menstrual pain

Menstrual pain annoy a huge number of girls and women. Of course, the lucky ones who have not had to deal with this problem, can not assess the full extent of the trouble. However, those women who do not know firsthand that such monthly pain, they say that these few days in the month just knock them out of the rut. Often women experience pain so intense that we have to call the brigade "first aid".

There are many theories about the origin of menstrual pain. Some doctors - gynecologists say that it is often the main culprit for the fact that the woman has menstrual pain, is a hereditary factor. They argue that some women have increased susceptibility to uterine contractions that are sure to take place during menstruation. And this feature is often passed from mother to daughter.

And if there were no such pain right away, but after a few years, you may want to talk about the phenomenon of secondary menstrual pain. They typically appear as a result of diseases such as endometriosis, endometriosis, varicose veins of small pelvis, uterine fibroids, and various genital infections. The more serious and neglected diseases, the stronger and more intense pain.

Often, women say that after giving birth menstrual pains become much weaker, and sometimes disappear altogether. Doctors explain this feature so that during delivery the cervix is ​​stretched. And precisely because of this during menstruation uterine contractions are hardly felt.

However, all cases of menstrual pain is largely dependent on the level of content in the blood hormones such as prostaglandins. These hormones are produced by the mucous membrane of the uterus, and play an important role in the functioning of not only the reproductive system, but all the female body. That excess of this hormone leads to the negative effects that often accompany menstrual pain:

  • Headache. Often, these days women are even migraine.
  • Severe weakness and dizziness.
  • Violation of normal digestion: bloating, intestinal cramps, diarrhea and constipation.

Of course, all women who suffer from painful menstruation monthly, trying all possible and impossible ways to get rid of pain. And often they buy in a drugstore expensive drugs to ease the pain, but they do not bring the expected result.

In fact, the only drugs that are really really help to eliminate pain during menstruation - is acetylsalicylic acid and ibuprofen. These drugs do not only have analgetic properties but also significantly reduce the levels of prostaglandins.

However, they can be used only if the woman is sure that she does not have an allergic reaction to any of the painkillers. In addition, a good action has a drug like no-spa - it perfectly removes spasms of muscles of the uterus, and thus reduces pain.

There are also several other available tools that are great help to eliminate pain during menstruation. Try, experiment, listen carefully to your feelings, and you will select the most appropriate tool for you. However, despite the fact that all these methods do not carry any threat, the woman still standing after consulting with your doctor - a gynecologist. So:

Warm Warmer

As mentioned above, pain during menstruation is often triggered by strong muscle contractions of the uterus. Doctors say that the heat very effectively relieves muscle spasms - sometimes stronger than the most effective pharmacologic antispasmodic. A woman can use a heating pad or a special or ordinary plastic bottle filled with water suitable temperature.

Put the heat on the lower abdomen for about 15 minutes, then move it to the area of ​​the lumbosacral. Heat can be left as long as it is necessary that the pain receded. However, please note - if you're using a heating, do not take aspirin. And keep in mind that during the warm-up can slightly intensify the bleeding - it is absolutely normal, and do not be afraid. As soon as you stop the warming, the intensity of bleeding will return to normal.

Regular exercise

Practice shows that the least likely to suffer from menstrual pain those women who are in good physical shape. Of course, it does not work out in the days which marked menstrual pain. However, every other day should pay attention to and to devote the umpteenth time physical activity.

Physical activity improves blood circulation in all the pelvic organs, including organs of the reproductive system. As a rule, women notice a significant improvement already after just one month after the start of regular exercise. And it need not be exhausting exercise in the gym - sometimes even quite normal daily walks before bedtime.

 pain in menstrual cycle

Hot bath

Hot tub has about the same effect as a hot water bottle, but is much faster, and able to remove much more intense pain. At the heart of pain relief is all the same stress relief and muscle spasms of the uterus. Doctors also recommend to add a little sea salt bath - it will help the woman to be in good shape in these difficult days for her.

The infusion of chamomile and celandine

Prepare the next infusion. Take two tablespoons of dried chamomile blossoms and a half teaspoon of celandine herbs. Pour them in a thermos or enamel bowl, pour half a liter of boiling water and leave for an hour. Then strain using gauze cloth, add to taste honey or sugar, honey if you have an allergic reaction.

This woman must drink the broth during the day in small portions. Typically, relief occurs within five - six hours. Very good effect of this infusion has combined with heat treatments, be it a hot bath or heating pad.

Broth needles

All of the above tools are extremely effective, but most of them are convenient to apply only if the woman has the ability to carry out critical days at home. If the pain during the menstrual cycle are strong, but work is still needed to help women come pine needles.

To prepare the decoction woman should mince two tablespoons of pine needles. Then boil a liter of water, add back one tablespoon of dried chamomile blossoms and pine needles. After just a minute, no more, turn off the water and tightly wrap a towel container.

Steep broth for about four hours after which strain using gauze fabric. Take this remedy must be from the first day of the menstrual cycle, three tablespoons every two hours. Relief comes very quickly, within an hour - a half. What's good in this facility - is that after the second - third month of receiving the decoction of pine needles menstrual pain often disappear forever.

Oak bark

A good tool for the prevention of painful menstruation - a decoction of oak bark. Purchase at the pharmacy oak bark, chop it and sprinkle in five tablespoons in one liter of boiled water. Boil broth about 15 minutes, then infuse at least daily. This decoction woman should douche before going to bed every night, except the days of menstruation.


In the event that woman often experiences pain during menstruation, it makes sense to talk to your doctor about hormonal contraception. As mentioned above, a violation of hormonal often provokes menstrual pain. That is why for menstrual pain Gynecologists advises women to protect themselves by using oral contraceptives. They contain certain hormones, which reduces the intensity of pain.

Of course, any drugstore has a fairly wide range of hormonal oral contraceptives. However, do not buy one that you no longer liked because the appearance of the packaging. In order to pick up the medication, it is best suited for you, your doctor will prescribe a blood analysis on the level of hormones.

Strictly speaking, the visit to the doctor - a gynecologist is required in any case. Unfortunately, sometimes the cause of painful menstruation is far more serious diseases that can threaten the health of women. All women know that during the monthly trip to the gynecologist is usually not planned. Wise to go to him or 5 days before the onset of menstruation, or on the fifth day after it ended. During this period, medical examination Boden most productive.

However, remember that if you have a very unusual painful menstruation, and even if it is accompanied by a profuse bleeding than usual, this rule does not work - as soon as possible, seek help from a doctor - a gynecologist. In the same case, if it happened in the day, it is not necessary to endure until Monday - you need to call the brigade "first aid".

 Pain during the menstrual cycle. First aid

We recommend that read: hormonal disorders in women

 viral hepatitis A

Viral hepatitis A, as well as C, alas, is not the last in the list of common diseases of the liver - they accounted for 70% of all illnesses. However, despite the fact that these viruses are hepatitis sufficiently similar, the differences in their clinical symptoms and adverse effects on the body are radically different.

To determine the type of hepatitis and to receive the necessary medical care, sick people should as soon as possible to seek medical assistance. The doctor will diagnose the disease, to specify a type of HCV, appropriate treatment.

Hepatitis A

Viral hepatitis A, which is also known as infectious disease, and the common name hepatitis "jaundice" is radically different from all other types of viral hepatitis. This disease, unlike the others, has no chronic forms of flow, and is transmitted by the fecal-oral route. This virus is similar to hepatitis A hepatitis E - least common form of hepatitis.

Viral hepatitis A very favorably with hepatitis C so that the cells of the liver damaging effect. In fact, hepatitis A is an inflammatory process, which involved the liver cells infected with the virus. In response to the entry of the pathogen into the cells of the liver into the blood begin to actively elicit protective cells.

Distributed by viral hepatitis A is very wide - observation of doctors, had been ill with the virus every fourth person. And many of them had been ill with the disease in childhood, often without symptoms - children carry hepatitis C is much easier than adults, and become immune for life. In adults, the disease often occurs in very severe - the sick person has to be hospitalized. Typically, this is due to the fact that adult humans is much more variety of opportunistic diseases.

To date, most outbreaks of hepatitis A are located in countries with warm climates, especially if sanitary conditions are poor. Doctors note that often their help treat people who have recently returned from trips to countries such as Turkey, India, Central Asia, Egypt. A survey of physicians diagnose hepatitis A.

Treacherous Hepatitis C is that it is very resistant to various external influences, and the environment, it can survive for a very long time - sometimes up to several months. Even if the targeted treatment of hepatitis A virus is not immediately killed. Judge for yourself:

  • Boil for ten - fifteen minutes, and in some cases more.
  • Chlorination contaminated surface - approximately 30 - 40 minutes continuously.
  • Processing contaminated surface formalin - at least three hours continuously.
  • Processing contaminated surface 20% ethyl alcohol.

 common name hepatitis

Mode of transmission of hepatitis A

The only source of hepatitis C infection today is a sick man. Since feces it releases into the environment hepatitis A virus, which sooner or later falls into the natural water cycle. This means that the virus with high probability can fall into drinking water, food - and they penetrate into the human body. That is why it is important to carefully handle the heat all meat and fish dishes as well as seafood dishes.

Moreover, the lion's share of infections is in the summer, when a lot of fruits and vegetables - they are also often a very large number of hepatitis A. That is why in any case inadmissible use of dirty vegetables and fruit. And for their washing it is not for any water - do not use unsuitable for drinking, since it also may contain the hepatitis A virus

Unlike hepatitis C, hepatitis A infection during transfusion of contaminated blood or blood components occurs very rarely. And no wonder - the children who have this form of hepatitis may be asymptomatic blood donors may not be, but in adults it occurs in a distinct form, so as to become a donor, he can not.

Scheme standard infection - hepatitis B virus through the mouth enter the digestive system, and are absorbed from the gut and enter the bloodstream. Virus from the bloodstream very quickly penetrate into the cells of the liver, which develops an inflammatory process. Thereafter viruses via the bile duct into the intestine, and from the gut - again in the environment.

The most dangerous to others a sick person in the next period of time - during the last week of the incubation period and the first week of illness. The incubation period for hepatitis A is approximately 14 - 20 days, but most of the time of infection, of course, the sick person is not known.

At a time when the hepatitis A virus is in the blood of the sick person, the disease manifests itself outwardly symptoms of acute respiratory diseases: cough, runny nose, fever, general signs of intoxication. But once there comes a period of jaundice, hepatitis A virus entirely leaves the body of the sick person, and jaundice is only an immune response of the body. However, I would like to remind once again that often viral hepatitis A can occur even without jaundice period.

The appearance of jaundice period indicates that there was a fairly extensive liver damage - approximately 65 - 70%, so a sick person shows immediate hospitalization in infectious disease clinic. Refusing admission still not worth it, because with proper and timely treatment, which is provided in a hospital setting, the work of the liver, as well as its structure is restored in full.

In the event that viral hepatitis A occurs in completely healthy people, it always ends in complete recovery. But in that case, if the sick person has a particular disease, especially chronic form of other types of hepatitis, the disease is much more severe and prolonged, and the prognosis of doctors are not so optimistic.

In some patients, people over time - weeks, and sometimes months may relapse - the person reappear all the symptoms of jaundice period - yellowing of sclera and mucous membranes, general intoxication of the organism. And treatment of hepatitis B have to start again. Such relapses are observed in about 25% of all adults infected with hepatitis A.

In some cases, hepatitis A can trigger the development of complications such as hemolysis. Hemolysis doctors call the destruction of blood cells such as erythrocytes. As a result, damage to the kidneys can occur, and, as a consequence, the development of acute renal failure - as a result of a person's life would be endangered.

Despite the fact that hepatitis A virtually never leads to pathological changes in the liver, in some cases it still occurs. Basically, a similar phenomenon occurs in the elderly, in whom the disease is nearly asymptomatic. Typically, in such cases, bed rest sick person does not comply, which means very high risk of developing liver fibrosis - a pathological scarring of liver tissue. This complication may result from dyskinesia of the bile ducts.

Diagnosis of hepatitis A

Diagnosis of hepatitis A is not particularly difficult if, of course it is not about asymptomatic disease. The first doctor draws attention to the obvious clinical manifestations of the disease - the symptoms of acute respiratory illness, icteric manifestation. Seeing these manifestations, the doctor will prescribe a series of surveys.

The first thing to do - is to examine the blood in the lab. Usually, the doctor - laboratory notes the high content of certain liver enzymes and, of course, bilirubin. These figures clearly indicate that there has been damage to the cells and tissues of the liver. Immediately afterwards, you must make a differential diagnosis of other viral hepatitis.

Treatment of hepatitis A

The most important in the treatment of acute hepatitis A is a strict adherence to diet and nutrition. In the first two weeks of illness the sick person shows a strict bed rest. This requirement doctors explain the fact that the blood supply to the liver in the supine position is much more effective, and hence the restoration of damaged hepatitis A virus liver cells and tissues will be much more intense.

Equally important is the strict adherence to a medical diet. In - the first, just to draw attention to the fact that the best option is to split meals - eating sick person has to get small portions, but the time interval between meals should not be more than two hours.

Permitted food for a sick person:

A sick person should give up fresh bread, replacing it with breadcrumbs or, in extreme cases, bread baked at least a day ago. Of the first courses is to give preference to vegetable and dairy soups, soups and pasta-based vegetable broth. From dishes sick person can eat lean beef and chicken breast or baked, or boiled. In addition, you can eat lean boiled fish, such as hake, carp, pike, saffron cod.

In addition, it is possible without limitation to use vegetables, herbs, semi-viscous cereals, oatmeal and curd puddings and casseroles. From drinks recommended drinking tea, cranberry juice, jelly.

In the event that viral hepatitis A is mild, no further treatment is required. However, despite this, the ill person should be in a hospital setting, under the constant supervision of medical staff, so that if the deterioration will immediately start pharmacological therapy.

In the same case, if the symptoms are expressed very clearly, doctors will conduct detoxification therapy. The essence of this therapy is to reduce the level of toxins in the body of the sick person. These toxins accumulate due to liver dysfunction. This is usually used by intravenous injection of special solutions.

Hepatitis C

Today, one of the very urgent problem for physicians is hepatitis C. The disease is very insidious - doctors have dubbed it "tender murderer". Often the disease is suspected fails only when a person has cirrhosis or even liver cancer. As the medical statistics, these diseases develop in about half of all people with hepatitis.

There are several types of hepatitis, viral hepatitis, however, C is the most widespread. Doctors believe that this trend is linked to the fact that the disease is a very long time, asymptomatic, which means that the sick person, unaware of their disease, infect the people around him. According to official medical static data, to date, only Russia has more than 5 million people infected.

Hepatitis C virus for scientists - microbiologists is quite a lot of interest - Currently, there is a considerable number of different varieties of the virus. And what is most interesting - several varieties of hepatitis C virus can co-exist in one and the same ill person. These kinds of medicine are called quasi-species.

These so-called quasi-species virus formed through surprising ability of HCV to a modification, and in the body of an infected person. Due to this property of its hepatitis C virus avoids the harmful effects to their immune system cells. It is because of this disease progresses so quickly, sometimes even in spite of the complex treatment.

In addition, the hepatitis C virus is quite resistant to environmental negative impacts and viable. Even at room temperature, the virus in the environment has remained unchanged for 16 - 24 hours. In some cases, some subtypes of hepatitis C virus can survive for several days.

 viral hepatitis C

Infection by hepatitis C virus

Today, doctors know the two main routes of transmission of hepatitis C virus:

  • Sexual intercourse

Hepatitis B virus in large amounts is on the mucous membranes of the genital organs and all body fluids - semen, vaginal secretions. Therefore, in the case of unprotected intercourse the risk of infection is very high, and may reach 90%. Therefore, in no case should not be allowed intercourse without taking all necessary precautions. The risk of transmission of hepatitis C through sexual contact includes homosexuals and all those people who are promiscuous, not using personal protective equipment.

  • Hematogenic method

Also, the hepatitis C virus can enter the body through transfusion of his blood or blood components, the donor of which is an infected person. Not so long ago this was the route of infection is widespread, but in recent years with the introduction of methods of laboratory diagnosis and mandatory laboratory testing of donors for the presence of hepatitis C virus-like way of infection is extremely rare.

  • Non-sterile instruments

Currently, the most common method of infection with hepatitis C, except, of course, sex is the use of non-sterile medical and cosmetic tools. For example, recently there has been a real surge of hepatitis C in people who do tattoos or piercings.

Tragically, even the most expensive beauty salons sometimes to sterilize instruments fit in bad faith. So try to choose those salons that use disposable instruments. The same goes for the manicure room. And do not forget about personal hygiene - not give anyone their own and not take other people's toothbrushes, razors.

Medical needles are also often the source of infection with hepatitis C virus, for example, the greatest number of patients with hepatitis among drug addicts there. As a rule, they almost never care about whatever it was sterile - often one and the same needle injection is two, those four people, and sometimes more. In addition, sometimes the victims of these methods of infection are health care workers who accidentally pricked with needles, which before that were injected with the sick person.

Acute hepatitis C

The incubation period for hepatitis C in duration can vary greatly - from two weeks to 160 days. However, the average duration is approximately 50 days. And despite the fact that most people have hepatitis occurs without any - any symptoms for several months, and sometimes years, sometimes some patients develop an acute form of hepatitis C.

Develop an acute form of hepatitis C in two stages. The first stage of the disease is called anicteric period, since at this stage of the sick person there are a number of signs of general malaise of the body, such as:

  • Reduction or complete loss of appetite, significant weight loss of the patient.
  • Rapidly emerging fatigue, hypersomnia, general lethargy.
  • Indigestion - nausea, vomiting, flatulence, belching.
  • In some cases a significant increase in body temperature.
  • Symptoms of ARI - a cough, runny nose, headache, pain in the throat.

This state lasts for about two weeks, after which comes directly jaundiced period of acute hepatitis C. The first symptom alarming - this change in urine color - darkening it. Urine gets the color of dark beer, dark - brown. About a day after the change in color of urine yellow hue becoming the sclera, mucous membranes, eyes and mouth, skin - especially palm. When is icteric period, symptoms of general malaise, as clearly expressed in the first period, almost entirely disappear. And in their place comes a feeling of heaviness in the right upper quadrant and providing stool, which occurs due to blockage of the bile passages.

Treatment for hepatitis C is complex and long, so it can only be carried out under the close supervision of medical personnel.