The most common complaint that doctors often hear - is a pain in the stomach after eating. In order to solve this problem, you need a good understanding of what functions are performed by stomach, and what factors can disrupt the normal functioning of the gastro - intestinal tract. This, as well as on how to alleviate the condition of the sick person, and will be discussed in this article.
As you know, the stomach during digestion plays a major role in the digestive process. Chew the food through the esophagus enters the stomach cavity. In the stomach, the food is a mixture with the contents of the stomach - gastric juice. Gastric juice is produced by internal glands, which are located in the gastric mucosa, which in turn is surrounded by stomach muscles. These glands produce during the day about two to three liters of gastric juice.
The gastric juice is included hydrochloric acid, which has an antibacterial effect and provides protein digestion, pepsin is also desired for successful digestion of food and phlegm necessary to protect itself gastric mucosa against HCl. Simply put, the gastric juice consists of defensive and aggressive components balanced so that the stomach does not hurt himself. However, under the influence of various unfavorable factors, the balance may be disturbed.
There are quite a number of reasons that can trigger the development of certain diseases of the stomach. However, most often the cause of pain in the stomach are those foods that a person eats. For example, intolerance to milk sugar, or lactose often results in bloating, diarrhea, and most importantly - to spastic pain. Fatty foods may cause the will in the gallbladder, and excessively hot or cold food is pressing or bursting pain.
One of the most common causes of pain in the stomach after eating, is irritable stomach. It meets periodically in approximately 80% of all people. However, in no case be confused with gastritis, gastric - despite the fact that their symptoms are similar, it is quite different diseases. So, the symptoms of irritation of the stomach are:
- Of recurring nausea that occurs for no apparent reason. And there is a feeling of nausea, as a rule, immediately after a meal.
- The presence of regurgitation in the first hour after ingestion. And note - is taken into account only repeated regurgitation, but not single.
- Feeling of heartburn that occurs after ingestion of any food, even the non-acute and non-greasy.
- The emergence of stomach cramps in the first hours after a meal.
- The feeling of heaviness in the stomach, appearing in the first hours after a person has eaten.
- In severe cases, if a person does not see a doctor and do not take the necessary measures to eliminate the disease of the stomach, possible even a significant loss of body weight.
The reasons that may lead to the development of irritable stomach, not so much - usually the use of certain foods. These include overly spicy, fatty, salty food, which is very difficult to digest. And it is natural that the first thing to do with the appearance of one or more of the above symptoms - is to pay close attention to your diet. All food should be as natural and dietary.
In that case, if the stomach pain accompanied by a feeling of heaviness and fullness, do not be amiss to help the stomach, promote gastro - intestinal peristalsis. For these purposes, traditional medicine recommends the use of a variety of bitter herbs, for example, Benedict Pharmacy, centaury, Acorus Calamus, bitter clover. These herbs must be brewed as follows: - 500 grams of water is necessary to take one tablespoon of any of these herbs. The grass must be brewed in the same way as an ordinary tea. Take it should be one glass twice a day, as long as the feeling of discomfort and pain does not disappear completely.
In the case of pain accompanied by increased gas (flatulence), a sick person can buy in a drugstore special pharmacological agents. And you can do and make-shifts: buy at the pharmacy herb such as anise, fennel, chamomile or thyme. Place one tablespoon of raw materials in a thermos, pour two cups of boiling water. Leave for about two hours, after which the infusion strain using gauze fabric. Take the infusion is necessary one teaspoon every two hours. In almost all cases, the relief comes on the second day.
In the same case, if the stomach pain accompanied by the appearance of heartburn, there is every reason to suspect that the sick person has a place to be gastroesophageal reflux. With such a violation of human gets into the esophagus from the stomach hydrochloric acid. Under the influence of hydrochloric acid takes place irritation of the esophagus and inflammation, which leads to feelings of heartburn. In order to eliminate this feeling, you need to buy antacids, which are sold over the counter without a prescription. Such formulations usually contain in their composition the calcium, magnesium or aluminum. These substances reduce gastric acidity and envelop esophageal mucosa, protecting it.
Too many people try to get rid of the feeling of heartburn annoy them, taking into ordinary baking soda. And really - a sense of relief for a time really will. However, doctors are not highly recommended to use this method. This is not surprising. Try the following experiment. Pour a little water in a cup and add the tablespoon of vinegar. Then sprinkle in a little soda. The same thing happens in your stomach. As a result, the person has a belching, flatulence and bloating, and in addition, the mucosa of the stomach may start to ulcerate.
The only valid means at hand is an ordinary chalk. Too many people are unanimous in asserting that ordinary white chalk, without - or additives. Just chew a small piece - and heartburn permanently disappear. Well, of course, we must not forget the need to respect medical diet. Remember that acute solena, smoked and fatty foods can trigger the development of severe heartburn, even a healthy person, let alone the people who suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease.
During the acute syndrome, irritable stomach shows a strict diet: the first day of a sick person should drink only rather weak black tea, there can not be anything that day. On the second day you can start drinking jelly, on the third day - there are crackers. It was only on the fourth day in the diet can be administered to a sick person on the water porridge and soups. Subsequently, you must remember to follow the diet.
In order to eliminate bloating and weaknesses of pain, you can use moist heat. Dampen a warm (but not hot) water, a towel, wrap them warmer, and filled with warm water, and put on the stomach. By the way, if you're not at home warmer, it can be replaced by an ordinary plastic bottle filled with warm water. Compress leave can be as long as is necessary to ensure that the pain had disappeared. Of course, as the cooling compress should be changed.
In addition, very effectively relieves irritation of the gastric mucosa ordinary pharmacy daisy. In addition to all its positive qualities, chamomile pharmacy has a strong anti-inflammatory action. Pharmacy daisy need to brew as an ordinary tea, and give drink to the sick person. The only condition that must be observed - is to drink camomile tea without sugar, because sugar is greatly weakens the anti-inflammatory effect. And, besides, the pharmacy chamomile tea is very effective against stomach bacteria. Incidentally, these bacteria are often the cause of irritable stomach.
Sometimes the syndrome of irritable stomach even worse. Gastric mucosa may ulcerate - on the surface appear small sores that can bleed. As a rule, such a phenomenon is observed after administration of certain pharmacological agents - often antipyretic or analgesic. That is why doctors recommend to drink milk all drugs. Of course, if the person is not suffering from intolerance to milk individual. And be sure to always pay attention to the annotation to medication - if it indicates that the medication should be with food - so be accepted.
In severe cases of bleeding in the stomach mucosa buildup of blood. As a result, a person may start an attack of vomiting, and vomit can observe scarlet, not yet clotted blood. And if the blood clot has already, in the vomit may contain brown clots of dried blood. And sometimes a patient person and can change the color of the chair, up to black. In all such cases, the sick person himself or his relatives should be as soon as possible, seek medical help from your doctor, as these symptoms may appear in the event that a person has begun serious gastric bleeding - for example, due to a stomach ulcer.
By the way, there are some simple but effective tips on how to reduce the risk of developing irritable bowel syndrome. On the need for dieting during acute and proper, healthy diet in general, we have already spoken. But we should not also forget about the motion. In the absence of the necessary physical activity is growing rapidly breakdown of various body systems - including digestive.
To prevent them, doctors recommend after each meal not to sit for at least ten minutes. Walk a little, wash the dishes - it's not only reduce the risk of disorders of the gastro - intestinal tract, but also help to avoid excess weight.
In addition, all diseases of the stomach is extremely important to the proper meals. Often, a person goes hungry all day, eat cold food or snacking in the evening. Returning home, he eats once a large amount of food. However, such a diet - it is a direct way to the development of the first irritable stomach, then gastritis, and after all - a stomach ulcer.
Doctors recommended to eat smaller portions, but the interval between doses should not be too great - is not more than three hours. Of course, not always and not everyone has such a possibility - but do not forget that the food you can take it out of the house instead of buying fast - food.
Pay special attention to how you eat it. Remember that you must chew food. A food "on the run" will lead to the fact that the gastric cavity neprozhevannoy get large pieces of food, which may not only injure the esophagus and gastric mucosa.
Another reason that a person may experience pain in the stomach after eating can become a peptic ulcer. Ulcer of the gastric mucosa, in this case, is localized in the upper part of the stomach. Pain in such cases, as a rule, occur in the first half hour - hour postprandial. Initially, the pain mild, however. As the digestion of food, the pain is largely enhanced, often becoming altogether intolerable. This occurs as a result of enhanced production of hydrochloric acid which results from the digestion process. Gradually, as the food is digested and enters the duodenum, the pain disappear until the next meal.
In ulcerative diseases of the gastro - intestinal pain is very specific. For example, gastric ulcer pain arise either from the left side of the abdomen, or in the middle. But in that case, if the disease hit the gastric mucosa, pain occur on the right side of the abdomen. In severe cases, pain may even give back. Pain itself can be very diverse - pulling, aching, sharp or cramping.
Another cause of pain in the stomach after ingestion is a disease, such as gastro. In what - somewhat similar to the disease syndrome of stomach irritation. However, in this case there is not just irritation but severe and inflamed gastric mucosa. Furthermore, the process involved and duodenum. The disease brings many unpleasant moments, and treatment of disease also takes a lot of time. Gastroduodenit can last for several months, then subsided, then again worsened.
Pain when the disease periodically, sometimes quite intense. Localized pain in the epigastric region, and around the navel. In almost all cases, there is pain in the first hour after ingestion. In some cases, a sick person, in addition to pain, may complain of heaviness in the abdomen and bloating in the upper abdomen. Often there is belching with a sour taste.
This condition is characterized by spasms of the gatekeeper, which is output from the stomach into the duodenum. Most often, the disease occurs in people who suffer from various neuroses and other disorders of the central nervous system.
When pilorospazme man after about 15 minutes after eating begins to experience severe pain in the epigastric region. After about half an hour a man begins to frequent vomiting. And the pain, and vomiting in humans will continue as long as the cavity of the stomach is almost completely empty. And these attacks are repeated almost after every meal.
In this case, we must not tarry - the sick person should as soon as possible, seek medical help. In this disease the food is practically not absorbed, causing a person lose weight very quickly. And in the absence of a health care professional can quickly develop dehydration and subsequent general exhaustion of the sick person.
Inflammation of the gallbladder
It is also often the cause of pain shortly after ingestion are various inflammatory processes of either the gallbladder or bile ducts, for example, angiocholitis or cholecystitis. In addition, I can also provoke the emergence of a variety of pain gallbladder dyskinesia. Most often, the pain in these diseases are localized in the right hypochondrium.
The most common occurrence of these symptoms occur after eating certain food groups. These products include smoked, salty and fatty food, as well as fatty sweets - ice cream, milkshakes, halva, chocolate. That is why in various diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tract is extremely important to follow a very strict diet. To diagnose the disease, with the appearance of the above symptoms the sick person should see a doctor - a gastroenterologist, and in its absence - to the therapist.
Pancreatitis - an inflammation of the pancreas. The main symptoms of the presence of the disease in humans is a strong pain in the abdomen, arising soon after ingestion. Localization of pain can be different - either in the right upper quadrant, or, in severe cases, with the defeat of the entire area of the pancreas, pain is the nature of shingles.
In this disease self as in any case inadmissible because the consequences can be quite unpredictable, sometimes very sad - until the development of shock or even death of the sick person. That is why at the first signs of the disease sick person must receive adequate medical care.