organic cyst is a thick capsule - a hard shell and the liquid contained therein. Such cysts can be located anywhere in the ovary - both on its surface and in its body. This cyst can grow very, very quickly - in just a couple of weeks, it may increase in size in two or even three times.
Remove these cysts is necessary as soon as possible, otherwise the very high risk that is rapidly increasing in the size of the brush sooner or later lead to serious damage to the ovary.
In the event that in the ovaries of female doctor detects multiple cysts, polycystic talking about. Incidentally, it is polycystic often leads to infertility. Polycystic makes itself known by the following symptoms - menstrual irregularities, weight gain, an increased amount of hair on a woman's body. As a rule, get rid of polycystic normal hormonal therapy is difficult, and sometimes even impossible, so doctors often resort to a laparoscopy.
Laparoscopy when ovarian cysts
So the conversation went to the most important - the most to laparoscopy. As is clear from the above, laparoscopy is necessary in order to remove an ovarian cyst. Many women are afraid to carry out an operation, but it is absolutely necessary in order to avoid a number of very negative complications of the disease:
We have already mentioned several times that the greatest danger, which in itself carries an ovarian cyst - a rapid increase in size, which leads to disruption of the normal functioning of the ovary and even its rupture and extensive internal bleeding. In addition, if an ovary is damaged, it is necessary to completely remove that lead to infertility.
The ovary is low on the leg, which is necessary to ensure that it enters the blood and nutrients. The cyst often leads to the fact that the foot of the ovary is completely twisted, and as a result is fairly rapid death of tissue.
- The development of pathological tissues
As soon as the cyst grows, it absorbs more and more of healthy ovarian tissue, abnormal growths replacing them. In some, especially unfavorable cases, the presence of cysts can be a trigger for the development of cancer of the ovary.
More recently - almost a few years ago, a laparoscopy done less often. As a result, even with a small two - three-centimeter cyst doctors had to resort to a rather serious abdominal surgery. In recent years, even a very small cyst can be removed without the need for abdominal surgery, using laparoscopic equipment, without any - any effects on the general condition of the woman's body. Just a few hours the woman entirely can forget about all the troubles that are associated with disease such as ovarian cysts.
The main objective of this disease is to remove a cyst from the shells, while not injuring the tissue of the ovary. Doctors - gynecologists, women explaining the principle of the operation, citing cleaning Mandarin - it needs to be cleaned so as to prevent damage to the contents of the fruit.
The same goes for surgery to remove a cyst - it must be completely removed from the woman's body without damaging its shell - otherwise it will be spread throughout the abdomen - and at the same time without damaging the healthy tissue of the ovary. In severe cases, your doctor may decide to hold a little different kind of laparoscopy - wedge resection. During the conduct of such an operation together with a cyst doctor removes a small portion of the ovary.
Choosing a doctor
Too many women are afraid of panic laparoscopy, and in vain. In fact, laparoscopy is by far one of the most effective and safe ways to treat ovarian cysts. The most important thing to do to you - it is to choose a good and experienced doctor, for which laparoscopy is nothing - either out of the ordinary.
The most important thing that you need for successful laparoscopy - is orderly and precise movements of the doctor. It depends on the aspect if you can then have children, and what will be the risk of repeated relapse - the development of new cysts. As mentioned above, laparoscopy itself is a fairly simple operation, but it requires a doctor performing the operation, attention, accuracy and precision of movement.
After the capsule cyst is cleared, the doctor must stop the bleeding from the vessels of the ovaries, using for this purpose, special power tools. And for healthy tissue were not injured by the impact of the electric current, and high temperatures should ovary continuously cooled by means of special wetting with distilled water.
Another important point, which is necessary to consider - is the choice of doctor - anesthesiologist. After all, it depends on the extent to which the right to be made anesthesia during surgery. As a rule, doctors prefer to do a laparoscopy under local anesthesia, without the need for general anesthesia. However, in rare cases, the doctor may still accept the need of general anesthesia if the patient's condition inspires any - any concerns. That is why it is so important to choose a competent anesthetist who adequately assess the woman's condition and will pick the best option anesthesia.
Restoration of the ovary is very fast - it borders take their shape and have typical dimensions about on the second day. And their ovarian function begins to execute within one week, and sometimes even earlier. And the woman is recovering after surgery is very, very fast - the very next day she can lead a normal life - for sports, go to work, do household chores. That is why in most cases, if the overall health of women are not burdened with what - or complications, surgery is performed on an outpatient basis, without the compulsory hospitalization of women.
Other indications for laparoscopic ovarian
However, ovarian cysts - is not the only indication for laparoscopic intervention in the reproductive system of women. For example, laparoscopy is often the doctor prescribes a woman with endometriosis. Endometriosis is a rather serious disease that affects not only the body of the uterus, and ovaries. Incidentally, there is another kind of ovarian cyst - endometrioid cyst, which, fortunately, extremely rare.
This cyst leads to a significant deterioration of the general condition and well-being of women - it can stay a long time, a slight fever, general weakness, menstrual disorders, infertility. And in this case ovarian laparoscopy necessary to completely excise those spikes that arise as a consequence of endometriosis.
In addition, often used as a method for laparoscopic diagnostic examination. In the abdomen woman doctor makes a small incision, and then to introduce a special probe with which it turns all the necessary information.
Another case, which is very often requires a laparoscopy - this is an ectopic pregnancy. In that case, if the ectopic pregnancy is detected in a timely manner, with the help of laparoscopy, doctors removed the fetus from fallopian tube. Thus, physicians persists fruit without damaging either the fallopian tubes or abdominal tissue, as is usually the case with abdominal operations.
Summing up today's discussion, it should be noted that to date the most painless, safe and effective way to restore the health of women of reproductive system - this is laparoscopy. Therefore, if at the next routine inspection gynecologist tells you that you have discovered an ovarian cyst, laparoscopy will help you get rid of the problem as soon as possible, and practically without any - any negative consequences.