pain in the abdomen during pregnancy


  • Physiological changes of pregnancy period
  • Why stomach ache during pregnancy?
  • What can I do to reduce the pain in the abdomen
  • Tools relief of pain in the lower abdomen during pregnancy
  • When the pain in the lower abdomen in pregnancy are dangerous?
  • Instead of an epilogue

Pregnancy - a crucial period in the life of the mother and baby.

Women's health, her mental state lay the foundation of health and psyche of the child.

That is why it is important to be attentive to any sensations of pain or heaviness. Discomfort when hurt or pulls the lower abdomen during pregnancy occurs in many women quite often. Sometimes the pain can be a sign of a pathology of pregnancy. Abdominal pain in pregnancy may indicate hypertonicity of the uterus and the threat of miscarriage. How dangerous to the health of the unborn child are abdominal pain during pregnancy? And what to do when the stomach aches, sore muscles or cramps occur?
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Physiological changes of pregnancy period

Pain is a sign of over-voltage. Getting pregnant in the body stimulates the hormonal changes as a result of which begins to coarsen the uterus and mammary glands. Increase the volume of the rotating blood changes its chemical composition, pulse quickens. The network of blood vessels in the lower abdomen and chest. Ligaments and muscles of the abdomen are preparing to load, they soften in the first weeks of pregnancy, and further the growth of stomach, stretch and thicken. Pelvic organs shift, and squeezed. Because of this, the expectant mother has to take food in small portions. Hard intestinal peristalsis, constipation and colic appear.

The most active rearrangement occurs in the first 16 weeks of pregnancy. You may experience ailments: drowsiness, sweating, nausea or heartburn, abdominal pain, cramps and constipation. Almost every woman during pregnancy pull the lower abdomen. Periodically there are brief slack abdominal pain during pregnancy. Physiological changes in a woman's body during pregnancy are associated with the growth of the baby, they are normal and natural.

 causes abdominal pain during pregnancy
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Why stomach ache during pregnancy?

The causes of pain during pregnancy are divided into obstetric and non-obstetric. Obstetric pain in the lower abdomen are pathologies that cause miscarriage or placental abruption. Non-obstetric pain are all the others: cramps in the lower abdomen, pain, constipation and flatulence, pain from sprains, aching feeling of abdominal muscles, mild pain in the perineum and lower abdomen by differences of the pelvis. Knowledge of the causes of the appearance of discomfort, will allow to understand, stomach ache during pregnancy due to changes in physiology or overload.

The list of reasons that can cause pain at the bottom during pregnancy, the following:

  1. Stretching muscles ligaments. In the first weeks of pregnancy belly to pull the voltage can round ligament, located on each side of the uterus. Pain in the first weeks of pregnancy occur in women with physiologically offset location of the uterus. The uterus is moving to take a position in the middle of the pelvis. It is noticed that the pain in the lower abdomen during pregnancy are more common in women who have previously experienced painful periods.
  2. Increasing the mobility of the pelvic bone joints causes pain in the abdomen in the later stages, you may receive the "duck walk".
  3. Periodic contractions, feels like a compression, tension or heaviness in the lower abdomen. The feeling when in the first weeks of pregnancy pulls the stomach, says pop strain of muscles called the medical condition of increased uterine tone. Observed in the last trimester of pregnancy and the birth rate increases with the approach of the last month.
  4. Physical overload: excess weight lifting, running. In the last trimester of pregnancy inadmissible exercise will cause the feeling when pulling the lower abdomen, strengthen the tone of the uterus and provoke premature births.
  5. Neuropsychiatric disorders and experiences. Part of the answer to the question "Why a stomach ache? "The situation is self-destructive inadequate human response to an annoying situation. During pregnancy, strong negative emotions cause muscle tension, tone and appearance of pain in the lower abdomen. The best ways to handle the situation - self-control and psychological self-correction. If necessary, seek help from a qualified psychologist.
  6. Eating Disorders. Squeezing the intestine (especially in the later stages) and the weakening of the digestive activity creates bloating, colic, constipation, causing intestinal pain in the lower abdomen.
  7. Gynecological diseases (such as ovarian cysts) can also cause pain in the abdomen during pregnancy. In such cases, a medical consultation.
  8. Diseases of non-gynecologic system of women (appendicitis, pancreatitis, intestinal obstruction), are the cause of pain in the lower abdomen and require urgent examination and surgical consultation.

The most common pregnancy pulls, stretches, aches in the beginning (the first and second months) and late (eighth and ninth, prenatal). The growing belly during pregnancy becomes noticeable only after heavy seventh month. In mid-gestation (from the third to the seventh month) sensations women stabilized, become comfortable and acceptable. If you are in doubt about the cause of the pain can not decide why you pesters discomfort, consult a doctor.

 ultrasound during pregnancy
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What can I do to reduce the pain in the abdomen

  • Diet must provide the digestive system. Required to work peristalsis vegetables and fruits, nuts. Dairy products provide the necessary microflora and enzymes to digest food, prevent the occurrence of colic. Adequate fluid intake (not excessive and do not lean) maintains water balance. We must know that the lack of drinking water and limit triggers processes in the body storing a liquid and subsequent swelling. It is necessary to limit fats, carcinogens, coffee, pastry and sweets. The simpler and more natural diet is the expectant mother, the better for her own health and the health of a growing baby.
  • Available physical exercise, gymnastics and special exercises to stretch the muscles and ligaments of the perineum. Why is it important to perform exercises and prepare the body for childbirth special exercises? Because pregnancy is not a disease, it is a normal physiological state of the female organism. Therefore, the average physical activity is not that desirable, it is necessary. Exercises that help prepare the body for childbirth, include a variety of stretching, bending, posture butterfly fish:
  1. Stand on knees, push your knees shoulder-width apart and sit in between the buttocks. This pose stretches the ligament of the perineum. If you allow the condition of the body, you can lie on your back gently - this posture known as "fish".
  2. "Butterfly." Sitting on the floor (on the mat), bend the knees and pull your heels to his feet. Heel rest against each other and try to lower your knees to the floor. The pose is similar to the "sitting cross-legged."
  3. Relaxation and contraction of the muscles of the perineum help when muscles are sore. Learning to manage such an exercise will help crotch. Running as if you want to use the toilet ("in the small"), and hold themselves to, endure. This perineal muscles tense. Keep the tension for 10 seconds and relax crotch. It is especially important to do this exercise in preparation for childbirth.
  • Walking and hiking are available load stimulate circulation, improve oxygen supply to all organs of the mother's body and placenta. This speeds up the process of removing toxins. It was found that the most painful sprains occur in sedentary women, leading an inactive lifestyle. To prevent a state where the leg muscles ache, foot traffic should be daily.
  • Avoid negative experiences. Try to reduce or remove the psychological complexes. Why is it important to monitor their feelings and emotions? The human body is an integral structure consisting of physical matter and information. Any emotions and thoughts are reflected in bodily sensations. Fear, anger, resentment, irritation, anger and envy cause spasm, contraction of the muscles of any bodies, arms, legs, face, and, of course, during pregnancy, the muscles of the pelvis and abdomen. Compression and strain of the muscles in the lower abdomen squeezes the blood vessels of the circulatory system, supplying baby food and oxygen. As a result of her mother's emotions child receives physiological blow in the form of prolonged oxygen deprivation.

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Tools relief of pain in the lower abdomen during pregnancy

If you understand that abdominal pain and non-reinforcing non-periodical, due to physiological changes in your body, you can apply some means of calming them:

  • A warm bath - helps to relax, relieve tension from the muscles.
  • Rest, relaxation, lying position.
  • Bondage - reduces the tension of the abdominal muscles and reduces pain.

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When the pain in the lower abdomen in pregnancy are dangerous?

You must know that great importance is the intensity of the pain at the bottom and frequency of sensation. The sense of gravity when pulling the lower abdomen, worse and grow into sheer pain in the lower abdomen, should alert. You may see the pain in the lumbar area, spanning the pain and nagging sensation in the pelvic area. Particularly worrying is the frequency of occurrence of pain at the bottom. These symptoms often signal a possible miscarriage or have already begun or premature birth. Pain and cramping in the lower abdomen may be accompanied by bloody mucus. Urgent medical assistance to rescue the baby.

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Instead of an epilogue

Discomfort, pain, cramps, feeling of heaviness is not unique pathology of pregnancy. It does not matter whether the sick abdomen during pregnancy, whether it was drawn, and transferred these feelings are quickly forgotten with the birth of the baby and new joyful worries.

 Pain and heaviness in the lower abdomen during pregnancy