Phalaenopsis orchid is one of the most unpretentious types of domestic orchids. But this does not mean that it does not require maintenance, is not sick and not naughty. Like all green orchid pets need care and attention. That error in care are most often the cause of various ailments of the plant.
For example, if the orchid is not the time to transplant, the plant will start to hurt, to decay and can even die. Of course, the lamentable result of such oversight owners rarely happens - after all the plant will try to survive in any conditions. But the loss of decorative effect, lethargy and malaise plant will be provided. Therefore, you must periodically phalaenopsis orchid transplant. And when and how to do it, and we'll try to find out.
Reasons for change
Phalaenopsis orchids have a very strong root system, which, moreover, is growing rapidly. And that it becomes a reference point, which helps determine what plants need a transplant. Reasons for transplant phalaenopsis orchids are only two became insufficient volume flower pots and a variety of damaging the root system.
If pot becomes too small for orchids, it must be transplanted into a large volume of capacity. How to determine that the orchid has outgrown its pot? After all, its roots, and so is partially located above the ground. Incidentally, the roots growing above the ground - it is just outside the normal development and good condition of the flower.
So that's an indication that the pot plant began small, becomes so powerful root development, in which it is almost completely fills the pot and it displaces the substrate. In this case, choose a pot for transplanting a bit more than the previous capacity, and transplantation is carried out only after flowering orchids.
Damage to the root system
All sorts of damage to the root system of phalaenopsis orchids are caused by errors in care. For example, if the flower is not enough moisture, the roots dry out and die it. When excess watering and standing water in the pot roots, on the contrary, begin to rot and die. By the way, the cause of the withering away of the roots and become properly matched substrate. But this plant tolerates excess moisture with difficulty, like any other epiphytes with aerial roots.
So the death of the roots of one reason or another is the need for a second transplant phalaenopsis orchid. Note that this state of the plant can be called critical. And in this case it requires immediate change.
Choosing a flowerpot and soil
Initially for growing Phalaenopsis orchids should be chosen transparent flower pots. Firstly, it will monitor the condition of the root system of the plant, and secondly, in the light of this flower better roots develop. Therefore, to plant and replant the orchid should be transparent in plastic pots. By the way, such a plant pot is then easy to remove without damaging while its root system.
When another transplant orchids (when it outgrows its pot) taking container with a diameter of two to three centimeters larger than the old pot. If you hold an emergency transplant, you can put a pot of orchids in the old (pre-treated and disinfected), or take the same amount of capacity.
As for the soil, for the phalaenopsis orchid flower take a special substrate or make pochvosmes own. Suitable for the cultivation of flower soil - a mixture of moss (sphagnum), perlite, charcoal and wood bark. The proportions of the components of the substrate depends on the conditions of the plant. The housing conditions where most of the air is dry, moss should be the third part of the substrate, since this material absorbs moisture, and then fills her roots. If the room humidity is high, the sphagnum moss in a substrate is added to a minimal amount.
In fact, the right to make pochvosmes phalaenopsis orchid is difficult enough - it takes some experience. And if such an experience you have not yet, get ready the soil for production of air orchids (epiphytes).
How to transplant
Whatever was the cause of transplant phalaenopsis orchids, this process requires mandatory treatment of the roots (the most vulnerable parts of the plant). To start a flower to extract from the old pot. To do this, the substrate must be well moistened, obmyat pot, and then tapping on the bottom of the pot, gently pull the plant. Then you need to shake off the roots of the old ground, wash the roots of warm (not hot!) Water, and inspect them carefully.
If the inspection you find (and this is likely to happen!) Rotten or dried up roots, and the roots completely dead, then they must be removed. Damaged roots and parts cut with sharp disinfected scissors or a knife, and then treated the cut with powdered charcoal and dried.
If you spend a transplant because of severe damage to the roots, then we have to cut a lot of sick and dead roots. This procedure is necessary, even after the plant for a long time recovering. But with proper care you can manage to save his orchid.
Thus, the process of transplantation is as follows.
Pot for transplantation, one-third filled with fresh substrate, laying on the bottom of the drainage layer.
Yellowed and withered leaves removed by making a longitudinal section and pull the leaves apart.
On the substrate gently laid the roots of orchids and sprinkle them with soil from the top and sides, filling the voids between the roots.
The roots carefully (with little effort) is pressed, and the top is poured more land.
The roots, which are not placed in a pot, left above the ground, making sure that the point of growth and lower leaves were covered with earth.
When transplanting plants with most of the circumcision of plant roots strengthen soil wooden sticks that fell out of a flower pot.
Pot with a plant put in place protected from direct sunlight and watered after two or three days after transplant.
Now you just have to ensure their proper care phalaenopsis orchid.
Care after transplant
The main thing - carefully observe the transplanted plant. After another transplant the plants tend to feel good and gratefully respond to the new conditions of intensive growth. If you hold an emergency transplant, the orchid will be some time to recover and adapt. This flower can be covered by a transparent cap, or place it in a plastic bag to provide enough moisture weakened plants. Periodically, the orchid should be aired, but protected from direct sun, draft and temperature fluctuations.
In the case of transplantation of healthy plants special conditions for it is not necessary to create. After the first pause (two to three days after transplant) should return to normal watering, and as soon as the flower will begin to move into growth, feed it through the times (every second watering) complex or special fertilizer. And the rest take care of the transplanted orchid, adhering to the usual rules.
If you closely monitor your Phalaenopsis orchid, to care and be able to transplant in time, it will respond to you thanks - its wonderful flowering. And the rules of care and the transplant is not so complicated, so that you will comply with them easily. Good luck!
Ficus - one of the most popular plants grown in ambient conditions. Currently, the genus Ficus has about two thousand species. This large trees with broad leaves, and rubber plants ground covers, which have small leaves, and hang-downing, and many others. On the most popular varieties among growers of these plants we want to tell you.
At home grown a little more than twenty-evergreen and deciduous subspecies of this plant. All varieties of different leaf color, their shape, structure and other nuances. Let's understand a little more detail as to which sub-species and varieties of figs are the most popular today, and identify their differences.
Ficus of rubber
This ficus is the most common. He is unpretentious in the home contents, especially its subtypes that have green foliage. In addition, rubber purify the air, making it ideal for a city apartment plant. The air surrounding leaves, enriched with oxygen and then spreads throughout the room. This is only the rubber-rubber plants that have large leaves, almost capricious, and therefore require more attention to you.
Ficus this subspecies among the broken-leaf figs are considered the most popular. It is the leader in the number of varieties with leaves of various shapes, sizes and colors. Ficus benjamina branches droop a bit, which makes the plant more attractive. The tips of the leaves a little drawn, allowing to form a kind of "drip" to drain the excess fluid, which falls on the leaves.
Ficus benjamina has a number of varieties such as Natasha, Nuda, Starlight, Hawaii and others. However, they are all similar in form to weeping trees up to several meters in height. They differ, again, the shape and color of foliage. Considered the most attractive variegated varieties.
Benjamin loves permanence. Contrived to rearrange the plant from one place to another, be sure to place your Ficus to the window with the same side as before. Otherwise, you will soon notice how the leaves begin to fall. Types variegated ficus need to be fairly warm, well-lit place. Do not forget the moderate watering and maintaining the required level of humidity.
This subspecies of Ficus has wavy leaves, which in its form clearly reminiscent of a violin or a lyre. On leaves - embossed pattern of greenish veins on a dark background. The leaves can reach up to fifty centimeters in length (but, in spite of the large size, cut a ficus can not). Today especially popular varieties Bambino and Compacta.
Remember that the lyre-shaped rubber plants like loneliness - no need to place it close to other plants. Such a tree would fit perfectly into a large room with plenty of space. Just be sure to pay attention to the fact that it is not in direct sunlight, otherwise the tree will suffer.
Growing ficus lyre-shaped, it is important to make sure that in winter the temperature in the room where he was, did not fall below twelve degrees. It is important to respect and care for other conditions this plant. So, it is necessary to respect the irrigation - soil should dry out necessarily before getting the next portion of the water. Lyrate ficus need to feed in the period from spring to early autumn, once every two weeks. Periodically spray the leaves and wipe it with a sponge. Transplanting is carried out only if the root system is completely fills the pot. Performing these simple rules, you will be able to grow a great plant that have long won the love of flower growers.
This fast-growing plant with beautiful narrow, slightly glossy leaves. Ficus does not tolerate even temporary changes in temperature, and even more can not tolerate drafts. Protect him from the cold. In varietal name, this plant is known as Ali. Some call it purple loosestrife ficus, and all because it leaves a bit like willow leaves.
Homeland ficus Binnendika - is south-east Asia. It can be grown at home, and in the winter garden. Often it is used to green the interior, especially if it is made in Japanese or Chinese style. Such a tree is certainly perfectly fit into the stylized Oriental-style space. Notice the variety of Alii, Amstel King and Gold.
Ficus species deltoid grow quite slowly, but if he is to provide comprehensive care, he regularly will tie yellow fruit. It is also important to observe the correct humidity, and promptly sprayed and watered the plant. Slightly less often can be found in the sale of a triangular rubber plant, characterized by small shiny leaves.
Among the species of ficus ampelnye most popular dwarf. This room broken-leaf ficus growing. He did not like the other species of plants. It grows in Japan and China. Its difference - a special endurance. Grow as the dwarf ficus need scansorial or creeping plant with thin shoots.
Rooting ficus has larger leaves, slightly elongated. There are variegated forms. It is characterized by a great need for warmth and watering. Even if you do not desiccate the soil for a long time, the plant may die. It is important to observe high humidity, which also depends on the type of plant.
Such rubber plants grow best in a mini-greenhouse, or alternatively, in the aquarium. In this case, the maximum reduced risk of drying out. It is advisable in such an aquarium and a small snag - a plant on it crawl up. Watch out also for the light - it is better if it is scattered or artificial.
Rubber plants from tropical countries
Sometimes at home grow such varieties of figs that resemble bottle trees. They are usually distributed in southern California and Mexico. Such plants are collecting water from the bottom in a dense thickened part of the stem. It is because of this trunk with time thickens slightly and begins to resemble a bottle.
So ficus best to provide wide pots to ensure that the plants deep drainage. In this dish the root system can not penetrate deeply because the soil is too rocky. In summer, the trees are watered more abundant than in other periods of the year. In winter, watering and stop completely, renewing it with the coming of spring. The main representatives of the South is stemmed Ficus ficus and Palmer.
Fig (Ficus Carica)
Another type of ficus, which is obratitt attention. This fig tree, or as it is called, fig, fig. According to the biblical motives, fig leaves were for Adam and Eve, the very first clothing. Ficus Carica motherland is Middle East and South Africa.
Sometimes it grows in India and Afghanistan, as well as in the Caucasus and the Mediterranean. This subspecies is cultivated since antiquity. By the way, the fig tree is one of the sacred for Muslims. Revere figs and Buddhists. It is known that the fruit of the fig tree was thus forbidden fruit, referred to in the Bible.
Sacred and ficus Bengali
Sacred ficus grows in eastern Asia. Just as the fig, Ficus so revered by Buddhists, who believe and do that in a period of meditation, under the tree, the Buddha came to the state of Nirvana. In Bombay, is widely known for the sacred fig tree, whose age reaches three thousand years. It is a deciduous tree can reach thirty meters in height. Below on the trunk it forms a kind of aerial roots-props. If the temperature is too high, and the air - dry, a ficus leaves resets.
Finally, Bengali ficus. It considered the birthplace of India and Pakistan. The very name of the plant comes from the name of one of the areas of India - the Bay of Bengal. In the eastern literature this tree is celebrated as a symbol of immortality and rebirth, a special sacred banyan tree that you want to read.
As you can see, there are many forms, species and varieties of figs. Each has features that are important to consider growing a plant in his house or apartment. It is not the most demanding in the care of a plant, because give him comfort in a room for you certainly will not be a problem. Instead ficus will give you rapid growth and bright beautiful leaves that are perfectly decorate your home interior.