Sooner or later, but the vast number of people have a desire to have children. But, alas, not all people are capable of fertilization, conception and birth of a child. But do not despair - physiological infertility is not a reason to give up the opportunity to hear, "Mom and Dad", heard in your address. An adopted child may be your family, if you want.
In Russia there are several types of transfer of the child to a new family: adoption, guardianship, and others. In this article we will talk about such form as the child's family is receiving. This form of family education originated in Russia not so long ago - just over a decade ago. And many people do not have sufficient information or else do not know about it.
And it is this form of education adopted child is the most affordable for the average family. The conditions under which it is possible to take the child to a foster family, softer than in adoption. In the first place the guardianship take into account the integrity and trustworthiness of the family, her desire to have children, and then to evaluate factors such as:
- The health status of the adoptive parents.
- Wages adoptive parents.
- State housing conditions of adoptive parents.
For the emergence of a foster family it is necessary to foster parents and the local guardianship authorities have concluded an agreement on the transfer of the child to the family.
Treaty establishing the foster family
The contract is made in a strictly prescribed form. It specifies such details as:
- The period for which the child is placed in foster families.
- The conditions in which the child will live, learn and grow.
- All those duties imposed on the shoulders of the adoptive parents.
- All rights adoptive parents.
- Those charges, which take on the guardianship authorities in relation to the family, who took on the education of the child.
The contract drawn up in two copies and signed by the two parties - a representative of the guardianship authorities, and one of the adoptive parents. One copy is stored in the bodies of trusteeship, the second one is given to a foster family in his arms.
The contract is valid for the entire period for which it is concluded. However, there are certain cases in which the contract may be terminated prematurely. These cases include:
The disease is one of the adoptive parents, which does not allow to properly carry out their duties towards the child.
- Changes in marital status of the foster family
In that case, if the couple divorced, the agreement on the upbringing of the child in a foster family by the decision of the board of trustees may be canceled. During the divorce adoptive parents must notify the fact of the board of trustees for three days.
Of course, with little change in financial position for the worse guardianship authorities will not insist on the removal of children from the foster family. However, if the adoptive parents have lost their jobs or housing, the board of trustees will actually assess whether the adoptive parents to properly maintain the minor child.
- Personality conflicts between foster children and their parents
Of course, the process of adaptation of the child in foster care is rarely proceed smoothly, without any rough edges. However, if the conflict between the child and the adoptive parents occur regularly, are stormy, guardianship authorities may raise the issue of premature termination of the contract.
- Conflicts between children in foster care
All of the above applies equally to the conflicts between the children in the family. If parents are unable to stabilize the psychological situation in the family and to create a favorable climate, the contract may be terminated prematurely.
The occurrence of any other adverse factors that hinder the normal development of the child's upbringing and in foster care can also lead to early termination of the contract.
- Return foster child of his biological parents
It is rare, but still there are situations where people deprived of their parental rights restored in their rights to the child. This happens when parents begin to lead a normal life, create favorable conditions for the life of the child, and they manage to convince the court, the child can be returned to them. Accordingly, the contract with the foster family is terminated prematurely.
Parents who take the child to grow up in their family, should be well aware of the fact that the foster family is not an adoption. And these are the child's total base of children available for adoption. And it may be that you have become family foster son or daughter like the look any - any other married couple. And if they decide to adopt a child, the guardianship authorities contract tear.
State foster care payments
The State supports such foster families. At the time when it becomes a foster family, from the regional budget is a lump sum payment in the amount of 10,000 rubles for each child. Such payment shall be made only once.
Further, throughout the term of the agreement on the content of each of the foster children are paid a certain amount. The benefits are established for each administration of the Federal District of Russia. These funds are intended for the purchase:
- Cards & Stationery
- Household goods
- Clothes and shoes
- For partial payment of utilities
In addition, all foster families, which include three or more children, as the reception and their own, are entitled to all the benefits that are provided by the Russian legislation for large families. Fostering payments should start receiving immediately as soon as the child will be given to education.
Wages adoptive parents
Another feature of the adoptive family is the fact that the adoptive parents for her work on child-rearing are paid. Its size varies and is dependent on such facts as:
- How many children have been taken in foster care.
- From that, what is the state of health of foster children.
To date, over two adopted children, parents receive 4 times the minimum salary for three or more - 5 minimum salaries.
In the event that an adopted child has not reached the age of three, or it has any deviations in mental and physical development, remuneration of foster parents has increased by 30%.
The duties of adoptive parents
Deciding to take upbringing in a family foster child, parents need to think it through, and all to take this step only consciously, not only guided by a gust of noble emotions. After all, we are not talking about any toys or things that no longer needed can be put on the shelf. The first emotional outburst passes quickly, and the little man, and you will live side by side for a very long time, and perhaps forever.
Taking the family of the child, parents assume a number of responsibilities. For example, the following:
- To educate a child.
- Carefully monitor his health.
- Create a family kid-psychological atmosphere.
- Monitor the child's learning process.
- Protect the rights of the child and represent his interests, including in court.
However, as a rule, if the parents love their adopted child, these duties are not inconvenienced by them. But otherwise, and to conceive the whole saga with the creation of a foster family is not worth it, otherwise this venture will turn a headache and did not bring nothing but disappointment.
Rights of foster parents
However, apart from a number of responsibilities at the adoptive parents as there are right:
- Take the education of foster child
Any married couple, meet certain requirements, has the right to file a guardianship authorities claim the desire to create a foster family.
- The right to private education of the child
The rights to education of the adopted child are the same as the right to education of their own. Nobody has the right to specify the adoptive parents, for a scheme to educate the child and in what ways, if it does not harm the education of physical and psychological health of the child.
- The right to receive cash benefits
As already mentioned, any such family is entitled to a monthly allowance for each foster child.
There is a number of benefits, which put any foster family. A list of these benefits you can find in your guardianship authorities.
- The right to free medical care
Despite the fact that adoptive parents can not get the policy of compulsory medical insurance for the child's medical care of these children are also free. On receipt of the poles need to take care guardianship authorities.
- The right to remuneration
As already mentioned, all foster parents have the right to timely payment for their labor, in full.
- The right to the benefits provided for pension and labor legislation
- The right to increase to seniority
According to the Russian legislation in the total length of service includes the time during which the parents are caring for foster children.
Rights adopted child
Children adopted by a foster family, retain some rights, such as:
All children whose biological parents are deprived of parental rights, reserve the right to alimony, regardless of whether he is in foster care or not.
- The right to social family
A child who is in foster family is entitled to a disability pension or survivor.
- The right to use the living area
An adopted child has the right to retain ownership of the flat belonging to him or the right to use it.
- The right to maintain contact with relatives
In that case, if the adoptive parents do not object to, the child may periodically meet and communicate with their blood relatives and biological parents.
So, after reading this article, you receive full information about this form of education of children without parental care, such as the family. Carefully weigh the pros and cons. And who knows, perhaps it is such a family will make you feel parents.
And remember that not so important - adopted child is taken into care or is adopted by a foster family. The most important thing that you need for a happy and prosperous future together tandem "parent - child" - a complete understanding of your child's willingness to accept it and, of course, the most important ingredient of success - it is a great and boundless love for the child!