diet in chronic gastritis


  • The principles of diet in chronic gastritis
  • Approximate menu for patients with chronic gastritis with high acidity
  • Nutrition in chronic gastritis with low acidity

Most importantly, what you should definitely pay attention to the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases - observance of certain food (diet or regular). In particular, in addition to medical treatment in chronic gastritis gastroenterologists are strongly advised to stick to a very strict diet. This will help get rid of many unpleasant sensations and facilitate the patient's condition. When drawing up the menu you will strictly follow the requirements designated by your doctor, it will significantly increase the chances of a speedy recovery.

You should first find out what products and in what form you can use. And only then proceed to the preparation of the menu. Indeed, in each case, there are indications and contraindications. Remember once and for all: the diet in chronic gastritis with low acidity, or may significantly differ. Therefore, you should not act at random.

By the way, do not forget about the rules of nutrition in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Thus, portions should be small, the food - not too hot or cold. At the same time sit at the table you have in the same time (to gastric juice occurred in time). This will help to avoid discomfort in the intestines, bloating and pain education.

 chronic gastritis diet

The principles of diet in chronic gastritis

Before you come all the tests, and you put a specific diagnosis, it may take a week and a half. During this period, most doctors recommend to adhere to the general menu, which includes a certain type of product. Dishes can be steamed and boiled or baked form.

To reduce irritation of the stomach wall is necessary to pre-grind meat or vegetables in a meat grinder or blender. Various pureed soups (from dietary types of poultry or beef), vegetables and side dishes that do not contain starch and increase fermentation, will form the basis of any diet. In addition, the input menu enveloping wall of the stomach porridge. For example, oat, wheat and barley. Avoid dairy products which are the cause of the unpleasant taste and odor from the mouth, heartburn.

Avoid bread and baking, especially during exacerbations. The most common diet introduced yesterday crackers or baked goods made with white or rye flour. For those who prefer to bake their own buns, you can use a mixture of protein-free, which are sold in conventional supermarkets.

At exacerbations and recurrent pain in the stomach necessary to completely eliminate sweets and other excesses. Under the strict prohibition - all carbonated and sugary drinks. In some cases (low acidity) allowed a small amount of coffee or tea. Of course, not very strong.

Therapeutic nutrition in chronic gastritis will significantly alleviate the disease and improve as a whole. To do this, you must comply with the rule, which was mentioned above. So, during the day, regardless of the time of year and your employment must be at least 4 meals. In the day you need to drink more than 1, 5 liters of fluid.

The diet should be 100 grams of protein and fat, 450 grams of carbohydrates. For animal protein is best suited lean poultry, such as chicken or turkey, and lean parts of beef. Initially, they are ground to foods are digested quickly, and then boiled or steamed. By the way, if you or your family members stomach problems, get a special technique. For owners multivarok developed a variety of dishes and recipes that can be prepared in chronic gastritis.

Low-fat varieties of fish can be baked in foil or a special sleeve. It is necessary to avoid smoked and overly fatty foods, which can increase the acidity and lead to heartburn or bloating. It should introduce a strict ban on alcohol. Liquor not only gives rise to various diseases of the internal organs, but also causes an increased appetite and, as a consequence, overeating.

Approximate menu for patients with chronic gastritis with high acidity

Depending on the period of the disease, nutrition for gastritis with high acidity can vary. For example, if you are getting better, it allowed to gradually introduce certain products. Or, conversely, when the exacerbations required to comply with a strict diet.

Low acidity - your first priority. Therefore it is necessary to choose the dishes that have a positive impact on the process. By the way, in case of intolerance of milk and milk products the basis of the diet may be viscous soups or soups that are prepared with a variety of cereals. As mentioned above, during the day, even an ordinary person should eat at least 1, 5 liters of fluid.

At breakfast, you can cook porridge with milk or water. It is also allowed to eat cheese cakes, baked in the oven, lazy pierogi of low-fat cottage cheese. Pasta lovers can enjoy them not sharp cheese. The liquid should be consumed unsweetened tea with milk. A couple of hours after the first meal you must be sure to eat. This will help to reduce acidity and prevent stomach discomfort. Neglect lunch and afternoon tea should not be in any case. It is worth remembering that the food should not be too cold or hot.

Do not forget that liquid food for lunch most preferable. It is best to cook soup of vegetables and lean chicken. The second dish may consist of cereal, steam cutlets of low-fat varieties of fish. For dessert, it is recommended to cook berry jelly, which will gently envelop the walls of the stomach. Bread is best avoided. Regarding snack, it should be easier. You can cook the fruit or vegetable puree.

In no case do not forget the dinner as the evening meal will also help reduce acidity. In the second half of the day should be eaten steamed vegetables or steamed scrambled eggs, boiled eggs or steam cutlets. There are many options, the main thing - to show imagination and enthusiasm.

Gradually over several weeks can add new products enter desserts which do not cause fermentation. If you have a sweet tooth, eat candy or marshmallows. Diet for patients with chronic gastritis precludes use of grapes, dried fruit, ice cream.

The first three or four weeks you will have to follow the advice of "Table №1», the menu which consisted of nutritionists and gastroenterologists. By reducing pain changing diet, and introduced products that are allowed to eat in the "table number 5" or "table number 15 '. Must comply with all medical advice.

Fixed-to-eat foods in chronic gastritis with high acidity

  • Low-fat varieties of sea or river fish.
  • Fillet of beef, lean lamb, pork and other meats.
  • Poultry (chicken, turkey, quail).
  • Vegetables and fruits are low in sugar and starch.
  • Low-fat milk and milk products: cream, milk, cheese, yogurt.
  • Eggs (about 2-3 pieces. Per day), prepared as an omelette or steamed.
  • Pasta made of durum wheat, as well as protein-free pasta or rice.
  • Groats (buckwheat, wheat, semolina), sometimes - Fig.

It is necessary to drink plenty of liquids. Best suited jelly, mineral water without gas, tea with milk. Medicinal infusions and mineral water are introduced into the diet after consulting your doctor.

Prohibited foods in chronic gastritis with high acidity

  • Smoked fish and meat.
  • Canned and pickled vegetables.
  • Alcohol and sugary sodas.
  • Grapes, ice cream, chocolate.
  • Sauces mayonnaise, ketchup.

 nutrition in chronic gastritis

Nutrition in chronic gastritis with low acidity

The basic principle of power the same as with other types of diseases. Be sure to fractional and often eat (from 4 to 6 meals a day). And at a time is allowed to use no more than 500 grams of product. Under the strict prohibition of meats and alcoholic beverages.

For soups should choose lean meats or poultry. After the first boiling is drain the water and add a new one. This will help to reduce the fat content of the broth and remove harmful additives. Vegetables before adding to the soup, do not expose roasters and other heat treatment.

To increase the acidity in the diet is introduced more protein. Although minor illness and absence seizures can be eaten some fried foods. Allowed burgers (meat or fish), made without breading or flour crackers.

Therapeutic diet in chronic gastritis with low acidity

  • Bakery bran or rye flour, baked several days ago.
  • Low-fat varieties of fish, meat and poultry, steamed as well as baked, boiled or fried.
  • Vegetables: carrots, cabbage, broccoli and others.
  • Milk and milk products.
  • Fruits, except grapes and unripe berries.
  • All kinds of cereals: buckwheat, rice, oatmeal, wheat and others.
  • Pasta (both boiled, and as casseroles).
  • Eggs.
  • Teas and other drinks (not much you should drink hot, so as not to cause irritation of the stomach wall).

Prohibitions for patients with chronic gastritis with low acidity

  • All types of alcohol.
  • Cigarettes and drugs.
  • Canned, pickled products, meat and fish fillets, sausages, smoked and smoked sausages.
  • Sweet drinks and juices any stores.
  • Radish, fermented cabbage, beets, sorrel, garlic, various condiments and spices.
  • Rich products, chocolate, strong coffee, sweet tea.

If you follow a proper diet in chronic gastritis, it is already a couple of months you will forget about the pain, nausea, cramps and bloating. And in the fall and spring you will not have to wait for a seasonal exacerbation. It is worth remembering that the diet can assign it a gastroenterologist.

After all, only he will determine the "table" food that is suitable for you. This is done after a full survey, which is conducted at the hospital in a medical institution.

 Diet in chronic gastritis: indications and contraindications