Of all the holidays, New Year is the most anticipated and most ambitious of all the peoples of the world. And if the rating celebrations, the New Year is the clear leader, also is the oldest of all known holidays.
The tradition to celebrate the New Year came through observation of the ancient people, they noticed that everything in the world is cyclical: the lunar month is growing and aging, and the nature, reviving every spring, certainly old and die with the onset of winter.
Looping and pattern gave rise to rituals, which subsequently became the Christmas traditions. Rituals embody the death of the old world with all its troubles and the birth of a new, which allows you to start from scratch - the ancient people believed that the creation of the world takes place every year.
Depending on the climate, each nation had its own date of the New Year, but the meaning of rituals, which gradually took a festive value was unchanged - it was necessary to carry out and forget the old year, along with all the evil and misery, to give the opportunity to be born anew.
But, despite the fact that since the rituals and dances around the fire has passed for more than one millennium New Year's Eve sounded all the same wishes of success and a new happiness.
History of the New Year holiday in Russia
In Russia began to celebrate the New Year in March, the vernal equinox, as it was believed that this day finally winter retreats, and a new life comes into its own legitimate rights. It was in March the nature wakes up after a long winter and a new life cycle. But then the Christmas celebration was transferred first on March 1 - it happened after the adoption of the Orthodox faith and the baptism of Rus; and in the 15th century to celebrate the New Year began on September 1, in conjunction with the first day of the new year to the day letoprovodtsa seeds and whole next month according to the biblical canon had to spend a rest from worldly affairs and worldly cares.
But not for long lasted a new date, and in 1699 Peter the Great issued a decree "... continue ... summer schislyati 1 of January, the birth of Christ." And after the decree of the king of the New Year it was not only the church, but also a secular holiday, but for the fact that his celebration was not worse than in Europe, Peter followed independently.
Folk same traditions and rituals have survived to this day, despite frequent transfers reform and dates. The main thing is the holiday has lost its original purpose - the opportunity to begin life with a clean slate. Orthodox is still celebrating the New Year on September 1 or September 14 in the Julian calendar - in churches and cathedrals of this time are the prayers on Rosh Hashanah. Although the Julian calendar is no longer used in Russia because of it not one, but three new year - the state, which is celebrated on January 1 novoletie old Orthodox New Year, which is celebrated 2 weeks after the official.
History of the New Year holiday abroad
And as the New Year was modified in other countries? The Jews of New Year celebrations date, perhaps the most stable, which is not true of France, where the official date of the New Year was also the date of the French Revolution.
New data from the Jews kept stable due to the peculiarities of the Jewish nation - is too great loyalty to their traditions and at Christmas dates have four, they have remained unchanged since the days of the Old Testament. Two New Year celebrating novoletie for animals and trees, and the two holidays are directly related to people. New Year, celebrated on Nisan, timed to the exodus of Jews from Egypt in 1676 BC, and is the official holiday of the birth of the Jewish people. A New Year Rosh Hashanah is celebrated in the month of Tishri (September), and represents the creation of the world, and the subsequent month after the holiday is considered to be the month of the heavenly court.
Only Buddhists with Hindus do not have a fixed date for New Year's celebrations, as they have New Year is determined by the lunar calendar. Summing up we can say that every nation has developed its own traditions, but this New Year holiday only becomes colorful.
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We are often presented with a beautiful bouquet of fresh flowers, and so want to see this beauty is pleasing to the eye as long as possible! But after one or two days, and she niknet, fades, crumbles. How to keep the freshness of the bouquet a little longer?
First we need to remove the lower leaves from the stem, - they promote rotting flowers in the water. After that, the stems are cut well-sharpened knife, which makes an oblique cut, increasing the area to absorb water. When cutting the stems should be kept in water, otherwise they fall in air pockets clog vessels.
Almost all colors except daffodils and lilies of the valley, you can put in to defend the water at a temperature slightly cooler room. As for the daffodils and lilies of the valley, it is better to omit them in pots with warm water. The water in the vase should be changed regularly, but not daily. Carnation water is changed less frequently than other colors. When replacing the water pulled out of the flower vase and trimmed, holding the stems under running cold water, and then dipped in a vase.
The water for the flowers can be put means preventing rotting stalks due to the destruction of microorganisms in the water - aspirin streptocid, boric acid. Then the flowers will not fade for a long time.
Many kinds of colors do not stand next to each other and quickly fade. Therefore, orchids, roses, lilies, daffodils, poppies, lilies, carnations should not be put in a vase with other flowers. Otherwise, they quickly fade.
The bulk of the flowers can not tolerate drafts and feels great in the scattered light. It is undesirable to set a bouquet of flowers next to a fruit bowl - isolated fruit rotting ethylene detrimental effect on the flowers.
If the flowers have faded a bit, it is necessary to pour the lower stems of a few seconds in boiling water, which will expand the capillaries, enhancing thus the process of life colors.
To roses were longer, they should, before being put in the vase, dipped in water so that they are completely except buds were covered with water. The stems of roses and dahlias advisable first singe fire, and then put in a vase.
And for longer stood a bouquet of gladioli, flowers on the stems at the bottom, have to do with a needle a few scratches. This contributes to a better absorption of water. To save lilacs and jasmine, their branches a little discourage, so they expanded. The same make and with stems of chrysanthemums. Sections calla lilies and be treated with salt and a bouquet of violets fully dipped into the water, then shaken and put in a vase. In order to longer maintain tulips and irises, added to the water ice.
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Most of us are very interested in their own future and wants to at least partially to know what awaits him there. The information is derived from homegrown predictors rather doubtful. So why not go somewhere to another country and do not try to look at their future with the help of the ancient, time-tested methods?
This may be, for example,
Where you can get a true prediction in temples. In these churches, after the visitors make the necessary ritual they receive from visitors to strip rice paper with written on it prediction. In that case, if these messages are good, take the paper with them, but if not, it is tied to a tree or lattice near the temple, the monks prayed for the mitigation of fate.
in order to know their future, it is necessary to turn to the famous oracle of Siwa town. According to legend, the oracle glorious destiny of Alexander the Great. Siwa is far away, on the border with Lebanon, but if you want to get there you can. The city is located in an oasis with warm mineral springs of healing water, plunging into which pilgrims go to the Temple of Artemis. It is here, and is Oracle, you can ask a question and get an answer from the oracle.
famous point predictions - Radzharstan state capital, Jaipur. Local terracotta architecture Jaipur gives a fantastic mystical exotic flair. On the main street of the city called Bazaar and you can learn fate. Fortunetellers on the street a lot, but do not listen to the street bothered - they will not be able to tell the real truth. Approach is better for women who sit in the shade. It is said that fortune-telling in Jaipur always correspond to the truth.