rubella in adults

What is rubella - know, probably all. Recently, however, the disease occurs less and less. Rubella, in principle, this disease of childhood, and it was thanks to vaccination infection occurs less and less. But, nevertheless, sometimes doctors have diagnosed rubella not only children but also in adults.

Rubella in adults occurs in about every hundredth case. And this is where people often get lost and start to panic. On the one hand - everyone knows that this disease poses no threat to human life. But in fact, being an adult, rubella, is suffering very, very much. That, of course, can not scare him.

So let's try to understand what is rubella in the adult than it is fraught with, and what to do in this situation. To begin with let us recall what is rubella. Doctors called as a disease that is caused by a virus. This virus is highly contagious - he's trying to hit as many people who are its area of ​​reach.

The symptoms of rubella

Rubella symptoms in adults is almost the same as that of the children, despite the fact that in some ways they still differ. So you can suspect rubella if:

  • There are rashes on the skin. One of the first signs of rubella is, of course, the appearance of a red rash. And this rash is very specific - an experienced doctor can easily determine the cause of this rash. It is very difficult to confuse with anything - else. In children, a rash almost merge with each other, while in adults the rash often merged together to form a very vast tracts resembling erythema. Most often, these sites are located on the back and buttocks. And keep these rashes for a very long time - about 5 - 7 days.
  • Swollen lymph nodes. About the second day after the onset of disease in humans are starting to become inflamed lymph nodes. And no strict sequence doctors are unable to keep track of - can become inflamed axillary or inguinal lymph nodes, but can - and those, and others, and even some - some other group with a grab for the company.
  • Increased body temperature. Quite often rubella in adults accompanied by a very strong increase in body temperature - sometimes it reaches 40 degrees. And shoot down such a temperature is very, very difficult. In contrast, children who, in order to reduce the temperature of the body sufficient to give antipyretic syrup.
  • Migraine attacks. In 90% of all cases of rubella in adults accompanied by bouts of severe headaches, which flows by type of migraine. Such headaches are almost completely unsettle people - and get rid of them is not possible, even with a very strong pain medications. So do not even try - only the liver, kidney, "reboot" just so.
  • Pain in the joints and muscles. In addition, the sick person is experiencing very severe discomfort in muscles and joints. Sick people compare the pain to those who are familiar to all and occur during cold and flu. And the pain is in no way associated with fever.
  • Symptoms of acute respiratory disease. Children on the background of rubella maximum that can develop - this is an easy cold. But in adults, there is a "bouquet": a bad cold, sore, and sometimes sore throat, cough - from mild to very severe. If not for the rash, the disease might well pass for an ordinary viral infection. And symptomatic treatment at this stage, physicians prescribe exactly the same as the conventional acute respiratory disease. Is that with the exception of antiviral drugs - in this case they are absolutely useless, since rubella virus does not have any negative influence.
  • Tearing and photophobia. These two symptoms are very common in adult rubella. Sometimes even simple daylight entails very significant discomfort, not to mention the bright artificial light. That is why doctors recommend a sick person until they are cured in a separate room with the curtains drawn tight.
  • Conjunctivitis. About half of all cases of diseases to photophobia joins another and acute conjunctivitis. And it is not immediately evident, but only on the third - the fourth day. It starts most often in the night - in the morning the ill person is simple - simply can not open my eyes because of the large number of purulent discharge from the eyes.
  • Pain in the testicles. Often a man, rubella, said some pain in the testicles. Afraid not worth it - the pain disappears immediately after the man recovered. No adverse effects of this pain is not punishable. And in order to ease the pain, there is only one way - to strict bed rest.

In principle, it is almost all the symptoms of rubella in adults. Sometimes, however, still is not typical of the disease, in which the possible emergence of another public - any symptoms of the disease. But, of course, the doctor when viewed easily determine the cause of these symptoms.

 Symptoms of rubella in adults

Possible complications of the disease

As mentioned above, rubella - a very interesting disease. In children, it occurs quite easily, but in adults - at best a moderate course, and much more - hard. But, nevertheless, often, no matter how hard the illness, it goes without - any negative effects.

However, this is only if you do not wave his hand and seek medical help from a doctor. Otherwise, the sick person does not receive proper treatment, and thus the disease will last much longer, and will be for many times heavier. And like a very high degree of probability it can lead to various complications.

And one of the most serious complications, which threatens in such cases - is an inflammatory process that involves the lining of the brain. Agree completely useless to expose themselves to such dangers? It is much more reasonable time to call the doctor and start treatment.

Do not put off the visit until later - in fact, like any other disease, rubella has its incubation period. Its duration may vary slightly, but the average is ten days. And, despite the fact that a person does not feel at this time, no sickness, the virus is already starting to have on the human body is very negative impact.

However, the greatest danger of rubella is for pregnant women. And it is no coincidence - the very future mother rubella virus does not harm more than any other person. But the baby is exposed to a very serious danger, as also with high probability risks being infected.

A mischief in the body of the future baby this insidious virus can be a lot - first and foremost trigger the development of a wide variety of defects. The most frequently affected acoustic and visual system. The second highest frequency of injury - a bone and nervous systems, as well as the brain and some other organs.

In severe cases, can even intrauterine fetal death. In order for you to understand the seriousness of the danger of rubella for a pregnant woman, it is worth mentioning that in most cases, doctors insist that infected expectant mother to terminate her pregnancy. This is especially true in the case when the disease struck a pregnant woman is in the first trimester, when the tab is the major organs of the fetus. In that case, if the woman is planning to become a mother, a child does not hurt rubella, she should take care of prevention in advance. The best way to do it - vaccination.

In any case, engage in self-diagnosis and self-treatment in this situation simply can not be, because it is fraught with various complications. Therefore, at the first symptoms of the disease, just call the doctor. After all, the most precious thing a man - is his health. So do not play with him in Russian roulette, because luck - lady windy, and you can never predict which side it will be this time.

 Rubella in adults. Symptoms and Complications

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Inflammation of the sciatic nerve, which bears the name of the medicine sciatica periodically occurs in a sufficiently large number of people. Many people mistakenly believe that this phenomenon is in itself a disease. However, this is not true - most of sciatica is a result of a variety of other diseases. In itself, this condition does not present any particular risk, but brings a sick person plenty of unpleasant moments and pain.

If you remember the little school anatomy, you can easily imagine the sciatic nerve - it begins in the lumbar region, and stretches across the rear surface of the coccyx and both legs. It sciatic rhythm responsible for the normal operation of the legs and feet of the sensitivity of the entire surface.

Of course, sciatica, as well as any other disease, there is no reason - it requires specific reasons. Let's try to understand what can cause this problem:

  • Displacement - full or partial - of the spinal disc.
  • The presence of the sick person piriformis syndrome.
  • Any injury of any - or bodies, or even the muscles located in the pelvic area.
  • The presence of tumor in a human patient, and any origin.

As you can see, this is often an inflammation of the nerve may indicate the presence of certain diseases, sometimes quite serious. Of course, panic and afraid, seeing at the symptoms of inflammation, it is not necessary - most often the cause is a trivial little thing, but to ignore the doctor's visit is still not worth it. A similar visit to the doctor will take much less time than a subsequent treatment - either running a serious illness that can knock you out of the rut for a very long time.

Symptoms of sciatica

Do not worry that this pathology will remain unnoticed - if a person has inflamed sciatic nerve, he will certainly notice. Too obvious and very unpleasant symptoms. Although correct to say - a symptom.

For a man who has no medical training, the only visible symptom will be pain. And this pain is caused by inflammation of the sciatic nerve, so diverse that uniquely characterize it is unlikely to succeed. It depends on several different factors, it is overall health of the sick person, and the degree of inflammation of the sciatic nerve, and the individual pain threshold, and more.

Some patients with sciatica pain people characterize as weak, barely feel tingling or pulling someone complains that the pain is dull in nature, while others describe a very sharp pain, which almost completely deprives the sick person the ability to move. So guess what it will be pain - it is impossible. But the fact that it will still be - can not be questioned.

However, the pain caused by inflammation of the sciatic nerve, has some distinctive features, which allow the doctor to suspect it is this malaise. In almost all cases, pain localized in one half of the body. For example, many patients experience a sharp cutting pain in a hip or a leg, while at the same time in the other leg or thigh muscles numbness felt strong.

Furthermore, in some cases the pain can be felt even in one of the shanks, while the second will be felt numbness. As a rule, numbness periodically replaced by a strong tingling. In addition, a sick person feels strong enough weakness in both legs, and sometimes in the hand on the affected side. Although, fortunately, this happens very easily.

Pain in the inflammatory process affecting the sciatic nerve, almost never occur immediately and intensely. At first, the pain is very weak character, but its intensity increases gradually. As shown by numerous observations, particularly strong pain are just at night.

Pain may also increase certain physical action - when a person sits or, on the contrary, gets up, laughs, sneezes or coughs. In severe cases, the sick person and did almost could not move without pain medication. Therefore, most doctors recommend that a sick person to comply with strict bed rest.

Diagnosis of the disease

In order to timely start when needed sciatica treatment, it is necessary to diagnose. Of course, the most experienced doctor determines it is the inflammation at a glance. However, as mentioned above, there is no inflammation of the nerve itself, but is a consequence of a disease. And here it is necessary to diagnose the disease and as quickly as possible, until it started to progress more quickly, and did not result in other problems.

Diagnosis is most diverse - depending on the skills and preferences of the physician, the patient's general condition of man, his complaints. But in any case, the doctor must conduct inspection of the patient. As a rule, almost all cases of sciatica doctor at survey reveals the following:

  • Violation of any normal mobility of the foot or the knee, or both of them. Especially clearly this difficulty can be seen, if you ask a sick person to pull the foot forward or twirl it.
  • Or simply weakened neurological reflexes, or sometimes even abnormal.
  • Severe pain when a sick man tries to lift a leg up.

In addition, the doctor will certainly prescribe a sick person some research that will help to deliver a more accurate diagnosis:

  • Laboratory investigation of blood, including biochemical.
  • X-rays of the pelvis.

If necessary, if the previous studies have not helped to establish the diagnosis, the doctor may decide on the need for magnetic - resonance therapy.

 sciatic nerve

Treatment of sciatica

As you can guess, to get rid of sciatica, you must first start the treatment of the underlying disease - which is the root cause of disease. Although, of course, there is the so-called symptomatic treatment, which is intended to relieve symptoms of the inflammatory process, damaging the nerve.

If a person is inflamed sciatic nerve, treatment is primarily directed at reducing the severity of the pain. There are several basic ways - both physical and pharmacological.

In the first few days, doctors recommend doing cool compresses. You can use a soft cloth soaked in cold water. And even better - wrap in the same soft tissue ice cubes. These packs necessary to impose on those places where the pain is felt most strongly. The duration of a compress should not exceed ten minutes.

If the pain is plagued by a sick person too much, it may take painkillers, which can be purchased over the counter without a prescription. For example, ibuprofen. However effective these measures will be only if the sick person will comply with bed rest, at least the first two days.

To return to normal physical activity after the disease should gradually. At least de weeks to avoid not only the heavy lifting, but in general any - any excessive activity. Four weeks - you can return to sports, but gently. Only six weeks exercise can be restored in full.

In some cases, if the pain is too strong and no "soft" methods can not remove it, the doctor can write a prescription for a potent painkillers. In addition, in cases where inflammation is too strong, the doctor may prescribe the use of anti-inflammatory drugs.

Traditional medicine also offers some simple but very effective recipe. However, before applying them to make sure that the sick person is not allergic reactions to the components.

  1. Honey compresses. Melt three tablespoons of honey, mix them with a pre-powdered ordinary pill dipyrone. The resulting mixture should be a thin layer applied to the skin in the area that hurts. On top of the gauze and leave for two hours.
  2. A decoction of chamomile pharmacy. And once again comes to the rescue pharmacy daisy. Prepare the broth as follows - vsypte in an enamel bowl five tablespoons of chamomile pharmacy, pour a liter of water and boil for 10 minutes. The broth is cool, strain and take three days on the day of a glass.

Be careful - danger!

In any case, the ill person should seek medical care. However, there are some situations in which a sick person should seek medical advice as soon as possible. This must be done if a person were the following situations:

  • Higher temperatures higher than 38 degrees. Before you shoot down the temperature, be sure to consult your doctor.
  • The occurrence of edema or redness of the skin on the back of a sick person.
  • Pain arising in the upper leg, gradually moving lower.
  • A strong sense of numbness in the pelvic area, thighs or legs. In such cases, a person simply "give way" feet, to put it simply.
  • The appearance of a burning sensation during urination, or blood in urine.
  • In the supine position the pain is largely enhanced, and makes waking up at night. Increased pain in the second and third day.

In all the above cases, the sick person in any case not allowed to try to get rid of the pain, which causes inflammation of the sciatic nerve alone. Complications can be serious, so do not risk it.


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