bloating, heaviness in the stomach gases

Bloating, gas, heaviness in the stomach - periodically data unpleasant symptoms faced by so many people. Someone like symptoms are very rare, and someone living with them almost all his life. However, doctors - gastroenterologists is not recommended to leave such events without attention, because sometimes it may indicate a more serious disturbances in the body.

In addition, sometimes the body in a similar way the human body can react to a certain kind of food - a little omelette, or a milkshake, or ice cream - and the result will not take long. Heaviness in the stomach after eating often occurs when a person has an individual intolerance of dairy products.

And, alas, but like a sick man did not like dairy products, he must give them up. In the event that a person is suffering from lactose intolerance. Lactose - is lactose, which is found in dairy products. And after their use in humans and the severity occur in the abdomen, flatulence, and even pain.

Tragically, most people grow up to face this problem. However, the severity of the problem can be very different. The older a person gets, the more he expressed non-perception of various dairy products. Doctors attribute this to the following factors: the digestion of milk sugar enzyme needs such as lactose.

And with aging human organism produces less and less of this enzyme. As a result, lactose remains undigested and then undergoes a process of fermentation. As a result of this process of fermentation and an excess amount of gas is formed. But precisely because of the gas, and a feeling of heaviness in the stomach.

Apart from milk and dairy products to an increased gassing can cause products such as honey, yeast dough, oats, barley, legumes all, without exception, as well as some fruit. The man feels a sense of discomfort and heaviness in the stomach.

In addition, you should not write off such a provoking discomfort factor as cases of food reaction. Typically, food allergy is highly expressive reflection of the entire immune system. As a rule, in the case of discomfort and bloating is caused by food-allergic reaction, it can be seen more reactions such as the occurrence of allergic rhinitis and skin rashes - allergic urticaria.

Very often certain food intolerance is greatly enhanced in the event that the human digestive system has a high sensitivity. In medicine, this phenomenon is called "irritable bowel syndrome". Incidentally, this syndrome in itself, no intolerance certain products often leads to gravity in the stomach and intestines.

In addition, a person suffering from bloating, should very closely monitor not only what he eats, but also by how he takes the food. If it is too fast, the air together with the food into the esophagus falls first, then in the stomach and intestines. And that, in turn, leads to the fact that the person has the feeling of heaviness and bloating.

In that case, if the flatulence and bloating appear in person regularly, and even more so in combination with the pain, he should see a doctor as soon as possible because the same symptoms may be accompanied by some of the gastro - intestinal tract. Often quite serious, for example, such as blockage of the urinary tract, acute intestinal obstruction, gallstone disease, acute appendicitis.

Treatment of these conditions

In that case, if the doctor did not find any human patient - a serious illness, to fight bloating, and can be at home. In order to avoid the occurrence of such conditions and to facilitate their flow, the sick person should observe a few simple rules:

  • More traffic

Try as much as possible to move. Of course, it is not necessary to force your body with excessive exercise, but remember that the movement greatly enhances and accelerates intestinal motility and stimulates the production of those hormones, which increases at times it is - peristalsis. All of this leads to the fact that the intestines work much more efficiently. And it is not necessary to run to the gym - it is quite enough to just take a walk after a meal.

  • Means to reduce gassing

Systematically use tools that reduce the tendency to flatulence, as well as facilitate the work of the digestive tract as a whole. At the pharmacy you can find a wide enough selection of pharmacological agents having a similar effect. However, not all of them so harmless, what seems at first glance. Most of them have a variety of side effects and contraindications, so the drug should only choose the doctor, taking into account all the evidence and the individual characteristics of each specific person.

Independently you can only use herbal remedies - chamomile, peppermint, dill. They are also very effectively prevent the formation of gas in the intestines. However, herbs can be used only if the sick person know very well that it does not have the propensity to cause allergic reactions.

  Proper nutrition during flatulence

As our readers learned from food depends very, very much. Correctly made diet can minimize the appearance of a feeling of heaviness in the stomach and flatulence. Try to include in your diet as much as possible the amount of foods rich in dietary fiber. This dietary fiber soften the intestinal contents and eliminate the tendency to excessive gassing.

Minimize the use of strong tea, chocolate and coffee. All of these products lead to the excessive excitability of the nervous system, which provokes a feeling of heaviness in the stomach. Also, try not to abuse those products that are rich in fats. Fats also provoke disruption of the normal digestion.

Pay attention to the temperature of food intake - too cold food, as well as too hot, you should not eat, because it leads to a significant irritation entire digestive tract.

As a rule, if the severity of the stomach is not accompanied by - or severe comorbidity, systematic compliance with all the necessary measures to help reduce the discomfort at times, if not get rid of them.

 Heaviness in the stomach after eating

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 acute pyelonephritis

Kidney disease periodically plagued roughly two-thirds of the total adult population. And most often the case acute pyelonephritis. What is this disease, what it is called and how to fight it? This is what will be discussed below.

Doctors called pyelonephritis non-specific inflammation of the kidneys that affects the connective tissue of the kidney, as well as the initial part of the urinary tract - pyelocaliceal system. Nonspecific inflammation called because there is not a result of penetration of a certain type of pathogens, and many different pathogenic bacteria.

Pyelonephritis can overtake a person at any age, but is most often experienced by people with him at the age of 20 to 40. Women often inflammation of the kidneys develops as a consequence of the inflammatory process that takes place in the bladder. In men, the pathogenic bacteria enter the bloodstream to the kidneys.

Types of acute pyelonephritis

Doctors are two types of acute pyelonephritis - primary and secondary. In the primary disease pyelonephritis is not preceded by any other diseases such as inflammation of the bladder. But the secondary pyelonephritis disease is preceded by other urological diseases that disrupt blood flow to the kidneys and lead to a violation of the outflow of urine.

The inflammatory process in pyelonephritis can be serous and purulent. Sometimes there is a comprehensive pyelonephritis - first process is not pus, but if the patient does not receive appropriate treatment, there may be pus. Also, sometimes in acute pyelonephritis in kidneys is formed huge number of small ulcers. There may also be some large pockets of festering.

Causes of acute pyelonephritis

In almost all cases, acute pyelonephritis is caused by the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms in the kidneys. As a rule, this microflora is E. coli, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus. Penetrates into the kidney pathogenic microflora may be different ways:

  • C bloodstream

Bacteria can enter the blood from the kidney of various infectious sources available in the human body. These sources of infection can be diseases such as dental caries, chronic tonsillitis and other chronic diseases of internal organs.

  • Rising by

In that case, if a person has inflammation in the urinary tract or the bladder itself, such as cystitis and urethritis, infection can penetrate the kidney in ascending pathways. The most common route of infection similar in women, due to the physiological characteristics of the structure of the urogenital system.

Pyelonephritis is another feature. In that case, if absolutely healthy kidney, acute inflammatory process will not develop even if they penetrate into the bacteria. To acute pyelonephritis started, it requires a number of precipitating factors. These factors include:

  • Severe liver disease. As you know, as a kind of filter, cleansing the body of toxins and other unwanted substances to it, playing the liver and kidneys. And if the liver with its function can not cope, the kidneys imposed a double burden.
  • Immunocompromised. In that case, if the immune system is weakened, it can not provide the necessary resistance to the pathogenic microflora. As a result of developing acute pyelonephritis.
  • All diseases anyhow connected with hormonal disorders and metabolic disorders.

Also very much depends on local factors possessing. These factors include various abnormalities of the urinary tract, both congenital and acquired - especially those areas that are responsible for the passage of urine. Most often acute purulent pyelonephritis occur in those patients who have broken a passage (passage) of urine.

 symptoms of acute pyelonephritis

The principle of the development of acute pyelonephritis and its symptoms

In that case, if a person develops acute primary pyelonephritis, pathogens penetrate into the kidneys via the bloodstream and in the bladder and urinary tract there was no inflammation. In this case, the inflammatory process often develops in one kidney, but can sometimes be a double-sided, though less frequently.

Self inflammatory process begins in the frame kidney, so-called interstitial tissue. In it there is a huge number of small infiltrates - stage serous inflammation. In the event that it becomes purulent inflammation, in place of infiltration appear most ulcers. In the absence of timely adequate treatment of the inflammatory process continues to spread in the renal tissue itself. In this case the disease becomes a particularly severe form of the flow.

In that case, if it is a secondary pyelonephritis, it is preceded by any disease or pathological changes in the urogenital tract. Secondary pyelonephritis is most common in people who suffer from diseases such as:

  • Kidney stones and bladder.
  • Adenoma of the prostate gland in men.
  • The narrowing of the ureters and urethra.

These diseases are often disturb the flow of urine, resulting in trophic changes may occur kidney tissue. As a result of the infection is very easily penetrate into the diseased tissue, in which the inflammatory process develops. Incidentally, the secondary pyelonephritis inflammation is almost always purulent and require more serious treatment.

Pyelonephritis is quite specific and easily recognizable symptoms, which the physician will be able to easily establish the diagnosis. So acute pyelonephritis symptoms:

  • The sharp increase in body temperature to a sufficiently high numbers.
  • Feeling very chill.
  • Severe headaches that do not pass after taking painkillers.
  • There may be a feeling of nausea and vomiting.

Furthermore, human cases of acute pyelonephritis, aching aching, the spins on one side or the other. As a rule, the process of urination with pyelonephritis is not broken, but the volume of urine is reduced. This is due to the fact that the sick person is very large amount of fluid lost in sweat, because perspiration during illness is very abundant.

Typically, for a secondary pyelonephritis is always much worse than primary, because in almost all cases, becomes purulent. It is also very often a secondary pyelonephritis complicated phenomena such as nephritis, or kidney abscess. It should also be noted that most often precedes the strongest secondary pyelonephritis renal colic - the strongest cramping pain.

Although these symptoms are typical of most acute pyelonephritis, yet there are several other diseases that may have similar symptoms also. That is why setting a more accurate diagnosis doctor prescribes a series of additional tests that will help avoid mistakes.

  1. General urine analysis. On the first place, the sick person must pass urinalysis. As a rule, if a person suffers from acute pyelonephritis in his urine is a huge amount of bacteria. Also in the urine after a few days after the onset of leukocytes appear. And have a diagnostic value only active white blood cells. Activity of leukocytes are those white blood cells, which are allocated directly from the pockets of inflammation. They contain the absorbed bacteria.
  2. Microbiological examination of urine. Also, for the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis it is very important microbiological examination of urine. It is held as follows: - a urine culture is placed in a special nutrient medium, in order to identify exactly which pathogen has caused the disease and what antibiotics sensitive pathogenic microflora.
  3. General blood analysis. Laboratory examination of blood reveals the presence of inflammation in the body, as well as the level of intoxication. As a rule, it is advisable to carry out blood tests no sooner than the second - the third day after the onset of the disease. Otherwise, changes in the blood may not yet manifest.
  4. Ultrasound diagnostics. In order to establish what form of pyelonephritis occurs - primary or secondary, as well as identify possible pathological changes in the urinary tract, a sick person carried ultrasound of the kidneys and urinary tract.
  5. Other studies. If necessary, your doctor may decide to conduct additional types of studies. Examples of these studies include x-ray of the kidneys and urinary tract, radioisotope study, excretory urography - to carry it out to a human patient is administered intravenously special contrast agent and then some time later made an X-ray of the kidneys, cystography - to carry it out the contrast agent is injected into the bladder. All of these types of studies will help to identify possible obstacles to urine flow.

Treatment of acute pyelonephritis

Of course, pyelonephritis requires immediate treatment. Treatment should only be done under strict medical supervision. All medical treatment is predominantly - a sick person appointed anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and analgesic pharmacological agents. The regime should be mostly bed, most gentle diet. And, of course, can not forget the plentiful drink. Ideal alkaline fruit drinks and non-carbonated mineral water.

In the event that a person is sick secondary pyelonephritis, the goal of treatment is to restore normal urine terrain. Also, he appointed antibiotics and agents that strengthen the immune system. In that case, if the flow of urine is difficult due to the presence in the organs of urinary tract stones, made their removal. In severe cases, if the purulent process, despite treatment, continues to progress, doctors are forced to resort to the removal of the affected kidney. That is why you must immediately seek help from a doctor at the first sign of the disease.

Diet with pyelonephritis

For successful treatment of pyelonephritis it is very important to follow the right diet. In the acute stage of the disease, doctors recommend to enter into a diet sick person those vegetables and fruits that have a diuretic effect - such as squash, melons and watermelons.

After about three days, if the symptoms are not as pronounced, the sick person must comply with milk - plant diet. It dramatically reduce the consumption of salt and completely exclude the following products:

  • Canned, salted and smoked products.
  • Any condiments and spices, especially sharp.
  • Coffee and caffeinated products.
  • Fizzy drinks.
  • Alcoholic drinks.
  • Mushrooms and mushroom broth.
  • Peas and other legumes.

Preference should be given to products such as milk - milk, kefir, yogurt, vegetable - cooked vegetables, in shabby form. All kinds of fruits that are rich in potassium - dried apricots, raisins, butter, salt-free bread.

Diet with acute pyelonephritis is very important, but we can not forget the need to respect the power. Eating should be a fraction - small portions every two - three hours. In no case is inadmissible fry foods - they need to boil or stew.

 Acute pyelonephritis

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