regular ovulation calendar


  • The mechanism of ovulation calculator
  • Contraindications
  • The most inefficient method of contraception
  • We weigh the advantages and disadvantages

For many couples who wish to have a child, or, conversely, to refrain from unwanted pregnancy, there are different ways to do something, and more. One of them involves the ability to calculate the day of ovulation, which the woman suggest using one of the methods, which is known as ovulation calendar.

To say that a lot of families responsible approach to the planning of pregnancy - then slukavit. The issue of how to calculate ovulation to conceive a child are set only when there are some problems, and over the long term can not conceive.

Looking ahead, it is worth noting that the reliability of this method has been criticized both by those who want to make conceiving a child, and those who have knowledge of the date of ovulation uses to prevent unwanted pregnancies or protect her. Calculate ovulation day it is possible independently, without the use of automated online services.

However, specially designed calculators are capable of a much easier task.

But for yourself, you should know how to calculate ovulation and on which is arranged such payment and does not take a calculator for the invention of shamans, magicians and charlatans.

 the mechanism of ovulation calculator

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The mechanism of ovulation calculator

What is the basis ovulation calendar? This method is a natural way of planning the desired conception, which is an advantage. It consists in the fact that women in the menstrual cycle calculates the "safe" (when it is impossible to become pregnant) and "Dangerous" (very high chance of getting pregnant) days.

Now consider the mechanism of ovulation calculator in terms of the processes that occur in the female body. Just need to mention that this method of conception use is only for those women who have regular menstrual period. You have to know your cycle exactly. This will allow to properly use a calendar and a woman to know exactly the right time and date. With ovulation with irregular cycle, if you can not have accurate data when the next menstruation, use this calendar is not recommended.

So, with regular menses every 28 days, most likely ovulate on the 15th day of the menstrual cycle. However, it should take into account the probability of two days earlier or later, that is, 13, 14, 16 or 17 days of the cycle. Calculate ovulation also requires to take into account that sperm can live for more than 3 days, and the egg remains ready to fertilize during the day. The active period of 5 days period possible ovulation plus 4 days possible life sperm plus 1 day, ready to fertilize the egg. As a result, we get 10 days of the special period, which runs from 9 to 18 days of the menstrual cycle, a period that should be used to conceive a child.

No matter what the length of the menstrual cycle in women, and it can be from 21 days to 40 days to use ovulation calendar it should be actively used for sex over a period of 10 days, the first day that begins twenty days before menstruation. For example, a woman knows that her menses will begin January 28. This means that its "special period" begins January 9 and runs until 18 January inclusive.
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Using ovulation calculator, you get benefits such as it is free, accessible in all conditions, no need for medical intervention, but it also has serious drawbacks.

Firstly, it will be difficult to orient women with ovulation with irregular cycle. If you do not know when you will begin the following month, just calculate the ovulation period will be difficult. Therefore, women who are experiencing difficulty conceiving, and whose irregular menstrual cycle, do not count on the help of calculators.

Second, this method is not suitable for those couples who have trouble conceiving because there are variations in health. There is no time and date is calculated on calculators, without medical assistance is necessary.

 calculation of ovulation is not the most effective method of contraception
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The most inefficient method of contraception

The method of calculating the date of ovulation for prevention and for pregnancy is very unreliable. With all its simplicity and general approach does not allow ovulation calculator accurately calculate its time and date. Those who are using it are trying to protect themselves, complain that its effectiveness is low. It is right. Use the ovulation calculator for protection - means to use the most inefficient method of contraception.

In order for pregnancy is wanted, to the presence of two strips on the test is not clouded the mood of both partners, was invented enough contraceptive methods that are more likely to reliably protect a woman. That condoms, male and female, and vaginal rings and oral contraceptives, and contraceptive injections, implants and intrauterine devices and sterilization, even as men (vasectomy) and women. All of these methods are reliable contraception is 80-100%.

Despite its popularity, the ovulation calendar is very unreliable, although quite popular. It is popular at least where the population simply has no money for the most essential things: food, shelter, medical care, general education. Then can come to the aid of a calculator or calendar.

Why is he the most unreliable? As the observation of specialists, each of hundreds of women who have used this method from 9 to 40 pregnant women. That is, its effectiveness as a means of contraception varies from 60 to 91%, despite the fact that the main means of contraception gives a figure of 80-100%, and accuracy of each of these species is not very great.

For example, if the effectiveness of the male condom is 85%, the accuracy can vary between 2-3%. That's right, provided that you have purchased it at a pharmacy and not in some precarious position. Compared with this tool, the error of 31%, which gives the calendar ovulation calculator, is extremely high, and unreliable, and its use is on this basis is a big question.

As mentioned above, for women with ovulation with irregular cycle, the efficiency of this method of contraception is even lower, as vyschityvanie timing will be very rough and no calendar and calculator you will not help.

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We weigh the advantages and disadvantages

Ovulation Calendar as a way to determine the period of ovulation, can be used as an additional means to help you get pregnant, and prevent unwanted pregnancy. After all, timing can be set more accurately, without the help of the calendar. And entrust their fate to a cheap and unreliable way as the contraception and pregnancy planning is hardly reasonable.

You can for yourself by using a calendar to calculate ovulation, and depending on what you want to do it, to use as the main methods and techniques more reliable means of contraception. Consider whether you need the economy, which can lead to undesirable consequences.

 As simple to calculate the day of ovulation?

 receiving contraceptives


  • Birth control pills
  • The principle of operation of modern contraceptives
  • Pros and cons of birth control pills
  • How to choose the contraceptive pill
  • Receiving oral contraceptives
  • Birth control pills after childbirth

Current issue that worries most women - how to prevent unwanted pregnancies and do not cause irreparable harm to the body. Nowadays Pharma provides us with extensive methods of contraception. Oral contraceptives are the new generation can easily solve this problem. One of these are effective means of birth control pills, the correct reception of which, according to the researchers, protects against pregnancy in 98 cases out of 100, which automatically detects them in the category of reliable methods of protection.

But before we deal with how the effect of birth control pills on the female body, which has advantages and disadvantages, how to choose and how to take them, is to find out what they are.
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Birth control pills

Birth control pills - is oral contraceptives, hormone-related drugs, direct purpose of which is to prevent unwanted pregnancy. As part of the contraceptive pill contains a combination of female hormones, a lasting effect which changes the ovaries.

If we talk about combined birth control pills, it is assumed that they contain some hormones. And there is. The basis of this type of oral contraceptive comprise two hormones estrogen and progestin.   Progestin can be called a derivative of progesterone - the male hormone in the female body. Estrogen, on the contrary - only the female hormone produced by the body, or, more precisely, the ovaries from the moment of puberty and before menopause. The female body is accompanied by the release of ovulation maximum tarragon and contraceptive adjusts its level, thereby preventing ovulation.

There are two main types of hormonal contraceptives, the selection of each of which is primarily determined by the principle of action, taking into account the woman's age, the presence of birth or inclination to various hormonal disorders.

  • Combined tabletki.Tabletki contraceptives that contain a synthetic analogue of the female hormone, called COCs (combined oral contraceptives). By the principle of action they are monophasic, ie do not change the level of hormonal substances throughout the reception, and three-phase, when a combination of hormone changes during the menstrual cycle. And those and others can be classified into several groups depending on the performance of the female body:
  1. Mikrodozirovannye - ideal for women prior to delivery, are just starting to use contraceptives. They are easily carried by the female body and have minimal risk of side effects.
  2. Low-dose - contraceptives for girls who did not have birth and who for whatever reason did not fit mikrodozirovannye tablets or women giving birth.
  3. Vysokodozirovannye - it is used to treat a variety of hormonal disorders.
  • Progestogens birth control pills or "mini-pill". This type includes a mini-tablets containing no hormone estrogen, they have only a progestin. Suitable for women who for whatever reason can not take estrogen or for those who are breastfeeding.

 principle of contraceptives

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The principle of operation of modern contraceptives

Typically, contraceptives ovulation slows down, resulting in fertilization occurs. Furthermore, they have effects on the endometrium, i.e. thickened mucus in the mother channel and make it impossible even penetration of sperm into the fallopian tube. In addition, the lining of the uterus thinner, which is why even when the sperm penetrates the embryo is unable to gain a foothold in the uterus.
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Pros and cons of birth control pills

Fear of hormonal contraceptives and concern for his own body is quite understandable and justified, but modern birth control pills have virtually no side effects, but have a number of positive effects on the female body. In any case, before taking oral kontratsenptivy should undergo gynecological examination and to consult with the attending gynecologist, who will tell you how to take the pill.

A clear advantage of the use of hormonal contraceptives is to improve the condition of skin, hair and nails. Furthermore, as confirmed by recent studies, oral contraceptives reduces the risk of ovarian cancer and cervical cancer. Widely use of such tablets to treat a variety of hormonal disorders and malfunction of the menstrual cycle. The positive effects when taking oral contraceptives for women during menstruation can be considered a significant reduction in the number of lost blood and reducing pain.

The main advantages of hormone pills can be attributed to the fact that their principle, and the contraceptive effect does not violate the reproductive function of the female body, which is completely restored a few months after the deadline.

Speaking about the merits of the contraceptive pill, it should be mentioned and some side effects of this method of contraception. Despite the fact that most of these drugs are prescribed by a gynecologist alone, it is very difficult to assume tolerance of each individual body of a drug. It is no secret that the additional dose of hormones can lead to undesirable consequences and changes in the body. For example, a common problem can be regarded as the occurrence of acne or weight gain.

Many stereotype that later on hormone pills fattening. Previously, these hormone pills, compared to today, contain a much higher concentration of hormones, which often leads to an increase in weight, but now the problem is reduced to a minimum. So do not panic as soon as you notice at a couple of extra kilos may be a well-balanced nutrition for receiving hormonal therapy or a little to change their usual way of life, because in the process of adapting the body behaves as if pregnant. Changes in hormonal levels with insufficient physical exertion mogzhet lead to a significant increase in body weight, in such cases it is better to consult a doctor and adjust the drug or replace it with another.

Oral contraceptives at an early stage and can have consequences such as frequent headaches, pressure fluctuations, nausea or vomiting. If these symptoms are evident, do not expect that with time things will get better, probably, you have an individual intolerance of the drug, so you should contact your doctor and change the hormonal contraceptive.

By cons of hormonal contraceptives can be attributed to the fact that, compared with a condom, they do not guarantee protection against all kinds of infections. That is why oral contraceptives are ideal only for those women who are sexually active with only one partner in all other cases is better to use the classic methods of protection against unplanned pregnancy.

Side effects of oral contraceptives may occur in the form of discharge or bleeding. If, during the birth control pills you notice the occurrence of discharge more than usual, primarily determine whether they bring you any inconvenience, whether accompanied by unpleasant itch or have a specific smell. The presence of such symptoms are often indicative of the presence of fungal diseases, so you should consult your doctor. Birth control pills often create a favorable environment for the development of bacteria that can be attributed to another minus of such drugs.

In addition, you should immediately see a doctor if you have because of the birth control pills started bleeding. It is necessary to distinguish two types of bleeding: bleeding and spotting profuse. Smearing bleeding in the first months of receiving contraceptives may simply be a consequence of the restructuring of the body, but in the case of excessive bleeding should stop taking the drug and seek immediate medical attention. Such bleeding may be caused by ectopic pregnancy or inflammatory diseases.

 the selection of contraceptives throughout the body
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How to choose the contraceptive pill

To choose the right hormonal contraceptives among a wide variety of such, can not do without the professional advice of a doctor. This will be the most correct and reasonable solution of choice in this group of medicines. In this regard, it is not necessary to listen to the recommendations of friends, because that is ideal for one organism, may cause harm to another. Do not forget that the oral contraceptive - it is also a kind of medicine for his admission must take into account some features of the organism. Before you start taking properly, do all the necessary tests:

  1. Gynecological examination.
  2. Pelvic ultrasound, which will check the presence of fibroids and cysts.
  3. The analysis on hormones, which is done to prevent unwanted hormonal jumps.
  4. Breast examinations.
  5. Analysis of blood and smear.
  6. Checking for the presence of cardiovascular diseases.
  7. Checking for the presence of renal failure.

In addition to the general condition of the body in the appointment of the doctor is guided by the age group of women, weight and sugar levels.

If after all the necessary examinations your state is satisfactory, it is necessary to pay attention to some of the factors that can reduce the positive effects of such drugs. These factors include:

  1. Smoking while taking hormones. It is better to reduce the dose of nicotine consumption, since it can give a complication of diseases of the cardiovascular system.
  2. Drinking alcohol is also undesirable in combination with oral contraceptives, as it can greatly decrease the effects of the drug.
  3. Antidepressants, antibiotics, tranquilizers and other drugs.

And remember that unauthorized selection of certain medications, especially if it is a hormonal drug often can later lead to undesirable results or even irreparable.

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Receiving oral contraceptives

In order to get the desired result from the contraceptive pill, it is necessary to follow some rules and guidelines. In addition to the question of how to properly take oral contraceptives, often raises questions: when to start drinking hormonal pills and how long you can continue to drink them without causing harm to the body.

So, how do you need to start drinking the pill? Hormonal contraceptives properly implement strictly designated for the scheme, the violation of which is undesirable because it can lead to an unplanned pregnancy or disrupt your menstrual cycle. Birth control pills need to do every day and preferably at the same time. This is best done in the evening before going to sleep, then you will not easily forget the reception. Before taking should also make sure you are not pregnant, so start drinking oral contraceptives on the first day of menstruation.

Acting pill begin immediately, so as to avoid an unplanned pregnancy in the first weeks of use additional methods of contraception.

Typically, hormonal contraceptives are taken for 21 days each cycle, followed by a break for 7 days, when the start of menses. If you forget to take a pill on time, do it as soon as possible, then drink the pills to the designated scheme. If birth control pills was interrupted for a time, more than 12 hours it would be correct to use additional contraception.

With regard to the duration of oral contraceptives, many women think that if they take a long time, they may have a negative impact on reproductive function and development of the future of the fetus and lactation after giving birth. Cancel the contraceptive pill, of course, everyone goes in different ways, but in general, the adjustment period the body is 6 to 12 months. However, there are cases when the woman became pregnant and in the first months after drug withdrawal. Like all medicines, oral contraceptives are eliminated from the body within 36 hours, and that is why it is not recommended to interrupt the reception longer than 12 hours.

Since taking the pill, women must first comply with the main rule - at least once per year to pass a full gynecological examination.

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Birth control pills after childbirth

Receiving oral contraceptives after childbirth has some features that must be taken into account. If you have recently had childbirth, in order to avoid side effects of birth control pills is to begin, waiting 3-4 weeks. It will be right. Linked to this need, first of all, to the fact that after birth the first few weeks there is a high risk of blood clots, as contained in the oral contraceptive hormone estrogen then can promote it.

When breast-feeding after birth to avoid the side effects of birth control pills, such as a decrease in lactation, drugs prescribed only progestin. Further, after the termination of lactation, you can start receiving combined oral contraceptives. But if you are not postpartum breast feed your baby, then ovulation can occur, so in order to avoid the undesirable effect of better safe other contraceptive methods. In any case, some time after birth correctly receive mikrodozirovannye preparations with low levels of hormones, which will significantly reduce the risks of side effects.

 The principle of action of oral contraceptives: pros and cons