Among other domestic anthurium flower buds favorably unusual shapes and bright broad leaves. Most housewives, gardeners prefer to grow a plant with flowers. Although decorative leaf anthurium with big fancy leaves is a beautiful addition to any home collection colors.
If you have just set out to make this at home decorative exotic flower, you should be familiar with the rules of caring for them and followed. Today we will tell you in some detail about how to transplant the plant.
You probably already know that anthurium requires special care. But if you follow certain rules, too much hassle care for this plant does not deliver. On the other hand, will delight her mistress, and even become a subject of her pride.
Basic rules of transplant
Here's what you need to know if you are going to transplant anthurium:
First of all, we must remember that the transplant - a rather dramatic intervention in the life of each plant. This applies to the anthurium. Transplants is better in the period when the plant is typed your maximum vitality and not yet disclosed to the full force of its inflorescence. At this time, the plant is ready to withstand all kinds of stressful situations related to the transplant. For delicate anthurium this time occurs in spring and summer.
At the age of four plants in need of transplants annually, which can be carried out from March to August. During each pot transplant should be changed to a larger volume. Do not forget to increase the height of the drainage layer.
Anthurium and four years older transplant should have less. It will be sufficient to carry out the transplant every two to three years, with the replacement of the old soil to a suitable for him a new breeding ground.
In anthurium root system is very fragile and delicate leaves, so when transplanting plants require very careful and cautious handling.
Before you start transplanting plants well watered with water. Then with all the precautions to remove the flower from the pot and clean the root system from the old substrate.
Last year soil may stick to the roots of the plants in this case may be a slight tap on adherent substrate. Then we need to examine all good root system anthurium and remove dead or rotten roots without damaging the healthy roots. Then place the cut be sure to sprinkle with a mixture of charcoal.
If anthuriums was removed in most of the root system, then it would need for transplanting pot smaller (compared with the former).
Drainage for transplantation should be enough to put a thick layer, it is recommended to lay about one-third of the pot. But it is not necessary to stamp the ground, thereby providing easier access of air to the roots of plants. Quality drainage ensures the exclusion of stagnation of water in the root system.
The experts advise to add the soil during transplanting pieces of charcoal. And every woman anthurium we must remember that this plant brings painful alkali. Especially it should not be forgotten during watering and transplanting. Therefore, the ground being prepared for transplanting plants should be acidified. For acidification effective organic substrates, for example, adding a small amount of peat, needles Christmas, alder and pine sawdust.
It is also good to buy special Peat mixture composed especially for plants in the family Araceae, which include anthurium.
The new pot intended for transplantation, after laying a drainage layer pour a little prepared soil. Then place the flower and gently Absorb remaining soil, while not reaching the edges of the pot of about one centimeter.
Falling asleep underground root system of the plant, should be closely monitored for the formation of the air "bag" between the intertwined roots. These air portions where misses land fill necessary, such as a stick. Should stick to push the earth to the roots while gently tap the pot on the table surface. That is gently and evenly without the use of force to stamp the ground. At the end of the earth around anthurium flatten slightly, effortlessly.
During the next transplant anthurium plant should be put in the trunk of the ground a little lower compared to the previous year.
In wild roses growing on the open nature of the activity in the growth of showing aerial roots. They are reaching the substrate, are beginning to take root in it and strong branches. At home anthuriums such growth is limited, so the roots that will appear as the growth of the plant, cover with moss and have to constantly moisturize them, otherwise they will begin to dry up.
On hot days, the flower should not be transplanted. During transplant the plant should be well watered and sprayed, but in the next two weeks should be strictly limited watering.
After transplantation pot anthurium position sufficiently bright place, but you need to make sure that did not reach to the sun's rays. Plant and it was subjected to "shake-up", so the first few weeks after the transplant he needs to move away from the stress, once again it is not necessary to rearrange and generally disturbing. It's better in a relaxed atmosphere anthurium get used to the new pot, and the root system is well entrenched in the other, more medium.
Some recommendations for transplant Anthurium:
As advised hostess for effective growth and flowering anthurium condition better use of high pots than low and broad.
Pot for transplantation should choose the size of the root system. Spacious large pot can easily fill the roots of Anthurium, which subsequently begin to rot.
Pots should be plastic rather than ceramic. Low soil in plastic pots approximately the same as the room temperature. Whereas soil pots ceramic has a higher temperature than the environment, and in such circumstances, anthuriums roots will rot.
Determine whether it is time to repot is already anthurium can following simple way: remove the flower from the pot, and if its roots are tightly braided earthen room (and sometimes even so that the ground is almost not visible), the plant needs urgent change.
If the roots are punched through holes in the bottom of the pot, that too must be regarded as a signal to the emergency transplant anthurium.
If you can see clear signs of wilting anthurium, it means that the flower suffers, finding necessary in the depletion of the earth. Transplant into a new soil with nutrients for plants will escape.
Periodic transplantation is also useful because the structure and composition of the soil in which the flower is gradually deteriorating. In the soil builds up a surplus of minerals, broken capillaries in the soil, which conduct air to the roots of plants. The main feature of this is the white coating on top of the soil, which can easily be overlooked.
Of course, anthurium, like some other plants, require strict adherence to temperature control, maintaining a certain level of humidity, attentive care and periodic transplant. But do not assume this flower is too capricious, and even more so do not be afraid to purchase this exotic plant.
The main thing - remember that the basic requirements for the care of different color and respect them scrupulously. All these rules are quite simple, and remember, and they can perform even a novice lover of plants. In response, grateful for such care anthurium flower will delight you with an annual flowering, and soon he will no longer appear like moody and capricious.
Conditions of anthuriums and yellowing of leaves
Typically, the ornamental plants put up for sale during flowering. This is the most colorful period in the life of flowers and, of course, the demand for beauty will be in demand. That's an evergreen plant anthurium from Latin America will not leave indifferent amateur gardeners. Calling this unpretentious flower is quite difficult, and the content in the greenhouse for anthurium is more acceptable than in the apartment.
However, the difficulties in the care do not stop the lovers of houseplants, and so in our apartments this exotic flower is no longer a rarity. A common problem faced by growers, reshivshiesya buy a wayward flower, almost all the same: the flower anthurium leaves turn yellow. Why is this happening? If you're reading this, it means that it is time to elaborate on the reasons for this phenomenon.
Like all living things on earth, anthurium tend to age. Therefore, if from time to time you see only the lower leaves yellowing, followed by their decline, and the rest of the plants in good condition and continues to blossom, to be sure - a natural process of aging leaves. And you can not do anything about it. In an extreme case, if the flower has lost its decorative effect, you can extend its life reproduction using air layering.
No matter how trite it sounds, but the root of all possible causes of the content is in the wrong flower. Buying a capricious plant, first of all we need to understand that Anthurium is a native of the tropics, and therefore his environment must conform to his native climate.
Conditions of anthuriums and yellowing of leaves
Let's look at what could be the causes of the yellowing leaves of this plant.
A frequent cause yellowing leaves of Anthurium is a sharp fluctuation of temperature. Basically, all varieties of this flower can not tolerate temperatures below 16 ° C. The upper limit of temperature scale and are allowed up to + 28 ° C.
It reacts negatively flower on drafts - the leaves turn yellow and wither. In no case do not put anthurium near an open window, especially in winter.
Like all tropical plants, anthurium likes bright light. If a yellow flower in the winter, so your pet is not enough sun. Put the pot with a plant on the sunny side, or use additional lighting. For example, fitolampy. In the summer, on the contrary, if you notice that most of the leaves turn yellow on the sunny side, of course, the flower suffers from direct sunlight. In this case, the place of detention should be obscure or anthurium place at some distance from the window.
It should be noted, the flowers of some species become anthurium bright saturated colors, while it is in the penumbra. Therefore, no harm will ask special care of your appearance and experiment with its location in the apartment.
There is nothing more detrimental to anthurium than low humidity. Dry air is able to instantly destroy your flower once and for all: first leaves turn yellowish in color, and then dry out the tips and finally the leaves fall. This often happens when you place a flower near the radiators. Hot, dry air dries very quickly not only leaves, but the roots of Anthurium.
Ideally, this tropical flower prefers humidity of 80-90%. To achieve a favorable indicator will help you a humidifier. In order to maintain the required level of humidity it is also recommended to put the pot in a special pan with a wet expanded clay or moss-sphagnum. Surface roots are also encouraged to wrap sphagnum moss. It should be as often as possible to spray the plant with an atomizer, avoiding moisture in the flowers, or standing water will inevitably lead to rotting petals and leaves.
Often the leaves turn yellow due to improper watering or watering hard water with many impurities, lime and chlorine. Getting on the leaves, hard water provokes the formation of brown spots, which subsequently lead to yellowing of the entire leaf. The information contained in lime water penetrating into the plant through the roots, also has a similar behavior anthurium leaves. Therefore it is recommended to use rainwater, boiled or to defend the water.
Yellow leaves can be a sign of root rot, which is possible when there is excessive watering flower. The amount of irrigation is common to all species of tropical plants. It must be abundant, but without water stagnation in the roots and pallet. Excess water should be sure to merge, and for good accumulation of moisture in the soil drainage should be used: expanded clay, pottery shards or bark.
In spring and summer, when there is a period of growth anthurium, yellowing of leaves can be caused by lack of minerals such as iron and magnesium. In this case it is necessary to use a special fertilizer, alternating them with organic compounds.
Passion for fertilizers in a rest period, as well as over-fertilizing in spring and summer, can cause unhealthy yellowing leaves. In the winter, as a rule, anthurium rest, and it is not necessary to overload the additional fertilizing. The main thing - not to give dry soil in the pot and maintain the necessary humidity.
The soil and transplanting
Another banal reason that causes the yellowing leaves of Anthurium is untimely change and the depletion of the available soil. Over time, the roots of a flower grow and require a transplant in a volume pot, and thus require replacement of the old soil compaction. For a successful content Anthurium require loose, coarse-fibered substrate and sour well as a moisture-permeable and air.
Must be present drainage. When transplanting, be careful in dealing with fragile roots. Incidentally, anthurium refers to poisonous plants. Be careful poisonous juice of this flower can cause dermatologic reactions in contact with skin.
Fortunately, all of the above possible causes yellowing of leaves can easily be corrected by changing certain conditions of detention and care anthurium. However, there are more serious diseases leading not only to have a similar effect, but only to the death of the flower.
Yellow leaves of anthurium infectious, fungal diseases and in case of defeat all sorts of pests.
Septoria Leaf Spot and Anthracnose manifest appearance of yellow or brown spots on the leaves, which then fall off. The cause of the disease is contact with infected plants or buying obviously diseased plants.
Downy Mildew also cause yellowing, while there are cases melchaniya leaves and shortened internodes and fade. A characteristic feature of the disease is the formation of graying with sporangia on the inner side of the sheet.
Fusarium is diagnosed by the following features: first, the leaves turn yellow, wither and fall off later. Due to the fact that the base of the stem is dying and dark, diseased plant leans to one side. This type of fungus is almost impossible to destroy, so you need to throw the plant along with the pot.
Root rot as the name implies, affects the roots of Anthurium due to stagnation of water in the soil. Root rot can not deliver nutrients to the plant itself, causing the leaves gradually turn yellow and fall off, and the plant dies.
Typically, viral illnesses can infect insects. Characteristic signs are yellow twisted leaves, with spots and lines of gray-white color, which gradually dry up.
Yellow spots on the leaves may indicate defeat pests that can move extremely quickly and are able to infect all surrounding plants. The greatest harm may be anthurium cause spider mite, Jose scale, mealybug, aphids, nematodes. The basic rule of pest control is prevention, which consists in daily inspection of each plant, the periodic processing of the leaves with soapy water and a solution of copper sulfate. Running form lesions involve the use of special insecticides.
As can be seen from the above, there are almost no reasons why the leaves turn yellow, which could not be corrected. Your task is to early detection and proper diagnosis of the disease symptoms of the disease.
In any case, your diligence, care and proper treatment to help cope with the problems of maintenance and care of this plant. And tropical "Latino" anthurium again will delight you with the beauty and health.