Brown spots - problem. familiar to so many people. Many of them do not attach much importance to these spots and remember about them only if they occur on the exposed skin. Basically, they're right - you dark spots no threat to human health are not.
However, few people think about the fact that in most cases, age spots appear for a reason. Especially if there are young people. In such cases, lentigo may indicate that the part of human health are those or other problems.
Causes of age spots
Of course, to say exactly why you have spots, only a doctor can. But the general information you still can not hurt. So, let us understand the origin of the age spots.
Age-related changes of the skin
As mentioned above, often dark spots occur in people with age. The reason is very simple - as aging is deterioration of the internal organs responsible for elimination of toxins. As a result, the toxins begin excreted from the body through the pores of the skin. As a result - dark spots.
Young people are often dark spots are the result of the usual hormonal changes. For example, a woman during pregnancy and / or breastfeeding, or in adolescents during puberty. And, of course, in people suffering from this or that disease, leading to disruption of normal hormonal levels.
Women need to remember that it is often dark spots indicate problems with the reproductive system - often with inflammatory processes. Therefore, immediately go to the gynecologist - routine inspection never hurts. And the earlier the disease is detected, the less harm to the body.
Problems with kidneys and liver
There were dark spots? Do not be amiss to do ultrasound of the liver and kidneys - a violation of their normal work, too, often entails the appearance of age spots.
Very often dark spots appear at lovers of chocolate skin tone. Whether it's the beach or a solarium - a lasting effect on the skin to ultraviolet rays can trigger the occurrence of numerous pigment spots. By the way, doctors recommend avoiding this - a number of studies suggests that ultraviolet light can cause skin cancer.
Types of pigmentation
Many people do not realize that the dark spots - is not only a darkening of the skin. Brown spots - the whole group, which includes:
Lovely specks, giving a person a special charm and it is in people with freckles, also referred to as dark spots. The number of sunspots is dependent on solar activity - the more UV light, the more freckles. In most cases, freckles are located in open areas of skin, which the sun's rays fall - on the face, forearms and hands. The tendency to freckles are usually inherited.
This term characterizes the symmetrical spots, which have defined boundaries. In cold weather, these spots are almost invisible on the skin, but should the sun get to the human body, they get a very intense dark color. These spots can be placed on the legs and back.
These dark spots always have a rounded shape and a diameter ranging from a few millimeters to several centimeters. In most cases, these dark spots occur in the elderly. If they occur in a young person - a doctor urgently. Almost always it is a sign of serious illness. It is necessary to cure it, and spots on the body disappear.
These spots pigment called, strictly speaking, impossible. After all of the pigment in these skin areas and lacking, whereby they have a lighter shade than the rest of the skin. Especially strong they can be seen on tanned skin. The exact cause of this phenomenon, doctors do not know to this day, but it has been suggested that there are such spots as a result of endocrine diseases.
Remedy age spots
If dark spots do not give you sleep, you can try to get rid of them. Of course, you first need to go to a doctor, who will establish the nature of the origin of pigment spots and, if necessary, prescribe treatment. And from existing spots you can try to get rid of as follows:
Whitening cream mask and, in principle, give a good effect. But be prepared for the fact that the treatment will take you quite a long time - as a rule, not less than one month. And success depends primarily on the severity of pigment spots.
However, remember that professional whitening agents used for too long is not recommended, since most of them contain a sufficiently large amount of mercury. So do not ignore the skin whitening folk remedies - they are not worse, and for your health is not dangerous.
If you want to see the immediate effect - go to a dermatologist. For certain offers laser skin resurfacing, which in such cases is very effective. The procedure, of course, not a pleasant one, so often performed under general anesthesia. Typically, it is used for the face - dark spots on the body so it is not necessary to eliminate.
If you resort to such drastic measures, you do not want to, you can opt for a chemical peel. Its essence is very simple - dark spots treated with a special composition that whitens them. As a rule, for this you will need about 10 treatments.
Folk remedies whitening pigment spots
If you decide to remove dark spots on the body and face with the help of folk remedies, remember the main rule - try to remedy did not fall on the skin around the pigment spots. Otherwise, it will also acquire a lighter shade, and no good there will not be.
Funds with a lemon
If dark spots are not too dark, you can try to get rid of them by using sour cream and lemon mask. Grate half a lemon, mix with the same amount of sour cream and apply a thick layer on the dark spots. Leave the mask for about 30 minutes, then rinse with plenty of water. Make a mask twice a day as long as the age spots disappear.
If within two weeks of age spots have not started to fade, try to use pure lemon juice. Suffice it to lubricate them age spots two to three times a day. Typically, after a month, they become almost invisible. For one thing - people with sensitive skin may begin to irritation, so they definitely need to lubricate the treated place any moisturizer.
Funds with hydrogen peroxide
Hydrogen peroxide will help in cases where the lemon juice turned out to be powerless. But be careful - if used improperly, there is a risk of damaging the skin. Strictly follow the recipe and preparation procedures do not do more than is recommended. And most importantly - after the procedure if you feel any discomfort, redness and / or rashes, the more it means, do not use.
The easiest way - to compress hydrogen peroxide. Cut the gauze small peroxide and pour into a glass or plastic bowl. Dampen a cloth, apply to the spots and leave for 15 minutes. Gauze dries fairly quickly, so the time to change the towels. A similar procedure is sufficient to carry out once a day, but not more than two consecutive weeks. If during this time dark spots disappear, you can repeat the course again, but not before making a week's break.
Another very good remedy for age spots - curd mask with hydrogen peroxide. For its preparation you need a hundred grams of low-fat cottage cheese and a few tablespoons of hydrogen peroxide. Mix them up so that you have turned a creamy consistency, apply to the spots and put gauze on top.
The duration of the compress should be not less than 30 minutes. Do it just once a day, at bedtime. In most cases, only two weeks to pigmented spots turned pale. If you want if you do not appear undesirable symptoms, treatment can be continued for about a month.
If dark spots are not going to give up, you can try to "hit" them with tincture of parsley. To prepare finely chop five tablespoons fresh parsley, put it in a glass bottle and fill it with 100 grams of vodka. Insist parsley in the refrigerator and should be not less than 7 days. Then add an additional 100 grams of clean cold water and stir thoroughly.
Get tincture you should lubricate the dark spots as often as possible - ideally 5-6 times a day. If you have sensitive skin, it may start to peel off. To solve this problem is quite simple - twice a day, morning and evening, lubricate the skin of baby cream without any additives. Treatment should not last longer than one month.
If dark spots are expressed not so much, you can start a fight with them with the most simple means, which act more gently. Watch the state of pigment spots - if a couple of weeks they began to lighten, go to a "heavy artillery".
As practice shows, very effective means is the most common yogurt. Of course, not if the dark spots on the body - you will be very inconvenient. but to eliminate them from the face, you can try the usual packs. Drench in curdled folded several times gauze cloth and attach to the spots on the 15 minutes. Repeat this process at least once a day for at least two weeks.
Not less effective cucumber - rub it on a small grater and place in refrigerator for an hour. Then apply the resulting slurry on the spots and leave for 15 minutes, rinse with water. It is best to do this procedure at night - in the morning, your skin will delight you with their condition.
And remember the main thing - if you do not eliminate the very cause of age spots, their re-emergence is inevitable.