symptoms and prevention of infectious diseases


  • How to protect your body against infection
  • Infectious diseases of the skin
  • Respiratory Tract Infections
  • Intestinal infections
  • Infections dangerous to women's health (gynecological)

Human health - an important part of life. Therefore, prevention of communicable diseases (diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria, viruses, fungi or protozoa) is required.
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How to protect your body against infection

Firstly, the prevention - is to increase immunity of the human organism. To distinguish innate immunity (inherited together with other genetic traits) and acquired immunity (formed as a result of infectious diseases, as well as a result of vaccination).

Thus, prevention promotes human health, which reduces the risk of infection.

Classification of infectious diseases is as follows:

  • intestinal infections (typhoid fever, hepatitis A, dysentery, cholera, salmonellosis, etc.);
  • respiratory tract infection (chicken pox, influenza, tuberculosis, etc.);
  • blood infection (typhus, etc.);
  • integument infections (hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV, gonorrhea, syphilis, etc.).

 infectious skin diseases

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Infectious diseases of the skin

Infection of the skin, there are many. For example, rubrofitii feet and scabies.

Mycosis - the so-called fungal. Rubrofitii foot (one of the varieties of fungal infections) - a fairly common disease characterized by lesions of the skin and nails stop. Infection occurs from sick people by direct contact with them or with the objects to which they relate. A sign of the disease is the peeling of the skin in between the toes, on the feet. Later, bubbles are formed in the skin is converted into itchy, painful areas. Gradually, the skin returned to normal, but the disease itself is not held. If there will be no proper treatment, the disease will grow into a chronic and will periodically remind yourself.

Scabies is less common disease, it is caused by scabies. The disease is transmitted during contact with infected and through objects for which he was held. The main symptom - an intolerable itch (especially in the evening). Remember that this disease spreads quite quickly and require treatment.

Along with this common pustular skin disease characterized by inflammation of the hair follicle. Single inflammation do not affect the general well-being, but the rise in temperature of the patient may require medical intervention.

Prevention of infectious diseases of the skin is a personal hygiene.

 prevention of infectious diseases of the respiratory tract
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Respiratory Tract Infections

The most frequency disease is a flu, basic preventive measures: avoid fluctuations in body temperature, do not drink cold drinks (in the first place - from the refrigerator) in the hot season, to try to protect the legs (keep them always in the heat), avoid drafts, have as much as possible more vitamins (vitamins support the body in the winter) and so on.

We should also talk about more serious disease - tuberculosis.

Tuberculosis - an infectious disease vectors which are specific bacterium (tubercle bacillus). In a human body, the bacteria can be in it for its entire life.

The main route of infection:

  • aerogenic (airborne, airborne dust);
  • food (by eating contaminated food);
  • contact (through the objects, which touched the patient).

For preventive examinations are staging Mantoux test, Fluorographic research.

As preventive measures of infectious disease are:

  • adherence to diet, work and rest;
  • Frequent walking outdoors;
  • smoking cessation, alcohol nezloupotreblenie;
  • cleanliness in the room;
  • hygiene products.

And remember: the earlier you detect the disease, the less it harm your body.

 intestinal infections
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Intestinal infections

Distributors intestinal infections are viruses and bacteria, which adversely affect the gastrointestinal tract. The easiest way to get sick in the summer. This is due to the fact that the summer people drink more water than in winter (usually drink unboiled water from the tap). People eat unwashed (or poorly washed), fruits and vegetables. Meat and dairy products and fish rapidly deteriorate due to heat, with no visible external signs. Vector control are also insects.

Symptoms of infection: general weakness, poor appetite, stomach discomfort, headache.

Preventive means: it is maintaining a good immune system (remember, antibiotics reduce it) and eating right (wash hands before eating, thoroughly wash all fruits and vegetables before eating good chew food, drink boiled or mineral water, before taking dairy products to pay attention to the date of manufacturing and storage time).

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Infections dangerous to women's health (gynecological)

STI otherwise - infections, sexually transmitted infections, nowadays quite frequent.

As a rule, infectious diseases are the result of promiscuous sexual relations, but a woman can become infected, and her husband, or household by (a consequence of the strong stress response of the organism to external stimuli, non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene, etc.). The cause of the disease can become abnormal development of the reproductive system.

When using hormonal contraception in women increased susceptibility to infections, especially such as HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and herpes (viral disease characterized by the formation of the skin and mucous membranes of the small groups of bubbles).

The main symptoms of STIs - profuse discharge from the genital tract, accompanied by an unpleasant odor, burning and itching.

The most common infectious diseases - is vaginitis and candidiasis.

Vaginitis - an inflammation of the vagina. It can be caused by infection or chemical irritation. To avoid vaginitis, you should observe the following preventive measures:

  • wear shorts only natural fabrics;
  • Avoid prolonged use of antibiotics;
  • personal hygiene;
  • if your partner is infected, you should avoid sexual contact with him (prior to his full recovery);
  • Avoid any form of sexual activity that create discomfort in the vagina.

Candidiasis (thrush) refers to infectious disease characterized by white cheesy discharge and severe itching. Most often this disease affects women, diabetics, HIV-infected, pregnant women and women taking contraceptive pills or antibiotics.

Genital herpes - this is another infectious disease that leads to serious complications for the woman's health. It can affect fetal development, cause premature birth, congenital abnormalities in newborns and prochee.Chtoby protect yourself and the baby, couples planning pregnancy should undergo therapy of HSV infection.

Remember: Do not self-medicate, it is best to consult a doctor-gynecologist. For a woman as a preventive visit to a gynecologist is considered an ideal one to two times a year in the case of well-being and the absence of complaints.

At the end is to elaborate on such diseases as HIV.

The source of HIV infection is an infected person or a virus carrier.

The main transmission routes of the disease:

  • sexual intercourse with a casual partner;
  • neobezzarazhennyh use of syringes and needles;
  • HIV-infected mother to child (during pregnancy, breastfeeding);
  • through broken skin (for example, during a fight).

As preventive measures, you can specify:

  • exception of early sexual activity (including communications illegible);
  • categorical rejection of drugs;
  • a young couple planning a pregnancy, you should be tested for HIV (as prophylaxis);
  • ear piercing, tattoos, etc. It should only be done in specialized institutions;
  • the use of personal hygiene items.

Thus, prevention of infectious diseases has a beneficial effect on human health. Status of the human body's immune system, as well as physiological characteristics determine susceptibility to infectious zabolevaniyam.Chelovek who leads a healthy lifestyle, less sick. So take care of your health, be engaged in active sports, try to eat right and follow the cleanliness of their hands.

 How to protect your body against infection