- First Strike
- The struggle continues
- Allegations holiday
- March 8 in different countries
March 8 is recognized to consider International Women's Day, but few know how did this holiday. We recognize it and do not think, what forces women have equal rights and respect for yourself. And it all began hundreds of years ago, from the date of the Matron.
It turns out that the history of March 8 took its origins in ancient Rome. Then the holiday was not a title, and noted his noble matrons. While matrons called the women who were free in their birth and were married. When it's a holiday, husbands gave their wives wonderful gifts and all day surrounded by their warmth, love and care.
Even in this day slaves were released from their duties, and could do anything they wish. Most often, women who live in Rome, were getting their best clothes, put them on and went to the temple of the goddess Vesta - the guardian of the family hearth - probably, thereby telling her thank you for this wonderful day.
But time passed, and again there came patriarchy. Men oppress women, humiliated them, infringe the rights. In the XIX century, women could not intrude on the high positions, had no right to vote, and are not able to work where they wish. The fair sex did not want to put up with this, because their grievances accumulated over the years. And in 1857, it was on March 8, in New York, women held the first strike.
Instigators shares were textile workers who worked 16 hours a day and received a penny. Women want, so they can work in the same way as men, that is 10 hours and that the room in which they worked, were warm and bright. And they demanded equalization of their wages to the one received by men. From all the above, they have a few, only a ten-hour shifts, but that in those days was a great victory.
In addition to the strike, the fair sex decided to create a trade union organization, although this did not have such a right. Hundreds of women took to the streets with posters and prove to everyone around you that may have the right to vote and elect their government, as men. Thus the history of March 8 is gaining its momentum and the Socialist Party of America decided that every last Sunday of February is recognized Women's Day. But this holiday is celebrated in the country for only 4 years.
The struggle continues
Following this decision, the International Women's Conference in Copenhagen, Clara Zetkin proposed to hold such meetings annually US stocks worldwide. It was not just a suggestion, it was a real battle cry, which sounded to women all over the world defending their case. Many of the girls responded. There were the first actions to help the poor, the protests for the right to work, some fought for peace in the world, and some people began to defend their dignity and honor those women who have suffered domestic violence on a regular basis.
The first to celebrate Women's Day, said countries such as Denmark, Germany, Switzerland and Austria. However, all noted on March 19 but this has been a big plus in the lives of many women. Then for March 8 story appearance played an important role: it is a strike, that is a distinct protest, led to the fact that women in the calendars of the time there is a new important date. Moreover, at the same time, many women got the right to decent work and equal to men.
In 1913, March 8 was first noted and Russia. Meanwhile, in countries where the government has not approved the introduction of Women's Day, staged rallies and strikes, and took them, of course, women. For example, in England, was a series of strikes against the tyranny of men and their attitude to the fair sex. Even London's prostitutes came to the rally, demanding better conditions and tariff increases.
However, the hard-core capitalist countries on March 8 did not become "international." Apparently, there the housewives do not particularly relish the revolutionary struggle and the change of the cozy, though annoying, kitchens to exile and hard labor, accompanying the struggle.
In 1917, when the March 8 has consistently noted, the history of the holiday and hurt countries such as Finland, Iceland and Norway. In these countries, women finally gained the right to vote. In 1921, at the Second International Women's Conference, it was decided that it is now March 8 is not just a women's day. This holiday will be celebrated, and as a memory to all those women who once were not afraid to go out and defend their rights!
In 1965, the Supreme Soviet of the USSR approved March 8 as an official holiday. Since then he has come to mean in red on the calendar, as well as the day began to give off. As time went on, and gradually all the holiday was less political and more became a romantic, and, despite the fact that the Soviet Union collapsed a long time ago, it did not stop celebrating.
In addition, on March 8 is considered to be a holiday not only in the countries of the former Soviet Union. To join a tradition of Angola, Mongolia, Macedonia, China, Congo and Cambodia. March 8 in Uzbekistan celebrate Mother's Day, and in Armenia this day is recognized world-wide day of maternity and beauty of women. But International Women's Day in these countries, and even in Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia was canceled for unknown reasons. By the way, the most romantic country - France - are not noted on March 8, however regrettable it may sound. They do not believe that this day should be red on the calendar, it is worthy of respect. Many Frenchmen and Frenchwomen generally considered it meaningless.
March 8 in different countries
Despite the fact that March 8 - the day when the very history of the holiday means a lot, countries have decided to celebrate it in different ways.
- In Italy, this day is not taken hold with men. Women their companies are going to the cafe and celebrate. By the way, if a company has in the cafe, the entrance is forbidden to men!
- In Germany, this holiday also scored big turns. It is not considered to be a day off, and even many women treat him with indifference.
- Vietnam as well as Russia, says it is a holiday. It means a lot to them, because he had previously devoted sisters who gave their lives for something to save the country.
- In Bulgaria, this holiday is celebrated, but the day it is given. So often in communities where there is a woman, after lunch arranged a feast, and men congratulate their female colleagues.
- In China, this holiday has lost. Congratulations receives only those women who at one time were revolutionary. Everyone else does not relate to this celebration.
- In Cuba, the International Women's Day - it's a great holiday. The thing that was the time when women go out "on the warpath" and fought alongside men. That is why on March 8 beautiful half of humanity receives congratulations and gifts from everywhere.
In Russia, a holiday today honored as well as honored, and a few decades ago. Output satisfied everywhere, both in public institutions and in private. Very often there are concerts devoted to women. In the morning, a crowd of men standing near a flower shop to buy the most beautiful bouquets for its beautiful women. Most favorite flower - mimosa, because it is associated with the beginning of spring. Many men are to this day at the plate, eliminating the favorite women from all worries. They bring breakfast in bed, clean and cook a romantic dinner or some other surprise. Every Russian woman is looking forward to this day to get not only gifts, but also positive emotions, which often do not have enough for a year.
On the eve of the eighth of March in the shops you can find a lot of variety of unique gifts that are dedicated to Women's Day. It is interesting and chocolate bars, and many varieties of perfumes, and a variety of dishes, and colorful cards, with both comic and serious requests.
Congratulations usually all women: and colleagues, and mothers, and grandmothers, daughters, wives and loved ones, and even passers-by. Holiday atmosphere always reigns in the air, and really feel that it will soon begin in the spring. After all, a woman, of course, associated with beauty. And it is already associated with spring.
History of March 8 brings us back to the days when women proved to the world what they can do. This is the day when the girls decided to real life, when they become equal and gained the right to vote. This holiday should be remembered not as an extra reason to give or receive a gift, but as proof that women are still not much of a weaker sex!