The one who saved one life has saved the whole world (s)
Probably each of us at least once in his life heard the expression "Children - flowers of life." To some extent this is true - every child is like a flower, as beautiful and just as fragile. All parents try to protect their children from any adversity. However, unfortunately, the disease does not ask permission nor my mother, nor my dad, and just comes and declares itself.
And sometimes kids lurk extremely serious illnesses and injuries that threaten not only the health of the little man, but also his life. That is why all parents should know the basics of first aid, to before the arrival of the brigade "first aid" to help your child.
In this article we will talk about the phenomenon of respiratory arrest. Very often on how quickly and how well received assistance depends, will the child live. Of course, at first glance it may seem that for you, this information is not useful than ever. Maybe so, and it is hoped. However, remember that no one is safe from accidents, but in the end, at any moment of absolute every child can catch this attack as sleep apnea. Doctors are three main groups of causes of sudden cardiac arrest and breathing in children: respiratory, accidents and all the rest:
- Aspiration of the airways
Aspiration child's airway foreign object overlap. Simply put, this occurs when a child than - or choked. Young children have a habit of pulling everything into his mouth, so he can choke on not only food, but also small things - eyes on toys with small parts thereof, buttons, and other things.
- Sudden infant death syndrome
Sudden infant death syndrome, or as it is often referred to as "cot death". In this case, a child dies for no apparent reason. Each year, about three out of every kroshechek hundred thousand kids mom and dad are in their beds lifeless. In most cases of sudden infant death occurs in age from two to four months and, characteristically, mainly in the winter.
Sudden infant death syndrome - a nightmare for any mother, because that is probably all heard. And of course, every mother knows that feeling of anxiety for your child is experiencing a woman who regularly listened to sniff out of the crib. Unfortunately, no such thing as sleep apnea, treatment is overdue.
In bronchial asthma in a child is a strong spasm of the bronchi. And if at the time of the attack the child does not get the medicine he needed, respiratory arrest can occur.
In addition to respiratory aspirations occasion to stop breathing may be a variety of accidents. No matter how carefully the parents do not monitor their child, all provided simply impossible. And accidents are not insured by absolutely no one. Stop breathing and heartbeat may occur as a result of child drowning, traffic accidents, severe intoxication.
The principle of stopping breathing and circulation in children is slightly different than that of adults. For adults, characterized by the fact that first of all stop the heart is usually due to ventricular arrhythmia or fibrillation, and only then stops breathing process.
The children, on the contrary, in the beginning, stops the breathing process. And then, as a result of rapidly increasing hypoxia is the development of profound acidosis, bradycardia. Only after this process is stopped circulation. For children it is typical of a much longer process of extinction of all vital functions than in adults.
This feature greatly increases the chances of saving a child's life - cardio - pulmonary resuscitation in children is often much more effective than adults. But there is a downside of this feature - a child much more likely after a near-death encounter with a variety of resistant functional disorders, especially neurological.
Terms of cardio - pulmonary resuscitation in children
Thus, the child stopped breathing. Parents should immediately call the brigade "first aid" and begin resuscitation. Cardio - pulmonary resuscitation in children is carried out as follows.
Before resuscitation, you should ensure that the child's airways are free, and if necessary, clean them from foreign bodies, or, sand, blood. You also can not forget about the ceasing of language, which significantly reduces the airway. In that case, if the child has a language primer, you simply need to tilt the child's head back - with the crumbs will yield lower jaw and tongue forward frees the airways.
- Make sure not restored if baby's breath
Once you release the baby's airway, check to see if the baby has regained his breath. Listen carefully to the baby's breath, watch the movement of the abdomen and chest. Very often the airway enough to resume spontaneous breathing process. However, remember that the cardio - pulmonary resuscitation, if necessary, it must begin as soon as possible, so to determine whether the recovered spontaneous breathing in a child, you have no more than 5 - 10 seconds.
When mechanical ventilation in infants, there are some nuances that need to be considered in order not to harm the child. And the most important of them - it's a small diameter of the airways of the baby. Because of this, the child is very high resistance to the air entering the lungs during artificial respiration, because of what the cardio pulmonary resuscitation can be difficult.
Try to determine the child's blood circulation is broken or not. To do this, you need to determine the presence or absence of a pulse in the child. Pulse on hand for children, as a rule, can only find a specialist. Parents are also much easier to look for him on the neck of the baby. Or just put a hand on his chest - if you have heart feel it.
If the pulse is OK, continue, if necessary, carry out artificial respiration. If not - will require a comprehensive cardio - pulmonary resuscitation.
Technique of cardio - pulmonary resuscitation
The child must be put on the back, making sure that nothing has been exposed to the back of the child, to avoid injury of the spine. After the child's airways are cleared, you can begin to conduct artificial pulmonary ventilation. If the aid is a child under one year of age, an adult should embrace her mouth and nose with his mouth crumbs. Children must be older than the fingers pinch the nose and cover his mouth with his mouth.
Then place the child on the chest hand so that the fingers overlap nipples on the left chest. Your movements should be sharp, abrupt, jerky. Each breath should fall three pressure on the heart. Thus, for the moment you have to do twenty breaths and compressions about sixty.
It should be done gently massage the hearts of the youngest children. They chest compressions necessary to make the tips of three fingers, in order to avoid fracture of the ribs. Of course, it is the last option, but if that happened, do not blame yourself - for rib will heal, and you have saved the most valuable thing that can only exist - children's lives!