birth control pills


  • Contraception Women who breastfeed
  • Today enjoy popular contraceptive drugs
  • Conclusions on the pill

Birth control pills, in most cases prescribed for the prevention of pregnancy, although gynecologists are now able to recommend the use of these drugs for the treatment of certain diseases of the reproductive system in women who are associated with the body's hormonal profile of women. Let us consider in more detail types of birth control pills, which is best to take the pill.

It is important that the question of how to choose birth control pills, in any case, said the woman gave a qualified person, and not a neighbor or friend, because it is important not only prevent unwanted pregnancies, but also to avoid the development of certain side effects that can accompany the use of drugs.

Currently using a new generation of birth control pills, which contain a minimum dose of hormones, but it is sufficient to prevent ovulation and oocyte maturation, which makes it impossible pregnancy. It is important to remember that taking birth control pills - not a one-time event, and the woman must know that the pass reception even one pill can destroy the results of long-term use of these drugs.

Creating a new generation of contraceptives allows you to choose the right drug for 80-85% of the patients, except those are women who for health reasons is not desirable to take such action means: for example, suffering from serious diseases of the endocrine system or connective tissue.

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Contraception Women who breastfeed

Today issued even special control pills for breastfeeding women: they use only the synthetic progestins. These drugs make it possible to prevent the development of the body of unwanted pregnancy, if he has not had time to recover after the previous birth and childbearing.

However, any of these drugs must be taken daily, preferably in one and the same time: the maximum time interval in doses should be not more than 36 hours.

Depending on the composition of the drug, some birth control pills need to be taken without interruption for 28 days.

Optimal control pills, which are assigned to patients, regardless of age, are tablets that do not have estrogen - mini Pilli. Accordingly, after 40 years of birth control pills may be administered even to patients who have a long experience of smoking, or diseases of the cardiovascular system, in which the purpose is strictly undesirable estrogen.

The main influence of this type of contraceptive drugs has on the motility of the muscles of internal genital organs and changes in the characteristics of cervical mucus: accelerated several times the speed of the passage of the egg, and the mucus becomes very viscous and thick, and the sperm is therefore not able to penetrate into the fallopian tubes and uterus, which prevents fertilization.

The effectiveness of these contraceptives for older women or nursing mothers are somewhat lower than the efficacy of oral contraceptives combined, but this method of birth control more humane than the interruption of unplanned pregnancy.

The probability of occurrence of side effects of contraceptive drugs depends directly on the composition of the drug. It is higher with combination tablets than with monophasic drugs lacking estrogenic components, there is a risk of thrombosis, including pulmonary embolism.

That's why they need to be administered only by a qualified gynecologist. We must remember that if there is a break of more than 36 hours, the risk that there will be side effects of birth control pills, it is more: the possible occurrence of genital tract dysfunctional bleeding, and can not rely on reliable contraception. To prevent bleeding, you should continue taking pills from the package started earlier until it is over, while the pregnancy can be prevented by using a mechanical barrier contraception (condoms).

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Today enjoy popular contraceptive drugs

At the moment, the most popular drugs, which respond positively and gynecologists and patients, are:

  • Jess - a combined oral contraceptive, which contains the minimum number of estrogen. That is why preparation is the minimum number of complications, and cardiovascular effects are very rarely develop even when the duration of his admission. The drug does not cause a delay in the body fluid, and does not cause swelling, so it is very low risk of weight gain. Jess tablets may be used by women of any age and use them to eliminate acne, seborrhea and hirsutism. They take 28 consecutive days.
  • Novinet - a combined contraceptive with the lowest estrogen, which is produced in blister packs of 21 tablet. That is why while taking this drug, it is important to maintain a break of 7 days, which should come menstruation. The advantage of this product is its ability to use nursing mothers: it enhances largely milk production, which can be for women who want to maintain breast feeding, helpful. Similarly, action has and preparations Klayra and Lindinet that reproduce the most natural hormones of the female organism.
  • Janine - a single-phase combined contraceptive, which can simultaneously affect ovulation, change the properties of cervical mucus and uterine lining condition. The drug must be taken for 21 days, then you must be sure to take a break. A similar effect has and contraceptive Yasmin.
  • Regulon - a combined contraceptive drug that helps not only to prevent unwanted pregnancy, but also has a therapeutic effect in a substantial change in hormonal and menstrual irregularities. The preparation regulon number of estrogens and progestins is slightly higher than in other formulations of the same pharmacological group. Tablets for the convenience of patients, respectively, marked the days of the menstrual cycle.

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Conclusions on the pill

Choose these drugs can now be for all the fair sex, regardless of age, but to explain how to choose birth control pills, and pick up an agent, a suitable best for a particular woman, it can only be a qualified gynecologist.

In certain cases, before conducting a thorough laboratory and instrumental examination: it is important to find time possible contraindications to their use. If necessary, take a good pill, even after 40 years: in modern conditions the age of menopause has been steadily increasing, so the demand for such drugs, even in this age group. In the application of patients in this age group contraceptives assist in the prevention of complications of menopause in the future, including osteoporosis. Hormonal drugs are best not independently choose the good, such attempts will not name.

So you can answer the question, what is better to use birth control pills to achieve good results.

 How to choose the contraceptive pill?

 methods of protection after childbirth


  • Pregnancy after birth: Myth or Reality?
  • Condoms - the main method of contraception
  • Aperture (vaginal cap)
  • Birth control pills
  • Contraceptive injections and plasters
  • Intrauterine System and Spiral
  • The natural method of contraception

Contraception after giving birth - this topic is so mired in stereotypes that many difficult to determine. For example, young mothers are of the opinion that in the first months after birth, if a woman is breastfeeding and menstruation are not improved, unwanted pregnancy can not occur. This is possible, but there is a list of conditions, which, in this case, you need to perform.
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Pregnancy after birth: Myth or Reality?

If immediate postpartum woman becomes pregnant again, then childbearing may worsen as the state of health of mother and fetus. That is why very often interrupt a pregnancy by artificial means, but it is, in turn, pulls the heavy physical and psychological trauma.

Doctors recommend to restore the sexual life is not earlier than 3-4 weeks after childbirth.

But few listen to this advice, often intimate relationships are renewed before.

If after birth you have not had menstruation, it does not mean that pregnancy does not threaten you. Do not hesitate to consult a doctor to pick out the appropriate method of contraception.

Below is a brief description of the main suggested method of contraception after pregnancy, taking into account the pros and cons of each.

 intrauterine device
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Condoms - the main method of contraception

Male condoms is probably the easiest of all the existing methods. All that is required - it's just to have them on hand at the right moment. If this method is used correctly, the experts assure the reliability of about 98%.

The use of male condoms is right for you if:

  • you have no desire or possibility to take hormone pills or other drugs;
  • you continue to breastfeed;
  • using different intravaginal contraceptive you there is no feeling of discomfort;
  • do you smoke.

It is better to abandon this method if:

  • you are allergic to latex (by the way, there are condoms that use other material);
  • you do not want to interrupt affection to pursue this remedy.

Female condoms are inserted into the vagina so that the outer edge remains outside, that is, around the labia. When used properly, the level of protection against unwanted pregnancy is 95%.

Using the female condom is right for you if:

  • hormones for you taboos;
  • you continue to breastfeed;
  • you do not feel uncomfortable when using intravaginal protection;
  • do you smoke;
  • You want to protect yourself from diseases that are sexually transmitted.

It is better to abandon this method if:

  • you do not want to use intravaginal contraceptive;
  • you do not want to interrupt the sexual act.

 birth control pills

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Aperture (vaginal cap)

Vaginal cap in something similar to a condom: an elastic rubber ring is stretched thin. Before you use need to see a specialist, so he determined what size fits you. The diaphragm should be inserted into the vagina before intercourse so that one was located at the edge of the pubic bone, and the other - at the rear vaginal vault. Thus, a kind of barrier that prevents sperm to enter the uterus. The diaphragm should be removed from the vagina after 3-4 hours after intercourse. When used properly, they can provide protection for about 92-96%.

Vaginal diaphragms and caps can be used if:

  • you do not want to drink hormones;
  • you feed your baby breast;
  • using intravaginal means you do not feel uncomfortable;
  • do you smoke.

It is not necessary to use a cap, if:

  • you do not want to use the vaginal contraceptive;
  • you are allergic to latex or spermicides;
  • you inconvenient to use spermicidal gel or cream;
  • you're not going to interrupt affection for protection;
  • you have observed a tendency to infectious diseases of the reproductive system, particularly the bladder;
  • your muscles of the perineum are weak.

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Birth control pills

Combined oral contraceptives contain estrogen and progesterone. The tablets need to take a course of 21 days (every day), and then to organize a break of 7 days.

This method of contraception is right for you if:

  • you do not want to use this method of contraception, which should be applied in advance;
  • hormonal contraceptives you are not prohibited;
  • critical days are painful;
  • irregular menstrual cycle takes place;
  • during menstruation have been profuse bleeding;
  • you seriously carry ICP;
  • you are prone to acne;
  • you do not smoke.

Do not take these medications if:

  • you refuse to take hormone pills;
  • you continue to breastfeed;
  • age of over 35 years, and you smoke, or to quit less than a year ago;
  • you have heart disease or blood vessels;
  • you regularly take drugs is difficult;
  • you do not want to change their menstrual cycle for a specified period;
  • you have found breast cancer or you get rid of him 5 years ago;
  • you suffer complications or common form of diabetes for over 20 years;
  • you have been overweight;
  • sometimes anxious migraine;
  • You're gallbladder disease or liver and taking drugs.

Progestogens pill or mini-pill, you need to take the time - every day. These tablets contain a progestogen only.

You can use this means of contraception if:

  • you can take hormone pills;
  • menstrual cycles have irregular;
  • you continue to breastfeed;
  • critical days you are painfully;
  • you do not want to use contraception in advance;
  • you are over 35 and smoke;
  • you seriously carry PMS.

Do not take this hormonal medication if:

  • You can not drink hormonal tablets;
  • you find it difficult to regularly take drugs;
  • you've had breast cancer, or liver;
  • you cut out a cyst of the ovary;
  • you suffer from vaginal bleeding between the critical days;
  • you are familiar with the problem of an ectopic pregnancy.

The reliability of both methods of contraception is 99%.

 contraceptive injection
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Contraceptive injections and plasters

Contraceptive injections can be done for 12 or 8 weeks. For this hormonal contraceptive is administered intramuscularly, and it gradually enters the blood.

You can do yourself these injections if:

  • You can take hormones;
  • you are breast-feeding;
  • you find it difficult to take a daily pill;
  • at least a year, you are not going to get pregnant;
  • do you smoke;
  • you are hard to bear the critical days and suffer from PMS;
  • you want to be protected for a long time;
  • you do not mind if you go to stop menstruation.

It is better to abandon the hormone injections, if:

  • you can not take hormonal drugs;
  • you are afraid of injections;
  • at least one year you are planning to become pregnant;
  • you have liver trouble, and problems with blood vessels;
  • you are ill or have recovered from breast cancer 5 years ago;
  • after sex you are bleeding;
  • you have diabetes for a long time;
  • you are afraid of overweight (about 3 kg).

Dose contraceptive patch releases estrogen that enters the bloodstream through the skin. It must be replaced every 7 days.

Such protection is right for you if:

  • You can take hormones;
  • you carry painful periods and PMS;
  • difficult for you regularly drink tablets;
  • you do not smoke;
  • you are experiencing heavy bleeding.

It is better not to use the patch if:

  • you are not allowed to take hormones;
  • you feed your baby breast;
  • you are suffering from heart disease, diseases of the liver and gallbladder, obesity;
  • you are the owner of sensitive skin;
  • you often have migraines;
  • you have a severe form of diabetes;
  • you are simultaneously taking some other drugs.

Guarantee protection against unwanted pregnancy in both cases about 99%.

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Intrauterine System and Spiral

Intrauterine system - a small plastic device that is inserted into a woman's body for 5 years. It allows you to do dosed progestogen into the bloodstream.

Such a remedy is right for you if:

  • You can take hormones;
  • you are breast-feeding;
  • you find it difficult to regularly take pills;
  • you're not going to get pregnant again in the near future;
  • you suffer from painful heavy bleeding;
  • you are comfortable with this method of contraception that stops monthly.

It is better to refrain from intrauterine system if:

  • You are not allowed hormones;
  • you suffer from venereal or contagious disease;
  • You have been an anomaly structure of the uterus or poor smear;
  • you have a weak heart, liver;
  • you have recovered or are suffering from breast cancer.

The intrauterine device, or the spiral may be in the uterus from 3 to 10 years. Spiral prevents the penetration of sperm or, in extreme cases, the attachment of a fertilized egg to the uterus.

The spiral can be used if:

  • you are breast-feeding;
  • you find it difficult to take medication regularly;
  • you do not plan to become pregnant the next few years.

No need to put a spiral, if:

  • you have been allergic to copper;
  • you suffer from abnormal structure of the uterus and you have a bad pap;
  • you have found or sexually transmitted infections;
  • monthly you heavy and painful;
  • you are afraid that during the critical days of bleeding to increase.

Both remedies can provide more than 99% protection against unwanted pregnancy.

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The natural method of contraception

This method of protection against unwanted pregnancy requires that you yourself will assume ovulation and avoid sex during this time.

This method of protection is right for you if:

  • you can not take hormonal drugs;
  • you feed your baby breast;
  • menstrual cycles have irregular;
  • you are not hard to follow the daily cycle, secretions and urine;
  • you do not want to use contraceptives to be provided in advance.

It is better not to risk it and do not use this method if:

  • you are on maternity leave, and you find it difficult to follow all the indicators (secretions, urine, cycle), or have no desire to do so;
  • you need a reliable contraceptive protection.

It is difficult to say whether this method is effective, because it all depends on the chosen method and quality count. If all calculations are correct, it can protect you up to 99%. It is best not to rely and trust the natural protection, and consult with a specialist.

Hoping that by increasing the range of breastfeeding, you will not get pregnant, it is not necessary. If not a few months, then a year after giving birth necessarily need to choose a method of protection, if you still continue to practice breastfeeding. To do this, you need to consult with a specialist to chosen contraception after delivery was robust.

 How to protect themselves after giving birth?