• Ovulation and its symptoms
  • Conception and ovulation
  • Methods for determining ovulation

Many couples are willing to continue their kind. Raise and educate a child is not easy. But over the years, you know what your children are the meaning of life, for them you live, work and create. We give children the experience and skills that they have high expectations.

Sometimes it turns conceive almost immediately. However, there are many cases where the expectation is great news tightened. In our time, scientists have come up with different methods of fertilization. One of the safest ways - is the presence of sexual intercourse with a loved one on the day of ovulation. Try to understand what is the process and how to find a day that would be the best for conception.

 calculate the day of ovulation
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Ovulation and its symptoms

The essence of the female physiological process of ovulation is that they are ready to fertilize the egg falls out of the follicle of the ovary in the abdominal cavity.

The first ovulation begins in girls at puberty, and the last pass before the start of menopause. During pregnancy a woman's body does not produce new eggs, and therefore ovulation in these months is not happening.

Ovulation - this is a batch process, repeated over 21-35 days, depending on the length of the menstrual cycle. This day falls in the middle of the cycle. The next expected menses in 12-16 days.

Check the day of ovulation may be on its characteristic symptoms. For some women, they appear particularly pronounced, some do not even notice. It depends on the individual characteristics of each person.

  1. Pain in the lower abdomen.
  2. Increased sexual desire.
  3. Selection of more secrets from the cervix.
  4. Sometimes a change of color selections.

Soreness at the bottom of the abdomen in the days of ovulation, where the ovaries are located, according to statistics, there are one in five women. Gynecologists explain the pain that follicle stretches the ovary wall. Follicular fluid that flows together with the egg, stimulates contraction of the uterus and fallopian tubes. Because of this, there is a pain to the right or to the left as one month maturation graafova bubble occurs in the right ovary and the other month - left ovary. you can feel the pointed, sharp, cramping pain. It may last from 1 hour to 2 days. If the pain is too strong, consult your doctor.

The second of the symptoms, increased libido, provoked minor contractions of the uterus. In addition, if you want to get pregnant, the day of ovulation itself encourages you to intimacy with a partner.

Determine ovulation can be watching his body. A few hours before the beginning of the process of release of the egg cervix begins to intensively produce more liquid than usual, stretching discharge, similar to egg white. Increased work of the secret can last up to 2 days. In some women, the highlight color changes to red. This is due to little bleeding at rupture of the follicle.

 Ovulation Test
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Conception and ovulation

The life of the egg is only one day, 24 hours a sperm must have time to fertilize it. If it does not, to the desired pregnancy will have to wait the next month. Therefore, for fertilization day calculated by the ovulation calendar, it is 7 days 4 days before and 2 days after the day of ovulation itself. Since the sperm is able to remain active in the female body 5-7 days, these days will be the most favorable for conception.
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Methods for determining ovulation

Check the day when the egg is released into the abdominal cavity, it is possible in many ways. If you do not feel the typical symptoms for ovulation, or the duration of the menstrual cycle is not stable, the calculated calendar days favorable for conception difficult. In such cases, use the method of measurement of basal temperature.

Basal body temperature is the temperature in the rectum. To calculations were correct, the measurements should be performed every day in the morning at the same time. When the schedule will jump to 0, 4 degrees or more, it will be the long-awaited day for conception.

There are special rapid tests for determining ovulation urine. They react to the presence of luteinizing hormone. The test shows a positive result, that is, 2 bars, 2 days after rupture of the follicle to the mature egg.

Thus, when it is impossible to get pregnant, try to find out your ovulation day convenient for you. You have to believe in miracles, and everything will turn out.

 Conceive the day of ovulation

 the correct definition of ovulation


  • Determination of the sensations
  • What to tell the temperature?
  • Home Microscope
  • Pharmacy test strip
  • Ultrasonography
  • What is fraught with hormonal imbalance?

If you decide to have a baby, and all the pregnancy does not occur, the question is how to determine the time of ovulation. The egg that strays from the follicle, lives about one day (only in some cases up to 48-72 hours), so guess the exact day of ovulation means as close to their goal - a successful conception. This can lead, and sexual acts that took place three days before the release of the egg, or the day after. Sperm live in a supportive environment for about three days and are able to wait for the egg. For this reason, a number of other knowledge about how to determine ovulation more useful to those who wish to have a baby than those who want to avoid this.

Sometimes a woman's ovulation may occur twice in one cycle or unexpectedly occur earlier or later than usual, therefore, to avoid pregnancy, you should not rely solely on the ovulation calendar.

To determine ovulation may be like using a specialist (gynecologist or laboratory staff), and independently, without leaving home. A method for determining a lot, sometimes for the greater reliability of some of them combine with each other.
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Determination of the sensations

Sometimes, to understand the approach of ovulation, or can be of internal sensations.

Ovulatory period is always located in the middle of the cycle. If the duration of a regular cycle of 28 days, then the follicle ovulates often 13-14 day. If the cycle lasts 35 days, the egg leaves the follicle on day 17-18. At irregular menstruation predict more or less accurately the time of ovulation is problematic, but it always comes about two weeks before the start of menstruation.

In most cases, if a regular cycle, it indicates the monthly ovulation. If menstruation occurs sporadically, with long delays, it may signal that ovulation does not always or completely absent. Then the necessary medical attention. He usually appoints US, as this method provides a 100% guarantee accurate results.

The onset of ovulation, a woman is quite capable of feeling, although the symptoms are very individual and vary in intensity. Every woman feels them differently.

Often during ovulation women experience discomfort or pain in the ovaries. This separation of the vagina becomes more abundant and have the form of a transparent, very thick, viscous film.

Women often this period of enhanced libido a greater or lesser extent. It is believed that at this time they are the most sexually attractive men and the behavior of others towards them is changing. Often, after ovulation, a woman adds a bit of weight.

However, all this circumstantial evidence, and absolutely right to determine whether ovulation is impossible. Rather, all this may serve as a signal for more accurate testing.

 determining ovulation feels
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What to tell the temperature?

Accurate and easy to determine the date of ovulation is possible by building a graphical test of basal body temperature (BT). In notebook sheet in a cage imps two axes. Vertical - axis is temperature ranging from 36 ° C. and ending 38 ° C. The horizontal axis - the days of the cycle. On the first day of menstruation begin to measure the temperature in the anus. Do it for the whole cycle. For this purpose, more suitable conventional mercury thermometer as an electronic exhibit excessive sensitivity to the contact with the anus, and the smallest changes can distort the results.

Measure BT (ie, the temperature of the rectum) is necessary in the morning before you get out of bed. Before it should sleep continuously for at least 6 hours.

If sleep is interrupted it will affect your temperature and, consequently, few will distort the graph. If this happens on the day of ovulation or the day before, it may obscure the situation. So try to observe the sleep mode and time of measurement. However, if you do not succeed, do not panic, just graphics make relevant notes about what and when might affect the results of measurements. If your sleep was disturbed, if you have taken on the eve of alcohol or hormonal drugs, if you are cold, take notes. Sexual intercourse also improves BT, so it must be held no later than 4 hours prior to measurement.

WT first phase of the cycle should be below 37 ° C. Generally it is around 36 4-36 8 ° C. The day before ovulation temperature drops abruptly to 0, 4-0, 6 ° C and the next day is increased to 37 ° C (or at 0 5 ° C of the original) and remains so little or increases until the next period. If BT in the second phase of the cycle slightly above 37 ° C, do not worry, this is acceptable. Worrying is when temperature fluctuations during both phases of the cycle are insignificant or the temperature does not change at all. This is possible either by anovulatory cycles, or in the absence of ovulation. If in a few months, the situation does not change, you should consult your doctor.

If the temperature in the second phase falls earlier than 10 days after ovulation, too, should write to the gynecologist and pass tests on hormones. This may indicate a reduced content of progesterone, which affects vynashivaemost. Its failure leads to tragic consequences. In case of early BT lowering the probability of conception is low.

In order to reliably judge whether you have coming ovulation, basal temperature is measured three months. Conclusions based on one month can not be done.

If your cycle is regular and ovulation comes in at the same time can be based on these readings make ovulation calendar. It says the first and last day of the cycle, as well as the day of ovulation. After the data is analyzed. If there are no any deviations in days cycle or in days, accounting for ovulation can subsequently use this calendar when planning pregnancy. However, if deviations occur at least occasionally, to determine the day of ovulation have other ways: by measuring the BT conduct home tests, ultrasound.

 basal temperature during ovulation
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Home Microscope

Determine the day of ovulation is possible by examining the saliva under the microscope. It is sold in a pharmacy. This device is small and compact, if necessary, can even fit in a small purse. It is worth an average of 2,000 rubles. However, its price can vary depending on the manufacturer, the region and the rate of inflation. Included with the microscope are instructions and pictures to help you understand what he saw.

Everyone knows that at the time of ovulation, estrogen level increases. Under the action of this hormone increases the amount of sodium and potassium in the cervical mucus and saliva. When dry mucus potassium and sodium react with mucin (the main component of mucus), it is their crystallization, and formed a kind of pattern that resembles spruce branches.

Having put saliva on the glass and allowing it to dry, examine under the microscope what you got. If there were only small pieces of needle-like branches, it is a sign that the day of ovulation approaches. When the branches clear, large, well-formed - this means that ovulation will come tomorrow. After ovulation, "spruce branch" disappears. When examined under a microscope saliva ovulation well before and after it, nothing but scattered randomly placed points can not be detected.

May distort the results various diseases of the throat or mouth, drinking eve alcohol, smoking, eating, and so on. Therefore, the analysis of saliva should be carried out in the morning on an empty stomach before brush your teeth.
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Pharmacy test strip

Another convenient tool for home use is an ovulation test, which is sold in any drugstore. It works similar to a pregnancy test, but, unlike the latter, does not measure hCG, and the level of luteinizing hormone, which increases significantly for a day or two before ovulation. Determination of ovulation using the test is best done not in the morning and in the afternoon, using not the first urine.

Guess the exact date for the test is almost impossible, because it is carried out for several days. Begin testing 16 days before menstruation. If the cycle is 28 days, the test is made daily from the 11th day until the result if 30 days - from the 13th day if the 35-day - the 18th.

There are some nuances in how to properly conduct testing for women who have the number of days in the cycles varies. They are recommended as a basis for calculations of short cycle. This test is not suitable for women who have an irregular cycle, or too much delay. Determination of ovulation, even in such situations, with the help of the test is possible, but it will be expensive, as it is necessary to carry out daily testing over a long period of time. Therefore it is expedient in this case to decide how to determine ovulation by other means.

If you decide to make the first test for ovulation and did not use up any of the other methods, it is more expedient to carry out the test in parallel with an ultrasound examination. At the same time obviating the need of daily testing. Wait until the follicles to grow to 18-20 mm, only then do the test. This is usually done in cases where the next day or two to ultrasound for some reason can not reach, and follicle has reached the required size.

 Pharmaceutical test strip
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The most robust and reliable way to test ovulation is ultrasound. With this method, the survey can be traced as the follicle develops, and see the formation of the corpus luteum after the release of the egg. If ovulation has just occurred on the monitor ultrasound machine can be seen at the site formed the follicle opening.

Typically, closely follow the development of follicles in assisted pregnancy techniques. When conception is planned in the usual way, you need to be tested for 8-10 minutes and 13-15-day cycle. At irregular cycle on ultrasound examination begins with the first 8-10 days and is carried out continuously at an interval of 1-2 days. Or calculate the approximate date of maturity. It is known that the dominant follicle grows approximately 2 mm per day. Thus, by measuring the follicles is possible to predict when it will grow to 18 mm, and assign second ultrasound only on that day.

The doctor will see whether the well-developed follicles and ovulation has occurred there. This will help confirm the presence of ovulation in whole or reveal anovulatory period. If you do not have to repeat the examination of ovulation in the next cycle. If it turns out that ovulation does not occur ever, pregnancy naturally in such a situation is impossible. After careful examination the doctor prescribe any treatment or advise resort to in vitro fertilization, at which the drug stimulation of the ovaries.

In the US, not only carried out the definition of ovulation, but also simultaneously learn the condition of the endometrium in the uterus. Too thick or too thin endometrium may complicate the attachment of the embryo to the uterus, or make it impossible. Therefore, by having recourse to the US, can solve both problems.

Some women do not wish to be screened for fear obtain unfavorable results. However it is better to know about the problem and actively seek ways to eliminate, rather than hide from it. If domestic methods of testing have shown the absence of ovulation, go check on the US, as this survey method is infallible.

 ultrasound to determine ovulation
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What is fraught with hormonal imbalance?

It is worth saying a little bit and the measurement of hormone levels. Despite the fact that this method is rarely used directly to determine the day of ovulation, they should not be neglected. Measuring the level of various hormones in the blood is determined ovulate regularly or sometimes completely absent.

First of all, look at the level of LH and FSH. If it is raised, it means that after 28-36 hours, ovulation occurs. Elevated levels of progesterone may indicate that ovulation has or is about to occur or has already been.

The increased amount of testosterone and DHEAS can cause infertility, so be aware of its level in the blood is necessary. By surpassing those of male hormones and judged that the cycle was anovulatory. Excessive formation of said hormones usually occurs in diseases such as polycystic ovary syndrome, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, impaired function of the adrenal glands or the pituitary gland. About anovulatory period shows and low blood levels of the female hormone estrogen.

If you're just starting to think about the baby, not necessarily just to try to calculate the exact day of ovulation. With regular sexual conception often occurs quite rapidly. The fact that you do not become pregnant on the first try, does not mean that you have problems. To know the exact date of ovulation is only necessary at long but unsuccessful attempts conception. It is important that knowledge becomes a situation where there are problems in men, and it needs a few days of abstinence before intercourse. This is likely to miss the best day, it was then come to the aid of the means that determine the day of ovulation.

When a lot of stress, infectious diseases, sleep disorders, and a change of sexual partner ovulation can be displaced for a few days. At such times, check also makes sense.

 How to determine the day of ovulation