Outside, the summer, which brings people a lot of positive emotions - the sea, the sun, a trip to the country, nature. But you never know what can come up in the summer? However, the summer in addition to all their charms, unfortunately, presents and surprises. And to know what first aid for insect bites is necessary.
Thus, for example, insect bites. It would seem a simple petty nuisance that is not worth it to pay attention to it. However, sometimes even simple mosquito bites can deliver a lot of unpleasant moments. And if mosquitoes have bitten the child, the consequences can be more serious than ordinary itchy blisters. Allergy to insect stings in children - a common phenomenon.
Well, if it is not about mosquito bites, the consequences can be very unpredictable. Here we will talk about the kinds of insect bites, their implications and treatment. Perhaps many of you would argue that not all of the following insects and are found on the territory of Russia. But do not forget that on holiday at the most prestigious resorts no one is immune from what the bites of poisonous insects will bypass them by. This is what will be discussed in this article. It will address issues such as what to do with insect bites, what are the consequences and complications.
The bites of many insects such as Hymenoptera, bugs, deer and horse flies can cause in people with weakened immune systems are very severe reaction. In addition, insect bites cause the development of children rather severe toxic reactions. These toxic effects can threaten not only the health but also human life. However, it should be noted that insect bites are fatal far less frequently than the bites of venomous Hymenoptera. But in any case, insect bites require treatment and sometimes quite serious.
By Hymenoptera scientists refer as our usual bumblebees, bees, wasps and hornets. Each of us at least once in a lifetime biting wasp or bee, so imagine what it is - simple.
Insect bites have the following symptoms:
- A sharp pain at the sting.
- Redness of the skin in the area of the bite.
- Also, very often may cause swelling at the site of the bite and around - insect stings cause swelling often.
- Almost always bitten place scratched.
However, the above described the easiest reaction to the stings of Hymenoptera, which does not require medical intervention. However, such a reaction is not always, unfortunately. In order to timely notice of complications and avoid trouble, everyone should know the possible typical human responses to stings of Hymenoptera. This knowledge is very valuable, as they can save not only your life but the lives of those around you. The following describes the basic types of reactions that occur in response to the bite of Hymenoptera:
Local reaction is the reaction of the skin at the site of the sting. If there is a person predisposed to allergic reactions to insect bites these, tissue bite largely swell sufficiently long time. Reddened skin looks, feels hot enough, pronounced soreness when touched. This severe form of local reactions to bee or wasp stings often involves a strong inflammatory process those joints that are in close proximity to the localization of the bite.
Just how serious are the consequences of the local reactions to the bites, it depends largely on the localization bites. For example, if a person has become a wasp or bee, it will receive the strongest swelling of the feet, which takes a lot of unpleasant minutes, but not deadly. However, if a person accidentally noticed on the apple or other foods and a wasp sting is in the throat or mouth, the effects of the absence of timely medical will be much deplorable. In particular, such a localization bite often leads to obstruction (edema) of the larynx and bronchi, even. What you could end - clearly and people who have no medical training.
If the insect stings a man in the eye, especially in the eyelid, the consequence could be a partial or complete loss of vision due to the development have bitten human eyeball perforation, inflammation of the lens capsular cataract. Promptly seek medical care, you can greatly reduce the risk of such complications.
- Toxic reactions to stings of Hymenoptera.
If a person is bitten by a wasp or bee more than one or two times, and a series of bites, very high chance of developing reciprocal toxic reactions. The victim says a man violent local reaction, which is described just above, and in addition a number of symptoms of intoxication (poisoning) of the body, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever and possibly even loss of consciousness.
In that case, if the body of the affected person is particularly hypersensitivity to bee stings, to the above symptoms are often joined by a severe headache, tremors and muscle spasms, and even seizures. When time begun treatment symptoms of toxic reactions disappear after only a day.
- Anaphylactic reaction of the human body.
Anaphylactic, or as it is often called a systemic reaction of the human body to Hymenoptera stings. These reactions can be very different - from light to lead to death within minutes after a sting. As a rule, it can be assumed to be as violent reaction to an insect bite. Generally, the faster the first symptoms begin, the more pronounced they are, the harder it will be a reaction. In the beginning, a man celebrated itchy eyes, watery eyes, swelling of the face. Following them on the body of a man bitten by a rash similar to burn from the nettles, and a dry cough.
If you do not immediately provide medical assistance to the affected, will develop more and more new symptoms, such as abdominal cramping, severe exhausting vomiting, cyanosis, wheezing, laryngeal spasm, and even pulmonary edema. In severe cases, there is an allocation of bloody sputum, involuntary urination and defecation, shock and death. On average, death occurs within 30 - 40 minutes, and very rarely - for 3 - 5 minutes.
Remember that often the common local reaction may progress rapidly and spill over into anaphylactic shock. It is difficult to independently determine what is actually going to be a reaction to a bee sting. That is why the manifestation of the first symptoms should immediately call an ambulance or independently to deliver the injured person to a medical facility, not looking at a child bitten by a bee or an adult. A stinging insects bites can be quite severe.
- Late reaction of the human body to an insect sting.
Sometimes a man bites a wasp or bee, he rubs the bite and forget about the bite. And after 10 - 14 days, the person starts to complain of fever, rash, headache, inflammation of the lymph nodes and malaise. No one in the head does not come to associate with each other it discomfort and insect bites. And instead of looking for the cause of sickness, need to remember how to treat insect bites.
Prevention bee stings
In the beginning, you must give one simple but very important tip. If you stumble upon a swarm of bees, in any case, do not make any sudden movements - the most common mistake - to start waving. Thus you will only attract more attention to insects. Try a brisk pace to leave the place clusters of bees, possibly leaving through dense vegetation - such as bushes.
In no case do not kill a wasp or bee, being in close proximity to their relatives. Crushed insect allocates special substances that cause a swarm into a real rage. Thus, you are putting yourself at risk of attack other insects.
In the area of residential and outbuildings each spring to do a thorough inspection of the territory, in order to identify wasp and bee nests. These jacks should be destroyed on a regular basis, as they become available, up to the frost. However, remember that this type of work entails a certain risk of being bitten, so it is better to entrust this work a special campaign against insects. And if in your locality such companies do not, then the person who has no known tendency to allergic reactions to stings of Hymenoptera.
If you suffer from allergic reactions to bee stings, in any case, when you travel out of town do not be tempted to go barefoot on the grass - there are often a bee or wasp. To nothing to expose themselves to additional risk sting.
There is one little trick, which consists in choosing the right clothes for trips out of town. Avoid bright colors of clothes, and give preference to neutral tones - green, beige, white. Bright colored clothing attracts insects.
Also Hymenoptera often attracted to different scents perfumes. Try before you travel out of town to not use aftershave, shampoo with a pungent odor, perfume, toilet water. It also greatly reduces the risk of a bee sting.
If you often leave the cottage or the village, working in the garden or the garden, wear clothes that cover the arms and legs. When choosing clothes try to avoid clothing with lots of pleats, which may get entangled insect. Remember that clothing made from leather and suede able to infuriate Hymenoptera.
If a person is allergic to stings of Hymenoptera, it is in any case should not mow the grass, picking flowers. They also need to be very careful during picnics, as well as some fruit trees, especially if they are under the spoiled fruit.
First aid for bee stings
As is clear from the above, all cases of violent reactions to Hymenoptera sting mechanisms should be treated by doctors. However, very rarely exposed person to bee or wasp bite in the hospital waiting room. And that is why first aid for insect bites should be provided immediately and on the spot.
First aid for insect bites should be as follows:
- In that case, if the wound from the bite left a sting, it is necessary to remove as quickly as possible. It is particularly important to do this in the event that multiple bites. This need is due to the fact that the bag of poison continues to pulsate for some time after a bee or wasp killed.
In no case does not remove the sting by hand or forceps - thus you only squeeze out the remains of the poison in the body of the victim. To remove the tip, wipe the bite cotton swab moistened with any alcohol-containing liquid, and then wrap the thread around the sting, cross the ends and pull sharply. This allows you to quickly remove the sting out of the bite.
- After that must be applied to the affected area with ice. Fit even improvised means such as a package of ravioli from the freezer. Ice will stop the further spread of edema, and largely prevents the absorption of the poison. Ice can be left on 30 - 40 minutes, then it is necessary to make a ten-minute break.
- If there is a antiallergic agent, you should immediately give them to the affected person. The same applies to analgesics, which are able to greatly reduce the pain and discomfort of the affected person. In that case, if the bite occurred in the arm or leg, the injured person should be packed and a little lift limb - it will help to significantly reduce the swelling.
- You can also lubricate the bite with hydrogen peroxide or salt water at the rate of 1 tablespoon of salt in a glass of water.
- Before the arrival of the doctors of "first aid" let the affected person drink as much as possible.
Biting flies and mosquitoes
As is known, wasps and bees - are not the only insects whose bites can cause quite serious complications. Next in frequency are bitten by mosquitoes. Mosquitoes belong to the order of small blood-sucking insects. They live mainly in the southern regions with dry and hot climate. The main danger of mosquito bites - is the risk of transferring infections such as Bartonella, fever and malaria.
Mosquitoes are most active in the evening, just before sunset. The most common mosquitoes bite a person in the street, but sometimes mosquitoes pass through the open windows and doors in the room.
At the site of the mosquito bite is always a blister itchy, painful when palpation. Multiple stings a very negative impact on the overall condition of the human body. Most sensitive to mosquito bites children.
Often, as a result of penetration into the human body of toxic substances contained in the saliva of mosquitoes, a person develops hypersensitivity and as a result, there flebtodermiya, bears the name of itchy dermatitis. In addition to mosquito bites this disease may lead to the development of allergic urticaria. This disease is on the face, hands and feet occur urticating pink containing liquid inside. After 2 - 3 weeks the disease runs its own, without causing any damage to human health.
And in the first and in the second case alleviate the condition of the injured person as follows: the patient must provide a permanent stay in a cool room, cool shower, gentle anti-allergic diet. On the blisters should be applied any gel from insect bites, designed to reduce itching.
However, the bites of mosquitoes often many people cause quite a serious response.
These reactions as well as reactions to bee stings, are divided into two subspecies:
The immediate reaction of the human organism to a mosquito bite is usually manifested by redness of the skin to the site of the bite, blisters and pain. Typically, the symptoms of immediate reaction disappear very quickly.
Manifestation of prolonged reactions characterized by pronounced swelling, severe rash, fever, symptoms of poisoning - nausea and vomiting. In severe cases, it may cause skin necrosis.
No less annoying cottagers and mushroom blood-sucking insects, such as flies, horseflies, gadflies. Although, in fairness, it should be noted that the bite of these insects rarely cause complications such as stings of Hymenoptera. Often, however, the bites of bloodsucking insects cause all sorts of allergic reactions. And an allergic reaction to insect bites occurs at all on - his.
Unfortunately, mosquitoes are often not taken seriously by people and, as a consequence, almost always bites remain untreated. However, this may result in various complications, because mosquitoes are often carriers of various diseases. The most susceptible to infection is the child's body, so parents have noticed your baby mosquito bite should immediately treat it or alcoholic solution, or a solution of brilliant green, to put it simply - brilliant green.
Also in children much more often than adults, there are allergic to mosquito bites, and they occur in more pronounced form. Very often, the baby becomes like a balloon in a day stay in the country. In order to reduce such allergic reactions, parents can take advantage of anti-allergic drugs such as Zyrtec or fenistil.
In order to alleviate the condition of the kid and reduce itching from insect bites, which he so worried about, you can use the ointment fenistil. If the drugs are not at hand, you can use the old people's way - lotions with soda. To do this, prepare a soda solution at the rate of one tablespoon per cup of warm boiled water.
There is also a popular ointment for insect bites, which is very simple to prepare - for this you need to melt in a water bath 100 grams of butter, add the jar half of the Vietnamese balm "asterisk", mix thoroughly and place in a glass bowl.